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Population Studies Group (PSG)

The Population Studies Group (PSG) hosts a multidisciplinary group of demographers, epidemiologists, biostatisticians and reproductive health specialists who are engaged in demographic estimation and population-based studies of fertility, reproductive health, and mortality in both high and low-income settings.

PSG Faculty assume teaching responsibilities on the MSc courses in Demography and Health, the MSc in Reproductive and Sexual Health Research, and some also contribute to the MSc in Epidemiology.

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The Population Studies Group is situated in the Department of Population Health in the Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health at LSHTM. The group was established in 1974 and is home to over 30 academic staff and around 15 doctoral students. 

Academic staff
London-based PSG Members Research Interests & Affiliations
Katie Bates
Research Fellow
child malnutrition; double burden of malnutrition; life course approach to nutrition; LMICs
Isolde Birdthistle
Associate Professor
Keith Branson  

Clara Calvert
Assistant Professor

Clara Calvert
ALPHA; HIV/AIDS; maternal health; health systems
Lynda Clarke
Associate Professor
John Cleland
Emeritus Professor
fertility; family planning;
child mortality; implications of population change in Africa

Cari Free

Caroline Free
m-health; intervention development; sexual and reproductive health; primary care

Annabelle Gourlay
Assistant Professor

Annabelle Gourlay

Anushé Hassan
Research Fellow

Anushe Hassan
childcare; child health; women's health; fertility; East Africa; South Asia; Evolutionary Demography Group 
Kazuyo Machiyama
Assistant Professor
fertility; family planning; demography; STEP-UP; Africa; Asia; Maternal and Newborn Health GroupMARCH
Milly Marston
Assistant Professor
demography; HIV/AIDS, sub-Saharan Africa; demographic surveillance systems; community-based HIV surveillance; demographic impact of AIDS; ALPHA

Ona McCarthy
Assistant Professor 

Ona McCarthy


epidemiology; sexual and reproductive health; behavioural science; intervention development; MARCH Centre
Melissa Palmer
Assistant Professor
sexual behaviour; adolescent health

Abigail Page
Research Fellow 



Evolutionary Demography Group; anthropology; maternal health; child health; fertility

Alison Price
Assistant Professor

Alison Price
ALPHA; HIV/AIDS; non-communicable diseases; sub-Saharan Africa

Julio Romero Prieto
Research Fellow

Julio Romero Prieto

Georges Reniers
Associate Professor

Georges Reniers
ALPHA; adult and child mortality; sexual behaviour; family dynamics; demographic surveillance systems; record linkage studies; sub-Saharan Africa

Rachel Scott
Assistant Professor

Rachel Scott
MARCH; sexual health; adolescent health; mixed methods; gender

Rebecca Sear
Professor in Population & Health

Rebecca Sear
evolutionary demography; human behavioural ecology; comparative research; Evolutionary Demography Group
Emma Slaymaker
Associate Professor
sexual behaviour; sub-Saharan Africa; ALPHA

Christopher Smith
Assistant Professor

Christopher Smith
family planning; mHealth; MARCH; primary care

Ian Timaeus
Professor of Demography

Ian Timaeus
fertility transition in sub-Saharan Africa; inequalities in child health and welfare; measurement of adult mortality
Malebogo (Lebby) Tlhajoane
Research Fellow

Keith Tomlin
Assistant Professor

Keith Tomlin
ALPHA; HIV/AIDS; sub-Saharan Africa; complex interventions

Sarah Walters
Associate Professor

Sarah Walters

demography; historical demography; social inequalities in health; cancer survival; sub-Saharan Africa; longitudinal studies; mixed-methods

Overseas PSG Members  

Mia Crampin
(Karonga, Malawi)


Mia Crampin
MEIRU; HIV/AIDS; non-communicable diseases; tuberculosis

Sarah Mulwa
(Nairobi, Kenya)

Research Assistant

Jim Todd 
(Mwanza, Tanzania) 

Professor of Applied Biostatistics
SEARCH; malaria; HIV/AIDS; sub-Saharan Africa

Jenny Renju 
(Moshi, Tanzania) 

Assistant Professor

Jenny Renju
adolescent health; maternal and child health; HIV/AIDS; implementation,
operational and health systems research; MARCH; Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College
Seema Vyas
Research Fellow
Ally Wringe 
(Paris, France) 

Associate Professor
ALPHA; reproductive and sexual health; HIV/AIDS; MARCH; health services; maternal health; fertility
Honorary Staff  
Ties Boerma
Honorary Professor
Kathryn Church
Honorary Assistant Professor
Jeffrey W. Eaton
Honorary Associate Professor
Professional support staff
Frankie Liew
Project Coordinator
Antonio Durán Aparicio
Project Coordinator
Doctoral students

Josephine Ackah

Josephine Ackah
Family structures, women’s empowerment and child health outcomes in Ghana

Hallie Eilerts

Hallie Eilerts
Linking individual-level records of Health and Demographic Surveillances Systems with local health facility data in sub-Saharan Africa: Evaluating age patterns of under-five mortality

Andrea Fletcher

Andrea Fletcher

Susan Fuller

Susan Fuller
Male/female differences in risk of severe malnutrition

Ursula Gazeley

Ursula Gazeley
Consequences of maternal near miss complications: A health and demographic analysis in The Gambia
Myunggu Jung Geographical variations in fertility patterns in Ethiopia
Judie Mbogua Barriers and facilitating factors to Prevention of Mother-To-Child-Transmission (PMTCT) knowledge and cascade completion by HIV infected Female Sex Workers in Zambia and South Africa

Estelle Mclean

Estelle Mclean
Use of demographic surveillance data to assess the effect of household and family structure variables on demographic and reproductive health outcomes in Malawi

Alyce Raybould

Alyce Raybould
Domestic division of household labour and the fulfilment of female fertility intentions

Kate Reiss

Kate Reiss
Understanding the effect of mobile phone messages linked to telephone counselling designed to increase contraceptive use among women seeking menstrual regulation services in Bangladesh: A randomised controlled trial and process evaluation
Huan Zhang

Human resources for maternal and child health in China

Blake Hansen


Emily Ott


Abinaya Chandrasekar
Abinaya Chandrasekar

Exploring the effects of automated voice-message based mHealth programs on reproductive health care behaviors in post-natal women: A realist review and process evaluation. 

Tathagata Bhattacharjee

Tathagata Bhattacharjee

Research data management with focus on Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) towards efficient mapping of longitudinal population data with diseases to Observational Medical Outcomes Partnership (OMOP) Common Data Model (CDM) and other standard formats. 

About PSG

Interest in demographic research at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) dates back to 1964 when William Brass became the first Reader in Medical Demography at the University of London. The MSc Medical Demography (now MSc Demography and Health) was launched in 1970 and the Centre for Population Studies was established formally in 1974 with support from the UK Ministry of Overseas Development (now Department for International Development – DFID) who remained a major funder of research at the Centre until 2004.

The Centre’s international reputation was built initially on its contributions to technical demographic research, in particular the development of new indirect methods for estimating fertility and mortality in developing countries. Today, the Centre has a broader research agenda. The investigation of British demographic trends first became an important field of activity in 1977 when the Centre became a designated research centre of the Economic and Social Research Council. During the 1990s the Centre became increasingly active in reproductive health research and in 1998, in collaboration with other experts in the School, it launched a new MSc in Reproductive & Sexual Health Research. Since the turn of the century it has also been home to a substantial programme of research on the demography of the global HIV and AIDS epidemic and as part of this coordinates the ALPHA Network.

Professor Brass remained the Centre’s Director until his retirement in 1988. It was subsequently headed by John Cleland, Emily Grundy, Ian Timaeus, Basia Zaba and others. Following several restructurings and changes in nomenclature within LSHTM, in 2012 the Centre became the Population Studies Group within the Department of Population Health. It is currently headed by Georges Reniers.

Image: The 1989-90 student cohort with Oona Campbell, John Cleland, Ian Timaeus and John Blacker in the top row; Allan Hill in the second row from the top; Basia Zaba in the second row from the bottom

Contact details

Population Studies Group, Department of Population Health
Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT 
Tel: +44 (0)20 7958 8149, E-mail:

Population Studies Group PSG Research 2 columns
Population Studies Group PSG Research

PSG staff maintain a diverse research portfolio that includes demographic estimation, evolutionary demography, historical demography, sexual and reproductive health research and population-based surveillance of communicable and non-communicable diseases. The latter tends to have a geographic focus on sub-Saharan Africa through the school and the PSG’s close ties with the MRC units in The Gambia and UgandaMEIRU in Malawi, the ALPHA Network and the Dreams Evaluation.

African Population History

We are investigating, collecting and digitising sources of demographic data to enable the study of long-term change in Africa’s populations. We have worked with historical census data and demographic surveys as well as with parish registers. Our current focus is on digitising, linking and analysing data from some of the oldest Catholic parishes in East and Southern Africa. We take an interdisciplinary approach to analysing these data – combining quantitative demographic research with qualitative archival research to reconstruct how family, fertility and faith interacted and changed over the twentieth century in this region. We aim to encourage and support a network of researchers working on historical demographic data in Africa.


ALPHA Network

The ALPHA network brings together ten collaborating African research institutions, which conduct population-based HIV surveillance in eastern and southern Africa. The network regularly contributes detailed statistical estimates of HIV incidence, mortality patterns and fertility impacts to the UNAIDS Reference Group on Estimates, Modelling and Projections, which oversees the data and methods used for producing HIV epidemic updates and projections in African countries. The ALPHA Network receives funding from the Wellcome Trust and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.


Demographic estimation in populations with deficient CRVS

The vast majority of the world’s population live in areas that are not covered by well-functioning Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS). Without CRVS, estimating key demographic and sustainable development indicators is challenging and published estimates often rely on strong assumptions.

PSG is home to a number of projects that are pioneering new solutions to such estimation problems. These include the expansion of the sibling survival method for cause-specific adult mortality estimation (a collaboration with Stéphane Helleringer at John Hopkins University); the refinement of indirect estimation techniques for under-five mortality estimation (a collaboration with Michel Guillot at the University of Pennsylvania and INED, the French Institute for Demographic Research); the refinement of verbal autopsy tools for estimating causes of death (a collaboration with Samuel Clark at Ohio State University); the development of improved methods to measure parity progression and the duration of birth intervals using census and survey data (a collaboration with Tom Moultrie at the University of Cape Town); and the application of record linkage techniques for augmenting research data with administrative and medical data sources.

PSG staff engaged in this line of research include Ian Timaeus, Georges Reniers, Clara Calvert and Julio Romero.

DREAMS evaluation

On World AIDS Day 2014, PEPFAR launched a bold new initiative – ‘DREAMS’ – to reduce new HIV infections by 40 percent among the highest risk adolescent girls and young women in 10 high-burden countries. With an initial commitment of US$385 million, quickly supplemented with $85 million for a DREAMS Innovation Fund, DREAMS partners – PEPFAR, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Girl Effect, Johnson & Johnson, ViiV Healthcare and Gilead Sciences – aim to promote empowerment and prevent HIV acquisition through a core package of interventions for young women, their families, communities and male partners.

The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has awarded LSHTM a 4-year grant to lead a portfolio of evaluation studies designed to track the impact of DREAMS in Kenya, South Africa and Zimbabwe. Led by Isolde Birdthistle and Sian Floyd, the evaluation draws on LSHTM expertise in HIV, adolescent health and evaluation across all faculties, and close research partnerships with experienced institutes in each country: the Africa Health Research Institute (AHRI) in Durban, South Africa, the African Population and Health Research Centre (APHRC) in Nairobi, Kenya; the Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI) in Siaya, Kenya; and the Centre for Sexual Health HIV and AIDS Research (CeSHHAR) in Harare, Zimbabwe.


Evolutionary Demography

PSG is host to the Evolutionary Demography Group, the first of its kind in the UK. This interdisciplinary group applies the theoretical framework of evolutionary biology to human demographic behaviour. It combines both social and natural science to explore questions of demographic interest, such as why do people have the number of children that they do, drawing on anthropology and psychology, as well as demography and evolutionary biology. Under the direction of Dr. Rebecca Sear, the group holds weekly lab meetings and monthly journal club sessions.



The Malawi Epidemiology and Intervention Research Unit (MEIRU), formerly known as Karonga Prevention Study, has over the last 30 years made major contributions to the understanding and control of mycobacterial disease, HIV and other infectious diseases. MEIRU’s main focus from 1979 until 2012 was in Karonga District, northern Malawi. In 2012 MEIRU established an additional site in Lilongwe, and started a major programme of work on cardiovascular disease and diabetes both in Karonga and Lilongwe to complement its continuing research on infectious diseases.

MEIRU is a partnership between the Malawi College of Medicine, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) and the Malawi Ministry of Health. Since 2016 the Programme has been led by Dr. Mia Crampin (Acting Director) with Professor Moffat Nyirenda (Visiting Professor and NCD Theme Lead, (MEIRU Director 2013-2016)), Professor Judith Glynn and Dr. Charles Mwansambo, the Ministry of Health, Malawi.



The Strengthening Health Systems for the Application of Policy to Enable Universal Test and Treat (SHAPE UTT) Study was funded by the MRC/Wellcome and began in January 2017 - December 2020. 

In 2016 the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended the initiation of antiretroviral initiation regardless of immunological status for all people living with HIV (PLHIV), a policy which many African countries adopted in later in the same year. Despite the guidance the UN declaration and WHO guidance acknowledge concerns about the feasibility of universal test and treat (UTT) within overburdened, weak health systems. Even prior to such ambitious policies many African HIV programmes already experienced sub-optimal HIV testing and retention rates. The increased demands on health systems through additional patient loads could lead to drug stock-outs, drug resistance, inadequate patient preparation and poor adherence.

Despite these challenges, there has been a dearth of research to inform the preparatory processes that will be needed for successful implementation of UTT, if it is to garner much needed opportunities to strengthen health systems and reduce these risks. Important lessons can be drawn from the experience of Option B+ implementation (test and treat in pregnant and breastfeeding women), widely viewed as the precursor to UTT, and first implemented in Malawi in a bold policy move in 2011. It affords a rare opportunity to investigate how the policy implementation process has impacted on health systems, with a view to prospectively considering the readiness of health systems to absorb further expansion of the policy to the general population.

This project will address a critical evidence gap by ascertaining heath systems preparedness for delivering UTT. We will generate this evidence by comparing the experiences and health systems impacts of Option B+ policy implementation, widely viewed as the precursor to UTT, in three settings (Karonga, Malawi, Ifakara, Tanzania and uMhanyakude, South Africa).

The Intervention Design and Evaluation Group

The Intervention Design and Evaluation Group employs inter-disciplinary approaches drawing on relevant medical, psychological, social and educational knowledge and theory to develop and evaluate novel interventions to improve health and primary health care provision. We have a major focus on interventions to improve Sexual and Reproductive health. To promote equity in health and health care, our interventions are designed with input from users, specifically involving those at greatest need in the development process to ensure that interventions are accessible and relevant to them. Under the direction of Prof Cari Free, the group holds weekly meetings.



The Rapid Mortality Mobile Phone Surveys (RAMMPS) project  

Population-based mortality statistics are an essential component of informed public health policies. The COVID-19 pandemic highlighted that ‘excess mortality’, i.e. how many more deaths there are compared to a recent pre-COVID-19 past, is the most robust measure for understanding the true magnitude of the epidemic and its impact. The utility of excess mortality statistics derives from the fact that they are not dependent on the performance of facility-based surveillance, testing coverage, or variations in case definition. In addition, excess mortality captures the indirect effects of COVID-19 on deaths from other causes due to health system disruption or the downstream effects on the economy.  

Population-based estimates of (excess) mortality are typically derived from civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems, but in low and lower-middle income countries (LLMICs) these are often insufficiently performant to fulfil data requirements. In these settings, mortality data come from censuses and surveys, but these are not organised frequently and do not usually provide timely mortality estimates. In addition, they often rely on face-to-face data collection and fieldwork, which has been interrupted or postponed following the COVID-19 outbreak. The RAMMPS project is designed to fill this gap in the need for timely and population-based mortality data.  

Owing to the expansion of mobile phone use, mobile phone surveys have become highly popular in LLMICs, but have not yet been used for mortality surveillance. The RAMMPS project will therefore field methodological validation studies in populations covered by other mortality surveillance systems along with repeated surveys in larger samples to produce nationally representative mortality estimates on a continuous basis. In the long run, RAMMPS may have applications in existing mortality surveillance systems (e.g., COMSA, CHAMPS, HDSS, or, household surveys) where they may serve as a cheaper alternative or complement to face-to-face interviews. Further, RAMMPS may serve as a temporary solution for generating mortality estimates in settings where face-to-face data collection is interrupted or hindered because of epidemic outbreaks or other crisis situations.  

The RAMMPS project consortium is an international collaborative research initiative with partners at Johns Hopkins University, New York University, UC Louvain and research institutes in each of the countries where the RAMMPS will be fielded (Malawi, Mozambique, Burkina Faso, The Democratic Republic of Congo and Bangladesh). The RAMMPS Consortium is funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation with additional support from the UK Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO) and USAID.


Population Studies Group PSG study 2 columns
Population Studies Group PSG study
MSc in Demography and Health

*** Online option for the MSc Demography & Health: For those of you who are not in a position to travel to London, the programme team is happy to explore the possibility of your studies being facilitated entirely online. In order for this to be put in place, you will need to contact the Programme Directors before you apply to agree an individual study plan. Please note that teaching sessions (many shared across multiple programmes) are being scheduled between 9am-5.30pm UK time. ***

“It’s the demography, stupid!” Many of our societies continue to face a diverse set of demographic challenges (and opportunities), including rapid population ageing, extremely low as well as very high fertility, and sizable population migration. These and other demographic trends have important repercussions in all possible domains of life; from voting behaviour to living arrangements, labour markets and economic growth, tax revenues and pension systems, carbon emissions, and the demand for education, health and social services. Demography, in other words, may well be the single most defining factor of the world that we live in.

The MSc in Demography and Health equips students with the theories and skills to understand and quantify macro-level population dynamics and their downstream implications for health and health policies. Students are further trained in the analysis of micro-level processes that govern population change, including fertility and reproductive behaviour, the exposure to health risks, and population mobility. Analysis tools and techniques are applied to high-income settings where high-quality data are usually abundant to resource constrained settings that are covered by partial or deficient information systems.

The Demography and Health teaching programme gives students ample opportunity to select from a wide range of modules in statistics, epidemiology public health, and the social sciences, and thus tailor their curriculum to either focus on the technical aspects of data analytics and demographic estimation, or, take a more interdisciplinary approach to the study of population and health.

The MSc in Demography and Health is recognised by the Medical Research Council (MRC), the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) and the Population Investigation Committee (PIC) and a number of scholarships from these bodies are available each year.

Visit the MSc in Demography and Health course page for more information.

Read interviews with former Demography and Health students Rebecca Musgrove and Ellen Flint: they talk about why they chose this MSc and how it helped them achieve their career goals, and provide useful insight and tips for future applicants!

A new student-led magazine, Keppel Health Review, launched in May 2021 also features a contribution from current MSc Demography & Health student, Lysette Kessler

Find out more about fees and funding.

MSc in Reproductive and Sexual Health Research

The MSc in Reproductive and Sexual Health Research is designed for those interested in acquiring the research skills necessary to conduct policy-relevant research into sexual and reproductive health. It provides a non-clinical foundation in family planning, obstetric health, AIDS and sexually-transmitted infections.

This Master's programme is recognised by the ESRC as providing high quality research training and a small number of ESRC scholarships are available to UK or EU residents. These are advertised each year with the School scholarships information.

The curriculum has a focus on middle- and low-income settings but also provides excellent training in the principles and methods of research for high-income countries.

Visit the MSc in Reproductive and Sexual Health Research course page for more information.

Find out more about fees and funding.

Doctoral studies

Students who are interested in pursuing a PhD are advised to contact a potential supervisor to discuss their proposal and possible sources of funding.

Among others, there are each year a number of ESRC-funded PhD scholarships available in population studies. These scholarships are offered in both Demography and Reproductive and Sexual Health training routes.  Scholarships may be taken up either as a stand-alone PhD (a +3 award); or as a programme which includes first taking additional taught courses before starting the PhD (also referred to as the 1+3 route). Please see the UBEL Doctoral Training Partnership website for further information on all the different routes available. As part of their training, students may spend a year at the European Doctoral School of Demography.

The next deadline for preliminary applications is 11 January 2021. Students are to contact potential supervisors well ahead of this deadline.

Please consult the Research Degrees funding page for other scholarship opportunities.


We have a LinkedIn group to allow Demography and Health and Reproductive and Sexual Health Research students to stay in touch, all alumni and current students are welcome to join. Alumni and current students are also encouraged to join the "popportunities" mailing list, which circulates announcements of fellowships, further training, and job opportunities.

You can find interviews with and blurbs written by a few of our previous students on our MSc Demography & Health webpage and our MSc Reproductive and Sexual Health Research webpage. For MSc Demography & Health student testimonials see those by Ellen FlintRebecca MusgroveMollie Shomali and Nalin Dhillon.

Additionally, some of our previous MSc and PhD students have contributed to the LSHTM Alumni blog, writing about their experiences at the School as well as the relevance of demography to their careers and to the world in general. Alumni blogs include those by: 

  • MSc Medical Demography student, now public health consultant and author, Elizabeth Pisani
  • Emma Radovich, MSc Demography & Health student, who writes about the importance of demographic and health surveys for women by 
  • Dr Nashid Kamal who completed her PhD in Demography at LSHTM
  • MSc RSHR student Lydia Di Stefano, who interviewed Dr Isabella Danel, a past student and researcher in maternal health research at LSHTM.

A new student-led magazine, Keppel Health Review, launched in May 2021, to provide fresh perspectives on public and global health, also features a contribution from MSc Demography & Health student, Lysette Kessler

Our graduates typically embark on careers in academia or research-oriented positions in government, the non-profit or private sector. Below, you will find a selection of alumni with a hyperlink to their LinkedIn profiles that will give you an indication of their background and career trajectories.

MSc Demography and Health

1995-1996: Julia Bunting 2001-2002: Monica J Grant 2013-2014: Karoline Tufte Lien
2014-2015: Alexandra McIntyre 2016-2017: Mosa Moshabela 2017-2018: Christina Williams

MSc Reproductive and Sexual Health Research


Research Degree Students

Dr Momodou Jasseh Dr Lenka Benova  
Advanced Stata short course

This one-week short course is aimed at researchers and other professionals, from any discipline, who regularly use Stata for analysis but want to learn how to work more efficiently. It would be particularly suited to those who are about to embark on large analyses and who would like a quick guide on how to automate the repetitive parts of the process.

The course is usually held in the fall. Find out more information on the Advanced Stata short course.

Self-Study Resources

We have recently developed the two open access resources for (aspiring) demographers and population scientists. This work was commissioned by the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP) with funding from UNFPA.

Population Analysis for Policies and Programmes. A series of online lectures on demographic data and analysis methods published under a creative commons licence.

Tools for Demographic Estimation: an updated compendium of tools for demographic estimation from limited, deficient and defective data. The material here follows in a direct line of descent from Manual X and subsequent works (for example, the 2002 UN Manual of Adult Mortality Estimation). The principal aspect of this website is a series of (mostly) static webpages describing and documenting the tools and methods of demographic estimation from limited, deficient and defective data. The material is organised thematically first, and then by the kinds of data that may be available. Where appropriate, downloadable spreadsheets are provided that allow users to apply the methods to their own data. Authors: Moultrie, T. A., Dorrington, R. E., Hill A. G., Hill, K., Timæus, I. M. and Zaba B. (eds). Produced for the IUSSP with funding from UNFPA.

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Provenance of "after the fact" harmonised community-based demographic and HIV surveillance data from ALPHA cohorts. Kanjala, C; (2020) PhD thesis, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. DOI:

Changing family structures and self-rated health of India's older population (1995-96 to 2014). Lieber, Judith; Clarke, Lynda; Timæus, Ian MMallinson, Poppy Alice CarsonKinra, Sanjay; (2020) SSM - Population Health, 11. 100572-. DOI:

Forecasting the prevalence of overweight and obesity in India to 2040. Luhar, Shammi; Timæus, Ian M; Jones, Rebecca; Cunningham, Solveig; Patel, Shivani A; Kinra, Sanjay; Clarke, Lynda; Houben, Rein; (2020) PloS one, 15 (2). e0229438-. ISSN 1932-6203 DOI:

Evidence-based intrapartum practice and its associated factors at a tertiary teaching hospital in the Philippines, a descriptive mixed-methods study. Masuda, Chisato; Ferolin, Shirley Kristine; Masuda, Ken; Smith, Chris; Matsui, Mitsuaki; (2020) BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 20 (1). 78-. DOI:

Linking health facility data from young adults aged 18-24 years to longitudinal demographic data: Experience from The Kilifi Health and Demographic Surveillance System. Nyundo, Christopher; Doyle, Aoife M; Walumbe, David; Otiende, Mark; Kinuthia, Michael; Amadi, David; Jibendi, Boniface; Mochamah, George; Kihuha, Norbert; Williams, Thomas N; Ross, David A; Bauni, Evasius; (2020) Wellcome open research, 2. 51-. DOI:

Pathways to Low Fertility: 50 Years of Limitation, Curtailment, and Postponement of Childbearing. Timæus, Ian M; Moultrie, Tom A; (2020) Demography, 57 (1). pp. 267-296. ISSN 0070-3370 DOI:


Investigating associations between rural-to-urban migration and cardiometabolic disease in Malawi: a population-level study. Chilunga, Felix P; Musicha, Crispin; Tafatatha, Terence; Geis, Steffen; Nyirenda, Moffat J; Crampin, Amelia C; Price, Alison J; (2019) International journal of epidemiology. ISSN 0300-5771 DOI:

Drug Seller Provision Practices and Knowledge of Misoprostol in Bangladesh. Reiss, Kate; Keenan, Katherine; Church, Kathryn; Dijkerman, Sally; Mitu, Shahida Akter; Nuremowla, Sadid; Ngo, Thoai D; (2019) International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 45. pp. 45-54. ISSN 1944-0391 DOI:

Preparedness of health facilities in managing hypertension & diabetes mellitus in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: a cross sectional study. Adinan, Juma; Manongi, Rachel; Temu, Gloria August; Kapologwe, Ntuli; Marandu, Annette; Wajanga, Bahati; Dika, Haruna; Maongezi, Sarah; Laizer, Sweetness; Manyuti, Ridhiwani; +3 more... Nassir, Rehema Abdillahi; Renju, Jenny; Todd, Jim; (2019) BMC HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH, 19 (1). ISSN 1472-6963 DOI:

Recent levels and trends in HIV incidence rates among adolescent girls and young women in high-prevalence countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Birdthistle, Isolde; Tanton, Clare; Tomita, Andrew; de Graaf, Kristen; Schaffnit, Susan; Tanser, Frank; Slaymaker, Emma; (2019) The Lancet Global Health. ISSN 2214-109X (In Press) Item availability may be restricted.

HIV-seroconversion among HIV-1 serodiscordant married couples in Tanzania: a cohort study. Colombe, Soledad; Beard, James; Mtenga, Baltazar; Lutonja, Peter; Mngara, Julius; de Dood, Claudia J; van Dam, Govert J; Corstjens, Paul LAM; Kalluvya, Samuel; Urassa, Mark; +2 more... Todd, Jim; Downs, Jennifer A; (2019) BMC infectious diseases, 19 (1). p. 518. ISSN 1471-2334 DOI:

Cascade of care for HIV-seroconverters in rural Tanzania: a longitudinal study. Colombe, Soledad; Machemba, Richard; Mtenga, Baltazar; Lutonja, Peter; Safari, Wende; Beard, James; Downs, Jennifer A; Urassa, Mark; Todd, Jim; Changalucha, John; (2019) AIDS Care. pp. 1-6. ISSN 0954-0121 DOI: Item availability may be restricted.

Does facility birth reduce maternal and perinatal mortality in Brong Ahafo, Ghana? A secondary analysis using data on 119 244 pregnancies from two cluster-randomised controlled trials. Gabrysch, Sabine; Nesbitt, Robin C; Schoeps, Anja; Hurt, Lisa; Soremekun, Seyi; Edmond, Karen; Manu, Alexander; Lohela, Terhi J; Danso, Samuel; Tomlin, Keith; +2 more... Kirkwood, Betty; Campbell, Oona MR; (2019) The Lancet Global Health, 7 (8). e1074-e1087. ISSN 2214-109X DOI:

Increasing Proportion of HIV-Infected Pregnant Zambian Women Attending Antenatal Care Are Already on Antiretroviral Therapy (2010–2015). Gumede-Moyo, Sehlulekile; Todd, Jim; Schaap, Ab; Mee, Paul; Filteau, Suzanne; (2019) Frontiers in Public Health, 7 (JUN). DOI:

Sharing the Load: How Do Coresident Children Influence the Allocation of Work and Schooling in Northwestern Tanzania? Hedges, Sophie; Lawson, David W; Todd, Jim; Urassa, Mark; Sear, Rebecca; (2019) Demography. ISSN 0070-3370 DOI: Item availability may be restricted.

Earning their keep? Fostering, children's education, and work in north-western Tanzania. Hedges, Sophie; Sear, Rebecca; Todd, Jim; Urassa, Mark; Lawson, David W; (2019) Demographic Research, 41. pp. 263-292. DOI:

Effect of antiretroviral therapy on fertility rate among women living with HIV in Tabora, Tanzania: An historical cohort study. Mbita, Gaspar; Renju, Jenny; Lija, Gissenge; Conserve, Donaldson F; Todd, Jim; (2019) PloS one, 14 (9). e0222173. ISSN 1932-6203 DOI:

Testing adaptive hypotheses of alloparenting in Agta foragers. Page, Abigail E; Thomas, Matthew G; Smith, Daniel; Dyble, Mark; Viguier, Sylvain; Chaudhary, Nikhil; Salali, Gul Deniz; Thompson, James; Mace, Ruth; Migliano, Andrea B; (2019) Nature Human Behaviour. DOI: Item availability may be restricted.

Under-five mortality in The Gambia: Comparison of the results of the first demographic and health survey with those from existing inquiries. Rerimoi, Anne J; Jasseh, Momodou; Agbla, Schadrac C; Reniers, Georges; Roca, Anna; Timæus, Ian M; (2019) PLoS One, 14 (7). e0219919-. DOI:

Improving communication about HIV prevention among people living with HIV and their at-risk social network members in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Siril, Hellen; Kaale, Anna; Minja, Anna; Kilewo, Japheth; Mugusi, Ferdinand; Sunguya, Bruno; Todd, Jim; Kaaya, Sylvia; Smith Fawzi, Mary C; (2019) Cogent Medicine, 6 (1). DOI:

In-depth proteomic characterization of Schistosoma haematobium: towards the development of new tools for elimination. Sotillo, Javier; Pearson, Mark S; Becker, Luke; Mekonnen, Gebeyaw G; Amoah, Abena S; van Dam, Govert; Corstjens, Paul LAM; Murray, Janice; Mduluza, Takafira; Mutapi, Francisca; +1 more... Loukas, Alex; (2019) PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 13 (5). ISSN 1935-2727 DOI:

Planning a family in Nairobi’s informal settlements: results of a qualitative study. Towriss, Catriona A; Beguy, Donatien; Wringe, Alison; Hussein, Barwako Hassan; Timæus, Ian M; (2019) Journal of Biosocial Science. pp. 1-14. ISSN 0021-9320 DOI: Item availability may be restricted.

Women’s economic status and sexual negotiation: re-evaluation of the ‘normative precedent’ in Tanzania. Vyas, Seema; (2019) Culture, Health & Sexuality. ISSN 1369-1058 DOI: Item availability may be restricted.

Are mothers less likely to breastfeed in harsh environments? Physical environmental quality and breastfeeding in the Born in Bradford Study. Brown, Laura; Sear, Rebecca; (2019) Maternal & Child Nutrition. ISSN 1740-8695 DOI: Item availability may be restricted.

Mobile Messaging Support Versus Usual Care for People With Type 2 Diabetes on Glycemic Control: Protocol for a Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial. Farmer, Andrew; Bobrow, Kirsty; Leon, Natalie; Williams, Nicola; Phiri, Enita; Namadingo, Hazel; Cooper, Sara; Prince, John; Crampin, Amelia; Besada, Donela; +9 more... (2019) JMIR research protocols, 8 (6). e12377. ISSN 1929-0748 DOI:

Prevalence of impaired renal function among rural and urban populations: findings of a cross-sectional study in Malawi. Nakanga, Wisdom; Prynn, Josephine; Banda, Louis; Kalyesubula, Robert; Tomlinson, Laurie; Nyirenda, Moffat; Crampin, Amelia; (2019) Wellcome Open Research, 4 (92). DOI:

Comparing reporting of abortions in three nationally representative surveys: methodological and contextual influences. Scott, Rachel H; Bajos, Nathalie; Wellings, Kaye; Slaymaker, Emma; (2019) BMJ sexual & reproductive health. ISSN 2515-1991 DOI: Item availability may be restricted.

Characteristics and contraceptive outcomes of women seeking medical or surgical abortion in reproductive health clinics in Cambodia. Smith, Chris; Scott, Rachel H; Free, Caroline; Edwards, Tansy; (2019) Contraception and Reproductive Medicine, 4 (5). DOI:

Altered social trajectories and risks of violence among young Syrian women seeking refuge in Turkey: a qualitative study. Wringe, Alison; Yankah, Ekua; Parks, Tania; Mohamed, Omar; Saleh, Mohamad; Speed, Olivia; Hémono, Rebecca; Relyea, Bridget; Ibrahim, Mahad; Sandhu, Jaspal S; Scott, Jennifer; (2019) BMC Women's Health, 19 (1). p. 9. ISSN 1472-6874 DOI:

Lusting, learning and lasting in school: sexual debut, school performance and dropout among adolescents in primary schools in Karonga district, northern Malawi. Sunny, Bindu S; DeStavola, Bianca; Dube, Albert; Price, Alison; Kaonga, Allan M; Kondowe, Scotch; Crampin, Amelia C; Glynn, Judith R; (2019) Journal of biosocial science. ISSN 0021-9320 DOI:

Changes in, and factors associated with, frequency of sex in Britain: evidence from three National Surveys of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal). Wellings, Kaye; Palmer, Melissa J; Machiyama, Kazuyo; Slaymaker, Emma; (2019) BMJ (Clinical research ed), 365. ISSN 0959-8138 DOI:

How might life history theory contribute to life course theory? Stulp, Gert; Sear, Rebecca; (2019) Advances in Life Course Research. ISSN 1040-2608 DOI: Item availability may be restricted.

Gambian cultural beliefs, attitudes and discourse on reproductive health and mortality: Implications for data collection in surveys from the interviewer’s perspective. Rerimoi, AJ; Niemann, J; Lange, I; Timæus, IM; (2019) PLOS ONE, 14 (5). e0216924-e0216924. DOI:

Changing young people's attitudes towards effective contraception using mobile phone messaging. McCarthy, OL; (2019) PhD (research paper style) thesis, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. DOI:

Navigating 'ethics in practice': An ethnographic case study with young women living with HIV in Zambia. Mackworth-Young, Constance RS; Schneiders, Mira L; Wringe, Alison; Simwinga, Musonda; Bond, Virginia; (2019) Global Public Health. ISSN 1744-1692 DOI: Item availability may be restricted.

Engagement in agricultural work is associated with reduced leisure time among Agta hunter-gatherers.Dyble, Mark; Thorley, Jack; Page, Abigail E; Smith, Daniel; Migliano, Andrea Bamberg; (2019) Nature Human Behaviour. DOI: Item availability may be restricted.

A comparison of all-cause and cause-specific mortality by household socioeconomic status across seven INDEPTH network health and demographic surveillance systems in sub-Saharan Africa. Coates, Matthew M; Kamanda, Mamusu; Kintu, Alexander; Arikpo, Iwara; Chauque, Alberto; Mengesha, Melkamu Merid; Price, Alison ; Sifuna, Peter; Wamukoya, Marylene; Sacoor, Charfudin N; +12 more... (2019) Global health action, 12 (1). p. 1608013. ISSN 1654-9716 DOI:

An integrated whole genome analysis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis reveals insights into relationship between its genome, transcriptome and methylome. Gomez-Gonzalez, Paula J; Andreu, Nuria; Phelan, Jody E; de Sessions, Paola Florez; Glynn, Judith R; Crampin, Amelia C; Campino, Susana; Butcher, Philip D; Hibberd, Martin L; Clark, Taane G; (2019). SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 9 (1). ISSN 2045-2322 DOI:

Why so many Agta boys? Explaining 'extreme' sex ratios in Philippine foragers. Viguier, Abigail; Myers, Sarah; Dyble, Mark; Migliano, Andrea; (2019) Evolutionary Human Sciences. ISSN 2513-843X  (In Press)

Outcomes of patients lost to follow-up after antiretroviral therapy initiation in rural north-eastern South Africa. Ambia, Julie; Kabudula, Chodziwadziwa; Risher, Kathryn; Rice, Brian D; Reniers, Georges; Etoori, David; (2019) Tropical medicine & international health: TM & IH. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI:

'I saw it as a second chance': A qualitative exploration of experiences of treatment failure and regimen change among people living with HIV on second- and third-line antiretroviral therapy in Kenya, Malawi and Mozambique. Burns, Rose; Borges, Joana; Blasco, Philippe; Vandenbulcke, Alexandra; Mukui, Irene; Magalasi, Denview; Molfino, Lucas; Manuel, Rolanda; Schramm, Birgit; Wringe, Alison; (2019) Global Public Health. ISSN 1744-1692 DOI:

Simulated vaccine efficacy trials to estimate HIV incidence for actual vaccine clinical trials in key populations in Uganda. Abaasa, Andrew; Nash, Stephen; Mayanja, Yunia; Price, Matt; Fast, Patricia E; Kamali, Anatoli; Kaleebu, Pontiano; Todd, Jim; (2019) Vaccine, 37 (15). pp. 2065-2072. ISSN 0264-410X DOI:

Changes Over Time in HIV Prevalence and Sexual Behaviour Among Young Female Sex-Workers in 14 Sites in Zimbabwe, 2013–2016. Chabata, Sungai T; Hensen, Bernadette; Chiyaka, Tarisai; Mushati, Phillis; Mtetwa, Sibongile; Hanisch, Dagmar; Napierala, Sue; Busza, Joanna; Floyd, Sian; Fearon, Elizabeth; Birdthistle, Isolde; Hargreaves, James R; Cowan, Frances M; (2019) AIDS and Behavior. ISSN 1090-7165 DOI:

"I don't want them to know": how stigma creates dilemmas for engagement with Treat-all HIV care for people living with HIV in Eswatini. Horter, Shona; Bernays, Sarah; Thabede, Zanele; Dlamini, Velibanti; Kerschberger, Bernhard; Pasipamire, Munyaradzi; Rusch, Barbara; Wringe, Alison; (2019) African journal of AIDS research. ISSN 1608-5906 DOI:

"Is it making any difference?" A qualitative study examining the treatment-taking experiences of asymptomatic people living with HIV in the context of Treat-all in Eswatini. Horter, Shona; Wringe, Alison; Thabede, Zanele; Dlamini, Velibanti; Kerschberger, Bernhard; Pasipamire, Munyaradzi; Lukhele, Nomthandazo; Rusch, Barbara; Seeley, Janet; (2019) Journal of the International AIDS Society, 22 (1). e25220. ISSN 1758-2652 DOI:

Implementing prevention policies for mother-to-child transmission of HIV in rural Malawi, South Africa and United Republic of Tanzania, 2013–2016. Jones, Harriet; Wringe, Alison; Todd, Jim; Songo, John; Oliver-Gomez, Xavier; Moshabela, Mosa; Geubbels, Eveline; Nyamhagatta, Mukome; Kalua, Thoko; Urassa, Mark; Zaba, Basia; Renju, Jenny; (2019) Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 97. pp. 200-212. ISSN 0042-9686 DOI:

Population-level adult mortality following the expansion of antiretroviral therapy in Rakai, Uganda. Nabukalu, Dorean; Reniers, Georges; Risher, Kathryn; Blom, Sylvia; Slaymaker, Emma; Kabudula, Chodziwadziwa; Zaba, Basia; Nalugoda, Fred; Kigozi, Godfrey; Makumbi, Fred; Serwadda, David; Reynolds, Steven; Marston, Milly; Eaton, Jeffrey; Gray, Ron; Wawer, Maria; Sewankambo, Nelson; Lutalo, Tom; (2019) Population Studies. ISSN 0032-4728

Prevalence and correlates of 'sexual competence' at first heterosexual intercourse among young people in Britain. Palmer, Melissa J; Clarke, Lynda; Ploubidis, George B; Wellings, Kaye; (2019) BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health. ISSN 2515-2009 DOI:

Parent–offspring conflict unlikely to explain ‘child marriage’ in northwestern Tanzania. Schaffnit, Susan B; Hassan, Anushé; Urassa, Mark; Lawson, David W; (2019) Nature Human Behaviour. DOI:

Cross-cultural evidence does not support universal acceleration of puberty in father-absent households. Sear, Rebecca; Sheppard, Paula; Coall, David A; (2019) Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 374 (1770). p. 20180124. ISSN 0962-8436 DOI:

The rebellious man: Next-of-kin accounts of the death of a male relative on antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa. Skovdal, Morten; Ssekubugu, Robert; Nyamukapa, Constance; Seeley, Janet; Renju, Jenny; Wamoyi, Joyce; Moshabela, Mosa; Ondenge, Kenneth; Wringe, Alison; Gregson, Simon; Zaba, Basia; (2019) Global public health. pp. 1-12. ISSN 1744-1692 DOI:

Changes in patterns of retention in HIV care and antiretroviral treatment in Tanzania between 2008 and 2016: an analysis of routinely collected national programme dataMee, Paul; Rice, Brian; Lemsalu, Liis; Hargreaves, James; Sambuh, Veryeh; Harklerode, Richelle; Todd, Jim; Somi, Geoffrey; (2019) Journal of Global Health, 9 (1). ISSN 2047-2978 DOI:

Childbearing desires and behaviour: a prospective assessment in Nairobi slums. Machiyama, Kazuyo; Mumah, Joyce N; Mutua, Michael; Cleland, John; (2019) BMC PREGNANCY AND CHILDBIRTH, 19 (1). ISSN 1471-2393 DOI:

The complex relationship between contraception and abortion. Cleland, John. Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology. 2019.

Cross-sectional analysis of chemsex drug use and gonorrhoea diagnosis among men who have sex with men in the UK. Kohli, Manik; Hickson, Ford; Free, Caroline; Reid, David; Weatherburn, Peter; (2019) Sexual Health. DOI:

A randomized controlled trial of an intervention delivered by mobile phone text message to increase the acceptability of effective contraception among young women in Palestine. McCarthy, Ona L; Zghayyer, Hanadi; Stavridis, Amina; Adada, Samia; Ahamed, Irrfan; Leurent, Baptiste; Edwards, Phil; Palmer, Melissa; Free, Caroline; (2019) Trials, 20. DOI:


Non-disclosure of HIV testing history in population-based surveys: implications for estimating a UNAIDS 90-90-90 targetChristopher T. Rentsch, Georges Reniers, Richard Machemba, Emma Slaymaker , Milly Marston, Alison Wringe, Jeffrey W. Eaton, Annabelle Gourlay, Brian Rice, Chodziwadziwa Whiteson Kabudula, Mark Urassa, Jim Todd & Basia Żaba. Article: 1553470

Are European HIV cohort data within EuroCoord representative of the diagnosed HIV population?  Vourli, G.; Pharris, A.; Cazein, F.; Costagliola, D.; Dabis, F.; Del Amo, J.; Delpech, V.; Díaz, A.; Girardi, E.; Gourlay, A.; Gunsenheimer-Bartmeyer, B.; Hernando, V.; Nikolopoulos, G.; Porter, K.; RosiÅ„ska, M.; Sabin, C.; Suligoi, B.; Supervie, V.; Wit, F.; Touloumi, G.; AIDS, 2018;

Impact of linkage quality on inferences drawn from analyses using data with high rates of linkage errors in rural Tanzania. Rentsch, C.T.; Harron, K.; Urassa, M.; Todd, J.; Reniers, G.; Zaba, B.; BMC Med Res Methodol, 2018; 18(1):165

Effect of ACASI on Reporting of Abortion and Other Pregnancy Outcomes in the US National Survey of Family Growth. Lindberg, L; Scott, RH; (2018). Stud Fam Plann. ISSN 1728-4465 DOI:

Linkage to care and antiretroviral therapy initiation by testing modality among individuals newly diagnosed with HIV in Tanzania, 2014-2017. Rentsch, C.T.; Wringe, A.; Machemba, R.; Michael, D.; Urassa, M.; Todd, J.; Reniers, G.; Zaba, B.; (2018). Trop Med Int Health

Who are the male sexual partners of adolescent girls and young women? Comparative analysis of population data in three settings prior to DREAMS roll-out. Doyle, A.M.; Floyd, S.; Baisley, K.; Orindi, B.; Kwaro, D.; Mthiyane, T.N.; Muuo, S.; Shahmanesh, M.; Ziraba, A.; Birdthistle, I.; PLoS One; (2018); 13(9):e0198783

Integration of HIV and reproductive health services in public sector facilities: analysis of client flow data over time in Kenya. Birdthistle, I.J.; Fenty, J.; Collumbien, M.; Warren, C.; Kimani, J.; Ndwiga, C.; Mayhew, S.; Integra Initiative,; COLLABORATORS; Mayhew, S.; Vassall, A.; Birdthistle, I.; Church, K.; Colombini, M.; Collumbien, M.; Friend-Dupreez, N.; Howard, N.; Mak, J.; Mutemwa, R.; Obure, D.; Sweeney, S.; Watts, C.; Warren, C.; Abuya, T.; Askew, I.; Kikuvi, J.; Kimani, J.; Kivunaga, J.; Mdawida, B.; Ndwiga, C.; Oweya, E.; Hopkins, J.; Oteba, L.; Stackpool-Moore, L.; Trossero, A.; Nhlabatsi, Z.; Simelane, D.; Muketo, E.; Chatuluka, M.; (2018). BMJ Glob Health, 3(5):e000867

A longitudinal review of national HIV policy and progress made in health facility implementation in Eastern Zimbabwe. Tlhajoane, M.; Masoka, T.; Mpandaguta, E.; Rhead, R.; Church, K.; Wringe, A.; Kadzura, N.; Arinaminpathy, N.; Nyamukapa, C.; Schur, N.; Mugurungi, O.; Skovdal, M.; Eaton, J.W.; Gregson, S.; Health Res Policy Syst, 2018; 16(1):92

Risk of Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission in an antiretroviral therapy clinic. Mzembe, T.; Mclean, E.; Khan, P.Y.; Koole, O.; Sichali, L.; Mwinuka, V.; Kayange, M.; Mzumara, P.; Dimba, A.; Crampin, A.C.; Glynn, J.R.; (2018). AIDS

FIGO postpartum intrauterine device initiative: Complication rates across six countriesMakins, A.; Taghinejadi, N.; Sethi, M.; Machiyama, K.; Munganyizi, P.; Odongo, E.; Divakar, H.; Fatima, P.; Thapa, K.; Perera, G.; Arulkumaran, S.; Int J Gynaecol Obstet, 2018; 143 Suppl 1:20-27

Factors influencing the likelihood of acceptance of postpartum intrauterine devices across four countries: India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Tanzania. Makins, A.; Taghinejadi, N.; Sethi, M.; Machiyama, K.; Thapa, K.; Perera, G.; Munganyizi, P.S.; Bhardwaj, A.; Arulkumaran, S.; Int J Gynaecol Obstet, 2018; 143 Suppl 1:13-19

A friend in need is a friend indeed: Need-based sharing, rather than cooperative assortment, predicts experimental resource transfers among Agta hunter-gatherers. Smith, D.; Dyble, M.; Major, K.; Page, A.E.; Chaudhary, N.; Salali, G.D.; Thompson, J.; Vinicius, L.; Migliano, A.B.; Mace, R. Evolution and Human Behavior, 2018

Hunter-gatherer health and development policy: How the promotion of sedentism worsens the Agta’s health outcomes. Page, A.E.; Minter, T.; Viguier, S.; Migliano, A.B.;  Soc Sci Med, 2018; 197:39-48

Pre-post effects of a tetanus care protocol implementation in a sub-Saharan African intensive care unit. Aziz, R.; Colombe, S.; Mwakisambwe, G.; Ndezi, S.; Todd, J.; Kalluvya, S.; Mangat, H.S.; Magleby, R.; Koebler, A.; Kenemo, B.; Peck, R.N.; Downs, J.A.; PLoS Negl Trop Dis, 2018; 12(8):e0006667

Educational Attainment as a Predictor of HIV Testing Uptake Among Women of Child-Bearing Age: Analysis of 2014 Demographic and Health Survey in Zambia. Muyunda, B.; Musonda, P.; Mee, P.; Todd, J.; Michelo, C.;  Front Public Health, 2018; 6:192

Can we assess Cancer Waiting Time targets with cancer survival? A population-based study of individually linked data from the National Cancer Waiting Times monitoring dataset in England, 2009-2013. Di Girolamo, C.; Walters, S.; Gildea, C.; Benitez Majano, S.; Rachet, B.; Morris, M.; PLoS One, 2018; 13(8):e0201288

Identifying mixed Mycobacterium tuberculosis infections from whole genome sequence data. Sobkowiak, B.; Glynn, J.R.; Houben, R.M.G.J.; Mallard, K.; Phelan, J.E.; Guerra-Assunção, J.A.; Banda, L.; Mzembe, T.; Viveiros, M.; McNerney, R.; Parkhill, J.; Crampin, A.C.; Clark, T.G.; BMC Genomics, 2018; 19(1):613

Long term trends in behaviour to protect against adverse reproductive and sexual health outcomes among young single African women. Ali, M.M.; Cleland, J.; Reprod Health, 2018; 15(1):136

Interdisciplinary perspectives on grandparental investment: a journey towards causality. Coall, D.A.; Hilbrand, S.; Sear, R.; Hertwig, R. Contemporary Social Science, 2018; 13(2):159-174

Engagement in HIV Care Among young female sex workers in Zimbabwe. Napierala, S.; Chabata, S.T.; Fearon, E.; Davey, C.; Hargreaves, J.; Busza, J.; Mushati, P.; Mtetwa, S.; Chiyaka, T.; Mugurungi, O.; Hanisch, D.; Hatzold, K.; Phillips, A.; Cowan, F.M.; J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr, 2018;

“The needs have clearly evolved as time has gone on.”: A qualitative study to explore stakeholders’ perspectives on the health needs of Syrian refugees in Greece following the 2016 European Union-Turkey agreement. Hemono, R.; Relyea, B.; Scott, J.; Khaddaj, S.; Douka, A.; Wringe, A. Confl Health, 2018; 12:24

Contraceptive use and lengthening birth intervals in rural and urban eastern Africa. Towriss, C.A.; Timaeus, I.M. Demographic Research, 2018; 38:2027-2052

Contraceptive method use among women and its association with age, relationship status and duration: findings from the third British National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3). Firman, N.; Palmer, M.J.; Timaeus, I.M.; Wellings, K. BMJ Sex Reprod Health, 2018;

Where do women and men in Britain obtain contraception? Findings from the third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3). French, R.S.; Geary, R.; Jones, K.; Glasier, A.; Mercer, C.H.; Datta, J.; Macdowall, W.; Palmer, M.; Johnson, A.M.; Wellings, K. BMJ Sex Reprod Health, 2018;

Impact of schistosome infection on long-term HIV/AIDS outcomes. Colombe, S.; Machemba, R.; Mtenga, B.; Lutonja, P.; Kalluvya, S.E.; de Dood, C.J.; Hoekstra, P.T.; van Dam, G.J.; Corstjens, P.L.A.M.; Urassa, M.; Changalucha, J.M.; Todd, J.; Downs, J.A. PLoS Negl Trop Dis, 2018; 12(7):e0006613

AIDS and the gender gap in life expectancy in Africa. Masquelier,B.; Reniers, G. Population and Societies, 2018; 554

Maternal weight and infections in early childhood: a cohort study. Videholm, S.; Silfverdal, S.A.; Reniers, G. Arch Dis Child, 2018;

Mobile phone-based interventions for improving adherence to medication prescribed for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in adults. Palmer, M.J.; Barnard, S.; Perel, P.; Free, C. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2018; 6:CD012675

On bonding. Xenikaki, D., AUA (AUA Blog), 2018

Easy and accurate reconstruction of whole HIV genomes from short-read sequence data with shiver. Wymant, C.; Blanquart, F.; Golubchik, T.; Gall, A.; Bakker, M.; Bezemer, D.; Croucher, N.J.; Hall, M.; Hillebregt, M.; Ong, S.H.; Ratmann, O.; Albert, J.; Bannert, N.; Fellay, J.; Fransen, K.; Gourlay, A.; Grabowski, M.K.; Gunsenheimer-Bartmeyer, B.; Günthard, H.F.; Kivelä, P.; Kouyos, R.; Laeyendecker, O.; Liitsola, K.; Meyer, L.; Porter, K.; Ristola, M.; van Sighem, A.; Berkhout, B.; Cornelissen, M.; Kellam, P.; Reiss, P.; Fraser, C.; BEEHIVE Collaboration. Virus Evol, 2018; 4(1):vey007

The frequency of maternal morbidity: A systematic review of systematic reviews. Gon, G.; Leite, A.; Calvert, C.; Woodd, S.; Graham, W.J.; Filippi, V.; Int J Gynaecol Obstet, 2018; 141 Suppl 1:20-38

Understanding HIV risks among adolescent girls and young women in informal settlements of Nairobi, Kenya: Lessons for DREAMS. Ziraba, A.; Orindi, B.; Muuo, S.; Floyd, S.; Birdthistle, I.J.; Mumah, J.; Osindo, J.; Njoroge, P.; Kabiru, C.W.; PLoS One, 2018; 13(5):e0197479

Community health worker support to improve HIV treatment outcomes for older children and adolescents in Zimbabwe: a process evaluation of the ZENITH trial. Dziva Chikwari, C.; Simms, V.; Busza, J.; Dauya, E.; Bandason, T.; Chonzi, P.; Munyati, S.; Mujuru, H.; Ferrand, R.A.; Implement Sci, 2018; 13(1):70

Cochrane corner: text messaging to improve adherence to drugs for secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Adler, A.J.; Casas, J.P.; Martin, N.; Free, C.; Perel, P. Heart, 2018

Setting the research agenda for induced abortion in Africa and Asia. Scott, R.H.; Filippi, V.; Moore, A.M.; Acharya, R.; Bankole, A.; Calvert, C.; Church, K.; Cresswell, J.A.; Footman, K.; Gleason, J.; Machiyama, K.; Marston, C.; Mbizvo, M.; Musheke, M.; Owolabi, O.; Palmer, J.; Smith, C.; Storeng, K.; Yeung, F. Int J Gynaecol Obstet, 2018

Women’s attitudes and beliefs towards specific contraceptive methods in Bangladesh and Kenya. Machiyama, K.; Huda, F.A.; Ahmmed, F.; Odwe, G.; Obare, F.; Mumah, J.N.; Wamukoya, M.; Casterline, J.B.; Cleland, J. Reprod Health, 2018; 15(1):75

Glycated haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) for detection of diabetes mellitus and impaired fasting glucose in Malawi: a diagnostic accuracy study. Rathod, S.D.; Crampin, A.C.; Musicha, C.; Kayuni, N.; Banda, L.; Saul, J.; McLean, E.; Branson, K.; Jaffar, S.; Nyirenda, M.J. BMJ Open, 2018; 8(5):e020972

Trends in catastrophic health expenditure in India: 1993 to 2014. Pandey, A.; Ploubidis, G.B.; Clarke, L.; Dandona, L. Bull World Health Organ, 2018; 96(1):18-28

Factorial structure of the locomotor disability scale in a sample of adults with mobility impairments in Bangladesh. Mahmud, I.; Clarke, L.; Nahar, N.; Ploubidis, G.B. Health Qual Life Outcomes, 2018; 16(1):81

Characteristics of patients with missing information on stage: a population-based study of patients diagnosed with colon, lung or breast cancer in England in 2013. Di Girolamo, C.; Walters, S.; Benitez Majano, S.; Rachet, B.; Coleman, M.P.; Njagi, E.N.; Morris, M. BMC Cancer, 2018; 18(1):492

Development of an intervention delivered by mobile phone aimed at decreasing unintended pregnancy among young people in three lower middle income countries. McCarthy, O.L.; Wazwaz, O.; Osorio Calderon, V.; Jado, I.; Saibov, S.; Stavridis, A.; López Gallardo, J.; Tokhirov, R.; Adada, S.; Huaynoca, S.; Makleff, S.; Vandewiele, M.; Standaert, S.; Free, C. BMC Public Health, 2018; 18(1):576

Impact of pyrazinamide resistance on multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Karakalpakstan, Uzbekistan. Kuhlin, J.; Smith, C.; Khaemraev, A.; Tigay, Z.; Parpieva, N.; Tillyashaykhov, M.; Achar, J.; Hajek, J.; Greig, J.; du Cros, P.; Moore, D. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis, 2018; 22(5):544-550

Evaluation of care and treatment clinics using a four-year retrospective cohort of patients receiving anti-retroviral therapy in Mbeya Region, Tanzania. Sichalwe, A.W.; Renju, J.; Rutherford, G.W.; Nondi, J.; Martin, E.M.; Tenu, F.; Todd, J. International Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, 2018; 6(1):10-17

Exploring the acceptability of self-screening for hypertension in private drug shops: a qualitative evaluation of a pilot intervention in Mwanza region, Tanzania. Kezakubi, D.; Juma, A.; Michael, D.; Todd, J.; Reyburn, H.; Renju, J.; East African Journal of Monitoring and Evaluation, 2018;

Rapid improvements to rural Ugandan housing and their association with malaria from intense to reduced transmission: a cohort study. Rek, J.C.; Alegana, V.; Arinaitwe, E.; Cameron, E.; Kamya, M.R.; Katureebe, A.; Lindsay, S.W.; Kilama, M.; Staedke, S.G.; Todd, J.; Dorsey, G.; Tusting, L.S.; Lancet Planet Health, 2018; 2(2):e83-e94

Strengthening Routine Data Systems to Track the HIV Epidemic and Guide the Response in Sub-Saharan Africa. Rice, B.; Boulle, A.; Baral, S.; Egger, M.; Mee, P.; Fearon, E.; Reniers, G.; Todd, J.; Schwarcz, S.; Weir, S.; Rutherford, G.; Hargreaves, J.; JMIR Public Health Surveill, 2018; 4(2):e36

Challenges and successes in the implementation of option B+ to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV in southern Swaziland. Etoori, D.; Kerschberger, B.; Staderini, N.; Ndlangamandla, M.; Nhlabatsi, B.; Jobanputra, K.; Mthethwa-Hleza, S.; Parker, L.A.; Sibanda, S.; Mabhena, E.; Pasipamire, M.; Kabore, S.M.; Rusch, B.; Jamet, C.; Ciglenecki, I.; Teck, R.; BMC Public Health, 2018; 18(1):374

Assessing the validity and reliability of self-report data on contraception use in the Mobile Technology for Improved Family Planning (MOTIF) randomised controlled trial. Smith, C.; Edwards, P.; Free, C.; Reprod Health, 2018; 15(1):50

Reaching young women who sell sex: Methods and results of social mapping to describe and identify young women for DREAMS impact evaluation in Zimbabwe. Chiyaka, T.; Mushati, P.; Hensen, B.; Chabata, S.; Hargreaves, J.R.; Floyd, S.; Birdthistle, I.J.; Cowan, F.M.; Busza, J.R.; PLoS One, 2018; 13(3):e0194301

Lactate clearance as a prognostic marker of mortality in severely ill febrile children in East Africa. Aramburo, A.; Todd, J.; George, E.C.; Kiguli, S.; Olupot-Olupot, P.; Opoka, R.O.; Engoru, C.; Akech, S.O.; Nyeko, R.; Mtove, G.; Gibb, D.M.; Babiker, A.G.; Maitland, K.; BMC Med, 2018; 16(1):37

Web-Based Activity Within a Sexual Health Economy: Observational Study. Turner, K.M.; Zienkiewicz, A.K.; Syred, J.; Looker, K.J.; de Sa, J.; Brady, M.; Free, C.; Holdsworth, G.; Baraitser, P.; J Med Internet Res, 2018; 20(3):e74

Inequity in out-of-pocket payments for hospitalisation in India: Evidence from the National Sample Surveys, 1995-2014. Pandey, A.; Clarke, L.; Dandona, L.; Ploubidis, G.B.; Soc Sci Med, 2018; 201:136-147

“It is not possible to go inside and have a discussion”: how fear of stigma affects delivery of community-based support for children’s HIV care. Busza, J.; Simms, V.; Chikwari, C.D.; Dauya, E.; Bandason, T.; Makamba, M.; McHugh, G.; Ferrand, R.A.;  AIDS Care, 2018; :1-7

Improving the Measurement of Fertility Regulation Practices: Findings from Qualitative Research in Ghana. Marston, C.; Renedo, A.; Nsorma Nyaaba, G.; Machiyama, K; Tapsoba, P.; Cleland, J. International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 2018;

A randomized controlled trial of an intervention delivered by mobile phone app instant messaging to increase the acceptability of effective contraception among young people in Tajikistan. McCarthy, O.; Ahamed, I.; Kulaeva, F.; Tokhirov, R.; Saibov, S.; Vandewiele, M.; Standaert, S.; Leurent, B.; Edwards, P.; Palmer, M.; Free, C.; Reprod Health, 2018; 15(1):28

Evaluating the impact of DREAMS on HIV incidence among young women who sell sex: protocol for a non-randomised study in Zimbabwe. Hensen, B.; Hargreaves, J.R.; Chiyaka, T.; Chabata, S.; Mushati, P.; Floyd, S.; Birdthistle, I.; Busza, J.; Cowan, F.; BMC Public Health, 2018; 18(1):203

Association of the Paediatric Admission Quality of Care score with mortality in Kenyan hospitals: a validation study. Opondo, C.; Allen, E.; Todd, J.; English, M.; Lancet Glob Health, 2018; 6(2):e203-e210

"He was no longer listening to me": A qualitative study in six Sub-Saharan African countries exploring next-of-kin perspectives on caring following the death of a relative from AIDS. Ssekubugu, R.; RENJU, J.; ZABA, B.; SEELEY, J.; Bukenya, D.; Ddaaki, W.; Moshabela, M.; Wamoyi, J.; MCLEAN, E.; Ondenge, K.; Skovdal, M.; Wringeg, A; AIDS Care, 2018;1-7

Pneumococcal carriage in households in Karonga District, Malawi, before and after introduction of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccination. Heinsbroek, E.; Tafatatha, T.; Phiri, A.; Swarthout, T.D.; Alaerts, M.; Crampin, A.C.; Chisambo, C.; Mwiba, O.; Read, J.M.; French, N. Vaccine, 2018; 36(48):7369-7376.

Worldwide fertility declines do not rely on stopping at ideal parities. Hruschka, D.J.; Sear, R.; Hackman, J.; Drake, A; Popul Stud (Camb), 2018; 24:1-17.

Trends in the socioeconomic patterning of overweight/obesity in India: a repeated cross-sectional study using nationally representative data. Luhar, S; Mallinson, P.A.C; Clarke, L; Kinra, S; BMJ Open, 2018; 8(10):e023935.

Successes and challenges in optimizing the viral load cascade to improve antiretroviral therapy adherence and rationalize second‐line switches in Swaziland. Etoori, D.; Ciglenecki, I.; Ndlangamandla, M.; Edwards, C.G.; Jobanputra, K.; Pasipamire, M.; Maphalala, G.; Yang, C.; Zabsonre, I.; Kabore, S.M.; Goiri, J.; Teck, R.; Kerschberger, B.; J Int AIDS Soc, 2018; 21(10):e25194

Method-Specific Attributes that Influence Choice of Future Contraception Among Married Women in Nairobi's Informal Settlements. Mumah, J.N.; Casterline, J.B.; MACHIYAMA, K.; Wamukoya, M.; Kabiru, C.W.; CLELAND, J.; Stud Fam Plann, 2018; 49(3):279-292

Factors influencing satisfaction with oral contraceptive pills and injectables among past users in Kenya. Odwe, G.; Mumah, J.; Obare, F.; Wamukoya, M.; MACHIYAMA, K.; CLELAND, J.; Casterline, J.; J Biosoc Sci, 2018; :1-14


Cohort Profile: The HIV Atlanta Veterans Affairs Cohort Study (HAVACS). Guest, J.L.; Moanna, A.; Schlueter Wirtz, S.; Caruth, E.C.; RENTSCH, C.; Marconi, V.C.; Rimland, D.; Int J Epidemiol, 2017; 46(5):172

Characterization of hunter-gatherer networks and implications for cumulative culture. Migliano, A.B.; Page, A.E.; Gómez-Gardeñes, J.; Salali, G.D.; Viguier, S.; Dyble, M.; Thompson, J.; Chaudhary, N.; Smith, D.; Strods, J.; Mace, R.; Thomas, M.G.; Latora, V.; Vinicius, L. Nature Human Behaviour, 2017;

Cooperation and the evolution of hunter-gatherer storytelling. Smith, D.; Schlaepfer, P.; Major, K.; Dyble, M.; Page, A.E.; Thompson, J.; Chaudhary, N.; Salali, G.D.; Mace, R.; Astete, L.; Ngales, M.; Vinicius, L.; Migliano, A.B.;  Nat Commun, 2017; 8(1):1853

Improving the Measurement of Fertility Regulation Practices: Findings from Qualitative Research in Ghana. Marston, C.; Renedo, A.; Nyaaba, G.N.; Machiyama, K.; Tapsoba, P.; Cleland, J.; Int Perspect Sex Reprod Health, 2017; 43(3):111-119

Physical partner violence, women’s economic status and help-seeking behaviour in Dar es Salaam and Mbeya, Tanzania. Vyas, S.; Mbwambo, J.; Glob Health Action, 2017; 10(1):1290426

Identifying gaps in HIV policy and practice along the HIV care continuum: evidence from a national policy review and health facility surveys in urban and rural Kenya. Cawley C, McRobie E, Oti S, Njamwea B, Nyaguara A, Odhiambo F, Otieno F, Njage M, Shoham T, Church K, Mee P, Todd J, Zaba B, Reniers G, Wringe A. Health Policy Plan. 2017 Nov 1;32(9):1316-1326. doi: 10.1093/heapol/czx091

From policy to practice: exploring the implementation of antiretroviral therapy access and retention policies between 2013 and 2016 in six sub-Saharan African countries. Ambia, J; Renju, J; Wringe, A; Todd, J; Geubbels, E; Nakiyingi-Miiro, J; Urassa, M; Lutalo, T; Crampin, AC; Kwaro, D; Kyobutungi, C; Chimbindi, N; Gomez-Olive, FX; Tlhajoane, M; Njamwea, B; Zaba, B; Mee, P; (2017). BMC Health Serv Res, 17 (1). p. 758. ISSN 1472-6963 DOI:

The role of community health workers in improving HIV treatment outcomes in children: lessons learned from the ZENITH trial in Zimbabwe. Busza, J.; Dauya, E.; Bandason, T.; Simms, V.; Chikwari, C.D.; Makamba, M.; Mchugh, G.; Munyati, S.; Chonzi, P.; Ferrand, R.A.; Health Policy Plan, 2018.

The effectiveness of smoking cessation, physical activity/diet and alcohol reduction interventions delivered by mobile phones for the prevention of non-communicable diseases: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Palmer, M. ; Sutherland, J.; Barnard, S.; Wynne, A.; Rezel, E.; Doel, A.; Grigsby-Duffy, L.; Edwards, S.; Russell, S.; Hotopf, E.; Perel, P.; Free, C.; PLoS One, 2018; 13(1):e0189801

Who Meets the Contraceptive Needs of Young Women in Sub-Saharan Africa? Radovich, E.; Dennis, M.L.; Wong, K.L.M.; Ali, M.; Lynch, C.A.; Cleland, J.; Owolabi, O.; Lyons-Amos, M.; Benova, L.; J Adolesc Health, 2017

eSexual health interventions: promising, but more evidence needed. Wellings, K.; Mehl, G.L.; Free, C.J.; Lancet Public Health, 2017; 2(4):e162-e163

Hospitalisation trends in India from serial cross-sectional nationwide surveys: 1995 to 2014. Pandey, A.; Ploubidis, G.B.; Clarke, L.; Dandona, L.; BMJ Open, 2017; 7(12):e014188

Internet-accessed sexually transmitted infection (e-STI) testing and results service: A randomised, single-blind, controlled trial. Wilson, E.; Free, C.; Morris, T.P.; Syred, J.; Ahamed, I.; Menon-Johansson, A.S.; Palmer, M.J.; Barnard, S.; Rezel, E.; Baraitser, P.; PLoS Med, 2017; 14(12):e1002479

An Intervention Delivered by App Instant Messaging to Increase Acceptability and Use of Effective Contraception Among Young Women in Bolivia: Protocol of a Randomized Controlled Trial. McCarthy, O.L.; Osorio Calderon, V.; Makleff, S.; Huaynoca, S.; Leurent, B.; Edwards, P.; Lopez Gallardo, J.; Free, C.; JMIR Res Protoc, 2017; 6(12):e252

“My mother told me that I should not”: a qualitative study exploring the restrictions placed on adolescent girls living with HIV in Zambia. Mackworth-Young, C.R.; Bond, V.; Wringe, A.; Konayuma, K.; Clay, S.; Chiiya, C.; Chonta, M.; Sievwright, K.; Stangl, A.L.; J Int AIDS Soc, 2017; 20(4)

Process evaluation of a mobile phone-based intervention to support post-abortion contraception in Cambodia. Smith, C.; Ly, S.; Uk, V.; Warnock, R.; Edwards, P.; Free, C.; Contracept Reprod Med, 2017; 2:16

Assessing loss to follow-up in the MObile Technology for Improved Family Planning (MOTIF) randomised controlled trial. Smith, C.; Jarvis, C.; Free, C.; Trials, 2017; 18(1):577

Socio-demographic determinants of the severity of locomotor disability among adults in Bangladesh: a cross-sectional study, December 2010-February 2011. Mahmud, I.; Clarke, L.; Ploubidis, G.B.; Arch Public Health, 2017; 75:47

Heterosexual Practices Among Young People in Britain: Evidence From Three National Surveys of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles. Lewis, R.; Tanton, C.; Mercer, C.H.; Mitchell, K.R.; Palmer, M.; Macdowall, W.; Wellings, K.; J Adolesc Health, 2017; 61(6):694-702

The effect of community-based support for caregivers on the risk of virological failure in children and adolescents with HIV in Harare, Zimbabwe (ZENITH): an open-label, randomised controlled trial. Ferrand, R.A.; Simms, V.; Dauya, E.; Bandason, T.; Mchugh, G.; Mujuru, H.; Chonzi, P.; Busza, J.; Kranzer, K.; Munyati, S.; Weiss, H.A.; Hayes, R.J.;  Lancet Child Adolesc Health, 2017; 1(3):175-183

Point-of-contact Interactive Record Linkage (PIRL): A software tool to prospectively link demographic surveillance and health facility data [version 1; referees: awaiting peer review]. Rentsch CT, Kabudula CW, Catlett J, Beckles D, Machemba R, Mtenga B, Masilela N, Michael D, Natalis R, Urassa M, Todd J, Zaba B, and Reniers G. Gates Open Research (2017), 1:8 (doi: 10.12688/gatesopenres.12751.1)

The Network for Analysing Longitudinal Population-based HIV/AIDS data on Africa (ALPHA): Data on mortality, by HIV status and stage on the HIV care continuum, among the general population in seven longitudinal studies between 1989 and 2014. Slaymaker E, McLean E, Wringe A, Calvert C, Marston M, Reniers G, Kabudula CW, Crampin A, Price A, Michael D, Urassa M, Kwaro D, Sewe M, Eaton JW, Rhead R, Nakiyingi-Miiro J, Lutalo T, Nabukalu D, Herbst K, Hosegood V, and Zaba B. Gates Open Research (2017), 1:4 (doi: 10.12688/gatesopenres.12753.1)

Tuberculosis mortality and the male survival deficit in rural South Africa: An observational community cohort study. Reniers G, Blom S, Lieber J, Herbst AJ, Calvert C, Bor J, Barnighausen T, Zaba B, Li ZR, Clark SJ, Grant AD, Lessells R, Eaton JW, and Hosegood V (2017). PLoS ONE12(10): e0185692.

The relationship between HIV and fertility in the era of antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from 49 Demographic and Health Surveys. Marston, M; Zaba, B; Eaton, JW; (2017). Tropical medicine & international health. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: 10.1111/tmi.12983

Changes in Fertility at the Population Level in the Era of ART in Rural Malawi. McLean, E; Price, A; Chihana, M; Kayuni, N; Marston, M; Koole, O; Zaba, B; Crampin, A; ALPHA Network; (2017). Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999), 75 (4). pp. 391-398. ISSN 1525-4135 DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001395

‘I wanted to safeguard the baby’: a qualitative study to understand the experiences of Option B+ for pregnant women and the potential implications for ‘test-and-treat’ in four sub-Saharan African settings. McLean, E; Renju, J; Wamoyi, J; Bukenya, D; Ddaaki, W; Church, K; Zaba, B; Wringe, A; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052972

Understanding the relationship between couple dynamics and engagement with HIV care services: insights from a qualitative study in Eastern and Southern Africa. Wamoyi, J; Renju, J; Moshabela, M; McLean, E; Nyato, D; Mbata, D; Bonnington, O; Seeley, J; Church, K; Zaba, B; Wringe, A; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052976

HIV testing experiences and their implications for patient engagement with HIV care and treatment on the eve of ‘test and treat’: findings from a multicountry qualitative study. Wringe, A; Moshabela, M; Nyamukapa, C; Bukenya, D; Ondenge, K; Ddaaki, W; Wamoyi, J; Seeley, J; Church, K; Zaba, B; Hosegood, V; Bonnington, O; Skovdal, M; Renju, J; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052969

Bottlenecks to HIV care and treatment in sub-Saharan Africa: a multi-country qualitative study. Wringe, A; Renju, J; Seeley, J; Moshabela, M; Skovdal, M; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2017-053172

Changing forms of HIV-related stigma along the HIV care and treatment continuum in sub-Saharan Africa: a temporal analysis. Bonnington, O; Wamoyi, J; Ddaaki, W; Bukenya, D; Ondenge, K; Skovdal, M; Renju, J; Moshabela, M; Wringe, A; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052975

‘I am treated well if I adhere to my HIV medication’: putting patient-provider interactions in context through insights from qualitative research in five sub-Saharan African countries. Ondenge, K; Renju, J; Bonnington, O; Moshabela, M; Wamoyi, J; Nyamukapa, C; Seeley, J; Wringe, A; Skovdal, M; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052973

Using theories of practice to understand HIV-positive persons varied engagement with HIV services: a qualitative study in six Sub-Saharan African countries. Skovdal, M; Wringe, A; Seeley, J; Renju, J; Paparini, S; Wamoyi, J; Moshabela, M; Ddaaki, W; Nyamukapa, C; Ondenge, K; Bernays, S; Bonnington, O; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052977

‘Side effects’ are ‘central effects’ that challenge retention in HIV treatment programmes in six sub-Saharan African countries: a multicountry qualitative study. Renju, J; Moshabela, M; McLean, E; Ddaaki, W; Skovdal, M; Odongo, F; Bukenya, D; Wamoyi, J; Bonnington, O; Seeley, J; Zaba, B; Wringe, A; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052971

Linkage to HIV care after home-based HIV counselling and testing in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review. Ruzagira, E; Baisley, K; Kamali, A; Biraro, S; Grosskurth, H; Wringe, A; Working Group on Linkage to HIV Care; (2017). Tropical medicine & international health. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: 10.1111/tmi.12888

Scaling a waterfall: a meta-ethnography of adolescent progression through the stages of HIV care in sub-Saharan Africa. Williams, S; Renju, J; Ghilardi, L; Wringe, A; (2017) J. Int AIDS Soc, 20 (1). pp. 1-17. ISSN 1758-2652 DOI: 10.7448/IAS.20.1.21922

A qualitative study exploring the social and environmental context of recently acquired HIV infection among men who have sex with men in South-East England. Gourlay, A; Fox, J; Gafos, M; Fidler, S; Nwokolo, N; Clarke, A; Gilson, R; Orkin, C; Collins, S; Porter, K; Hart, G; (2017). BMJ Open, 7 (8). e016494. ISSN 2044-6055 DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-016494

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus Continuum of Care in European Union Countries in 2013: Data and Challenges. Gourlay, A; Noori, T; Pharris, A; Axelsson, M; Costagliola, D; Cowan, S; Croxford, S; d’Arminio Monforte, A; Del Amo, J; Delpech, V; Díaz, A; Girardi, E; Gunsenheimer-Bartmeyer, B; Hernando, V; Jose, S; Leierer, G; Nikolopoulos, G; Obel, N; Op de Coul, E; Paraskeva, D; Reiss, P; Sabin, C; Sasse, A; Schmid, D; Sonnerborg, A; Spina, A; Suligoi, B; Supervie, V; Touloumi, G; Van Beckhoven, D; van Sighem, A; Vourli, G; Zangerle, R; Porter, K; European HIV Continuum of Care Working Group; (2017). Clinical infectious diseases, 64 (12). pp. 1644-1656. ISSN 1058-4838 DOI: 10.1093/cid/cix212

Towards standardised definitions for monitoring the continuum of HIV care in Europe. Gourlay, A; Pharris, AM; Noori, T; Supervie, V; Rosinska, M; van Sighem, A; Touloumi, G; Porter, K; (2017). AIDS (London, England). ISSN 0269-9370 DOI: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000001597

“It is good to take her early to the doctor” – mothers’ understanding of childhood pneumonia symptoms and health care seeking in Kilimanjaro region, Tanzania. Muro, F; Meta, J; Renju, J; Mushi, A; Mbakilwa, H; Olomi, R; Reyburn, H; Hildenwall, H; (2017). BMC Int Health Hum Rights, 17 (1). p. 27. ISSN 1472-698X DOI: 10.1186/s12914-017-0135-1

Implementation effectiveness of revised (post-2010) World Health Organization guidelines on prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV using routinely collected data in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic literature review. Gumede-Moyo, S; Filteau, S; Munthali, T; Todd, J; Musonda, P; (2017). Medicine, 96 (40). e8055. ISSN 0025-7974 DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000008055

Elevated blood pressure and correlates in a cohort of HIV-infected adults who started antiretroviral therapy when undernourished. PrayGod, G; Changalucha, J; Kapiga, S; Todd, J; Filteau, S; Peck, R; (2017). Journal of clinical hypertension (Greenwich, Conn). ISSN 1524-6175 DOI: 10.1111/jch.13031

Pediatric HIV care and treatment services in Tanzania: implications for survival. Somi, G; Majigo, M; Manyahi, J; Nondi, J; Agricola, J; Sambu, V; Todd, J; Rwebembera, A; Makyao, N; Ramadhani, A; Matee, M; (2017). BMC Health Serv Res, 17 (1). p. 540. ISSN 1472-6963 DOI: 10.1186/s12913-017-2492-9

Provider and lay perspectives on intra-uterine contraception: a global review. Daniele, MAS; Cleland, J; Benova, L; Ali, M; (2017). Reprod Health, 14 (1). p. 119. ISSN 1742-4755 DOI: 10.1186/s12978-017-0380-8

Supportive families versus support from families: The decision to have a child in the Netherlands. Schaffnit, SB; Sear, R; (2017). Demographic Research, 37. pp. 417-453. ISSN 1435-9871 DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2017.37.14

Local environmental quality positively predicts breastfeeding in the UK’s Millennium Cohort Study. Streeter, LJ; Sear, R; (2017). Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health, 2017 (1). pp. 120-135. DOI: 10.1093/emph/eox011

A randomised controlled trial of an intervention delivered by app instant messaging to increase the acceptability of effective contraception among young people in Tajikistan: study protocol. McCarthy, O; Leurent, B; Edwards, P; Tokhirov, R; Free, C; (2017). BMJ Open, 7 (9). e017606. ISSN 2044-6055 DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017606

An intervention delivered by text message to increase the acceptability of effective contraception among young women in Palestine: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. McCarthy, OL; Wazwaz, O; Jado, I; Leurent, B; Edwards, P; Adada, S; Stavridis, A; Free, C; (2017). Trials, 18 (1). p. 454. ISSN 1745-6215 DOI: 10.1186/s13063-017-2191-1

Impact of the 13-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine on Clinical and Hypoxemic Childhood Pneumonia over Three Years in Central Malawi: An Observational Study. McCollum, ED; Nambiar, B; Deula, R; Zadutsa, B; Bondo, A; King, C; Beard, J; Liyaya, H; Mankhambo, L; Lazzerini, M; Makwenda, C; Masache, G; Bar-Zeev, N; Kazembe, PN; Mwansambo, C; Lufesi, N; Costello, A; Armstrong, B; Colbourn, T; (2017). PLoS One, 12 (1). e0168209. ISSN 1932-6203 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0168209

Experiences in running a complex electronic data capture system using mobile phones in a large-scale population trial in southern Nepal. Style, S; Beard, BJ; Harris-Fry, H; Sengupta, A; Jha, S; Shrestha, BP; Rai, A; Paudel, V; Thondoo, M; Pulkki-Brannstrom, AM; Skordis-Worrall, J; Manandhar, DS; Costello, A; Saville, NM; (2017). Global health action, 10 (1). p. 1330858. ISSN 1654-9716 DOI: 10.1080/16549716.2017.1330858

Smartphone tool to collect repeated 24 h dietary recall data in Nepal. Harris-Fry, H. ; Beard, B.J. ; Harrisson, T. ; Paudel, P. ; Shrestha, N. ; Jha, S. ; Shrestha, B.P. ; Manandhar, D.S. ; Costello, A. ; Saville, N.M. (2017). Public health nutrition. pp. 1-13.

Support for new mothers and fertility in the United Kingdom: Not all support is equal in the decision to have a second child. Schaffnit, SB; Sear, R; (2017). Population studies. pp. 1-17. ISSN 0032-4728 DOI: 10.1080/00324728.2017.1349924

Feasibility of assessing the safety and effectiveness of menstrual regulation medications purchased from pharmacies in Bangladesh: a prospective cohort study. Footman, K; Scott, R; Taleb, F; Dijkerman, S; Nuremowla, S; Reiss, K; Church, K; (2017). Contraception. ISSN 0010-7824 DOI: 10.1016/j.contraception.2017.08.002

Evolutionary public health: introducing the concept. Wells, JCK; Nesse, RM; Sear, R; Johnstone, RA; Stearns, SC; (2017). Lancet, 390 (10093). pp. 500-509. ISSN 0140-6736 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30572-X

Marital status and sleeping arrangements predict salivary testosterone in rural Gambian men. Lawson, D.W., Núñez-de la Mora, A, Cooper, G.D., Prentice, A, Moore, S.E. & Sear, R. (2017). Adaptive Human Behavior & Physiology

Population growth, employment, and livelihoods: the triple challenge. Cleland J (2017). Journal of Demographic Economics 83:51-61.

Prospects for accelerated fertility decline in Africa. Cleland J. (2017). Journal of Population and Sustainability: 1 (2):37-66.

‘We identify, discuss, act and promise to prevent similar deaths’: a qualitative study of Ethiopia’s Maternal Death Surveillance and Response system. Abebe, B; Busza, J; Hadush, A; Usmael, A; Zeleke, AB; Sita, S; Hailu, S; Graham, WJ; (2017). BMJ Glob Health, 2 (2). e000199. ISSN 2059-7908 DOI: 10.1136/bmjgh-2016-000199

Mobile phone text messaging to improve medication adherence in secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Adler, AJ; Martin, N; Mariani, J; Tajer, CD; Owolabi, OO; Free, C; Serrano, NC; Casas, JP; Perel, P; (2017). Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 4. CD011851. ISSN 1469-493X DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD011851.pub2

Where are we now? A multicountry qualitative study to explore access to pre-antiretroviral care services: a precursor to antiretroviral therapy initiation. Bukenya, D; Wringe, A; Moshabela, M; Skovdal, M; Ssekubugu, R; Paparini, S; Renju, J; McLean, E; Bonnington, O; Wamoyi, J; Seeley, J; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections. ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052970

Good news for sex workers in Zimbabwe: how a court order improved safety in the absence of decriminalization. Busza, J; Mtetwa, S; Fearon, E; Hofisi, D; Mundawarara, T; Yekeye, R; Magure, T; Mugurungi, O; Cowan, F; (2017). J Int AIDS Soc, 20 (1). pp. 1-3. ISSN 1758-2652 DOI: 10.7448/IAS.20.1.21860

Feasibility of Establishing HIV Case-Based Surveillance to Measure Progress Along the Health Sector Cascade: Situational Assessments in Tanzania, South Africa, and Kenya. Harklerode, R; Schwarcz, S; Hargreaves, J; Boulle, A; Todd, J; Xueref, S; Rice, B; (2017). JMIR Public Health Surveill, 3 (3). e44. ISSN 2369-2960 DOI: 10.2196/publichealth.7610

Physical activity and associated factors from a cross-sectional survey among adults in northern Tanzania. John, B; Todd, J; Mboya, I; Mosha, M; Urassa, M; Mtuy, T; (2017). BMC Public Health, 17 (1). p. 588. ISSN 1471-2458 DOI: 10.1186/s12889-017-4512-4

Reasons for unmet need for family planning, with attention to the measurement of fertility preferences: protocol for a multi-site cohort study. Machiyama, K; Casterline, JB; Mumah, JN; Huda, FA; Obare, F; Odwe, G; Kabiru, CW; Yeasmin, S; Cleland, J; (2017). Reprod Health, 14 (1). p. 23. ISSN 1742-4755 DOI: 10.1186/s12978-016-0268-z

Consequences of maternal morbidity on health-related functioning: a systematic scoping review. Machiyama, K; Hirose, A; Cresswell, JA; Barreix, M; Chou, D; Kostanjsek, N; Say, L; Filippi, V; (2017). BMJ Open, 7 (6). e013903. ISSN 2044-6055 DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013903

Fertility intentions and contraceptive practices among clinic-users living with HIV in Kenya: a mixed methods study. Mayhew, SH; Colombini, M; Kimani, JK; Tomlin, K; Warren, CE; Integra Initiative; Mutemwa, R; (2017). BMC Public Health, 17 (1). p. 626. ISSN 1471-2458 DOI: 10.1186/s12889-017-4514-2

Prevalence,awareness and factors associated with hypertension in North West Tanzania. Mosha, NR; Mahande, M; Juma, A; Mboya, I; Peck, R; Urassa, M; Michael, D; Todd, J; (2017). Global health action, 10 (1). p. 1321279. ISSN 1654-9716 DOI: 10.1080/16549716.2017.1321279

Sustained 10-year gain in adult life expectancy following antiretroviral therapy roll-out in rural Malawi: July 2005 to June 2014. Price, AJ; Glynn, J; Chihana, M; Kayuni, N; Floyd, S; Slaymaker, E; Reniers, G; Zaba, B; McLean, E; Kalobekamo, F; Koole, O; Nyirenda, M; Crampin, AC; (2017). International journal of epidemiology, 46 (2). pp. 479-491. ISSN 0300-5771 DOI: 10.1093/ije/dyw208

Delaying first birth: an analysis of household survey data from rural Southern Tanzania. Sedekia, Y; Nathan, R; Church, K; Temu, S; Hanson, C; Schellenberg, J; Marchant, T; (2017). BMC Public Health, 17 (1). p. 134. ISSN 1471-2458 DOI: 10.1186/s12889-017-4069-2

Impact of Integrated Services on HIV Testing: A Nonrandomized Trial among Kenyan Family Planning Clients. Church, K; Warren, CE; Birdthistle, I; Ploubidis, GB; Tomlin, K; Zhou, W; Kimani, J; Abuya, T; Ndwiga, C; Sweeney, S; Mayhew, SH; Integra Initiative. Stud Fam Plann. (2017), ISSN 1728-4465 DOI: 10.1111/sifp.12022

Marital violence and sexually transmitted infections among women in post-revolution Egypt. Vyas, Seema. Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare (2017),

Women’s views and experiences of a mobile phone-based intervention to support post-abortion contraception in Cambodia. Smith C, Ly S, Uk V, Warnock R and Free C; Reproductive Health 201714:72

Process evaluation of a mobile phone-based intervention to support post-abortion contraception in Cambodia. Smith C, Ly S, Uk V, Warnock R, Edwards P, Free C; Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2017; 2:16

Increasing contraception use with mobile phone-based interventions. Smith C. PhD (research paper style) thesis (2017), London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.

The promotion of intra-uterine contraception in low- and middle-income countries: a narrative review. Cleland, J.; Ali, M.; Benova, L.; Daniele, M.; Contraception, 2017

A qualitative study of the determinants of HIV guidelines implementation in two south-eastern districts of Tanzania. Mwangome, M.N.; Geubbels, E.; Wringe, A.; Todd, J.; Klatser, P.; Dieleman, M.; Health Policy Plan, 2017

CLINICAL outcomes and loss to follow-up among people living with HIV participating in the NAMWEZA intervention in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: a prospective cohort study. Siril, H.N.; Kaaya, S.F.; Smith Fawzi, M.K.; Mtisi, E.; Somba, M.; Kilewo, J.; Mugusi, F.; Minja, A.; Kaale, A.; TODD, J.; AIDS Res Ther, 2017; 14(1):18

HIV policy implementation in two health and demographic surveillance sites in Uganda: findings from a national policy review, health facility surveys and key informant interviews. McRobie E, Wringe A, Nakiyingi-Miiro J, Kiweewa F, Lutalo T, Nakigozi G, Todd J, Eaton JW, Zaba B, and Church K. Implementation Science 2017; 12:47.

The effects of HIV on fertility by infection duration: evidence from African population cohorts before antiretroviral treatment availability. Marston M., Nakiyingi-Miiro J., Kusemererwa S, Urassa M., Michael D., Nyamukapa C., Gregson S., Zaba B., Eaton J.W.; ALPHA network.  AIDS 2017 Apr;31 Suppl 1:S69-S76.

Identifying gaps in HIV service delivery across the diagnosis-to-treatment cascade: Findings from health facility surveys in six sub-Saharan countries. Church K., Machiyama K., Todd J., Njamwea B., Mwangome M., Hosegood V., Michel J., Oti S., Nyamukapa C., Crampin A., Amek N., Nakigozi G., Michael D., Xavier Gómez-Olivé F., Nakiyingi-Miiro J., Zaba B., Wringe A. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2017, 20:21188.

The HIV care cascade among female sex workers in Zimbabwe: results of a population-based survey from the Sisters Antiretroviral therapy Programme for Prevention of HIV, an Integrated Response (SAPPH-IRe) Trial. Cowan, F.M.; Davey, C.B.; Fearon, E.; Mushati, P.; Dirawo, J.; Cambiano, V.; Napierala Mavedzenge, S.; Hanisch, D.; Wong-Gruenwald, R.; Chemhuru, M.; Masuka, N.; Hatzold, K.; Mugurungi, O.; Busza, J.; Philips, A.N.; Hargreaves, J.R. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr, 2017; 74(4):375-382

Sociology as a Population Science. Cleland, J. ; Popul Stud (Camb), 2017; 71(1):133-134

Maternal systemic or cord blood inflammation is associated with birth anthropometry in a Tanzanian prospective cohort. Wilkinson, A.L.; Pedersen, S.H.; Urassa, M.; Michael, D.; Andreasen, A.; Todd, J.; Kinung’hi, S.M.; Changalucha, J.; McDermid, J.M.; Trop Med Int Health, 2017; 22(1):52-62

Is “Sexual Competence” at First Heterosexual Intercourse Associated With Subsequent Sexual Health Status? Palmer M.J.; Clarke, L.; Ploubidis, G.B.; Mercer, C.H.; Gibson, L.J.; Johnson, A.M.; Copas, A.J.; Wellings, K.; J Sex Res, 2017; 54(1):91-104

Dysglycemia associations with adipose tissue among HIV-infected patients after 2 years of antiretroviral therapy in Mwanza: a follow-up cross-sectional study. PrayGod, G. ; Changalucha, J. ; Kapiga, S. ; Peck, R. ; Todd, J. ; Filteau, S. ; BMC Infect Dis, 2017; 17(1):103


“Child! Now you are”: Identity Registration, Labor, and the Definition of Childhood in Colonial Tanganyika, 1910–1950. Walters, S. The journal of the history of childhood and youth, 2016.9(1):66

Safetxt: a pilot randomised controlled trial of an intervention delivered by mobile phone to increase safer sex behaviours in young people. McCarthy, O.L.; French, R.S.; Baraitser, P.; Roberts, I.; Rathod, S.D.; Devries, K.; Bailey, J.V.; Edwards, P.; Wellings, K.; Michie, S.; Free, C.; BMJ Open, 2016; 6(12):e013045

Overlapping HIV and sex-work stigma among female sex workers recruited to 14 respondent-driven sampling surveys across Zimbabwe, 2013. Hargreaves, J.R.; Busza, J.; Mushati, P.; Fearon, E.; Cowan, F.M.; AIDS Care, 2016; :1-11

Probabilistic Cause-of-death Assignment using Verbal Autopsies. McCormick, T.H.; Li, Z.R.; Calvert, C.; Crampin, A.C.; Kahn, K.; Clark, S.J.; J Am Stat Assoc, 2016; 111(515):1036-1049

Trends in the burden of HIV mortality after roll-out of antiretroviral therapy in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: an observational community cohort study. Reniers, G.; Blom, S.; Calvert, C.; Martin-Onraet, A.; Herbst, A.J.; Eaton, J.W.; Bor, J.; Slaymaker, E.; Li, Z.R.; Clark, S.J.; Bärnighausen, T.; Zaba, B.; Hosegood, V.; Lancet HIV, 2016

The HIV care cascade among female sex workers in Zimbabwe: results of a population-based survey from the Sisters Antiretroviral therapy Programme for Prevention of HIV, an Integrated Response (SAPPH-IRe) Trial. Cowan, F.M.; Davey, C.; Fearon, E.; Mushati, P.; Dirawo, J.; Cambiano, V.; Mavedzenge, S.N.; Hanisch, D.; Wong-Gruenwald, R.; Chemhuru, M.; Masuka, N.; Hatzold, K.; Mugurungi, O.; Busza, J.; Phillips, A.; Hargreaves, J.R.; J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr, 2016

A New Niche? The Theory of Grandfather Involvement. Coall, D.A.; Hilbrand, S.; Sear, R.; Hertwig, R. in ‘Grandfathers: Global Perspectives’ Buchanan, Ann; Rotkirch, Anna (2016) Palgrave Macmillan UK (London) :21-44

Father absence but not fosterage predicts food insecurity, relative poverty, and poor child health in northern Tanzania. Lawson, D.W.; Schaffnit, S.B.; Hassan, A.; Ngadaya, E.; Ngowi, B.; Mfinanga, S.G.; James, S.; Borgerhoff Mulder, M.; Am J Hum Biol, 2016;

Variability of respiratory rate measurements in children suspected with non-severe pneumonia in north-east Tanzania. Muro, F.; Mosha, N.; Hildenwall, H.; Mtei, F.; Harrison, N.; Schellenberg, D.; Olomi, R.; Reyburn, H.; Todd, J. Trop Med Int Health, 2016;

The Reproductive Ecology of Industrial Societies, Part I : Why Measuring Fertility Matters. Stulp, G.; Sear, R.; Barrett, L. Hum Nat, 2016

The Reproductive Ecology of Industrial Societies, Part II : The Association between Wealth and Fertility. Stulp, G.; Sear, R.; Schaffnit, S.B.; Mills, M.C.; Barrett, L.; Hum Nat, 2016

Maternal systemic or cord blood inflammation is associated with birth anthropometry in a Tanzanian prospective cohort. Wilkinson, A.L.; Pedersen, S.H.; Urassa, M.; Michael, D.; ANDREASEN, A.; TODD, J.; Kinung’hi, S.M.; Changalucha, J.; Mcdermid, J.M.; Trop Med Int Health, 2016

Addendum to: Can Internet-Based Sexual Health Services Increase Diagnoses of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI)? Protocol for a Randomized Evaluation of an Internet-Based STI Testing and Results Service. Wilson, E.; Free, C.; Morris, T.P.; Syred, J.; Baraitser, P.; Jmir Res Protoc, 2016; 5(3):E141

Alcohol-related diagnoses and all-cause hospitalization among HIV-Infected and uninfected patients: a longitudinal analysis of United States Veterans from 1997 to 2011. Rentsch, C.; Tate, J.P.; Akgün, K.M.; Crystal, S.; Wang, K.H.; Ryan Greysen, S.; Wang, E.A.; Bryant, K.J.; Fiellin, D.A.; Justice, A.C.; Rimland, D.; Aids Behav, 2016; 20(3):555-64

Reliability of reporting of HIV status and antiretroviral therapy usage during verbal autopsies: a large prospective study in rural Malawi. Mclean, E.M.; Chihana, M.; Mzembe, T.; Koole, O.; Kachiwanda, L.; Glynn, J.R.; Zaba, B.; Nyirenda, M.; Crampin, A.C.; Glob Health Action, 2016; 9:31084

Obligation to family during times of transition: care, support and the response to HIV and AIDS in rural South Africa. Knight, L.; Hosegood, V.; Timæus, I.M.; AIDS Care, 2016; :1-12

Response to Letters to the Editor from Irit Sinai “Standard Days Method Effectiveness: opinion disguised as scientific review” and Kelsey Wright, Karen Hardee, and John Townsend “The pitfalls of using selective data to represent the effectiveness, relevance and utility of the Standard Days Method of contraception”. Marston, C.; Church, K.; Contraception, 2016

Interventions to strengthen the HIV prevention cascade: a systematic review of reviews. Krishnaratne, S.; Hensen, B.; Cordes, J.; Enstone, J.; Hargreaves, J.R.; Lancet HIV, 2016; 3(7):e307-17

Impact of ART on the Fertility of HIV-Positive Women in Sub-Saharan Africa. Yeatman, S.; Eaton, J.W.; Beckles, Z.; Benton, L.; Gregson, S.; Zaba, B.; Trop Med Int Health, 2016;

Underage and underserved: reaching young women who sell sex in Zimbabwe. Busza, J.; Mtetwa, S.; Mapfumo, R.; Hanisch, D.; Wong-Gruenwald, R.; Cowan, F.; AIDS Care, 2016; 28 Suppl 2:14-20

Area-level mortality and morbidity predict ‘abortion proportion’ in England and Wales. Virgo, S.; Sear, R. Evolution and Human Behavior, 2016;

Unintended Childbearing and Child Growth in Northern Malawi. Baschieri, A.; Machiyama, K.; Floyd, S.; Dube, A.; Molesworth, A.; Chihana, M.; Glynn, J.R.; Crampin, A.C.; French, N.; Cleland, J.; Matern Child Health J, 2016;

Evaluation of a demand-creation intervention for couples’ HIV testing services among married or cohabiting individuals in Rakai, Uganda: a cluster-randomized intervention trial. Matovu, J.K.; Todd, J.; Wanyenze, R.K.; Kairania, R.; Serwadda, D.; Wabwire-Mangen, F.; BMC Infect Dis, 2016; 16(1):379

Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and calculated frax risk scores may underestimate osteoporotic fracture risk in vitamin d-deficient veterans with hiv infection. Stephens, K.I.; Rubinsztain, L.; Payan, J.; Rentsch, C.; Rimland, D.; Tangpricha, V.; Endocr Pract, 2016; 22(4):440-6

Baseline, Time-updated, and Cumulative HIV Care Metrics for Predicting Acute Myocardial Infarction and All-Cause Mortality. Salinas, J.L.; Rentsch, C.; Marconi, V.C.; Tate, J.; Budoff, M.; Butt, A.A.; Freiberg, M.S.; Gibert, C.L.; Goetz, M.B.; Leaf, D.; Rodriguez-Barradas, M.C.; Justice, A.C.; Rimland, D.; Clin Infect Dis, 2016;

Maternal obesity and caesarean delivery in Sub-Saharan Africa. Cresswell, J. A.; Campbell, O. M.; Silva, M. J.; Slaymaker, E.; Filippi, V.; Trop Med Int Health, 2016;

What would happen if UK residents stopped having babies? Timaeus, I.M Significance, 2016; 13(2):12

Does grandparental help mediate the relationship between kin presence and fertility? Snopkowski, K.; Sear, R. Demographic Research, 2016; 34:467-498

Do grandparents compete with or support their grandchildren? In Guatemala, paternal grandmothers may compete, and maternal grandmothers may cooperate. Sheppard, P.; Sear, R. R Soc Open Sci, 2016; 3(4):160069

The feasibility and acceptability of screening for hypertension in private drug retail outlets: a pilot study in Mwanza region, Tanzania. Michael, D.; Kezakubi, D.; Juma, A.; Todd, J. ; Reyburn, H. ; Renju, J.; Int Health, 2016;

Postpartum uptake of contraception in rural northern Malawi: a prospective study. Dasgupta, A.N.; Zaba, B.; Crampin, A.C.; Contraception, 2016;

Beyond the nuclear family: an evolutionary perspective on parenting. Sear, R. Current Opinion in Psychology, 2016; 7:98-103

Reply to Rieger and Wagner: Context matters when studying purportedly harmful cultural practices. Lawson, D.W.; James, S.; Ngadaya, E.; Ngowi, B.; Mfinanga, S.G.; Borgerhoff Mulder, ; Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2016;

Does grandparental help mediate the relationship between kin presence and fertility? Snopkowski, K.; Sear, R. Demographic Research, 2016; 34(17):467-498

Data Resource Profile: Network for Analysing Longitudinal Population-Based HIV/AIDS Data on Africa (Alpha Network). Reniers, G.; Wamukoya, M.; Urassa, M.; Nyaguara, A.; Nakiyingi-Miiro, J.; Lutalo, T.; Hosegood, V.; Gregson, S.; Gómez-Olivé, X.; Geubbels, E.; Crampin, A.C.; Wringe, A.; Waswa, L.; Tollman, S.; Todd, J.; Slaymaker, E.; Serwadda, D.; Price, A.; Oti, S.; Nyirenda, M.J.; Nabukalu, D.; Nyamukapa, C.; Nalugoda, F.; Mugurungi, O.; Mtenga, B.; Mills, L.; Michael, D.; Mclean, E.; Mcgrath, N.; Martin, E.; Marston, M.; Maquins, S.; Levira, F.; Kyobutungi, C.; Kwaro, D.; Kasamba, I.; Kanjala, C.; Kahn, K.; Kabudula, C.; Herbst, K.; Gareta, D.; Eaton, J.W.; Clark, S.J. ; Church, K.; Chihana, M.; Calvert, C.; Beguy, D.; Asiki, G.; Amri, S.; Abdul, R.; Zaba, B.; Int J Epidemiol, 2016;

Sending Children to School: rural livelihoods and parental investment in education in Northern Tanzania. Hedges, S.; Mulder, M.B.; James, S.; Lawson, D.W. Evolution and Human Behavior, 2016; 37(2):142-151

Does the evidence support global promotion of the calendar-based Standard Days Method® of contraception? Marston, C.A.; Church, K.; Contraception, 2016;

Wealth, fertility and adaptive behaviour in industrial populations. Stulp, G.; Barrett, L.; Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 2016; 371(1692)

What do men want? Re-examining whether men benefit from higher fertility than is optimal for women. Moya, C.; Snopkowski, K.; Sear, R.; Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 2016; 371(1692)

The offspring quantity-quality trade-off and human fertility variation. Lawson, D.W.; Borgerhoff Mulder, M.; Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 2016; 371(1692)

Understanding variation in human fertility: what can we learn from evolutionary demography? Sear, R.; Lawson, D.W.; Kaplan, H.; Shenk, M.K.; Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 2016; 371(1692)

Measuring the Impact of Antiretroviral Therapy Roll-Out on Population Level Fertility in Three African Countries. Marston, M.; Nakiyingi-Miiro, J.; Hosegood, V.; Lutalo, T.; Mtenga, B.; Zaba, B.; PLoS One, 2016; 11(3):e0151877

HIV policy and implementation: a national policy review and an implementation case study of a rural area of northern Malawi. Dasgupta, A.N.; Wringe, A.; Crampin, A.C.; Chisambo, C.; Koole, O.; Makombe, S.; Sungani, C.; Todd, J.; Church, K.; AIDS Care, 2016; :1-13

Short-term and long-term cardiovascular risk, metabolic syndrome and HIV in Tanzania. Kingery, J.R.; Alfred, Y.; Smart, L.R.; Nash, E.; Todd, J.; Naguib, M.R.; Downs, J.A.; Kalluvya, S.; Kataraihya, J.B.; Peck, R.N. Heart, 2016;

Why Demography Needs Psychologists. Pepper, G.; McAllister, L.; Sear, R. Psychologist, 2016; 29(1):26-29

Uptake of Services For Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission Of HIV in a Community Cohort in Rural Tanzania from 2005 To 2012. Gourlay, A.; Wringe, A.; Todd, J.; Cawley, C.; Michael, D.; Machemba, R.; Clark, B.; Masesa, C.; Marston, M.; Urassa, M.; Zaba, B. BMC Health Services Research, 2016; 16:9

Does the Evidence Support Global Promotion of the Abstinence-Based Standard Days method® of Contraception? Marston, C.A.; Church, K. Contraception, 2016;

Innovation in Evaluating the Impact of Integrated Service-Delivery: the Integra Indexes of HIV and Reproductive Health Integration. Mayhew, S.H.; Ploubidis, G.B.; Sloggett, A.; Church, K.; Obure, C.D.; Birdthistle, I.; Sweeney, S.; Warren, C.E.; Watts, C.; Vassall, A. PLoS One, 2016; 11(1):e0146694

Adult Life expectancy trends in the era of antiretroviral treatment in rural Uganda (1991-2012). Asiki, G.; Reniers, G.; Newton, R.; Baisley, K.; Nakiyingi-Miiro, J.; Slaymaker, E.; Kasamba, I.; Seeley, J.; Todd, J.; Kaleebu, P.; Kamali, A. AIDS, 2016; 30(3):487-93

Centre for Population Studies - Working Papers Archive

In this archive you will find a number of older working papers from the Centre for Population Studies (CPS) between the years 1979 and 2000. Some, but not all of these were subsequently published. Enjoy reading.

Paper Author Title  
00-1 Lockwood, M. Institutional and Cultural Determinants of Demand for Reproductive Health Services in sub-Saharan Africa: A review and implications for research  
99-1 Brass, W., Blacker, J. The Estimation of Infant Mortality from Proportions Dying among Recent Births  
97-2 Collumbien, M., Timæus, I. M., Acharya, L. The Onset of Fertility Decline in Nepal: A Reinterpretation  
97-1 Clarke, L., Joshi, H., Di Salvo, P., Wright, J. Stability and Instability in Children's Family Lives: Longitudinal Evidence from Two British Sources  
96-1 Muhwava, W., Timæus, I. M. Fertility Decline in Zimbabwe  
94-3 Zaba, B., David, P.H. The Concentration of Childhood Mortality Risk in Populations  
94-2 Zaba, B. The Demographic Impact of AIDS: Some stable population simulation results  
94-1 Sloggett, A ., Joshi, H., Clarke, L. Women's Smoking and Mortality in Britain: Linking Smoking Patterns, Socio-economic Factors and Mortality  
93-1 Macran, S. Role Enhancement or Role Overload? A review of research on the health consequences of women's domestic and paid work.  
91-2 Mercer, A. Support from a Spouse and Survival Differentials among Parents by Family Circumstances and Employment  
91-1 Fauveau. V., Wojtyniak, B. , Chowdhury, H.R., Sarder, A.M. Assessment of Cause of Death in the Matlab Demographic Surveillance System  
90-3 Simons, J. The Measurement of Subjective Rationales for Health-Related Behaviour  
90-2 Paget, W. J., Timæus, I. A Relational Gompertz Model of Male Fertility  
90-1 Timæus, I. Advances in the Measurement of Adult Mortality from Data on Orphanhood.  
89-4 Clarke, L. Children's Changing Circumstances: Recent trends and future prospects.  
89-3 Clarke, L., Eldridge, S. The Structure and Characteristics of Families: A review of the circumstances of children in the 1980s.  
89-2 Aoun, S. An Assessment of the Paired Comparison Procedure for Measuring Early Changes in Fertility in Syria, Tunisia and Yemen Arab Republic  
89-1 Zaba, B. Relational Models: their uses in demography.  
88-4 Timæus, I., Graham, W. Measuring Adult Mortality in Developing Countries: A Review and Assessment of Methods  
88-3 Wright, R.E., Hinde, P.R.A. The Dynamics of Female Labour Force Participation in Great Britain  
88-2 Aoun, S., Airey, P. Illustrative Application of the Use of Projected Parity Progression Ratios for the Analysis of Fertility  
88-1 Graham, W., Brass, W., Snow, R. Indirect Estimates of Maternal Mortality: The Sisterhood Method  
87-2 Aquirre, A., Hill, A.G. Childhood Mortality Estimates Using The Preceding Birth Technique: Some applications and extensions  
87-1 Hill, A.G., Kaufmann, G. A Review of Materials and Methods for the Study of Infant and Child Mortality in Africa  
86-3 Newell, M-L., Joshi, H. The Next Job after the First Baby: Occupational transition among women born in 1946  
86-2 Timæus, I., Graham, W. Labour Circulation, Marriage and Fertility in Southern Africa  
86-1 Newell, C. Spatial Variations in Fertility and Nuptiality in Britain: An historical perspective  
85-4 Ni Bhrolchain, M. Period Parity Progression Ratios and Birth Intervals in England and Wales, 1941-1971: A Synthetic Life Table Analysis  
85-3 Kiernan, K. The Departure of Children  
85-2 Timæus, I. An Evaluation of Methods for Estimating Adult Mortality from Two Sets of Data on Maternal Orphanhood  
85-1 Kiernan, K., Eldridge, S. A Demographic Analysis of First Marriages in England and Wales: 1950-1980  
84-3 Ni Bhrolchain, M. Paid Work and the Tempo of Childbearing: Longitudinal Evidence  
84-2 Murphy, M. The Association between Socio-Economic and Related Factors on Family Formation and Breakdown: Some Evidence from a British National Survey  
84-1 Joshi, H., Overton, E. The Female Labour Force in Britain 1971-1991  
83-5 Hill, A.G., Randall, S.C., Van den Eerenbeemt, M.L Infant and Child Mortality In Rural Mali  
83-4 Moser, K. Levels and Trends in Child and Adult Mortality in Peru  
83-3 Ni Bhrolchain, M. Birth Spacing and Women's Work: Some British Evidence  
83-2 Murphy, M.J., Sullivan, O. Housing Tenure and Fertility in Post-War Britain  
83-1 Ni Bhrolchain, M., Timæus, I. A General Approach to the Machine Handling of Event History Data with Special Reference to Employment Histories  
82-4 Hill, A.G. , Randall S.C., Sullivan O. The Mortality and Fertility of Farmers and Pastoralists in Central Mali 1950-1981  
82-3 Simons, J. Reproductive Behaviour as Religious Practice  
82-2 Murphy, M.J. Gompertz and Gompertz Relational Models for Forecasting Fertility: An Empirical Exploration  
82-1 Kiernan, K.E., Diamond, I. Family-of-Origin and Educational Influences on Age at First Birth: the Experience of a British Birth Cohort  
81-3 Joshi, H., Owen, S.J. Demographic Predictors of Women's Work Participation in Post-War Britain  
81-2 Zaba, B. Use of the Relational Gompertz Model in Analysing Fertility Data Collected in Retrospective Surveys  
81-1 Brass, W., Bamgboye, E.A. The Time Location of Reports of Survivorship: Estimates for Maternal and Paternal Orphanhood and the Ever-Widowed  
80-3 Ni Bhrolchain, M. Fertility and Female Employment What Relationship? A Review of Micro-Level Issues and Evidence  
80-2 Murphy, M.J. Extrapolation of Current Trends for Forecasting Population  
80-1 Joshi, H., Owen S., Layard, R. Working Women in Post-War Britain -Time Series Analysis of Cohorts. Preliminary Report  
79-1 Brass, W. Population Projections for Planning and Policy  


PSG events
Events list

The Population Studies Group (PSG) seminars are typically held once a month and feature research in progress from both internal and external speakers in the fields of demography, population studies and sexual and reproductive health research. The PSG seminars are open to the public and will be organised over Zoom until further notice.

Details on past and upcoming seminars are also available on LSHTM's Events webpage.

Please send an email to for further inquiries, or if you wish to receive email updates about events organised by the Population Studies Group.


Thursday 4 November 2021, 2PM-3PM
Co-hosted with the Centre for History in Public Health

Jenny Trinitapoli, Dept. Sociology, University of Chicago

Ten years in Balaka, Malawi: An excerpt from in-progress book manuscript, An Epidemic of Uncertainty


Tuesday 16 November 2021, 12.45PM-1.45PM

Abigail Page, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

Beyond the mother: Evolutionary perspectives on cooperative childrearing

Zoom link:


Tuesday 7 December 2021, 12.45PM-1.45PM

Ryohei Mogi, Department of Sociology, the Leverhulme Centre for Demographic Science, and Nuffield College at University of Oxford

Cross-sectional average length of life childless: An alternative index to study first birth trends

Zoom link: 


Thursday 21 January 2021, 12.45PM-1.45PM

Anushé Hassan, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (pre-viva seminar)

Parental care, allomothering and child health in north-western Tanzania: who cares for children and does it matter?


Monday 25 January 2021, 12.45PM-1.45PM

Judith Lieber, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (pre-viva seminar)

Changing family structures and their implications for support and health of the older population in India, with a focus on Tamil Nadu


Tuesday 16 February, 12.45PM-1.45PM

Ian Timæus, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

Imputation of full birth histories from census data: reviving a lost method for detailed fertility analysis


Tuesday 16 March, 12.45PM-1.45PM

Bruno Schoumaker, UC Louvain

Fertility stalls in sub-Saharan Africa: exploring the role of fertility changes in urban areas and capital cities.


Tuesday 20 April, 12.45PM-1.45PM

Tiziana Leone, London School of Economics

From Menarche to Menopause: timing the reproductive health bookends of women in LMICs


Tuesday 18 May, 12.45PM-1.45PM

Jason Hilton, University of Southampton

Forecasting Frontier Mortality with Generalised Additive Models


Tuesday 15 June, 12.45PM-1.45PM

Christiaan Monden, University of Oxford

Spillover-effects of offspring education: what is the evidence for a causal effect of children’s educational attainment on parents’ health and mortality?


Tuesday 27 July, 2PM-3PM 

MSc Student Final Project Showcase

Our MSc students, from MSc Demography & Health, and MSc Reproductive and Sexual Health Research, will present work in progress on their MSc summer research projects. These seminars are restricted to LSHTM staff and students.


8 October 2019 - 12.45pm, LG8

Chifundu Kanjala (LSHTM, pre-viva seminar)

Provenance of “after the fact” harmonised community-based demographic and HIV surveillance data from ALPHA cohorts


23 October 2019 - 12.45pm, LG80

Shammi Luhar (LSHTM, pre-viva seminar)

Trends in the socioeconomic patterning of overweight and obesity and predictions of the future diabetes prevalence in India


26 November 2019 - 12.45pm, LG80

Nikkil Sudharsanan (Assistant Professor – Heidelberg Institute of Global Health)

Impact of population-based strategies to improve blood pressure control in South Africa: Evidence from parametric g-formula and regression discontinuity designs


12 December 2019 - 12.45pm, LG9

Kathryn Church (Director of Evidence to Action, Marie Stopes International)
Katy Footman (Senior Researcher, Marie Stopes International)

Achieving elimination of unsafe abortion by 2030: what do we need to do and what do we need to know to get there?


16 January 2020 - 12.30pm, LG80

Michel Guillot (Professor of Sociology, University of Pennsylvania; Senior Researcher, Institut National d’Etudes Démographiques)
Andrea Verhulst (Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Pennsylvania)
Julio Romero Prieto (Research Fellow, LSHTM)

Historical Age Patterns of Under-five Mortality and their Usefulness for Evaluating Contemporary Data


5 February 2020 - 12.45pm, LG80

Emma Slaymaker (Associate Professor, LSHTM)
Milly Marston (Assistant Professor, LSHTM)
Kathryn Risher (Research Fellow, LSHTM/Imperial College)
On behalf of the ALPHA Network

HIV incidence declines among the general population in sub-Saharan Africa: The contribution of changes in untreated prevalence of HIV infection and the association of other risk factors with new infections in observational studies in six countries.

10 March 2020 - Cancelled

Bruno Schoumaker (Professor of Demography, Université Catholique de Louvain)

Under-15 fertility in developing countries since the 1960s


7 April 2020 - Cancelled until further notice

Tiziana Leone (Associate Professor in Health and International Development, London School of Economics)


12 May 2020 - Cancelled until further notice

Christiaan Monden (Professor of Sociology and Demography, Fellow of Nuffield College, University of Oxford)


10 June 2020 - Cancelled until further notice

Rebecca French (Associate Professor of Sexual and Reproductive Health, LSHTM)


8 July 2020 - 12.45pm, LG9

MSc summer projects showcase


29 November 2018 - LSHTM

Judie Mbogua (LSHTM, upgrading seminar)

Barriers and facilitating factors to Prevention of Mother-To-Child-Transmission (PMTCT) knowledge and cascade completion by Female Sex Workers (FSWs) in Zambia and South Africa


4 December 2018 - LSHTM

Anne Rerimoi (LSHTM, upgrading seminar)

Development and assessment of systems for population-based measurement of neonatal and perinatal mortality in The Gambia


25 January 2019 - LSHTM

Laura Brown (LSHTM, pre-viva seminar)

Understanding socioeconomic disparities in breastfeeding in the UK: exploring the role of environmental quality


7 February 2019 - LSHTM

Ona McCarthy (LSHTM, pre-viva seminar)

Changing young people’s attitudes towards effective contraception using mobile phone messaging


11 February 2019 - UCL

Who cares? Introducing evolutionary approaches to caregiving and mother-infant health (workshop co-organised Abigail Page, Emily Emmott and Sarah Myers)


17 April 2019 - LSHTM

Emma Rezel (LSHTM pre-viva seminar)

Evaluation of a free-to-access online contraception service in the London boroughs of Lambeth and Southwark


19 June 2019 - LSHTM

Georgia Arnold and Sara Piot (MTV Staying Alive Foundation)

'MTV Shuga' - harnessing a popular multimedia platform to stimulate adolescents' demand for HIV prevention including HIV self-testing and PrEP


24 June 2019 - LSHTM

Danielle Engel (UNFPA)

HPV vaccine - a best buy for Adolescent Health


10 July 2019 - LSHTM

Dr Catriona A Towriss (Senior Lecturer in Population Studies, CARe, University of Cape Town)

An investigation into contraceptive choice in South Africa

Updates List Block
PSG Seminar: Tues 7 Dec 2021 @ 12.45 GMT - Ryohei Mogi

Cross-sectional average length of life childless: An alternative index to study first birth trends

Speaker: Ryohei Mogi
University of Oxford

Date: Tuesday 7th December
Time: 12:45PM-1.45PM

Increases in the average age at first birth and in the proportion of women remaining childless have extended the total number of years that women spend childless during their reproductive lifetime in several countries. To quantify the number of years that reproductive-age women live without children, we introduce the cross-sectional average length of life childless (CALC). This measure includes all the age-specific first-birth information available for the cohorts present at time t; it is a period measure based on cohort data.  

Using the Human Fertility Database, CALC is calculated for the year 2015 for all countries with long enough histories of fertility available. Results show that women in the majority of the studied countries spend, on average, more than half of their reproductive lives childless. Furthermore, the difference between CALCs in two countries can be decomposed to give a clear visualisation of how each cohort contributes to the difference in the duration of the length of childless life in those populations. 


Vacancy for the Brass-Blacker (Associate) Professor in Demography

We are seeking to appoint a Brass-Blacker Associate Professor or Professor in Demography. This is an exciting opportunity to join a well-established and highly regarded group of demographers and population scientists embedded within a world-leading School for public and global health. This is an endowed post, funded through a bequest to the School by John Blacker. Substantive area is open but we're keen to recruit a formal demographer, data scientist or statistician with explicit interest in population issues.

Interested candidates are encouraged to contact Professor Rebecca Sear ( or Professor Jimmy Whitworth, Chair of the Search Committee (, for informal discussion about this post. 

Deadline for applications: 30 November 2021

Find out more about the role.

MSc D&H online option for 2021-22

There will be an online option for the MSc Demography & Health:

For those of you who are not in a position to travel to London, the programme team is happy to explore the possibility of your studies being facilitated entirely online. In order for this to be put in place, you will need to contact the Programme Directors before you apply to agree an individual study plan. Please note that teaching sessions (many shared across multiple programmes) are being scheduled between 9am-5.30pm UK time.

Here is a testimonial from one of our 2020-21 RSHR students about her experience with online learning: 

"I really enjoyed the module. I thought that the breadth and depth of topics taught was excellent and current issues and innovations for the future were covered really well. I personally loved the set-up of pre-recorded lectures and then having zoom sessions for discussion after; it gave time to watch the lectures at your own pace, make notes (great for slow writers like me!!) and the time to really reflect prior to discussing with classmates and lectures. 

The module organisers created a really nice, open space for discussion and were always very approachable for further discussion or clarification of any issues. Generally, just very enjoyable module and I felt that I learnt lots of practical information for working clinically in FP, but also about innovative programmes and policies for the future."

Details are available on the MSc Demography and Health webpage. 

Population Investigation Committee (PIC) MSc Scholarships 2021-22

Two studentships funded by the Population Investigation Committee (PIC) are open for application to those planning a career in demographic research or in an area where demographic skills are a necessity. The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) currently offers two London-based MSc programmes which have a high demographic content and are therefore PIC-approved Masters degree courses: the MSc Demography & Health course and the MSc Reproductive and Sexual Health Research course.

The full value of each studentship award is GBP 15,000.00. 

To apply, applicants must:

  1. submit a complete LSHTM application for the London-based MSc Demography & Health, or MSc Reproductive & Sexual Health Research via the School’s online application portal, and
  2. submit a PIC Application form and TWO references to

by the closing date of 23:59 (BST) on 06 June 2021.

Applicants should contact Lynda Clarke to discuss their application before the deadline.

Further details are available on the webpage for the 2021-22 PIC Masters Studentship Scheme in Population Studies

LSHTM @ PAA2021 Annual Meeting

The Population Association of America Annual Meeting will be held from 5-8 May and will be virtual this year: Please join us for the presentations that involve LSHTM staff and students.


Oral presentations

33-4 Identifying New Age Patterns of Under-5 Mortality Using the Under-5 Mortality Database. Andrea Verhulst*, University of Pennsylvania; Julio Romero Prieto, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine; Nurul Alam, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh;  Patrick Gerland, United Nations Population Division; Joanne Katz, Johns Hopkins University; Bruno Lankoande, Université de Ouagadougou; Li Liu, Johns Hopkins University; Georges Reniers, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine; Seema Subedi, Johns Hopkins University; Francisco Villavicencio, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health; Michel Guillot, University of Pennsylvania and INED

92-3 Using Vital Registration Data for Estimating Under-5 Mortality in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. Andrea Verhulst*, University of Pennsylvania; Julio Romero Prieto, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine; Michel Guillot, University of Pennsylvania and INED

164-2 The Short-Term Mortality Fluctuations Series: New Data Resource on Weekly Mortality. Dmitri Jdanov, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research; Ainhoa Alustiza Galarza*, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research; Vladimir Shkolnikov, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research; Domantas Jasilionis, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research; Laszlo Nemeth, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research; David Leon, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (UK); Magali Barbieri, Institut National d’Études Démographiques (INED); Carl Boe, University of California-Berkeley

182-4 Estimating the Average Age of Infant Deaths: A Flexible Model Life Table, Based on Newly Collected Data. Julio Romero Prieto*, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine; Andrea Verhulst, University of Pennsylvania; Michel Guillot, University of Pennsylvania and INED

220-1 Comparability of Estimates and Trends in Adolescent Sexual Behavior From Two National Surveys. Laura Lindberg*, Guttmacher Institute; Rachel Scott, INSERM / LSHTM; Sheila Desai, Guttmacher Institute; Zoe Pleasure, Guttmacher Institute



P1 -69 Evaluating Pregnancy Reporting and Under-5 Mortality Estimates in HDSS Through Record Linkage With Antenatal Care Clinics. Hallie Eilerts*, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine; Julio Romero Prieto, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine; Georges Reniers,  London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

P6-65 Why Is Korea’s Fertility So Low (TFR: 0.92 in 2019)? An Explanation Based on the Role of Population Density. Woorim Ko*, YEJIN LIM; Myunggu Jung, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine; Youngtae Cho, Seoul National University

P7-31 HIV Status and Antenatal Care Engagement in Rural Southwestern Kenya: A Time-to-Event and Geographical Analysis. Emma Banchoff*, University of Michigan; Julie Ambia, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine; Sammy Khagayi, KEMRI/CDC; Georges Reniers, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

Job adverts: join PSG!

PSG has two job openings with the Rapid Mortality Mobile Phone Surveys (RAMMPS) project. The RAMMPS project is intended to apply a mobile phone-based approach to collect mortality data in settings where other mortality surveillance systems are weak or interrupted because of health or other crisis situations.

For details and to apply please follow the links below:

Data scientist/manager position (joining as Research Assistant or Research Fellow)

Formal demographer or quantitative researcher (joining as Research Fellow or Assistant Professor)

LSHTM Masters Scholarship Opportunities for 2021-2022

Full scholarships available for low and middle income countries LMIC

MSc Demography and Health
MSc Reproductive and Sexual Health Research

  1. LSHTM Fund Scholarship – deadline February 28th 2021 -  2021-22 LSHTM Fund Scholarship

  2. GSK Scholarships for Future Health Leaders – deadline February 28th 2021 -2021-22 GSK Scholarships for Future Health Leaders

  3. Wellcome International Masters Scholarships – NB Last year of these awards – deadline April 13th  for 2021 entry and August  24th for 2022 entry -

For further details of the Masters programmes please see the following links:

MSc Demography and Health MSc D and H
MSc Reproductive and Sexual Health Research MSc RSHR

ESRC PhD scholarships 2021 – Call for applications

ESRC-funded PhD scholarships are available at LSHTM, to start in autumn 2021.

We welcome any topic from excellent candidates in the fields of demography or reproductive and sexual health. The websites of the Population Studies Group ( and MARCH (Centre for Maternal, Adolescent, Reproductive and Child Health: have lists of staff who could supervise projects, with their research interests. In the first instance, please contact a potential supervisor, including a CV and a description of research interests well ahead of this deadline.

The closing date for preliminary applications is 11 January 2021.

As part of their scholarship, students may spend a year at the European Doctoral School of Demography (

For further details, and application forms, see:

MARCH Centre: Launch events for two major studies on 10th and 15th December 2020

10th Dec: Every Newborn-INDEPTH supplement launch
15th Dec: Every Newborn-BIRTH supplement launch
Details below.

Every Newborn-INDEPTH supplement launch event
Thursday 10th Dec 2020, 12:00- 14:00 UK time

Each year there are 5.1 million neonatal deaths and stillbirths, plus about 300,000 maternal deaths worldwide. Around 75% of these deaths are still dependent on surveys, notably Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), as main data sources.

The Every Newborn-INDEPTH study involved >68,000 births and aimed to provide evidence to improve population-based survey data regarding pregnancy outcome.

We are delighted to invite you to the launch of a series of 12 papers from the study in BMC Population Health Metrics, mainly with first authors from the sites and/or Makerere University.

Link to EN-INDEPTH launch:…

Every Newborn-BIRTH supplement launch event 
Tuesday 15th Dec 2020, 12:00- 14:00, UK time

All are welcome to the interactive launch of a series of papers in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, involving multiple authors mainly from low and middle-income countries, in partnership with LSHTM. 

EN-BIRTH study involved observing >23,000 births using an innovative tablet-based system to validate data from routine facility registers and women’s survey report.  The study was conducted in five hospitals in Bangladesh, Nepal and Tanzania, coordinated by a team at LSHTM and funded by the Children’s Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF).

These results have important implications for measuring progress for the Sustainable Development Goals, especially related to Every Newborn targets, to reduce ~5.4 million stillbirths, newborn and maternal deaths. Findings have practical relevance for improving measurement of coverage and quality of maternal and newborn care in routine facility registers and in population-based surveys. 

Link to EN-BIRTH launch:…

MSc Mode of Study in 2020-‘21

LSHTM will be moving all teaching online in Term 1. In Terms 2 and 3 teaching will be partly on campus for those who can come to London, and online for those who cannot. More details and FAQs about teaching arrangements for next year can be found at

This applies to all MSc programmes at LSHTM, including the MSc in Demography & Health, and the MSc in Reproductive and Sexual Health Research. Applications for both programmes are still open. For more information, e-mail the Programme Director (Lynda Clarke):

All PSG events are cancelled until further notice due to the COVID-19 outbreak.
Scholarships opportunities for MSc study @LSHTM

Admissions for the next intake of RSHR and DH students (50th anniversary cohort!) are open and there are a number of interesting scholarship opportunities available:



MSc funding opportunities are regularly updated and listed here:


More info on the MSc training programmes is available here:

Research Degree Funding Opportunities

Please have a look at the following link for funding opportunities for Research Degree students at LSHTM:

This table is updated as and when new funding is made available and so should be reviewed regularly by students looking for funding.

International Seminar: Looking backward, looking forward: African demography in historical perspective - Call for papers

Nairobi, Kenya 2-3 April 2020

Organized by the IUSSP Scientific Panel on Historical Demography and held at the British Institute in Eastern Africa.

Deadline for submission of abstracts: 30 September 2019

Organizing Committee: Sarah Walters (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine), Martin Dribe (Lund University), Shane Doyle (University of Leeds), Stephen O. Wandera (Makerere University), Jeanne Cilliers (Lund University).

Please read the full announcement for this seminar.

We invite submissions on historical or long-term, interdisciplinary, perspectives on demographic change in Africa. The aims of the seminar are to review the state of the field of African population history, to consider the role of the past for understanding the present, and to facilitate partnerships and future comparative work on African historical demography.

There is a resurgence of interest in Africa’s demographic pasts. Evidence on past population trends is essential to respond to core questions in African history, such as the human cost of the slave trade; the impacts of colonialism on health, wellbeing and the family; the effects of post-colonial policies on households and livelihoods; long-term trends in mortality and migration; and the influence of religion, education and employment on intergenerational relations and the social organisation of reproduction. Improving the evidence on Africa’s past populations will illuminate how people have managed their resilience and reproduction over time, in the face of environmental, epidemiological, political and economic change.

Understanding the historical origins of African demographic regimes may also help to influence current and future population trends. This is important given Africa is projected to account for more than half of all global population growth by 2050, with implications for both demographic dividend and migration. In particular, contemporary demographers have called for interdisciplinary and historical approaches to improve understanding of the contexts of fertility transition in the region, including its stalls, reversals and exceptional age- and parity-specific dynamics, as well as the historical context of the AIDS pandemic. Papers which seek to situate current population trends in historical perspective are encouraged. 

The seminar will showcase the growing availability of historical demographic micro-data through new digitisation projects. Alongside the substantive research papers, the seminar will include a data workshop in which scholars who have collected new datasets will have the opportunity to present their databases and to consider scope for future comparative work and collaborations. We will review the potential of new digital methods for widening historical micro-data collection in Africa and seek the experience of previous comparative demographic projects in achieving data harmonisation. 

Online Submissions:
The IUSSP Panel on Historical Demography invites researchers to submit online by 30 September 2019 a short 200-word abstract AND an extended abstract (2 to 4 pages, including tables). To submit an abstract please fill out the online submission form: ONLINE SUBMISSION FORM.

If you would also like to contribute to the data workshop, please also send an email to with a 200-word description of your dataset at the same time as your main submission. 

The working language of the seminar is English: abstracts and final papers should be submitted and presented in English. If the paper is co-authored, please indicate the names of co-authors. Submission should be made by the author who will attend the seminar. We aim to publish suitable papers in a journal special issue or an edited volume.

Applicants will be notified whether their paper has been accepted by 15 October 2019. Authors of accepted papers must upload the full paper on the IUSSP website by 28 February 2020. 

Funding is available to cover the cost of the seminar venue, airport transfers, accommodation and meals for speakers for two days. We are seeking further financial support for travel, but the outcome is uncertain, and participants should seek their own funding for flights, additional accommodation and other expenses. Priority will be given to African scholars, early career researchers and those from developing countries in awarding travel support.

For further information: Please contact Seminar Organizer Sarah Walters (

IUSSP Scientific Panel on Historical Demography
Chair: Martin Dribe (Lund University, Sweden)
Members: Lisa Dillon (Université de Montréal, Canada), Hao Dong (Peking University, China), J. David Hacker (University of Minnesota, USA), Lionel Kesztenbaum (Institut national d’études démographiques, INED, France), Ana Silvia Volpi Scott (Universidade Estadual de Campinas, UNICAMP, Brazil) and Sarah Walters (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK).

Appel à communications 

Séminaire international sur la démographie africaine dans une perspective historique.
Nairobi, Kenya 2-3 avril 2020

Organisé par le Comité scientifique de l'UIESP de démographie historique au British Institute in Eastern Africa.

Date limite de soumission des résumés : 30 septembre 2019

Ce séminaire se tiendra en anglais. Les résumés courts et détaillés doivent être soumis en anglais. Les présentations et communications finales devront être en anglais. 

Veuillez lire l'annonce complète en anglais de ce séminaire.

Abstract submissions for the 8th African Population Conference are now open

8th African Population Conference
Entebbe – Uganda, 18-22 November 2019

"Harnessing Africa’s Population for Sustainable Development: 25 Years after Cairo and Beyond."

Deadline for submitting papers or abstracts: 30 June 2019

Every four years, The Union for African Population Studies (UAPS) organizes a general conference on the African population. The aim of this conference is to share and disseminate research evidence on population and development issues and explore ways for applying the research evidence to improve policies and programs aimed at uplifting the well-being of people in Africa. The conference provides an opportunity for networking and knowledge sharing among researchers, policy makers, program managers, international development partners, and other key stakeholders in the population field. The conference includes various capacity building activities targeted at young scholars.

All submission must be made online on the 8th African Population Conference Website,

All authors are asked to submit both: a) a short (150 word) abstract; and b) either an extended abstract (2-4 pages, including tables) or a completed paper to be uploaded to the website following instructions available online. Authors may modify their submission online at any time until 30 June

Grandmother Workshop - 14 May 2019

Grandmothers and public health: unlocking the potential of older women in improving child, adolescent and maternal health

Date: Tuesday 14th May 2019
Time: 14.30-20.00
Venue: John Snow Lecture Theatre, LSHTM

An interdisciplinary workshop, supported by the British Society for Population Studies and LSHTM’s MARCH and Centre for Global Mental Health.

Research in demography and anthropology has demonstrated the importance of grandmothers in influencing child and maternal outcomes, such as improving child health and survival rates. Yet few public health initiatives have recognised the potential impact of recruiting grandmothers into their interventions to improve health. The aim of this workshop is to bring together researchers in demography, anthropology, public health and related disciplines to discuss the potential for incorporating grandmothers into public health initiatives to improve child, adolescent and maternal health.

The workshop is free and open to all; more information, including registration details available here:

Workshop: Who cares? Introducing evolutionary approaches to caregiving and mother-infant health

Different disciplines approach social support different, each emphasising different ‘key’ supporters or care providers. How we conceptualise support and who we define as necessary in bringing up infants as large implications for maternal and infant health as its shapes the research questions we ask and ultimate the policy suggestions or implementation which arises from this research.  

In evolutionary anthropology, the importance of wide and diverse social support networks for maternal and infant health is widely acknowledged. However, in public health and non-evolutionary social sciences ‘support’ is often poorly defined, with a strong nuclear family bias regarding caregiving. This workshop will bridge this disciplinary gap by facilitating dialogue and collaboration between evolutionary anthropologists and those with overlapping interests in other fields.

The workshop will consist of a series of research presentations, discussions and activities focusing on caregiving and mother-infant health. From our experience, the greatest challenges in interdisciplinary settings are theoretical misconceptions and language barriers. By opening the workshop with theoretical overviews and defining key terminologies, we will establish common ground and ensure meaningful discussions. At the end of the workshop we will bring these discussions together to reflect on how the different issues highlighted over the course of the day compliment each other (or not), and how these can be reconciled into a ‘practical guide’ of interdisciplinary work on maternal and child health.

Following the workshop there will be a wine reception and a public lecture titled "Beyond the nuclear family: an evolutionary perspective on childrearing" by Professor Rebecca Sear of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. This lecture will discuss how our species has evolved a cooperative form of childrearing, where women get help from others to raise their children, and the implications for support (or its lack) for childrearing on child and maternal health.

SHAPING UP: A stakeholder workshop to facilitate translation of research findings into HIV policy in three African countries

By Jenny Renju, Alison Wringe and Jim Todd

Shape blog PSG 2

The overall aim of the SHAPE-UTT (Strengthening Health Systems for the Application of Policy to Enable Universal Test and Treat) project is to assess policy implementation and health systems impacts of Option B+ and universal Test and Treat in Malawi, Tanzania and South Africa. We are currently two years into the three-year project, and have recently finished data collection which has included reviews of national HIV policies and World Health Organisation guidance, health facility surveys, HIV service costings and qualitative enquiries with patients and health workers in the three countries.

A growing body of evidence has highlighted the factors that facilitate or inhibit the uptake of research into policy, and has elicited the pathways through which capacity can be strengthened to apply health research evidence in policymaking. In recognition of these findings, we held a week-long participatory workshop in Kilimanjaro in Tanzania from January 13th-18th 2019 which was attended by national HIV policymakers, HIV practitioners, researchers from three research institutions in Tanzania (Ifakara Health Institute), South Africa (African Health Research Institute) and Malawi (Malawi Epidemiology and Intervention Research Unit), and academics from LSHTM and the University of KwaZulu Natal in South Africa. The five day workshop was broken down into a series of different sessions including: Oral presentations, poster presentations, active facilitated discussion time for brainstorming, analysis time, small group sessions, mentorship teams formation and meetings, writing time, review meetings, round table focus group discussions as well as time for rest and reflection.

shape blog psg 2

The workshop promoted stakeholder engagement at a critical stage of the research process, and enabled the participants to assimilate and reflect on emerging findings from preliminary analyses as well as to participate in i) the process of prioritizing identified HIV care and treatment policy gaps; ii) analysing the data and iii) mapping policy knowledge gaps with research findings. Mentorship teams were established to support the project team members in the production of a series of nine original research papers, ensuring that they incorporate the policymakers’ perspectives. These papers explore the various ways in which the three countries have adopted and implemented HIV policies and the implications for service delivery (e.g. innovative models of care and integrated HIV services), the health workforce and quality of care. A consensus was reached on the way forward for publication of the findings in a special issue. Steps were put in place to achieve this submission by July 2019.

Two round table policymaker – researcher discussions took place to explore the context in which HIV programmes are implemented and how this influences their impact. These discussions guided the interpretation of our findings and also led to an opinion paper. Our opinion piece aims to challenge thinking on how different actors influence policy formulation and implementation across three different settings and discusses some of the intended and unintended consequences of this process.

shape blog psg 3

Providing time and space for a meaningful engagement with policy makers and actors playing a broader role in the formulation and implementation of policy across different countries was invaluable. The richness of discussions was a direct result of an enabling environment which truly valued the inputs from all participants. By nature of their different roles, researchers and policy makers tend to look at things slightly differently, and so having multiple days (and also importantly evenings and “down time”) enabled relationships to be formed which will spread beyond the scope of this project. When planning such events, it is important that the differences in participants’ perspectives and the approaches that they are familiar with are considered. Long presentations session (while often used in research meetings) need to be enhanced with discussions capturing points visually e.g. on flip charts. Also we found the smaller round table discussion crucial in enabling all of the policy makers attending to voice their views and experiences. The open and relaxed nature of the discussions enabled participants to speak candidly. The joint production of publications (in the form of an opinion piece and a research article) promoted engagement and ownership over the process. The group was also small, enabling everyone to have time to get to know each other and receive valued inputs from all. 

shape blog psg 4

This workshop has been made possible with the support of many, and we are grateful for the time, energy and brain power of all our participants. We would like to acknowledge the financial support from the GCRF Global Impact Accelerator Account Grant for this workshop, the Medical Research Council HSRI3 funding for the overall project funding. In particular, we would like to thank our project partners and collaborators. We are also grateful for the support from THRIVE, ANDLA, ALPHA, LSHTM, and KCMCUCo and for the sponsorship from the Blue Zebra Art Studio and the logistical support from Amina Farah. A final acknowledgement and thanks goes to a colleague to all, a mentor, inspiration and a dear friend to many, for Basia Zaba; whose spirit was certainly felt throughout the week.

Interview with Rebecca Musgrove, MSc Demography & Health Alumna

Rebecca Musgrove, LSHTM Alumna from the MSc Demography & Health programme, talks to us about her academic and professional career in Public Health.… 

Population Studies Group PSG Updates