Population Studies Group (PSG)
The Population Studies Group (PSG) hosts a multidisciplinary group of demographers, epidemiologists, biostatisticians and reproductive health specialists who are engaged in demographic estimation and population-based studies of fertility, reproductive health, and mortality in both high and low-income settings.
PSG Faculty assume teaching responsibilities on the MSc courses in Demography and Health, the MSc in Reproductive and Sexual Health Research, and some also contribute to the MSc in Epidemiology.
The Population Studies Group is situated in the Department of Population Health in the Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health at LSHTM. The group was established in 1974 and is home to over 30 academic staff and around 15 doctoral students.
- Academic Staff
London-based PSG Members Research Interests & Affiliations Katie Bates
child malnutrition; double burden of malnutrition; life course approach to nutrition; LMICs Isolde Birdthistle
DREAMS Keith Branson
ALPHA; HIV/AIDS; maternal health; health systems Lynda Clarke
fertility; family planning;
child mortality; implications of population change in Africa
m-health; intervention development; sexual and reproductive health; primary care Annabelle Gourlay
DREAMS Kazuyo Machiyama
fertility; family planning; demography; STEP-UP; Africa; Asia; Maternal and Newborn Health Group; MARCH Milly Marston
demography; HIV/AIDS, sub-Saharan Africa; demographic surveillance systems; community-based HIV surveillance; demographic impact of AIDS; ALPHA Ona McCarthy
epidemiology; sexual and reproductive health; behavioural science; intervention development; MARCH Centre Melissa Palmer
sexual behaviour; adolescent health Abigail Page
Evolutionary Demography Group; anthropology; maternal health; child health; fertility Alison Price
ALPHA; HIV/AIDS; non-communicable diseases; sub-Saharan Africa Georges Reniers
ALPHA; adult and child mortality; sexual behaviour; family dynamics; demographic surveillance systems; record linkage studies; sub-Saharan Africa Kathryn Risher
MeSH; HIV/AIDS; sexual behaviour; mathematical modelling
MARCH; sexual health; adolescent health; mixed methods; gender Rebecca Sear
Professor in Population & Health
evolutionary demography; human behavioural ecology; comparative research; Evolutionary Demography Group Emma Slaymaker
sexual behaviour; sub-Saharan Africa; ALPHA Christopher Smith
family planning; mHealth; MARCH; primary care Ian Timaeus
Professor of Demography
fertility transition in sub-Saharan Africa; inequalities in child health and welfare; measurement of adult mortality Keith Tomlin
ALPHA; HIV/AIDS; sub-Saharan Africa; complex interventions Sarah Walters
demography; historical demography; social inequalities in health; cancer survival; sub-Saharan Africa; longitudinal studies; mixed-methods
Overseas PSG Members
ALPHA; MeSH Mia Crampin
MEIRU; HIV/AIDS; non-communicable diseases; tuberculosis Jim Todd
Professor of Applied Biostatistics
SEARCH; malaria; HIV/AIDS; sub-Saharan Africa Jenny Renju
adolescent health; maternal and child health; HIV/AIDS; implementation,
operational and health systems research; MARCH; Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College
ALPHA; reproductive and sexual health; HIV/AIDS; MARCH; health services; maternal health; fertility
- Professional support Staff
ALPHA , DREAMS,
- Doctoral students
Understanding socioeconomic disparities in breastfeeding in the UK: exploring the role of environmental quality Linking individual-level records of Health and Demographic Surveillances Systems with local health facility data in sub-Saharan Africa: Evaluating age patterns of under-five mortality Engagement with Option B+ services in a rural health and demographic surveillance site in South Africa: A mixed methods study Male/female differences in risk of severe malnutrition Variation in parental care provision and child wellbeing in rural Tanzania Shona Horter Investigating the impact of test and treat approaches on patients’ experiences with HIV diagnosis, treatment and care in Swaziland Myunggu Jung Geographical variations in fertility patterns in Ethiopia Provanance of “after the fact” harmonised community-based demographic and HIV surveillance data from ALPHA cohorts Kin support for India’s older population Shammi Luhar The socioeconomic patterning of overweight/obesity and forecasts of future overweight/obesity and diabetes prevalence in India to 2040 Judie Mbogua Barriers and facilitating factors to Prevention of Mother-To-Child-Transmission (PMTCT) knowledge and cascade completion by HIV infected Female Sex Workers in Zambia and South Africa Changing young people’s attitudes towards effective contraception using mobile phone messaging Use of demographic surveillance data to assess the effect of household and family structure variables on demographic and reproductive health outcomes in Malawi Domestic division of household labour and the fulfilment of female fertility intentions Kate Reiss Understanding the effect of mobile phone messages linked to telephone counselling designed to increase contraceptive use among women seeking menstrual regulation services in Bangladesh: A randomised controlled trial and process evaluation Anne Rerimoi Development and assessment of systems for population-based estimation of neonatal and perinatal mortality in The Gambia Identifying determinants of treatment outcomes among HIV positive adults who have initiated antiretroviral therapy in low-income Eastern- and Southern-African settings Huan Zhang Human resources for maternal and child health in China
We have a LinkedIn group to allow Demography and Health and Reproductive and Sexual Health Research students to stay in touch, all alumni and current students are welcome. Please request to join at: https://www.linkedin.com/groups/8366112/
Alumni and current students are also encouraged to join the "popportunities" mailing list, which circulates announcements of fellowships, further training, and job opportunities. Please see information at: https://lists.lshtm.ac.uk/sympa/info/popportunities
Interest in demographic research at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) dates back to 1964 when William Brass became the first Reader in Medical Demography at the University of London. The MSc Medical Demography (now MSc Demography and Health) was launched in 1970 and the Centre for Population Studies was established formally in 1974 with support from the UK Ministry of Overseas Development (now Department for International Development – DFID) who remained a major funder of research at the Centre until 2004.
The Centre’s international reputation was built initially on its contributions to technical demographic research, in particular the development of new indirect methods for estimating fertility and mortality in developing countries. Today, the Centre has a broader research agenda. The investigation of British demographic trends first became an important field of activity in 1977 when the Centre became a designated research centre of the Economic and Social Research Council. During the 1990s the Centre became increasingly active in reproductive health research and in 1998, in collaboration with other experts in the School, it launched a new MSc in Reproductive & Sexual Health Research. Since the turn of the century it has also been home to a substantial programme of research on the demography of the global HIV and AIDS epidemic and as part of this coordinates the ALPHA Network.
Professor Brass remained the Centre’s Director until his retirement in 1988. It was subsequently headed by John Cleland, Emily Grundy, Ian Timaeus, Basia Zaba and others. Following several restructurings and changes in nomenclature within LSHTM, in 2012 the Centre became the Population Studies Group within the Department of Population Health. It is currently headed by Georges Reniers.
Image: The 1989-‘90 student cohort with John Cleland, Ian Timaeus and John Blacker on the top row; Allan Hill on the second row from the top and Basia Zaba on the second row from the bottom.
- Contact details
Population Studies Group, Department of Population Health
Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT
Tel: +44 (0)20 7958 8149, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
PSG staff maintain a diverse research portfolio that includes demographic estimation, evolutionary demography, historical demography, sexual and reproductive health research and population-based surveillance of communicable and non-communicable diseases. The latter tends to have a geographic focus on sub-Saharan Africa through the school and the PSG’s close ties with the MRC units in The Gambia and Uganda, MEIRU in Malawi, the ALPHA Network and the Dreams Evaluation.
- ALPHA Network
The ALPHA network brings together ten collaborating African research institutions, which conduct population-based HIV surveillance in eastern and southern Africa. The network regularly contributes detailed statistical estimates of HIV incidence, mortality patterns and fertility impacts to the UNAIDS Reference Group on Estimates, Modelling and Projections, which oversees the data and methods used for producing HIV epidemic updates and projections in African countries. The ALPHA Network receives funding from the Wellcome Trust and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
- DREAMS evaluation
On World AIDS Day 2014, PEPFAR launched a bold new initiative – ‘DREAMS’ – to reduce new HIV infections by 40 percent among the highest risk adolescent girls and young women in 10 high-burden countries. With an initial commitment of US$385 million, quickly supplemented with $85 million for a DREAMS Innovation Fund, DREAMS partners – PEPFAR, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Girl Effect, Johnson & Johnson, ViiV Healthcare and Gilead Sciences – aim to promote empowerment and prevent HIV acquisition through a core package of interventions for young women, their families, communities and male partners.
The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has awarded LSHTM a 4-year grant to lead a portfolio of evaluation studies designed to track the impact of DREAMS in Kenya, South Africa and Zimbabwe. Led by Isolde Birdthistle and Sian Floyd, the evaluation draws on LSHTM expertise in HIV, adolescent health and evaluation across all faculties, and close research partnerships with experienced institutes in each country: the Africa Health Research Institute (AHRI) in Durban, South Africa, the African Population and Health Research Centre (APHRC) in Nairobi, Kenya; the Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI) in Siaya, Kenya; and the Centre for Sexual Health HIV and AIDS Research (CeSHHAR) in Harare, Zimbabwe.
- Evolutionary Demography
PSG is host to the Evolutionary Demography Group, the first of its kind in the UK. This interdisciplinary group applies the theoretical framework of evolutionary biology to human demographic behaviour. It combines both social and natural science to explore questions of demographic interest, such as why do people have the number of children that they do, drawing on anthropology and psychology, as well as demography and evolutionary biology. Under the direction of Dr. Rebecca Sear, the group holds weekly lab meetings and monthly journal club sessions.
The Malawi Epidemiology and Intervention Research Unit (MEIRU), formerly known as Karonga Prevention Study, has over the last 30 years made major contributions to the understanding and control of mycobacterial disease, HIV and other infectious diseases. MEIRU’s main focus from 1979 until 2012 was in Karonga District, northern Malawi. In 2012 MEIRU established an additional site in Lilongwe, and started a major programme of work on cardiovascular disease and diabetes both in Karonga and Lilongwe to complement its continuing research on infectious diseases.
MEIRU is a partnership between the Malawi College of Medicine, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) and the Malawi Ministry of Health. Since 2016 the Programme has been led by Dr. Mia Crampin (Acting Director) with Professor Moffat Nyirenda (Visiting Professor and NCD Theme Lead, (MEIRU Director 2013-2016)), Professor Judith Glynn and Dr. Charles Mwansambo, the Ministry of Health, Malawi.
- SHAPE UTT
The Strengthening Health Systems for the Application of Policy to Enable Universal Test and Treat (SHAPE UTT) Study was funded by the MRC/Wellcome and began in January 2017- December 2020.
In 2016 the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended the initiation of antiretroviral initiation regardless of immunological status for all people living with HIV (PLHIV), a policy which many African countries adopted in later in the same year. Despite the guidance the UN declaration and WHO guidance acknowledge concerns about the feasibility of universal test and treat (UTT) within overburdened, weak health systems. Even prior to such ambitious policies many African HIV programmes already experienced sub-optimal HIV testing and retention rates. The increased demands on health systems through additional patient loads could lead to drug stock-outs, drug resistance, inadequate patient preparation and poor adherence.
Despite these challenges, there has been a dearth of research to inform the preparatory processes that will be needed for successful implementation of UTT, if it is to garner much needed opportunities to strengthen health systems and reduce these risks. Important lessons can be drawn from the experience of Option B+ implementation (test and treat in pregnant and breastfeeding women), widely viewed as the precursor to UTT, and first implemented in Malawi in a bold policy move in 2011. It affords a rare opportunity to investigate how the policy implementation process has impacted on health systems, with a view to prospectively considering the readiness of health systems to absorb further expansion of the policy to the general population.
This project will address a critical evidence gap by ascertaining heath systems preparedness for delivering UTT. We will generate this evidence by comparing the experiences and health systems impacts of Option B+ policy implementation, widely viewed as the precursor to UTT, in three settings (Karonga, Malawi, Ifakara, Tanzania and uMhanyakude, South Africa).
- The Intervention Design and Evaluation Group
The Intervention Design and Evaluation Group employs inter-disciplinary approaches drawing on relevant medical, psychological, social and educational knowledge and theory to develop and evaluate novel interventions to improve health and primary health care provision. We have a major focus on interventions to improve Sexual and Reproductive health. To promote equity in health and health care, our interventions are designed with input from users, specifically involving those at greatest need in the development process to ensure that interventions are accessible and relevant to them. Under the direction of Prof Cari Free, the group holds weekly meetings.
- MSc in Demography and Health
“It’s the demography, stupid !” Many of our societies continue to face a diverse set of demographic challenges (and opportunities), including rapid population ageing, extremely low as well as very high fertility, and sizable population migration. These and other demographic trends have important repercussions in all possible domains of life; from voting behaviour to living arrangements, labour markets and economic growth, tax revenues and pension systems, carbon emissions, and the demand for education, health and social services. Demography, in other words, may well be the single most defining factor of the world that we live in.
The MSc in Demography and Health equips students with the theories and skills to understand and quantify macro-level population dynamics and their downstream implications for health and health policies. Students are further trained in the analysis of micro-level processes that govern population change, including fertility and reproductive behaviour, the exposure to health risks, and population mobility. Analysis tools and techniques are applied to high-income settings where high-quality data are usually abundant to resource constrained settings that are covered by partial or deficient information systems.
The Demography and Health teaching programme gives students ample opportunity to select from a wide range of modules in statistics, epidemiology public health, and the social sciences, and thus tailor their curriculum to either focus on the technical aspects of data analytics and demographic estimation, or, take a more interdisciplinary approach to the study of population and health.
The MSc in Demography and Health is recognized by the Medical Research Council (MRC), the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) and the Population Investigation Committee (PIC) and a number of scholarships from these bodies are available each year.
For more information, see https://www.lshtm.ac.uk/study/masters/demography-health
Read interviews with former Demography and Health students Rebecca Musgrove and Ellen Flint: they talk about why they chose this MSc and how it helped them achieve their career goals, and provide useful insight and tips for future applicants!
Fees & funding: https://www.lshtm.ac.uk/study/fees-funding
- MSc in Reproductive and Sexual Health Research
The MSc in Reproductive and Sexual Health Research is designed for those interested in acquiring the research skills necessary to conduct policy-relevant research into sexual and reproductive health. It provides a non-clinical foundation in family planning, obstetric health, AIDS and sexually-transmitted infections.
This Master's programme is recognized by the ESRC as providing high quality research training and a small number of ESRC scholarships are available to UK or EU residents. These are advertised each year with the School scholarships information.
The curriculum has a focus on middle- and low-income settings but also provides excellent training in the principles and methods of research for high-income countries.
For more information, see https://www.lshtm.ac.uk/study/masters/reproductive-sexual-health-research
Fees & funding: https://www.lshtm.ac.uk/study/fees-funding
- Doctoral studies
Students who are interested in pursuing a PhD are advised to contact a potential supervisor to discuss their proposal and possible sources of funding.
Among others, there are each year a number of ESRC-funded PhD scholarships available in population studies. These scholarships are offered in both Demography and Reproductive and Sexual Health training routes. Scholarships may be taken up either as a stand-alone PhD (a +3 award); or as a programme which includes first taking additional taught courses before starting the PhD (also referred to as the 1+3 route). Please see the UBEL Application Guide for further information on all the different routes available. As part of their training, students may spend a year at the European Doctoral School of Demography.
The next deadline for preliminary applications is 8 January 2019. Students are to contact potential supervisors well ahead of this deadline.
Please do also consult the Research Degrees funding page for other scholarship opportunities: https://www.lshtm.ac.uk/study/fees-funding/funding-scholarships/research-degree-funding
- Advanced Stata short course
This one-week short course is aimed at researchers and other professionals, from any discipline, who regularly use Stata for analysis but want to learn how to work more efficiently. It would be particularly suited to those who are about to embark on large analyses and who would like a quick guide on how to automate the repetitive parts of the process.
The course is usually held in the fall. More information on the course is provided here.
- Self-Study Resources
We have recently developed the two open access resources for (aspiring) demographers and population scientists. This work was commissioned by the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP) with funding from UNFPA.
Population Analysis for Policies and Programmes. A series of online lectures on demographic data and analysis methods published under a creative commons licence. A more detailed description of the content is given here.
Tools for Demographic Estimation: an updated compendium of tools for demographic estimation from limited, deficient and defective data. The material here follows in a direct line of descent from Manual X and subsequent works (for example, the 2002 UN Manual of Adult Mortality Estimation). The principal aspect of this website is a series of (mostly) static webpages describing and documenting the tools and methods of demographic estimation from limited, deficient and defective data. The material is organised thematically first, and then by the kinds of data that may be available. Where appropriate, downloadable spreadsheets are provided that allow users to apply the methods to their own data. Authors: Moultrie, T. A., Dorrington, R. E., Hill A. G., Hill, K., Timæus, I. M. and Zaba B. (eds). Produced for the IUSSP with funding from UNFPA.
An integrated whole genome analysis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis reveals insights into relationship between its genome, transcriptome and methylome. Gomez-Gonzalez, Paula J; Andreu, Nuria; Phelan, Jody E; de Sessions, Paola Florez; Glynn, Judith R; Crampin, Amelia C; Campino, Susana; Butcher, Philip D; Hibberd, Martin L; Clark, Taane G; (2019). SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 9 (1). ISSN 2045-2322 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-41692-2
Why so many Agta boys? Explaining 'extreme' sex ratios in Philippine foragers. Viguier, Abigail; Myers, Sarah; Dyble, Mark; Migliano, Andrea; (2019) Evolutionary Human Sciences. ISSN 2513-843X (In Press)
Outcomes of patients lost to follow-up after antiretroviral therapy initiation in rural north-eastern South Africa. Ambia, Julie; Kabudula, Chodziwadziwa; Risher, Kathryn; Rice, Brian D; Reniers, Georges; Etoori, David; (2019) Tropical medicine & international health : TM & IH. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/tmi.13236
'I saw it as a second chance': A qualitative exploration of experiences of treatment failure and regimen change among people living with HIV on second- and third-line antiretroviral therapy in Kenya, Malawi and Mozambique. Burns, Rose; Borges, Joana; Blasco, Philippe; Vandenbulcke, Alexandra; Mukui, Irene; Magalasi, Denview; Molfino, Lucas; Manuel, Rolanda; Schramm, Birgit; Wringe, Alison; (2019) Global Public Health. ISSN 1744-1692 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17441692.2018.1561921
Simulated vaccine efficacy trials to estimate HIV incidence for actual vaccine clinical trials in key populations in Uganda. Abaasa, Andrew; Nash, Stephen; Mayanja, Yunia; Price, Matt; Fast, Patricia E; Kamali, Anatoli; Kaleebu, Pontiano; Todd, Jim; (2019) Vaccine, 37 (15). pp. 2065-2072. ISSN 0264-410X DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.02.072
Changes Over Time in HIV Prevalence and Sexual Behaviour Among Young Female Sex-Workers in 14 Sites in Zimbabwe, 2013–2016. Chabata, Sungai T; Hensen, Bernadette; Chiyaka, Tarisai; Mushati, Phillis; Mtetwa, Sibongile; Hanisch, Dagmar; Napierala, Sue; Busza, Joanna; Floyd, Sian; Fearon, Elizabeth; Birdthistle, Isolde; Hargreaves, James R; Cowan, Frances M; (2019) AIDS and Behavior. ISSN 1090-7165 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02410-1
"I don't want them to know": how stigma creates dilemmas for engagement with Treat-all HIV care for people living with HIV in Eswatini. Horter, Shona; Bernays, Sarah; Thabede, Zanele; Dlamini, Velibanti; Kerschberger, Bernhard; Pasipamire, Munyaradzi; Rusch, Barbara; Wringe, Alison; (2019) African journal of AIDS research. ISSN 1608-5906 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2989/16085906.2018.1552163
"Is it making any difference?" A qualitative study examining the treatment-taking experiences of asymptomatic people living with HIV in the context of Treat-all in Eswatini. Horter, Shona; Wringe, Alison; Thabede, Zanele; Dlamini, Velibanti; Kerschberger, Bernhard; Pasipamire, Munyaradzi; Lukhele, Nomthandazo; Rusch, Barbara; Seeley, Janet; (2019) Journal of the International AIDS Society, 22 (1). e25220. ISSN 1758-2652 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/jia2.25220
Implementing prevention policies for mother-to-child transmission of HIV in rural Malawi, South Africa and United Republic of Tanzania, 2013–2016. Jones, Harriet; Wringe, Alison; Todd, Jim; Songo, John; Oliver-Gomez, Xavier; Moshabela, Mosa; Geubbels, Eveline; Nyamhagatta, Mukome; Kalua, Thoko; Urassa, Mark; Zaba, Basia; Renju, Jenny; (2019) Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 97. pp. 200-212. ISSN 0042-9686 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.217471
Population-level adult mortality following the expansion of antiretroviral therapy in Rakai, Uganda. Nabukalu, Dorean; Reniers, Georges; Risher, Kathryn; Blom, Sylvia; Slaymaker, Emma; Kabudula, Chodziwadziwa; Zaba, Basia; Nalugoda, Fred; Kigozi, Godfrey; Makumbi, Fred; Serwadda, David; Reynolds, Steven; Marston, Milly; Eaton, Jeffrey; Gray, Ron; Wawer, Maria; Sewankambo, Nelson; Lutalo, Tom; (2019) Population Studies. ISSN 0032-4728
Prevalence and correlates of 'sexual competence' at first heterosexual intercourse among young people in Britain. Palmer, Melissa J; Clarke, Lynda; Ploubidis, George B; Wellings, Kaye; (2019) BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health. ISSN 2515-2009 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjsrh-2018-200160
Parent–offspring conflict unlikely to explain ‘child marriage’ in northwestern Tanzania. Schaffnit, Susan B; Hassan, Anushé; Urassa, Mark; Lawson, David W; (2019) Nature Human Behaviour. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-019-0535-4
Cross-cultural evidence does not support universal acceleration of puberty in father-absent households. Sear, Rebecca; Sheppard, Paula; Coall, David A; (2019) Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 374 (1770). p. 20180124. ISSN 0962-8436 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2018.0124
The rebellious man: Next-of-kin accounts of the death of a male relative on antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa. Skovdal, Morten; Ssekubugu, Robert; Nyamukapa, Constance; Seeley, Janet; Renju, Jenny; Wamoyi, Joyce; Moshabela, Mosa; Ondenge, Kenneth; Wringe, Alison; Gregson, Simon; Zaba, Basia; (2019) Global public health. pp. 1-12. ISSN 1744-1692 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17441692.2019.1571092
Altered social trajectories and risks of violence among young Syrian women seeking refuge in Turkey: a qualitative study. Wringe, Alison; Yankah, Ekua; Parks, Tania; Mohamed, Omar; Saleh, Mohamad; Speed, Olivia; Hémono, Rebecca; Relyea, Bridget; Ibrahim, Mahad; Sandhu, Jaspal S; Scott, Jennifer; (2019) BMC Women's Health, 19 (1). p. 9. ISSN 1472-6874 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12905-019-0710-9
Changes in patterns of retention in HIV care and antiretroviral treatment in Tanzania between 2008 and 2016: an analysis of routinely collected national programme data. Mee, Paul; Rice, Brian; Lemsalu, Liis; Hargreaves, James; Sambuh, Veryeh; Harklerode, Richelle; Todd, Jim; Somi, Geoffrey; (2019) Journal of Global Health, 9 (1). ISSN 2047-2978 DOI: https://doi.org/10.7189/jogh.09.010424
Childbearing desires and behaviour: a prospective assessment in Nairobi slums. Machiyama, Kazuyo; Mumah, Joyce N; Mutua, Michael; Cleland, John; (2019) BMC PREGNANCY AND CHILDBIRTH, 19 (1). ISSN 1471-2393 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2245-3
The complex relationship between contraception and abortion. Cleland, John. Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology. 2019. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2019.04.007
Cross-sectional analysis of chemsex drug use and gonorrhoea diagnosis among men who have sex with men in the UK. Kohli, Manik; Hickson, Ford; Free, Caroline; Reid, David; Weatherburn, Peter; (2019) Sexual Health. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1071/SH18159A randomized controlled trial of an intervention delivered by mobile phone text message to increase the acceptability of effective contraception among young women in Palestine. McCarthy, Ona L; Zghayyer, Hanadi; Stavridis, Amina; Adada, Samia; Ahamed, Irrfan; Leurent, Baptiste; Edwards, Phil; Palmer, Melissa; Free, Caroline; (2019) Trials, 20. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-019-3297-4
Non-disclosure of HIV testing history in population-based surveys: implications for estimating a UNAIDS 90-90-90 target. Christopher T. Rentsch , Georges Reniers, Richard Machemba, Emma Slaymaker , Milly Marston, Alison Wringe, Jeffrey W. Eaton, Annabelle Gourlay, Brian Rice, Chodziwadziwa Whiteson Kabudula, Mark Urassa, Jim Todd & Basia Żaba. Article: 1553470 https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/16549716.2018.1553470
Are European HIV cohort data within EuroCoord representative of the diagnosed HIV population? Vourli, G. ; Pharris, A. ; Cazein, F. ; Costagliola, D. ; Dabis, F. ; Del Amo, J. ; Delpech, V. ; DÃaz, A. ; Girardi, E. ; Gourlay, A. ; Gunsenheimer-Bartmeyer, B. ; Hernando, V. ; Nikolopoulos, G. ; Porter, K. ; RosiÅ„ska, M. ; Sabin, C. ; Suligoi, B. ; Supervie, V. ; Wit, F. ; Touloumi, G. ; AIDS, 2018;
Impact of linkage quality on inferences drawn from analyses using data with high rates of linkage errors in rural Tanzania. Rentsch, C.T. ; Harron, K. ; Urassa, M. ; Todd, J. ; Reniers, G. ; Zaba, B. ; BMC Med Res Methodol, 2018; 18(1):165
Effect of ACASI on Reporting of Abortion and Other Pregnancy Outcomes in the US National Survey of Family Growth. Lindberg, L; Scott, RH; (2018). Stud Fam Plann. ISSN 1728-4465 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/sifp.12068
Linkage to care and antiretroviral therapy initiation by testing modality among individuals newly diagnosed with HIV in Tanzania, 2014-2017. Rentsch, C.T. ; Wringe, A. ; Machemba, R. ; Michael, D. ; Urassa, M. ; Todd, J. ; Reniers, G. ; Zaba, B.; (2018). Trop Med Int Health
Who are the male sexual partners of adolescent girls and young women? Comparative analysis of population data in three settings prior to DREAMS roll-out. Doyle, A.M. ; Floyd, S. ; Baisley, K. ; Orindi, B. ; Kwaro, D. ; Mthiyane, T.N. ; Muuo, S. ; Shahmanesh, M. ; Ziraba, A. ; Birdthistle, I. ; PLoS One; (2018); 13(9):e0198783
Integration of HIV and reproductive health services in public sector facilities: analysis of client flow data over time in Kenya. Birdthistle, I.J. ; Fenty, J. ; Collumbien, M. ; Warren, C. ; Kimani, J. ; Ndwiga, C. ; Mayhew, S. ; Integra Initiative,; COLLABORATORS; Mayhew, S. ; Vassall, A. ; Birdthistle, I. ; Church, K. ; Colombini, M. ; Collumbien, M. ; Friend-Dupreez, N. ; Howard, N. ; Mak, J. ; Mutemwa, R. ; Obure, D. ; Sweeney, S. ; Watts, C. ; Warren, C. ; Abuya, T. ; Askew, I. ; Kikuvi, J. ; Kimani, J. ; Kivunaga, J. ; Mdawida, B. ; Ndwiga, C. ; Oweya, E. ; Hopkins, J. ; Oteba, L. ; Stackpool-Moore, L. ; Trossero, A. ; Nhlabatsi, Z. ; Simelane, D. ; Muketo, E. ; Chatuluka, M.; (2018). BMJ Glob Health, 3(5):e000867
A longitudinal review of national HIV policy and progress made in health facility implementation in Eastern Zimbabwe. Tlhajoane, M. ; Masoka, T. ; Mpandaguta, E. ; Rhead, R. ; Church, K. ; Wringe, A. ; Kadzura, N. ; Arinaminpathy, N. ; Nyamukapa, C. ; Schur, N. ; Mugurungi, O. ; Skovdal, M. ; Eaton, J.W. ; Gregson, S. ; Health Res Policy Syst, 2018; 16(1):92
Risk of Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission in an antiretroviral therapy clinic. Mzembe, T. ; Mclean, E. ; Khan, P.Y. ; Koole, O. ; Sichali, L. ; Mwinuka, V. ; Kayange, M. ; Mzumara, P. ; Dimba, A. ; Crampin, A.C. ; Glynn, J.R.; (2018). AIDS
FIGO postpartum intrauterine device initiative: Complication rates across six countries. Makins, A. ; Taghinejadi, N. ; Sethi, M. ; Machiyama, K. ; Munganyizi, P. ; Odongo, E. ; Divakar, H. ; Fatima, P. ; Thapa, K. ; Perera, G. ; Arulkumaran, S. ; Int J Gynaecol Obstet, 2018; 143 Suppl 1:20-27
Factors influencing the likelihood of acceptance of postpartum intrauterine devices across four countries: India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Tanzania. Makins, A. ; Taghinejadi, N. ; Sethi, M. ; Machiyama, K. ; Thapa, K. ; Perera, G. ; Munganyizi, P.S. ; Bhardwaj, A. ; Arulkumaran, S. ; Int J Gynaecol Obstet, 2018; 143 Suppl 1:13-19
A friend in need is a friend indeed: Need-based sharing, rather than cooperative assortment, predicts experimental resource transfers among Agta hunter-gatherers. Smith, D.; Dyble, M.; Major, K.; Page, A.E.; Chaudhary, N.; Salali, G.D.; Thompson, J.; Vinicius, L.; Migliano, A.B.; Mace, R. Evolution and Human Behavior, 2018;
Hunter-gatherer health and development policy: How the promotion of sedentism worsens the Agta’s health outcomes. Page, A.E. ; Minter, T. ; Viguier, S. ; Migliano, A.B.; Soc Sci Med, 2018; 197:39-48
Pre-post effects of a tetanus care protocol implementation in a sub-Saharan African intensive care unit. Aziz, R. ; Colombe, S. ; Mwakisambwe, G. ; Ndezi, S. ; Todd, J. ; Kalluvya, S. ; Mangat, H.S. ; Magleby, R. ; Koebler, A. ; Kenemo, B. ; Peck, R.N. ; Downs, J.A. ; PLoS Negl Trop Dis, 2018; 12(8):e0006667
Educational Attainment as a Predictor of HIV Testing Uptake Among Women of Child-Bearing Age: Analysis of 2014 Demographic and Health Survey in Zambia. Muyunda, B. ; Musonda, P. ; Mee, P. ; Todd, J. ; Michelo, C. ; Front Public Health, 2018; 6:192
Can we assess Cancer Waiting Time targets with cancer survival? A population-based study of individually linked data from the National Cancer Waiting Times monitoring dataset in England, 2009-2013. Di Girolamo, C. ; Walters, S. ; Gildea, C. ; Benitez Majano, S. ; Rachet, B. ; Morris, M. ; PLoS One, 2018; 13(8):e0201288
Identifying mixed Mycobacterium tuberculosis infections from whole genome sequence data. Sobkowiak, B. ; Glynn, J.R. ; Houben, R.M.G.J. ; Mallard, K. ; Phelan, J.E. ; Guerra-Assunção, J.A. ; Banda, L. ; Mzembe, T. ; Viveiros, M. ; McNerney, R. ; Parkhill, J. ; Crampin, A.C. ; Clark, T.G. ; BMC Genomics, 2018; 19(1):613
Long term trends in behaviour to protect against adverse reproductive and sexual health outcomes among young single African women. Ali, M.M.; Cleland, J.; Reprod Health, 2018; 15(1):136
Interdisciplinary perspectives on grandparental investment: a journey towards causality. Coall, D.A.; Hilbrand, S.; Sear, R.; Hertwig, R. Contemporary Social Science, 2018; 13(2):159-174
Engagement in HIV Care Among young female sex workers in Zimbabwe. Napierala, S. ; Chabata, S.T. ; Fearon, E. ; Davey, C. ; Hargreaves, J. ; Busza, J. ; Mushati, P. ; Mtetwa, S. ; Chiyaka, T. ; Mugurungi, O. ; Hanisch, D. ; Hatzold, K. ; Phillips, A. ; Cowan, F.M. ; J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr, 2018;
“The needs have clearly evolved as time has gone on.”: A qualitative study to explore stakeholders’ perspectives on the health needs of Syrian refugees in Greece following the 2016 European Union-Turkey agreement. Hemono, R. ; Relyea, B. ; Scott, J. ; Khaddaj, S. ; Douka, A. ; Wringe, A. Confl Health, 2018; 12:24
Contraceptive use and lengthening birth intervals in rural and urban eastern Africa. Towriss, C.A.; Timaeus, I.M. Demographic Research, 2018; 38:2027-2052
Contraceptive method use among women and its association with age, relationship status and duration: findings from the third British National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3). Firman, N. ; Palmer, M.J. ; Timaeus, I.M. ; Wellings, K. BMJ Sex Reprod Health, 2018;
Where do women and men in Britain obtain contraception? Findings from the third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3). French, R.S. ; Geary, R. ; Jones, K. ; Glasier, A. ; Mercer, C.H. ; Datta, J. ; Macdowall, W. ; Palmer, M. ; Johnson, A.M. ; Wellings, K. BMJ Sex Reprod Health, 2018;
Impact of schistosome infection on long-term HIV/AIDS outcomes. Colombe, S. ; Machemba, R. ; Mtenga, B. ; Lutonja, P. ; Kalluvya, S.E. ; de Dood, C.J. ; Hoekstra, P.T. ; van Dam, G.J. ; Corstjens, P.L.A.M. ; Urassa, M. ; Changalucha, J.M. ; Todd, J. ; Downs, J.A. PLoS Negl Trop Dis, 2018; 12(7):e0006613
AIDS and the gender gap in life expectancy in Africa. Masquelier, B.; Reniers, G. Population and Societies, 2018; 554
Maternal weight and infections in early childhood: a cohort study. Videholm, S. ; Silfverdal, S.A. ; Reniers, G. Arch Dis Child, 2018;
Mobile phone-based interventions for improving adherence to medication prescribed for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in adults. Palmer, M.J. ; Barnard, S. ; Perel, P. ; Free, C. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2018; 6:CD012675
On bonding. Xenikaki, D., AUA (AUA Blog), 2018
Easy and accurate reconstruction of whole HIV genomes from short-read sequence data with shiver. Wymant, C. ; Blanquart, F. ; Golubchik, T. ; Gall, A. ; Bakker, M. ; Bezemer, D. ; Croucher, N.J. ; Hall, M. ; Hillebregt, M. ; Ong, S.H. ; Ratmann, O. ; Albert, J. ; Bannert, N. ; Fellay, J. ; Fransen, K. ; Gourlay, A. ; Grabowski, M.K. ; Gunsenheimer-Bartmeyer, B. ; GÃ¼nthard, H.F. ; KivelÃ¤, P. ; Kouyos, R. ; Laeyendecker, O. ; Liitsola, K. ; Meyer, L. ; Porter, K. ; Ristola, M. ; van Sighem, A. ; Berkhout, B. ; Cornelissen, M. ; Kellam, P. ; Reiss, P. ; Fraser, C. ; BEEHIVE Collaboration. Virus Evol, 2018; 4(1):vey007
The frequency of maternal morbidity: A systematic review of systematic reviews. Gon, G. ; Leite, A. ; Calvert, C. ; Woodd, S. ; Graham, W.J. ; Filippi, V.; Int J Gynaecol Obstet, 2018; 141 Suppl 1:20-38
Understanding HIV risks among adolescent girls and young women in informal settlements of Nairobi, Kenya: Lessons for DREAMS. Ziraba, A. ; Orindi, B. ; Muuo, S. ; Floyd, S. ; Birdthistle, I.J. ; Mumah, J. ; Osindo, J. ; Njoroge, P. ; Kabiru, C.W.; PLoS One, 2018; 13(5):e0197479
Community health worker support to improve HIV treatment outcomes for older children and adolescents in Zimbabwe: a process evaluation of the ZENITH trial. Dziva Chikwari, C. ; Simms, V. ; Busza, J. ; Dauya, E. ; Bandason, T. ; Chonzi, P. ; Munyati, S. ; Mujuru, H. ; Ferrand, R.A. ; Implement Sci, 2018; 13(1):70
Cochrane corner: text messaging to improve adherence to drugs for secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Adler, A.J. ; Casas, J.P. ; Martin, N. ; Free, C. ; Perel, P. Heart, 2018
Setting the research agenda for induced abortion in Africa and Asia. Scott, R.H. ; Filippi, V. ; Moore, A.M. ; Acharya, R. ; Bankole, A. ; Calvert, C. ; Church, K. ; Cresswell, J.A. ; Footman, K. ; Gleason, J. ; Machiyama, K. ; Marston, C. ; Mbizvo, M. ; Musheke, M. ; Owolabi, O. ; Palmer, J. ; Smith, C. ; Storeng, K. ; Yeung, F. Int J Gynaecol Obstet, 2018
Women’s attitudes and beliefs towards specific contraceptive methods in Bangladesh and Kenya. Machiyama, K. ; Huda, F.A. ; Ahmmed, F. ; Odwe, G. ; Obare, F. ; Mumah, J.N. ; Wamukoya, M. ; Casterline, J.B. ; Cleland, J. Reprod Health, 2018; 15(1):75
Glycated haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) for detection of diabetes mellitus and impaired fasting glucose in Malawi: a diagnostic accuracy study. Rathod, S.D. ; Crampin, A.C. ; Musicha, C. ; Kayuni, N. ; Banda, L. ; Saul, J. ; McLean, E. ; Branson, K. ; Jaffar, S. ; Nyirenda, M.J. BMJ Open, 2018; 8(5):e020972
Trends in catastrophic health expenditure in India: 1993 to 2014. Pandey, A. ; Ploubidis, G.B. ; Clarke, L. ; Dandona, L. Bull World Health Organ, 2018; 96(1):18-28
Factorial structure of the locomotor disability scale in a sample of adults with mobility impairments in Bangladesh. Mahmud, I. ; Clarke, L. ; Nahar, N. ; Ploubidis, G.B. Health Qual Life Outcomes, 2018; 16(1):81
Characteristics of patients with missing information on stage: a population-based study of patients diagnosed with colon, lung or breast cancer in England in 2013. Di Girolamo, C. ; Walters, S. ; Benitez Majano, S. ; Rachet, B. ; Coleman, M.P. ; Njagi, E.N. ; Morris, M. BMC Cancer, 2018; 18(1):492
Development of an intervention delivered by mobile phone aimed at decreasing unintended pregnancy among young people in three lower middle income countries. McCarthy, O.L. ; Wazwaz, O. ; Osorio Calderon, V. ; Jado, I. ; Saibov, S. ; Stavridis, A. ; LÃ³pez Gallardo, J. ; Tokhirov, R. ; Adada, S. ; Huaynoca, S. ; Makleff, S. ; Vandewiele, M. ; Standaert, S. ; Free, C. BMC Public Health, 2018; 18(1):576
Impact of pyrazinamide resistance on multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Karakalpakstan, Uzbekistan. Kuhlin, J. ; Smith, C. ; Khaemraev, A. ; Tigay, Z. ; Parpieva, N. ; Tillyashaykhov, M. ; Achar, J. ; Hajek, J. ; Greig, J. ; du Cros, P. ; Moore, D. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis, 2018; 22(5):544-550
Evaluation of care and treatment clinics using a four-year retrospective cohort of patients receiving anti-retroviral therapy in Mbeya Region, Tanzania. Sichalwe, A.W.; Renju, J.; Rutherford, G.W.; Nondi, J.; Martin, E.M.; Tenu, F.; Todd, J. International Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, 2018; 6(1):10-17
Exploring the acceptability of self-screening for hypertension in private drug shops: a qualitative evaluation of a pilot intervention in Mwanza region, Tanzania. Kezakubi, D.; Juma, A.; Michael, D.; Todd, J.; Reyburn, H.; Renju, J.; East African Journal of Monitoring and Evaluation, 2018;
Rapid improvements to rural Ugandan housing and their association with malaria from intense to reduced transmission: a cohort study. Rek, J.C. ; Alegana, V. ; Arinaitwe, E. ; Cameron, E. ; Kamya, M.R. ; Katureebe, A. ; Lindsay, S.W. ; Kilama, M. ; Staedke, S.G. ; Todd, J. ; Dorsey, G. ; Tusting, L.S. ; Lancet Planet Health, 2018; 2(2):e83-e94
Strengthening Routine Data Systems to Track the HIV Epidemic and Guide the Response in Sub-Saharan Africa. Rice, B. ; Boulle, A. ; Baral, S. ; Egger, M. ; Mee, P. ; Fearon, E. ; Reniers, G. ; Todd, J. ; Schwarcz, S. ; Weir, S. ; Rutherford, G. ; Hargreaves, J. ; JMIR Public Health Surveill, 2018; 4(2):e36
Challenges and successes in the implementation of option B+ to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV in southern Swaziland. Etoori, D. ; Kerschberger, B. ; Staderini, N. ; Ndlangamandla, M. ; Nhlabatsi, B. ; Jobanputra, K. ; Mthethwa-Hleza, S. ; Parker, L.A. ; Sibanda, S. ; Mabhena, E. ; Pasipamire, M. ; Kabore, S.M. ; Rusch, B. ; Jamet, C. ; Ciglenecki, I. ; Teck, R. ; BMC Public Health, 2018; 18(1):374
Assessing the validity and reliability of self-report data on contraception use in the Mobile Technology for Improved Family Planning (MOTIF) randomised controlled trial. Smith, C. ; Edwards, P. ; Free, C. ; Reprod Health, 2018; 15(1):50
Reaching young women who sell sex: Methods and results of social mapping to describe and identify young women for DREAMS impact evaluation in Zimbabwe.Chiyaka, T.; Mushati, P.; Hensen, B.; Chabata, S.; Hargreaves, J.R.; Floyd, S.; Birdthistle, I.J.; Cowan, F.M.; Busza, J.R.; PLoS One, 2018; 13(3):e0194301
Lactate clearance as a prognostic marker of mortality in severely ill febrile children in East Africa. Aramburo, A.; Todd, J.; George, E.C.; Kiguli, S.; Olupot-Olupot, P.; Opoka, R.O.; Engoru, C.; Akech, S.O.; Nyeko, R.; Mtove, G.; Gibb, D.M.; Babiker, A.G.; Maitland, K.; BMC Med, 2018; 16(1):37
Web-Based Activity Within a Sexual Health Economy: Observational Study.Turner, K.M. ; Zienkiewicz, A.K. ; Syred, J. ; Looker, K.J. ; de Sa, J. ; Brady, M. ; Free, C. ; Holdsworth, G. ; Baraitser, P. ; J Med Internet Res, 2018; 20(3):e74
Inequity in out-of-pocket payments for hospitalisation in India: Evidence from the National Sample Surveys, 1995-2014. Pandey, A. ; Clarke, L. ; Dandona, L. ; Ploubidis, G.B. ; Soc Sci Med, 2018; 201:136-147
“It is not possible to go inside and have a discussion”: how fear of stigma affects delivery of community-based support for children’s HIV care. Busza, J. ; Simms, V. ; Chikwari, C.D. ; Dauya, E. ; Bandason, T. ; Makamba, M. ; McHugh, G. ; Ferrand, R.A. ; AIDS Care, 2018; :1-7
Improving the Measurement of Fertility Regulation Practices: Findings from Qualitative Research in Ghana. Marston, C.; Renedo, A.; Nsorma Nyaaba, G.; Machiyama, K; Tapsoba, P.; Cleland, J. International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 2018;
A randomized controlled trial of an intervention delivered by mobile phone app instant messaging to increase the acceptability of effective contraception among young people in Tajikistan. McCarthy, O.; Ahamed, I.; Kulaeva, F.; Tokhirov, R.; Saibov, S.; Vandewiele, M.; Standaert, S.; Leurent, B.; Edwards, P.; Palmer, M.; Free, C.; Reprod Health, 2018; 15(1):28
Evaluating the impact of DREAMS on HIV incidence among young women who sell sex: protocol for a non-randomised study in Zimbabwe. Hensen, B.; Hargreaves, J.R.; Chiyaka, T.; Chabata, S.; Mushati, P.; Floyd, S.; Birdthistle, I.; Busza, J.; Cowan, F.; BMC Public Health, 2018; 18(1):203
Association of the Paediatric Admission Quality of Care score with mortality in Kenyan hospitals: a validation study. Opondo, C.; Allen, E.; Todd, J.; English, M.; Lancet Glob Health, 2018; 6(2):e203-e210
"He was no longer listening to me": A qualitative study in six Sub-Saharan African countries exploring next-of-kin perspectives on caring following the death of a relative from AIDS. Ssekubugu, R. ; RENJU, J. ; ZABA, B. ; SEELEY, J. ; Bukenya, D. ; Ddaaki, W. ; Moshabela, M. ; Wamoyi, J. ; MCLEAN, E. ; Ondenge, K. ; Skovdal, M. ; Wringeg, A; AIDS Care, 2018;1-7
Pneumococcal carriage in households in Karonga District, Malawi, before and after introduction of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccination. Heinsbroek, E. ; Tafatatha, T. ; Phiri, A. ; Swarthout, T.D. ; Alaerts, M. ; Crampin, A.C. ; Chisambo, C. ; Mwiba, O. ; Read, J.M. ; French, N. Vaccine, 2018; 36(48):7369-7376.
Worldwide fertility declines do not rely on stopping at ideal parities. Hruschka, D.J. ; Sear, R. ; Hackman, J. ; Drake, A; Popul Stud (Camb), 2018; 24:1-17.
Trends in the socioeconomic patterning of overweight/obesity in India: a repeated cross-sectional study using nationally representative data. Luhar, S; Mallinson, P.A.C; Clarke, L; Kinra, S; BMJ Open, 2018; 8(10):e023935.
Successes and challenges in optimizing the viral load cascade to improve antiretroviral therapy adherence and rationalize second‐line switches in Swaziland. Etoori, D. ; Ciglenecki, I. ; Ndlangamandla, M. ; Edwards, C.G. ; Jobanputra, K. ; Pasipamire, M. ; Maphalala, G. ; Yang, C. ; Zabsonre, I. ; Kabore, S.M. ; Goiri, J. ; Teck, R. ; Kerschberger, B.; J Int AIDS Soc, 2018; 21(10):e25194
Method-Specific Attributes that Influence Choice of Future Contraception Among Married Women in Nairobi's Informal Settlements. Mumah, J.N. ; Casterline, J.B. ; MACHIYAMA, K. ; Wamukoya, M. ; Kabiru, C.W. ; CLELAND, J. ; Stud Fam Plann, 2018; 49(3):279-292
Factors influencing satisfaction with oral contraceptive pills and injectables among past users in Kenya. Odwe, G. ; Mumah, J. ; Obare, F. ; Wamukoya, M. ; MACHIYAMA, K. ; CLELAND, J. ; Casterline, J. ; J Biosoc Sci, 2018; :1-14
Cohort Profile: The HIV Atlanta Veterans Affairs Cohort Study (HAVACS). Guest, J.L. ; Moanna, A. ; Schlueter Wirtz, S. ; Caruth, E.C. ; RENTSCH, C. ; Marconi, V.C. ; Rimland, D. ; Int J Epidemiol, 2017; 46(5):172
Characterization of hunter-gatherer networks and implications for cumulative culture. Migliano, A.B.; Page, A.E.; GÃ³mez-GardeÃ±es, J.; Salali, G.D.; Viguier, S.; Dyble, M.; Thompson, J.; Chaudhary, N.; Smith, D.; Strods, J.; Mace, R.; Thomas, M.G.; Latora, V.; Vinicius, L. Nature Human Behaviour, 2017;
Cooperation and the evolution of hunter-gatherer storytelling. Smith, D. ; Schlaepfer, P. ; Major, K. ; Dyble, M. ; Page, A.E. ; Thompson, J. ; Chaudhary, N. ; Salali, G.D. ; Mace, R. ; Astete, L. ; Ngales, M. ; Vinicius, L. ; Migliano, A.B. ; Nat Commun, 2017; 8(1):1853
Improving the Measurement of Fertility Regulation Practices: Findings from Qualitative Research in Ghana. Marston, C. ; Renedo, A. ; Nyaaba, G.N. ; Machiyama, K. ; Tapsoba, P. ; Cleland, J. ; Int Perspect Sex Reprod Health, 2017; 43(3):111-119
Physical partner violence, women’s economic status and help-seeking behaviour in Dar es Salaam and Mbeya, Tanzania. Vyas, S. ; Mbwambo, J. ; Glob Health Action, 2017; 10(1):1290426
Identifying gaps in HIV policy and practice along the HIV care continuum: evidence from a national policy review and health facility surveys in urban and rural Kenya. Cawley C, McRobie E, Oti S, Njamwea B, Nyaguara A, Odhiambo F, Otieno F, Njage M, Shoham T, Church K, Mee P, Todd J, Zaba B, Reniers G, Wringe A. Health Policy Plan. 2017 Nov 1;32(9):1316-1326. doi: 10.1093/heapol/czx091
From policy to practice: exploring the implementation of antiretroviral therapy access and retention policies between 2013 and 2016 in six sub-Saharan African countries. Ambia, J; Renju, J; Wringe, A; Todd, J; Geubbels, E; Nakiyingi-Miiro, J; Urassa, M; Lutalo, T; Crampin, AC; Kwaro, D; Kyobutungi, C; Chimbindi, N; Gomez-Olive, FX; Tlhajoane, M; Njamwea, B; Zaba, B; Mee, P; (2017). BMC Health Serv Res, 17 (1). p. 758. ISSN 1472-6963 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-017-2678-1
The role of community health workers in improving HIV treatment outcomes in children: lessons learned from the ZENITH trial in Zimbabwe. Busza, J.; Dauya, E.; Bandason, T.; Simms, V.; Chikwari, C.D.; Makamba, M.; Mchugh, G.; Munyati, S.; Chonzi, P.; Ferrand, R.A.; Health Policy Plan, 2018.
The effectiveness of smoking cessation, physical activity/diet and alcohol reduction interventions delivered by mobile phones for the prevention of non-communicable diseases: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Palmer, M. ; Sutherland, J.; Barnard, S.; Wynne, A.; Rezel, E.; Doel, A.; Grigsby-Duffy, L.; Edwards, S.; Russell, S.; Hotopf, E.; Perel, P.; Free, C.; PLoS One, 2018; 13(1):e0189801
Who Meets the Contraceptive Needs of Young Women in Sub-Saharan Africa? Radovich, E.; Dennis, M.L.; Wong, K.L.M.; Ali, M.; Lynch, C.A.; Cleland, J.; Owolabi, O.; Lyons-Amos, M.; Benova, L.; J Adolesc Health, 2017
eSexual health interventions: promising, but more evidence needed. Wellings, K.; Mehl, G.L.; Free, C.J.; Lancet Public Health, 2017; 2(4):e162-e163
Hospitalisation trends in India from serial cross-sectional nationwide surveys: 1995 to 2014. Pandey, A.; Ploubidis, G.B.; Clarke, L.; Dandona, L.; BMJ Open, 2017; 7(12):e014188
Internet-accessed sexually transmitted infection (e-STI) testing and results service: A randomised, single-blind, controlled trial. Wilson, E.; Free, C.; Morris, T.P.; Syred, J.; Ahamed, I.; Menon-Johansson, A.S.; Palmer, M.J.; Barnard, S.; Rezel, E.; Baraitser, P.; PLoS Med, 2017; 14(12):e1002479
An Intervention Delivered by App Instant Messaging to Increase Acceptability and Use of Effective Contraception Among Young Women in Bolivia: Protocol of a Randomized Controlled Trial. McCarthy, O.L.; Osorio Calderon, V.; Makleff, S.; Huaynoca, S.; Leurent, B.; Edwards, P.; Lopez Gallardo, J.; Free, C.; JMIR Res Protoc, 2017; 6(12):e252
“My mother told me that I should not”: a qualitative study exploring the restrictions placed on adolescent girls living with HIV in Zambia. Mackworth-Young, C.R.; Bond, V.; Wringe, A.; Konayuma, K.; Clay, S.; Chiiya, C.; Chonta, M.; Sievwright, K.; Stangl, A.L.; J Int AIDS Soc, 2017; 20(4)
Process evaluation of a mobile phone-based intervention to support post-abortion contraception in Cambodia. Smith, C.; Ly, S.; Uk, V.; Warnock, R.; Edwards, P.; Free, C.; Contracept Reprod Med, 2017; 2:16
Assessing loss to follow-up in the MObile Technology for Improved Family Planning (MOTIF) randomised controlled trial. Smith, C.; Jarvis, C.; Free, C.; Trials, 2017; 18(1):577
Socio-demographic determinants of the severity of locomotor disability among adults in Bangladesh: a cross-sectional study, December 2010-February 2011.Mahmud, I.; Clarke, L.; Ploubidis, G.B.; Arch Public Health, 2017; 75:47
Heterosexual Practices Among Young People in Britain: Evidence From Three National Surveys of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles. Lewis, R.; Tanton, C.; Mercer, C.H.; Mitchell, K.R.; Palmer, M.; Macdowall, W.; Wellings, K.; J Adolesc Health, 2017; 61(6):694-702
The effect of community-based support for caregivers on the risk of virological failure in children and adolescents with HIV in Harare, Zimbabwe (ZENITH): an open-label, randomised controlled trial. Ferrand, R.A.; Simms, V.; Dauya, E.; Bandason, T.; Mchugh, G.; Mujuru, H.; Chonzi, P.; Busza, J.; Kranzer, K.; Munyati, S.; Weiss, H.A.; Hayes, R.J.; Lancet Child Adolesc Health, 2017; 1(3):175-183
Point-of-contact Interactive Record Linkage (PIRL): A software tool to prospectively link demographic surveillance and health facility data [version 1; referees: awaiting peer review]. Rentsch CT, Kabudula CW, Catlett J, Beckles D, Machemba R, Mtenga B, Masilela N, Michael D, Natalis R, Urassa M, Todd J, Zaba B, and Reniers G. Gates Open Research (2017), 1:8 (doi: 10.12688/gatesopenres.12751.1)
The Network for Analysing Longitudinal Population-based HIV/AIDS data on Africa (ALPHA): Data on mortality, by HIV status and stage on the HIV care continuum, among the general population in seven longitudinal studies between 1989 and 2014. Slaymaker E, McLean E, Wringe A, Calvert C, Marston M, Reniers G, Kabudula CW, Crampin A, Price A, Michael D, Urassa M, Kwaro D, Sewe M, Eaton JW, Rhead R, Nakiyingi-Miiro J, Lutalo T, Nabukalu D, Herbst K, Hosegood V, and Zaba B. Gates Open Research (2017), 1:4 (doi: 10.12688/gatesopenres.12753.1)
Tuberculosis mortality and the male survival deficit in rural South Africa: An observational community cohort study. Reniers G, Blom S, Lieber J, Herbst AJ, Calvert C, Bor J, Barnighausen T, Zaba B, Li ZR, Clark SJ, Grant AD, Lessells R, Eaton JW, and Hosegood V (2017). PLoS ONE12(10): e0185692.
The relationship between HIV and fertility in the era of antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from 49 Demographic and Health Surveys. Marston, M; Zaba, B; Eaton, JW; (2017). Tropical medicine & international health. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: 10.1111/tmi.12983
Changes in Fertility at the Population Level in the Era of ART in Rural Malawi.McLean, E; Price, A; Chihana, M; Kayuni, N; Marston, M; Koole, O; Zaba, B; Crampin, A; ALPHA Network; (2017). Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999), 75 (4). pp. 391-398. ISSN 1525-4135 DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001395
‘I wanted to safeguard the baby’: a qualitative study to understand the experiences of Option B+ for pregnant women and the potential implications for ‘test-and-treat’ in four sub-Saharan African settings. McLean, E; Renju, J; Wamoyi, J; Bukenya, D; Ddaaki, W; Church, K; Zaba, B; Wringe, A; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052972
Understanding the relationship between couple dynamics and engagement with HIV care services: insights from a qualitative study in Eastern and Southern Africa. Wamoyi, J; Renju, J; Moshabela, M; McLean, E; Nyato, D; Mbata, D; Bonnington, O; Seeley, J; Church, K; Zaba, B; Wringe, A; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052976
HIV testing experiences and their implications for patient engagement with HIV care and treatment on the eve of ‘test and treat’: findings from a multicountry qualitative study. Wringe, A; Moshabela, M; Nyamukapa, C; Bukenya, D; Ondenge, K; Ddaaki, W; Wamoyi, J; Seeley, J; Church, K; Zaba, B; Hosegood, V; Bonnington, O; Skovdal, M; Renju, J; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052969
Bottlenecks to HIV care and treatment in sub-Saharan Africa: a multi-country qualitative study. Wringe, A; Renju, J; Seeley, J; Moshabela, M; Skovdal, M; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2017-053172
Changing forms of HIV-related stigma along the HIV care and treatment continuum in sub-Saharan Africa: a temporal analysis. Bonnington, O; Wamoyi, J; Ddaaki, W; Bukenya, D; Ondenge, K; Skovdal, M; Renju, J; Moshabela, M; Wringe, A; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052975
‘I am treated well if I adhere to my HIV medication’: putting patient-provider interactions in context through insights from qualitative research in five sub-Saharan African countries. Ondenge, K; Renju, J; Bonnington, O; Moshabela, M; Wamoyi, J; Nyamukapa, C; Seeley, J; Wringe, A; Skovdal, M; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052973
Using theories of practice to understand HIV-positive persons varied engagement with HIV services: a qualitative study in six Sub-Saharan African countries. Skovdal, M; Wringe, A; Seeley, J; Renju, J; Paparini, S; Wamoyi, J; Moshabela, M; Ddaaki, W; Nyamukapa, C; Ondenge, K; Bernays, S; Bonnington, O; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052977
‘Side effects’ are ‘central effects’ that challenge retention in HIV treatment programmes in six sub-Saharan African countries: a multicountry qualitative study. Renju, J; Moshabela, M; McLean, E; Ddaaki, W; Skovdal, M; Odongo, F; Bukenya, D; Wamoyi, J; Bonnington, O; Seeley, J; Zaba, B; Wringe, A; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052971
Linkage to HIV care after home-based HIV counselling and testing in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review. Ruzagira, E; Baisley, K; Kamali, A; Biraro, S; Grosskurth, H; Wringe, A; Working Group on Linkage to HIV Care; (2017). Tropical medicine & international health. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: 10.1111/tmi.12888
Scaling a waterfall: a meta-ethnography of adolescent progression through the stages of HIV care in sub-Saharan Africa. Williams, S; Renju, J; Ghilardi, L; Wringe, A; (2017) J. Int AIDS Soc, 20 (1). pp. 1-17. ISSN 1758-2652 DOI: 10.7448/IAS.20.1.21922
A qualitative study exploring the social and environmental context of recently acquired HIV infection among men who have sex with men in South-East England. Gourlay, A; Fox, J; Gafos, M; Fidler, S; Nwokolo, N; Clarke, A; Gilson, R; Orkin, C; Collins, S; Porter, K; Hart, G; (2017). BMJ Open, 7 (8). e016494. ISSN 2044-6055 DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-016494
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus Continuum of Care in European Union Countries in 2013: Data and Challenges. Gourlay, A; Noori, T; Pharris, A; Axelsson, M; Costagliola, D; Cowan, S; Croxford, S; d’Arminio Monforte, A; Del Amo, J; Delpech, V; Díaz, A; Girardi, E; Gunsenheimer-Bartmeyer, B; Hernando, V; Jose, S; Leierer, G; Nikolopoulos, G; Obel, N; Op de Coul, E; Paraskeva, D; Reiss, P; Sabin, C; Sasse, A; Schmid, D; Sonnerborg, A; Spina, A; Suligoi, B; Supervie, V; Touloumi, G; Van Beckhoven, D; van Sighem, A; Vourli, G; Zangerle, R; Porter, K; European HIV Continuum of Care Working Group; (2017). Clinical infectious diseases, 64 (12). pp. 1644-1656. ISSN 1058-4838 DOI: 10.1093/cid/cix212
Towards standardised definitions for monitoring the continuum of HIV care in Europe. Gourlay, A; Pharris, AM; Noori, T; Supervie, V; Rosinska, M; van Sighem, A; Touloumi, G; Porter, K; (2017). AIDS (London, England). ISSN 0269-9370 DOI: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000001597
“It is good to take her early to the doctor” – mothers’ understanding of childhood pneumonia symptoms and health care seeking in Kilimanjaro region, Tanzania.Muro, F; Meta, J; Renju, J; Mushi, A; Mbakilwa, H; Olomi, R; Reyburn, H; Hildenwall, H; (2017). BMC Int Health Hum Rights, 17 (1). p. 27. ISSN 1472-698X DOI: 10.1186/s12914-017-0135-1
Implementation effectiveness of revised (post-2010) World Health Organization guidelines on prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV using routinely collected data in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic literature review. Gumede-Moyo, S; Filteau, S; Munthali, T; Todd, J; Musonda, P; (2017). Medicine, 96 (40). e8055. ISSN 0025-7974 DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000008055
Elevated blood pressure and correlates in a cohort of HIV-infected adults who started antiretroviral therapy when undernourished. PrayGod, G; Changalucha, J; Kapiga, S; Todd, J; Filteau, S; Peck, R; (2017). Journal of clinical hypertension (Greenwich, Conn). ISSN 1524-6175 DOI: 10.1111/jch.13031
Pediatric HIV care and treatment services in Tanzania: implications for survival.Somi, G; Majigo, M; Manyahi, J; Nondi, J; Agricola, J; Sambu, V; Todd, J; Rwebembera, A; Makyao, N; Ramadhani, A; Matee, M; (2017). BMC Health Serv Res, 17 (1). p. 540. ISSN 1472-6963 DOI: 10.1186/s12913-017-2492-9
Provider and lay perspectives on intra-uterine contraception: a global review.Daniele, MAS; Cleland, J; Benova, L; Ali, M; (2017). Reprod Health, 14 (1). p. 119. ISSN 1742-4755 DOI: 10.1186/s12978-017-0380-8
Supportive families versus support from families: The decision to have a child in the Netherlands. Schaffnit, SB; Sear, R; (2017). Demographic Research, 37. pp. 417-453. ISSN 1435-9871 DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2017.37.14
Local environmental quality positively predicts breastfeeding in the UK’s Millennium Cohort Study. Streeter, LJ; Sear, R; (2017). Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health, 2017 (1). pp. 120-135. DOI: 10.1093/emph/eox011
A randomised controlled trial of an intervention delivered by app instant messaging to increase the acceptability of effective contraception among young people in Tajikistan: study protocol. McCarthy, O; Leurent, B; Edwards, P; Tokhirov, R; Free, C; (2017). BMJ Open, 7 (9). e017606. ISSN 2044-6055 DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017606
An intervention delivered by text message to increase the acceptability of effective contraception among young women in Palestine: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. McCarthy, OL; Wazwaz, O; Jado, I; Leurent, B; Edwards, P; Adada, S; Stavridis, A; Free, C; (2017). Trials, 18 (1). p. 454. ISSN 1745-6215 DOI: 10.1186/s13063-017-2191-1
Impact of the 13-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine on Clinical and Hypoxemic Childhood Pneumonia over Three Years in Central Malawi: An Observational Study. McCollum, ED; Nambiar, B; Deula, R; Zadutsa, B; Bondo, A; King, C; Beard, J; Liyaya, H; Mankhambo, L; Lazzerini, M; Makwenda, C; Masache, G; Bar-Zeev, N; Kazembe, PN; Mwansambo, C; Lufesi, N; Costello, A; Armstrong, B; Colbourn, T; (2017). PLoS One, 12 (1). e0168209. ISSN 1932-6203 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0168209
Experiences in running a complex electronic data capture system using mobile phones in a large-scale population trial in southern Nepal. Style, S; Beard, BJ; Harris-Fry, H; Sengupta, A; Jha, S; Shrestha, BP; Rai, A; Paudel, V; Thondoo, M; Pulkki-Brannstrom, AM; Skordis-Worrall, J; Manandhar, DS; Costello, A; Saville, NM; (2017). Global health action, 10 (1). p. 1330858. ISSN 1654-9716 DOI: 10.1080/16549716.2017.1330858
Smartphone tool to collect repeated 24 h dietary recall data in Nepal. Harris-Fry, H. ; Beard, B.J. ; Harrisson, T. ; Paudel, P. ; Shrestha, N. ; Jha, S. ; Shrestha, B.P. ; Manandhar, D.S. ; Costello, A. ; Saville, N.M. (2017). Public health nutrition. pp. 1-13.
Support for new mothers and fertility in the United Kingdom: Not all support is equal in the decision to have a second child. Schaffnit, SB; Sear, R; (2017). Population studies. pp. 1-17. ISSN 0032-4728 DOI: 10.1080/00324728.2017.1349924
Feasibility of assessing the safety and effectiveness of menstrual regulation medications purchased from pharmacies in Bangladesh: a prospective cohort study. Footman, K; Scott, R; Taleb, F; Dijkerman, S; Nuremowla, S; Reiss, K; Church, K; (2017). Contraception. ISSN 0010-7824 DOI: 10.1016/j.contraception.2017.08.002
Evolutionary public health: introducing the concept. Wells, JCK; Nesse, RM; Sear, R; Johnstone, RA; Stearns, SC; (2017). Lancet, 390 (10093). pp. 500-509. ISSN 0140-6736 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30572-X
Marital status and sleeping arrangements predict salivary testosterone in rural Gambian men. Lawson, D.W., Núñez-de la Mora, A, Cooper, G.D., Prentice, A, Moore, S.E. & Sear, R. (2017). Adaptive Human Behavior & Physiology
Population growth, employment, and livelihoods: the triple challenge. Cleland J (2017). Journal of Demographic Economics 83:51-61.
Prospects for accelerated fertility decline in Africa. Cleland J. (2017). Journal of Population and Sustainability: 1 (2):37-66.
‘We identify, discuss, act and promise to prevent similar deaths’: a qualitative study of Ethiopia’s Maternal Death Surveillance and Response system. Abebe, B; Busza, J; Hadush, A; Usmael, A; Zeleke, AB; Sita, S; Hailu, S; Graham, WJ; (2017). BMJ Glob Health, 2 (2). e000199. ISSN 2059-7908 DOI: 10.1136/bmjgh-2016-000199
Mobile phone text messaging to improve medication adherence in secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Adler, AJ; Martin, N; Mariani, J; Tajer, CD; Owolabi, OO; Free, C; Serrano, NC; Casas, JP; Perel, P; (2017). Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 4. CD011851. ISSN 1469-493X DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD011851.pub2
Where are we now? A multicountry qualitative study to explore access to pre-antiretroviral care services: a precursor to antiretroviral therapy initiation.Bukenya, D; Wringe, A; Moshabela, M; Skovdal, M; Ssekubugu, R; Paparini, S; Renju, J; McLean, E; Bonnington, O; Wamoyi, J; Seeley, J; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections. ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052970
Good news for sex workers in Zimbabwe: how a court order improved safety in the absence of decriminalization. Busza, J; Mtetwa, S; Fearon, E; Hofisi, D; Mundawarara, T; Yekeye, R; Magure, T; Mugurungi, O; Cowan, F; (2017). J Int AIDS Soc, 20 (1). pp. 1-3. ISSN 1758-2652 DOI: 10.7448/IAS.20.1.21860
Feasibility of Establishing HIV Case-Based Surveillance to Measure Progress Along the Health Sector Cascade: Situational Assessments in Tanzania, South Africa, and Kenya. Harklerode, R; Schwarcz, S; Hargreaves, J; Boulle, A; Todd, J; Xueref, S; Rice, B; (2017). JMIR Public Health Surveill, 3 (3). e44. ISSN 2369-2960 DOI: 10.2196/publichealth.7610
Physical activity and associated factors from a cross-sectional survey among adults in northern Tanzania. John, B; Todd, J; Mboya, I; Mosha, M; Urassa, M; Mtuy, T; (2017). BMC Public Health, 17 (1). p. 588. ISSN 1471-2458 DOI: 10.1186/s12889-017-4512-4
Reasons for unmet need for family planning, with attention to the measurement of fertility preferences: protocol for a multi-site cohort study. Machiyama, K; Casterline, JB; Mumah, JN; Huda, FA; Obare, F; Odwe, G; Kabiru, CW; Yeasmin, S; Cleland, J; (2017). Reprod Health, 14 (1). p. 23. ISSN 1742-4755 DOI: 10.1186/s12978-016-0268-z
Consequences of maternal morbidity on health-related functioning: a systematic scoping review. Machiyama, K; Hirose, A; Cresswell, JA; Barreix, M; Chou, D; Kostanjsek, N; Say, L; Filippi, V; (2017). BMJ Open, 7 (6). e013903. ISSN 2044-6055 DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013903
Fertility intentions and contraceptive practices among clinic-users living with HIV in Kenya: a mixed methods study. Mayhew, SH; Colombini, M; Kimani, JK; Tomlin, K; Warren, CE; Integra Initiative; Mutemwa, R; (2017). BMC Public Health, 17 (1). p. 626. ISSN 1471-2458 DOI: 10.1186/s12889-017-4514-2
Prevalence,awareness and factors associated with hypertension in North West Tanzania. Mosha, NR; Mahande, M; Juma, A; Mboya, I; Peck, R; Urassa, M; Michael, D; Todd, J; (2017). Global health action, 10 (1). p. 1321279. ISSN 1654-9716 DOI: 10.1080/16549716.2017.1321279
Sustained 10-year gain in adult life expectancy following antiretroviral therapy roll-out in rural Malawi: July 2005 to June 2014. Price, AJ; Glynn, J; Chihana, M; Kayuni, N; Floyd, S; Slaymaker, E; Reniers, G; Zaba, B; McLean, E; Kalobekamo, F; Koole, O; Nyirenda, M; Crampin, AC; (2017). International journal of epidemiology, 46 (2). pp. 479-491. ISSN 0300-5771 DOI: 10.1093/ije/dyw208
Delaying first birth: an analysis of household survey data from rural Southern Tanzania. Sedekia, Y; Nathan, R; Church, K; Temu, S; Hanson, C; Schellenberg, J; Marchant, T; (2017). BMC Public Health, 17 (1). p. 134. ISSN 1471-2458 DOI: 10.1186/s12889-017-4069-2
Impact of Integrated Services on HIV Testing: A Nonrandomized Trial among Kenyan Family Planning Clients. Church, K; Warren, CE; Birdthistle, I; Ploubidis, GB; Tomlin, K; Zhou, W; Kimani, J; Abuya, T; Ndwiga, C; Sweeney, S; Mayhew, SH; Integra Initiative. Stud Fam Plann. (2017), ISSN 1728-4465 DOI: 10.1111/sifp.12022
Marital violence and sexually transmitted infections among women in post-revolution Egypt. Vyas, Seema. Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare (2017), doi.org/10.1016/j.srhc.2017.06.002
Women’s views and experiences of a mobile phone-based intervention to support post-abortion contraception in Cambodia. Smith C, Ly S, Uk V, Warnock R and Free C; Reproductive Health 201714:72
Process evaluation of a mobile phone-based intervention to support post-abortion contraception in Cambodia. Smith C, Ly S, Uk V, Warnock R, Edwards P, Free C; Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2017; 2:16
Increasing contraception use with mobile phone-based interventions. Smith C. PhD (research paper style) thesis (2017), London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.
The promotion of intra-uterine contraception in low- and middle-income countries: a narrative review. Cleland, J. ; Ali, M. ; Benova, L. ; Daniele, M. ; Contraception, 2017
A qualitative study of the determinants of HIV guidelines implementation in two south-eastern districts of Tanzania. Mwangome, M.N. ; Geubbels, E. ; Wringe, A. ; Todd, J. ; Klatser, P. ; Dieleman, M. ; Health Policy Plan, 2017
CLINICAL outcomes and loss to follow-up among people living with HIV participating in the NAMWEZA intervention in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: a prospective cohort study. Siril, H.N. ; Kaaya, S.F. ; Smith Fawzi, M.K. ; Mtisi, E. ; Somba, M. ; Kilewo, J. ; Mugusi, F. ; Minja, A. ; Kaale, A. ; TODD, J. ; AIDS Res Ther, 2017; 14(1):18
HIV policy implementation in two health and demographic surveillance sites in Uganda: findings from a national policy review, health facility surveys and key informant interviews. McRobie E, Wringe A, Nakiyingi-Miiro J, Kiweewa F, Lutalo T, Nakigozi G, Todd J, Eaton JW, Zaba B, and Church K. Implementation Science 2017; 12:47.
The effects of HIV on fertility by infection duration: evidence from African population cohorts before antiretroviral treatment availability. Marston M., Nakiyingi-Miiro J., Kusemererwa S, Urassa M., Michael D., Nyamukapa C., Gregson S., Zaba B., Eaton J.W.; ALPHA network. AIDS 2017 Apr;31 Suppl 1:S69-S76.
Identifying gaps in HIV service delivery across the diagnosis-to-treatment cascade: Findings from health facility surveys in six sub-Saharan countries.Church K., Machiyama K., Todd J., Njamwea B., Mwangome M., Hosegood V., Michel J., Oti S., Nyamukapa C., Crampin A., Amek N., Nakigozi G., Michael D., Xavier Gómez-Olivé F., Nakiyingi-Miiro J., Zaba B., Wringe A. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2017, 20:21188.
The HIV care cascade among female sex workers in Zimbabwe: results of a population-based survey from the Sisters Antiretroviral therapy Programme for Prevention of HIV, an Integrated Response (SAPPH-IRe) Trial. Cowan, F.M. ; Davey, C.B. ; Fearon, E. ; Mushati, P. ; Dirawo, J. ; Cambiano, V. ; Napierala Mavedzenge, S. ; Hanisch, D. ; Wong-Gruenwald, R. ; Chemhuru, M. ; Masuka, N. ; Hatzold, K. ; Mugurungi, O. ; Busza, J. ; Philips, A.N. ; Hargreaves, J.R. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr, 2017; 74(4):375-382
Sociology as a Population Science. Cleland, J. ; Popul Stud (Camb), 2017; 71(1):133-134
Maternal systemic or cord blood inflammation is associated with birth anthropometry in a Tanzanian prospective cohort. Wilkinson, A.L. ; Pedersen, S.H. ; Urassa, M. ; Michael, D. ; Andreasen , A. ; Todd, J. ; Kinung’hi, S.M. ; Changalucha, J. ; McDermid, J.M. ; Trop Med Int Health, 2017; 22(1):52-62
Is “Sexual Competence” at First Heterosexual Intercourse Associated With Subsequent Sexual Health Status? Palmer M.J.; Clarke, L.; Ploubidis, G.B.; Mercer, C.H.; Gibson, L.J.; Johnson, A.M.; Copas, A.J.; Wellings, K.; J Sex Res, 2017; 54(1):91-104
Dysglycemia associations with adipose tissue among HIV-infected patients after 2 years of antiretroviral therapy in Mwanza: a follow-up cross-sectional study. PrayGod, G. ; Changalucha, J. ; Kapiga, S. ; Peck, R. ; Todd, J. ; Filteau, S. ; BMC Infect Dis, 2017; 17(1):103
“Child! Now you are”: Identity Registration, Labor, and the Definition of Childhood in Colonial Tanganyika, 1910–1950. Walters, S. The journal of the history of childhood and youth, 2016.9(1):66
Safetxt: a pilot randomised controlled trial of an intervention delivered by mobile phone to increase safer sex behaviours in young people. McCarthy, O.L. ; French, R.S. ; Baraitser, P. ; Roberts, I. ; Rathod, S.D. ; Devries, K. ; Bailey, J.V. ; Edwards, P. ; Wellings, K. ; Michie, S. ; Free, C. ; BMJ Open, 2016; 6(12):e013045
Overlapping HIV and sex-work stigma among female sex workers recruited to 14 respondent-driven sampling surveys across Zimbabwe, 2013. Hargreaves, J.R. ; Busza, J. ; Mushati, P. ; Fearon, E. ; Cowan, F.M. ; AIDS Care, 2016; :1-11
Probabilistic Cause-of-death Assignment using Verbal Autopsies. McCormick, T.H. ; Li, Z.R. ; Calvert, C. ; Crampin, A.C. ; Kahn, K. ; Clark, S.J. ; J Am Stat Assoc, 2016; 111(515):1036-1049
Trends in the burden of HIV mortality after roll-out of antiretroviral therapy in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: an observational community cohort study. Reniers, G. ; Blom, S. ; Calvert, C. ; Martin-Onraet, A. ; Herbst, A.J. ; Eaton, J.W. ; Bor, J. ; Slaymaker, E. ; Li, Z.R. ; Clark, S.J. ; Bärnighausen, T. ; Zaba, B. ; Hosegood, V. ; Lancet HIV, 2016
The HIV care cascade among female sex workers in Zimbabwe: results of a population-based survey from the Sisters Antiretroviral therapy Programme for Prevention of HIV, an Integrated Response (SAPPH-IRe) Trial. Cowan, F.M. ; Davey, C. ; Fearon, E. ; Mushati, P. ; Dirawo, J. ; Cambiano, V. ; Mavedzenge, S.N. ; Hanisch, D. ; Wong-Gruenwald, R. ; Chemhuru, M. ; Masuka, N. ; Hatzold, K. ; Mugurungi, O. ; Busza, J. ; Phillips, A. ; Hargreaves, J.R. ; J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr, 2016
A New Niche? The Theory of Grandfather Involvement. Coall, D.A.; Hilbrand, S.; Sear, R.; Hertwig, R. in ‘Grandfathers: Global Perspectives’ Buchanan, Ann; Rotkirch, Anna (2016) Palgrave Macmillan UK (London) :21-44
Father absence but not fosterage predicts food insecurity, relative poverty, and poor child health in northern Tanzania. Lawson, D.W. ; Schaffnit, S.B. ; Hassan, A. ; Ngadaya, E.; Ngowi, B. ; Mfinanga, S.G. ; James, S. ; Borgerhoff Mulder, M. ; Am J Hum Biol, 2016;
Variability of respiratory rate measurements in children suspected with non-severe pneumonia in north-east Tanzania. Muro, F. ; Mosha, N. ; Hildenwall, H. ; Mtei, F. ; Harrison, N. ; Schellenberg, D. ; Olomi, R. ; Reyburn, H. ; Todd, J. Trop Med Int Health, 2016;
The Reproductive Ecology of Industrial Societies, Part I : Why Measuring Fertility Matters. Stulp, G.; Sear, R. ; Barrett, L. Hum Nat, 2016
The Reproductive Ecology of Industrial Societies, Part II : The Association between Wealth and Fertility. Stulp, G. ; Sear, R. ; Schaffnit, S.B. ; Mills, M.C. ; Barrett, L. ; Hum Nat, 2016
Maternal systemic or cord blood inflammation is associated with birth anthropometry in a Tanzanian prospective cohort.
Wilkinson, A.L. ; Pedersen, S.H. ; Urassa, M. ; Michael, D. ; ANDREASEN, A. ; TODD, J. ; Kinung’hi, S.M. ; Changalucha, J. ; Mcdermid, J.M. ; Trop Med Int Health, 2016
Addendum to: Can Internet-Based Sexual Health Services Increase Diagnoses of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI)? Protocol for a Randomized Evaluation of an Internet-Based STI Testing and Results Service. Wilson, E. ; Free, C. ; Morris, T.P. ; Syred, J. ; Baraitser, P. ; Jmir Res Protoc, 2016; 5(3):E141
Alcohol-related diagnoses and all-cause hospitalization among HIV-Infected and uninfected patients: a longitudinal analysis of United States Veterans from 1997 to 2011. Rentsch, C. ; Tate, J.P. ; Akgün, K.M. ; Crystal, S. ; Wang, K.H. ; Ryan Greysen, S. ; Wang, E.A. ; Bryant, K.J. ; Fiellin, D.A. ; Justice, A.C. ; Rimland, D. ; Aids Behav, 2016; 20(3):555-64
Reliability of reporting of HIV status and antiretroviral therapy usage during verbal autopsies: a large prospective study in rural Malawi. Mclean, E.M. ; Chihana, M. ; Mzembe, T. ; Koole, O. ; Kachiwanda, L. ; Glynn, J.R. ; Zaba, B. ; Nyirenda, M. ; Crampin, A.C. ; Glob Health Action, 2016; 9:31084
Obligation to family during times of transition: care, support and the response to HIV and AIDS in rural South Africa. Knight, L.; Hosegood, V.; Timæus, I.M.; AIDS Care, 2016; :1-12
Response to Letters to the Editor from Irit Sinai “Standard Days Method Effectiveness: opinion disguised as scientific review” and Kelsey Wright, Karen Hardee, and John Townsend “The pitfalls of using selective data to represent the effectiveness, relevance and utility of the Standard Days Method of contraception”. Marston, C.; Church, K.; Contraception, 2016
Interventions to strengthen the HIV prevention cascade: a systematic review of reviews. Krishnaratne, S. ; Hensen, B. ; Cordes, J. ; Enstone, J. ; Hargreaves, J.R. ; Lancet HIV, 2016; 3(7):e307-17
Impact of ART on the Fertility of HIV-Positive Women in Sub-Saharan Africa. Yeatman, S.; Eaton, J.W.; Beckles, Z.; Benton, L.; Gregson, S.; Zaba, B.; Trop Med Int Health, 2016;
Underage and underserved: reaching young women who sell sex in Zimbabwe. Busza, J.; Mtetwa, S.; Mapfumo, R.; Hanisch, D.; Wong-Gruenwald, R.; Cowan, F.; AIDS Care, 2016; 28 Suppl 2:14-20
Area-level mortality and morbidity predict ‘abortion proportion’ in England and Wales. Virgo, S.; Sear, R. Evolution and Human Behavior, 2016;
Unintended Childbearing and Child Growth in Northern Malawi. Baschieri, A.; Machiyama, K.; Floyd, S.; Dube, A.; Molesworth, A.; Chihana, M.; Glynn, J.R.; Crampin, A.C.; French, N.; Cleland, J.; Matern Child Health J, 2016;
Evaluation of a demand-creation intervention for couples’ HIV testing services among married or cohabiting individuals in Rakai, Uganda: a cluster-randomized intervention trial. Matovu, J.K. ; Todd, J. ; Wanyenze, R.K. ; Kairania, R. ; Serwadda, D. ; Wabwire-Mangen, F. ; BMC Infect Dis, 2016; 16(1):379
Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and calculated frax risk scores may underestimate osteoporotic fracture risk in vitamin d-deficient veterans with hiv infection. Stephens, K.I. ; Rubinsztain, L. ; Payan, J. ; Rentsch, C. ; Rimland, D. ; Tangpricha, V. ; Endocr Pract, 2016; 22(4):440-6
Baseline, Time-updated, and Cumulative HIV Care Metrics for Predicting Acute Myocardial Infarction and All-Cause Mortality. Salinas, J.L. ; Rentsch, C. ; Marconi, V.C. ; Tate, J. ; Budoff, M. ; Butt, A.A. ; Freiberg, M.S. ; Gibert, C.L. ; Goetz, M.B. ; Leaf, D. ; Rodriguez-Barradas, M.C. ; Justice, A.C. ; Rimland, D. ; Clin Infect Dis, 2016;
Maternal obesity and caesarean delivery in Sub-Saharan Africa. Cresswell, J. A.; Campbell, O. M.; Silva, M. J.; Slaymaker, E.; Filippi, V.; Trop Med Int Health, 2016;
What would happen if UK residents stopped having babies? Timaeus, I.M Significance, 2016; 13(2):12
Does grandparental help mediate the relationship between kin presence and fertility? Snopkowski, K.; Sear, R. Demographic Research, 2016; 34:467-498
Do grandparents compete with or support their grandchildren? In Guatemala, paternal grandmothers may compete, and maternal grandmothers may cooperate. Sheppard, P.; Sear, R. R Soc Open Sci, 2016; 3(4):160069
The feasibility and acceptability of screening for hypertension in private drug retail outlets: a pilot study in Mwanza region, Tanzania. Michael, D.; Kezakubi, D.; Juma, A.; Todd, J. ; Reyburn, H. ; Renju, J.; Int Health, 2016;
Postpartum uptake of contraception in rural northern Malawi: a prospective study. Dasgupta, A.N.; Zaba, B.; Crampin, A.C.; Contraception, 2016;
Beyond the nuclear family: an evolutionary perspective on parenting. Sear, R. Current Opinion in Psychology, 2016; 7:98-103
Reply to Rieger and Wagner: Context matters when studying purportedly harmful cultural practices. Lawson, D.W. ; James, S.; Ngadaya, E.; Ngowi, B.; Mfinanga, S.G.; Borgerhoff Mulder, ; Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2016;
Does grandparental help mediate the relationship between kin presence and fertility? Snopkowski, K.; Sear, R. Demographic Research, 2016; 34(17):467-498
Data Resource Profile: Network for Analysing Longitudinal Population-Based HIV/AIDS Data on Africa (Alpha Network). Reniers, G.; Wamukoya, M.; Urassa, M.; Nyaguara, A.; Nakiyingi-Miiro, J.; Lutalo, T.; Hosegood, V.; Gregson, S.; Gómez-Olivé, X.; Geubbels, E.; Crampin, A.C.; Wringe, A.; Waswa, L.; Tollman, S.; Todd, J.; Slaymaker, E.; Serwadda, D.; Price, A.; Oti, S.; Nyirenda, M.J.; Nabukalu, D.; Nyamukapa, C.; Nalugoda, F.; Mugurungi, O.; Mtenga, B.; Mills, L.; Michael, D.; Mclean, E.; Mcgrath, N.; Martin, E.; Marston, M.; Maquins, S.; Levira, F.; Kyobutungi, C.; Kwaro, D.; Kasamba, I.; Kanjala, C.; Kahn, K.; Kabudula, C.; Herbst, K.; Gareta, D.; Eaton, J.W.; Clark, S.J. ; Church, K.; Chihana, M.; Calvert, C.; Beguy, D.; Asiki, G.; Amri, S.; Abdul, R.; Zaba, B.; Int J Epidemiol, 2016;
Sending Children to School: rural livelihoods and parental investment in education in Northern Tanzania. Hedges, S.; Mulder, M.B.; James, S.; Lawson, D.W. Evolution and Human Behavior, 2016; 37(2):142-151
Does the evidence support global promotion of the calendar-based Standard Days Method® of contraception? Marston, C.A.; Church, K.; Contraception, 2016;
Wealth, fertility and adaptive behaviour in industrial populations. Stulp, G.; Barrett, L.; Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 2016; 371(1692)
What do men want? Re-examining whether men benefit from higher fertility than is optimal for women. Moya, C.; Snopkowski, K.; Sear, R.; Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 2016; 371(1692)
The offspring quantity-quality trade-off and human fertility variation. Lawson, D.W.; Borgerhoff Mulder, M.; Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 2016; 371(1692)
Understanding variation in human fertility: what can we learn from evolutionary demography? Sear, R.; Lawson, D.W.; Kaplan, H.; Shenk, M.K.; Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 2016; 371(1692)
Measuring the Impact of Antiretroviral Therapy Roll-Out on Population Level Fertility in Three African Countries. Marston, M.; Nakiyingi-Miiro, J.; Hosegood, V.; Lutalo, T.; Mtenga, B.; Zaba, B.; PLoS One, 2016; 11(3):e0151877
HIV policy and implementation: a national policy review and an implementation case study of a rural area of northern Malawi. Dasgupta, A.N.; Wringe, A.; Crampin, A.C.; Chisambo, C.; Koole, O.; Makombe, S.; Sungani, C.; Todd, J.; Church, K.; AIDS Care, 2016; :1-13
Short-term and long-term cardiovascular risk, metabolic syndrome and HIV in Tanzania. Kingery, J.R.; Alfred, Y.; Smart, L.R.; Nash, E.; Todd, J.; Naguib, M.R.; Downs, J.A.; Kalluvya, S.; Kataraihya, J.B.; Peck, R.N. Heart, 2016;
Why Demography Needs Psychologists. Pepper, G.; McAllister, L.; Sear, R. Psychologist, 2016; 29(1):26-29
Uptake of Services For Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission Of HIV in a Community Cohort in Rural Tanzania from 2005 To 2012. Gourlay, A.; Wringe, A.; Todd, J.; Cawley, C.; Michael, D.; Machemba, R.; Clark, B.; Masesa, C.; Marston, M.; Urassa, M.; Zaba, B. BMC Health Services Research, 2016; 16:9
Does the Evidence Support Global Promotion of the Abstinence-Based Standard Days method® of Contraception? Marston, C.A.; Church, K. Contraception, 2016;
Innovation in Evaluating the Impact of Integrated Service-Delivery: the Integra Indexes of HIV and Reproductive Health Integration. Mayhew, S.H.; Ploubidis, G.B.; Sloggett, A.; Church, K.; Obure, C.D.; Birdthistle, I. ; Sweeney, S.; Warren, C.E.; Watts, C.; Vassall, A. PLoS One, 2016; 11(1):e0146694
Adult Life expectancy trends in the era of antiretroviral treatment in rural Uganda (1991-2012). Asiki, G. ; Reniers, G. ; Newton, R. ; Baisley, K. ; Nakiyingi-Miiro, J. ; Slaymaker, E. ; Kasamba, I. ; Seeley, J. ; Todd, J. ; Kaleebu, P. ; Kamali, A. AIDS, 2016; 30(3):487-93
Up to three scholarships funded by the Population Investigation Committee (PIC) are open to students planning a career in demographic research or in an area where demographic skills are a necessity.
The scholarships are worth £15,000 each, and available to UK residents who have been accepted onto the MSc Demography and Health or the MSc in Reproductive and Sexual Health Research at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.
Deadline for applications: 19th May 2019. Full details of the scheme can be found here: https://www.lshtm.ac.uk/study/fees-funding/funding-scholarships/2019-PI… Please contact our Programme Director for further information: Lynda.Clarke@lshtm.ac.uk
Grandmothers and public health: unlocking the potential of older women in improving child, adolescent and maternal health
Date: Tuesday 14th May 2019
Venue: John Snow Lecture Theatre, LSHTM
Research in demography and anthropology has demonstrated the importance of grandmothers in influencing child and maternal outcomes, such as improving child health and survival rates. Yet few public health initiatives have recognised the potential impact of recruiting grandmothers into their interventions to improve health. The aim of this workshop is to bring together researchers in demography, anthropology, public health and related disciplines to discuss the potential for incorporating grandmothers into public health initiatives to improve child, adolescent and maternal health.
The workshop is free and open to all; more information, including registration details available here:
LSHTM’s annual Stata short course (Advanced Stata: Programming and other techniques to make your life easier) is now open for applications.
Course dates: 4 - 8 November 2019
As well as being a powerful tool for statistical analysis, Stata offers a variety of commands for manipulating your data and for formatting, arranging and exporting your results.
This intensive short course is aimed at researchers and other professionals, from any discipline, who regularly use Stata for analysis but want to learn how to work more efficiently. It would be particularly suited to those who are about to embark on large analyses and who would like a quick guide on how to automate the repetitive parts of the process.
More information about the course as well as enrollment instructions can be found here:https://www.lshtm.ac.uk/study/courses/short-courses/advanced-stata
Presenter: Emma Rezel, PhD Candidate, King’s College London
Supervisors: Paula Baraitser and Caroline Free
Wednesday 17th April, 2019
LG81, Keppel Street, LSHTM
A free-to-access online contraception service which involves remote consultation, online information, text support and home-delivered oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) has been introduced in the London boroughs of Lambeth and Southwark to address high demand for contraceptive services and to expand choice in access. This seminar will present the findings from a mixed methods evaluation to explore the effects of the service during its first fifteen months of availability.
The evaluation was underpinned by a theory of change conceptual model which was generated through qualitative exploration of stakeholder viewpoints. Results will also be presented from a quantitative study to describe the characteristics and patterns of use of online OCP users and a cohort study which compared outcomes including OCP continuation and basic OCP knowledge between participants who accessed the online service for their first OCP prescription to those who accessed other services, using both routinely collected service-use data and self-reported data from online questionnaires. Findings will be considered using an overarching theoretical framework drawing from Bourdieu's Theory of Practice.
These are the first empirical findings on free to access, online contraception. This evaluation has immediate implications for local commissioning decisions and implications for research, particularly as this and similar technological innovations in healthcare delivery are likely to proliferate in the current policy context.
Health & Mortality 1: Thursday 11th April 4:30 PM - 6:00 PM Griffin Hill
Forecasting the Prevalence of Overweight/Obesity in India to 2040 Using a Dynamic Markov Model
Shammi Luhar*; Rebecca Jones, Emory University; Solveig Cunningham, Emory University; Shivani Patel, Emory University; Sanjay Kinra, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); Rein Houben, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
Reproductive Behavior and Sexual Health of Middle and Older Adults: Friday 1:00 PM - 2:30 PM Meeting Room 308
Assessing the Feasibility of a Life History Calendar to Measure HIV Risk and Health in Older South Africans
Enid Schatz*, University of Missouri, Columbia; Lucia C. Knight, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); Sanyu Mojola, Princeton University
Marriage, Family, Households & Unions; Gender, Race, & Ethnicity: Friday 2:30 PM - 4:00 PM Griffin Hall
Understanding the Effect of Caregiving to Children and Adults on Older Adults’ Perceived Quality of Life in Uganda
Margaret Ralston*, Mississippi State University; Joseph Mugisha, University of Missouri; Janet Seeley, MRC/UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS and London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); David Singleton, Mississippi State University
Gender and Families: Saturday 9:15 AM - 10:45 AM Meeting Room 204
Do Parents Favour Sons? A Study of Sex-Biased Parental Care in North-Western Tanzania
Anushe Hassan*, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); Susan Schaffnit, University of California, Santa Barbara; Rebecca Sear, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); Mark Urassa, National Institute for Medical Research, Mwanza; David Lawson, University of California, Santa Barbara
Saturday 11:00 AM - 12:30 PM Griffin Hall
Measuring Socioeconomic Differentials in Adolescent and Adult Mortality From Sibling Survival Data: A Test in Northern Malawi
Albert Dube*, Malawi Epidemiology and Intervention Research Unit; Sarah Brumfield, Johns Hopkins University; Georges Reniers, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); Steffen Geis, Independent Researcher; Mia Crampin, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); Stephane Helleringer, Johns Hopkins University
Disparities in Under-Five Mortality Estimates From Demographic Demographic Surveillance and Retrospective Birth Histories
Hallie Eilerts*, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); Georges Reniers, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
The Performance of Verbal Autopsy Tools for Capturing HIV/ AIDS-Related Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa
Shammi Luhar*; Anushe Hassan, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); Clara Calvert, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); Mia Crampin, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); Abraham Herbst, Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies; Mark Urassa, National Institute for Medical Research, Mwanza; Emma Slaymaker, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); Samuel J. Clark, The Ohio State University; Georges Reniers, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
Families and Health: Saturday 11:15 AM - 12:45 PM Lone Star A
Trends in Kin Networks and Self-rated Health of India’s Older Population, 1995–1996 to 2014
Judith Lieber*; Lynda Clarke, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); Sanjay Kinra, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
Determinants of Adolescent Health: Saturday 1:00 PM - 2:30 PM Meeting Room 303
Timing and Determinants of Age at Menarche in Lower Middle-Income Countries
Tiziana Leone*, London School of Economics; Laura Brown, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
Thursday 7th February, 2019, 11.15am
Manson Theatre, Keppel Street, LSHTM
Presenter: Ona McCarthy
Unintended pregnancy continues to be a global health problem and is associated with a range of negative health consequences. Meeting unmet need for effective contraception is essential in decreasing it. While unintended pregnancy exists in all countries among women in every socio-economic group, young people in LMIC are at particular risk. The pervasiveness of mobile phones creates the opportunity for broad intervention delivery and there is growing evidence that interventions delivered by mobile phone can be effective at improving health behaviours. My thesis involved the development and evaluation of a contraceptive behavioural intervention delivered by mobile phone for young people in Tajikistan, Palestine and Bolivia. I conducted a randomised controlled trial in each country, collected process outcomes and conducted qualitative interviews. The development of the intervention resulted in a well-specified, theory-based intervention, tailored to each country. It is likely that the intervention delivered by short messages improves attitudes towards effective contraception across the countries.
The Union for African Population Studies (UAPS) is proud to organize the 8th African Population Conference (APC), to be held on November 18-22, 2019 in Kampala, Uganda. Under the theme “Harnessing Africa’s Population Dynamics for Sustainable Development: 25 Years After Cairo And Beyond”, the conference will bring together researchers, policy makers, programme implementers, civil society, donors and sectoral influencers to discuss issues relevant to African population, including (but not limited to) national, regional and continental investments to address rapid urbanization, population growth, sexual and reproductive health, technology, youth, the demographic dividend and capacity building. A goal of the conference is to assess how Africa, 25 years after the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo, can harness its unique population dynamics for sustainable development, using rigorous evidence to establish roadmaps to respond to these critical development challenges.
|May 1 2019:||Online submission of papers or abstracts starts
|May 15 2019:||Deadline for signing up for member-initiated meetings|
|June 30 2019:||Deadline for submitting papers or abstracts|
|June 30 2019:||Deadline for signing up for exhibit space|
|July 15 2019:||Authors are notified of papers accepted in regular sessions.|
|July 15 2019:||Members are notified of accepted member-initiated meetings|
|July 31 2019:||Information is sent to authors of posters and additional sessions|
|August 31 2019:||Revision of final abstracts to be published in the Conference Programme|
|September 30 2019:||Submission of final papers for discussants, session chairs and conference website|
|November 18 2019:||Conference Opening|
Different disciplines approach social support different, each emphasising different ‘key’ supporters or care providers. How we conceptualise support and who we define as necessary in bringing up infants as large implications for maternal and infant health as its shapes the research questions we ask and ultimate the policy suggestions or implementation which arises from this research.
In evolutionary anthropology, the importance of wide and diverse social support networks for maternal and infant health is widely acknowledged. However, in public health and non-evolutionary social sciences ‘support’ is often poorly defined, with a strong nuclear family bias regarding caregiving. This workshop will bridge this disciplinary gap by facilitating dialogue and collaboration between evolutionary anthropologists and those with overlapping interests in other fields.
The workshop will consist of a series of research presentations, discussions and activities focusing on caregiving and mother-infant health. From our experience, the greatest challenges in interdisciplinary settings are theoretical misconceptions and language barriers. By opening the workshop with theoretical overviews and defining key terminologies, we will establish common ground and ensure meaningful discussions. At the end of the workshop we will bring these discussions together to reflect on how the different issues highlighted over the course of the day compliment each other (or not), and how these can be reconciled into a ‘practical guide’ of interdisciplinary work on maternal and child health.
Following the workshop there will be a wine reception and a public lecture titled "Beyond the nuclear family: an evolutionary perspective on childrearing" by Professor Rebecca Sear of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. This lecture will discuss how our species has evolved a cooperative form of childrearing, where women get help from others to raise their children, and the implications for support (or its lack) for childrearing on child and maternal health.
By Jenny Renju, Alison Wringe and Jim Todd
The overall aim of the SHAPE-UTT (“Strengthening Health Systems for the Application of Policy to Enable Universal Test and Treat) project is to assess policy implementation and health systems impacts of Option B+ and universal Test and Treat in Malawi, Tanzania and South Africa. We are currently two years into the three-year project, and have recently finished data collection which has included reviews of national HIV policies and World Health Organisation guidance, health facility surveys, HIV service costings and qualitative enquiries with patients and health workers in the three countries.
A growing body of evidence has highlighted the factors that facilitate or inhibit the uptake of research into policy, and has elicited the pathways through which capacity can be strengthened to apply health research evidence in policymaking. In recognition of these findings, we held a week-long participatory workshop in Kilimanjaro in Tanzania from January 13th-18th 2019 which was attended by national HIV policymakers, HIV practitioners, researchers from three research institutions in Tanzania (Ifakara Health Institute), South Africa (African Health Research Institute) and Malawi (Malawi Epidemiology and Intervention Research Unit), and academics from LSHTM and the University of KwaZulu Natal in South Africa. The five day workshop was broken down into a series of different sessions including: Oral presentations, poster presentations, active facilitated discussion time for brainstorming, analysis time, small group sessions, mentorship teams formation and meetings, writing time, review meetings, round table focus group discussions as well as time for rest and reflection.
The workshop promoted stakeholder engagement at a critical stage of the research process, and enabled the participants to assimilate and reflect on emerging findings from preliminary analyses as well as to participate in i) the process of prioritizing identified HIV care and treatment policy gaps; ii) analysing the data and iii) mapping policy knowledge gaps with research findings. Mentorship teams were established to support the project team members in the production of a series of nine original research papers, ensuring that they incorporate the policymakers’ perspectives. These papers explore the various ways in which the three countries have adopted and implemented HIV policies and the implications for service delivery (e.g. innovative models of care and integrated HIV services), the health workforce and quality of care. A consensus was reached on the way forward for publication of the findings in a special issue. Steps were put in place to achieve this submission by July 2019.
Two round table policymaker – researcher discussions took place to explore the context in which HIV programmes are implemented and how this influences their impact. These discussions guided the interpretation of our findings and also led to an opinion paper. Our opinion piece aims to challenge thinking on how different actors influence policy formulation and implementation across three different settings and discusses some of the intended and unintended consequences of this process.
Providing time and space for a meaningful engagement with policy makers and actors playing a broader role in the formulation and implementation of policy across different countries was invaluable. The richness of discussions was a direct result of an enabling environment which truly valued the inputs from all participants. By nature of their different roles, researchers and policy makers tend to look at things slightly differently, and so having multiple days (and also importantly evenings and “down time”) enabled relationships to be formed which will spread beyond the scope of this project. When planning such events, it is important that the differences in participants’ perspectives and the approaches that they are familiar with are considered. Long presentations session (while often used in research meetings) need to be enhanced with discussions capturing points visually e.g. on flip charts. Also we found the smaller round table discussion crucial in enabling all of the policy makers attending to voice their views and experiences. The open and relaxed nature of the discussions enabled participants to speak candidly. The joint production of publications (in the form of an opinion piece and a research article) promoted engagement and ownership over the process. The group was also small, enabling everyone to have time to get to know each other and receive valued inputs from all.
This workshop has been made possible with the support of many, and we are grateful for the time, energy and brain power of all our participants. We would like to acknowledge the financial support from the GCRF Global Impact Accelerator Account Grant for this workshop, the Medical Research Council HSRI3 funding for the overall project funding. In particular, we would like to thank our project partners and collaborators. We are also grateful for the support from THRIVE, ANDLA, ALPHA, LSHTM, and KCMCUCo and for the sponsorship from the Blue Zebra Art Studio and the logistical support from Amina Farah. A final acknowledgement and thanks goes to a colleague to all, a mentor, inspiration and a dear friend to many, for Basia Zaba; whose spirit was certainly felt throughout the week.
Friday 25th January, 2019, 12.45pm
LG81 (Lucas Room), Keppel Street, LSHTM
Presenter: Laura Brown
Description: Infant feeding is a major public health issue, with the UK’s breastfeeding rates being some of the lowest in the world. My PhD uses an evolutionary framework to explore socioeconomic differentials in breastfeeding behaviour in the UK with a particular focus on local environmental quality. By analysing two UK cohort datasets - the Millennium Cohort Study and the Born in Bradford study – my research hopes to add to our understanding of the variation in breastfeeding seen in the UK. My first study investigates the links between breastfeeding and subjective and objective measures of local environmental quality in a nationally-representative sample and my second study focuses in on Bradford and looks at links between breastfeeding and physical aspects of the environment (e.g. water and air pollution). My third study analyses data from both cohorts to situate breastfeeding within a wider suite of parenting, reproductive and health behaviours. The thesis findings are relevant to policy and to the debate as to whether parental investment can be considered part of a life history strategy.
Rebecca Musgrove, LSHTM Alumna from the MSc Demography & Health programme, talks to us about her academic and professional career in Public Health.
ESRC-funded PhD scholarships are available in population studies at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, to start in autumn 2019. These scholarships are offered in both Demography and Reproductive and Sexual Health training routes. Scholarships may be taken up either as a stand-alone PhD (a ‘+3’ award); or as a programme which includes first taking additional taught courses before starting the PhD (‘2+3’, ‘1+3’, and ‘+4’ awards).
The closing date for preliminary applications is 8 January 2019. Interested candidates are encouraged to contact potential supervisors well ahead of this deadline to discuss their application.
Presenter: Anne Rerimoi
Tuesday 4th December 2018, 1pm
LG6, Keppel Street, LSHTM
Accurate data on perinatal and neonatal mortality in sub-Saharan Africa are scarce as full-fledged civil registration and vital statistics systems remain deficient. Health and Demographic Surveillance Systems (HDSS) therefore serve as an important and widely used resource to track population-level demographic trends in low and middle income countries.
This thesis assesses existing data collection methods for the estimation of neonatal and perinatal mortality in The Gambia and proposes a new approach to improving the surveillance of pregnancies using HDSS as a platform. It compares the completeness of reporting of pregnancies using individually-matched pregnancy histories collected from women and routine surveillance in the HDSS, a first in sub-Saharan Africa as well as having the largest sample size relative to previous studies. It then introduces one approach to improving the capture of pregnancies in HDSS through record linkage with antenatal clinics and finally, it presents some explanations for under-reporting of neonatal deaths and stillbirths in The Gambia.
In this seminar I focus on the findings from two studies that collected primary data in the HDSS through a pregnancy history survey and record linkage with antenatal clinics.
Thursday 29th November, 1pm
LG6, Keppel Street
Speaker: Judie Mbogua
HIV prevalence amongst female sex workers (FSWs) is almost 12 times higher than in the population as a whole in the 110 countries with available data. HIV can be passed from an infected mother to her child during pregnancy, labour and breastfeeding. As many FSWs continue to sell sex during pregnancy, there are high and sustained risks of HIV infection and subsequently of vertical transmission of HIV. The Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) cascade is a series of essential steps to prevent transmission of HIV from an HIV-infected mother to her infant. The overall aim of the proposed research is to determine the barriers and facilitators to FSWs’ knowledge of PMTCT, as well as PMTCT cascade completion/non-completion among HIV‐infected FSWs, with the goal of informing policy and the design of PMTCT programmes that target FSWs.
Between January 14th-18th, SHAPE UTT will be hosting a workshop in Kilimanjaro. The main aim of the workshop will be to provide us with the opportunity to bring together national policymakers and researchers to collaboratively review and analyse data produced during the first two years of the three-year SHAPE study in Tanzania, South Africa and Malawi, in a way that contributes to HIV policy advancement. The workshop is an opportunity to get hands on experience with reviewing and analysing the data generated by the SHAPE project with a view to addressing existing policy gaps. This workshop aims to facilitate the translation of our study findings into policy in each country and will provide participants with the opportunity to draw on lessons learned from the other settings
A series of 4 presentations, chaired by PSG’s Professor Cari Free, covered the benefits of mobile phones for reproductive health support.
PSG member Chris Smith (Associate Professor) described his trial in Cambodia which increased the self-reported use of long acting contraception at 12 months post abortion. PSG Research Degree student Kate Reiss, together with Kathryn Church from Marie Stopes International, went on to describe the potential risks of partner abuse in women seeking reproductive health support.
Ona McCarthy, PSG Research Fellow and Research Degree student, presented the results of three randomised controlled trials. The trials evaluated the effect of a contraceptive behavioural intervention delivered by mobile phone on acceptability and use of effective contraception among young people in Tajikistan, Palestine and Bolivia.
Trinity Zan from FH360 described how WHISPER, an SMS intervention, was designed with sex workers based in Kenya to meet their needs including support for partners and client abuse.
Sarah Baum from IBIS Reproductive Health talked about how mobile applications can be private by design, using the example of their app which provides abortion and post-abortion support in 5 contexts.
More details of this year’s International Conference on Family Planning, which was held from 12th-15th November 2018, can be found here.
Research Fellow in Demography & Health
Department of Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Closing Date: Wednesday 09 January 2019
Interview Date: To be confirmed
An exciting opportunity is available for an ambitious demographer, statistician, or epidemiologist with the Network for Analysing Longitudinal Population-based HIV data on Africa (ALPHA Network). The ALPHA network brings together ten collaborating African research institutes that conduct population-based HIV surveillance in eastern and southern Africa and is coordinated by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM). Among others, the ALPHA Network harmonizes diverse data sets into a common format so as to conduct comparative studies and meta-analyses on pooled data sets.
The Research Fellow in Demography & Health will join a team of analysts in London to work on a 3-year research project, funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to estimate HIV incidence and mortality, and in the comparison of population-based estimates with those emanating from routinely collected data in health facilities.
The successful applicant must have a PhD in the relevant subject, including demography, medical statistics, epidemiology, or reproductive health (or equivalent working experience in these fields); expertise in the analysis of large and complex (longitudinal) datasets; proven ability to use statistical analysis software (preferably Stata or R); and strong quantitative skills, preferably in the area of demographic estimation. Further particulars are included in the job description.
This full-time position is available as soon as possible for the duration of one year, with the possibility of further extension. It will be based in London in the Faculty of EPH and in the Department of Population Health, at Keppel Street, Bloomsbury. The salary will be on the Academic pathways Grade 6 scale in the range £39,304 – £44,634 per annum (inclusive of London Weighting). The post will be subject to the LSHTM terms and conditions of service. Annual leave entitlement is 30 working days per year, pro rata for part time staff. In addition to this there are discretionary “Director’s Days”. Membership of the Pension Scheme is available.
Applications should be made on-line via our website jobs.lshtm.ac.uk. The reference for this post is EPH-DPH-2018-13. Applications should include the names and email contacts of two referees who can be contacted immediately if shortlisted. Any queries regarding the application process may be addressed to email@example.com. Inquiries about the position can be directed to Georges Reniers (firstname.lastname@example.org) or Emma Slaymaker (email@example.com).