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Population Studies Group (PSG)

The Population Studies Group (PSG) hosts a multidisciplinary group of demographers, epidemiologists, biostatisticians and reproductive health specialists who are engaged in demographic estimation and population-based studies of fertility, reproductive health, and mortality in both high and low-income settings.

PSG Faculty assume teaching responsibilities on the MSc courses in Demography and Health, the MSc in Reproductive and Sexual Health Research, and some also contribute to the MSc in Epidemiology.


PSG logo artwork
2 columns about PSG
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The Population Studies Group is situated in the Department of Population Health in the Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health at LSHTM. The group was established in 1974 and is home to over 30 academic staff and around 15 doctoral students. 

Academic staff
Professional support staff
Doctoral students
About PSG

Interest in demographic research at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) dates back to 1964 when William Brass became the first Reader in Medical Demography at the University of London. The MSc Medical Demography (now MSc Demography and Health) was launched in 1970 and the Centre for Population Studies was established formally in 1974 with support from the UK Ministry of Overseas Development (now Department for International Development – DFID) who remained a major funder of research at the Centre until 2004.

The Centre’s international reputation was built initially on its contributions to technical demographic research, in particular the development of new indirect methods for estimating fertility and mortality in developing countries. Today, the Centre has a broader research agenda. The investigation of British demographic trends first became an important field of activity in 1977 when the Centre became a designated research centre of the Economic and Social Research Council. During the 1990s the Centre became increasingly active in reproductive health research and in 1998, in collaboration with other experts in the School, it launched a new MSc in Reproductive & Sexual Health Research. Since the turn of the century it has also been home to a substantial programme of research on the demography of the global HIV and AIDS epidemic and as part of this coordinates the ALPHA Network.

Professor Brass remained the Centre’s Director until his retirement in 1988. It was subsequently headed by John Cleland, Emily Grundy, Ian Timaeus, Basia Zaba and others. Following several restructurings and changes in nomenclature within LSHTM, in 2012 the Centre became the Population Studies Group within the Department of Population Health. It is currently headed by Georges Reniers.

Image: The 1989-90 student cohort with Oona Campbell, John Cleland, Ian Timaeus and John Blacker in the top row; Allan Hill in the second row from the top; Basia Zaba in the second row from the bottom

Contact details

Population Studies Group, Department of Population Health
Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT 
Tel: +44 (0)20 7958 8149, E-mail:

Population Studies Group PSG Research 2 columns
Population Studies Group PSG Research

PSG staff maintain a diverse research portfolio that includes demographic estimation, evolutionary demography, historical demography, sexual and reproductive health research and population-based surveillance of communicable and non-communicable diseases. The latter tends to have a geographic focus on sub-Saharan Africa through the school and the PSG’s close ties with the MRC units in The Gambia and Uganda, MEIRU in Malawi, the ALPHA Network and the Dreams Evaluation.

African Population History

We are investigating, collecting and digitising sources of demographic data to enable the study of long-term change in Africa’s populations. We have worked with historical census data and demographic surveys as well as with parish registers. Our current focus is on digitising, linking and analysing data from some of the oldest Catholic parishes in East and Southern Africa. We take an interdisciplinary approach to analysing these data – combining quantitative demographic research with qualitative archival research to reconstruct how family, fertility and faith interacted and changed over the twentieth century in this region. We aim to encourage and support a network of researchers working on historical demographic data in Africa.


ALPHA Network

The ALPHA network brings together ten collaborating African research institutions, which conduct population-based HIV surveillance in eastern and southern Africa. The network regularly contributes detailed statistical estimates of HIV incidence, mortality patterns and fertility impacts to the UNAIDS Reference Group on Estimates, Modelling and Projections, which oversees the data and methods used for producing HIV epidemic updates and projections in African countries. The ALPHA Network receives funding from the Wellcome Trust and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.


Demographic estimation in populations with deficient CRVS

The vast majority of the world’s population live in areas that are not covered by well-functioning Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS). Without CRVS, estimating key demographic and sustainable development indicators is challenging and published estimates often rely on strong assumptions.

PSG is home to a number of projects that are pioneering new solutions to such estimation problems. These include the expansion of the sibling survival method for cause-specific adult mortality estimation (a collaboration with Stéphane Helleringer at John Hopkins University); the refinement of indirect estimation techniques for under-five mortality estimation (a collaboration with Michel Guillot at the University of Pennsylvania and INED, the French Institute for Demographic Research); the refinement of verbal autopsy tools for estimating causes of death (a collaboration with Samuel Clark at Ohio State University); the development of improved methods to measure parity progression and the duration of birth intervals using census and survey data (a collaboration with Tom Moultrie at the University of Cape Town); and the application of record linkage techniques for augmenting research data with administrative and medical data sources.

PSG staff engaged in this line of research include Ian Timaeus, Georges Reniers, Clara Calvert and Julio Romero.

DREAMS evaluation

On World AIDS Day 2014, PEPFAR launched a bold new initiative – ‘DREAMS’ – to reduce new HIV infections by 40 percent among the highest risk adolescent girls and young women in 10 high-burden countries. With an initial commitment of US$385 million, quickly supplemented with $85 million for a DREAMS Innovation Fund, DREAMS partners – PEPFAR, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Girl Effect, Johnson & Johnson, ViiV Healthcare and Gilead Sciences – aim to promote empowerment and prevent HIV acquisition through a core package of interventions for young women, their families, communities and male partners.

The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has awarded LSHTM a 4-year grant to lead a portfolio of evaluation studies designed to track the impact of DREAMS in Kenya, South Africa and Zimbabwe. Led by Isolde Birdthistle and Sian Floyd, the evaluation draws on LSHTM expertise in HIV, adolescent health and evaluation across all faculties, and close research partnerships with experienced institutes in each country: the Africa Health Research Institute (AHRI) in Durban, South Africa, the African Population and Health Research Centre (APHRC) in Nairobi, Kenya; the Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI) in Siaya, Kenya; and the Centre for Sexual Health HIV and AIDS Research (CeSHHAR) in Harare, Zimbabwe.


Evolutionary Demography

PSG is host to the Evolutionary Demography Group, the first of its kind in the UK. This interdisciplinary group applies the theoretical framework of evolutionary biology to human demographic behaviour. It combines both social and natural science to explore questions of demographic interest, such as why do people have the number of children that they do, drawing on anthropology and psychology, as well as demography and evolutionary biology. Under the direction of Dr. Rebecca Sear, the group holds weekly lab meetings and monthly journal club sessions.



The Malawi Epidemiology and Intervention Research Unit (MEIRU), formerly known as Karonga Prevention Study, has over the last 30 years made major contributions to the understanding and control of mycobacterial disease, HIV and other infectious diseases. MEIRU’s main focus from 1979 until 2012 was in Karonga District, northern Malawi. In 2012 MEIRU established an additional site in Lilongwe, and started a major programme of work on cardiovascular disease and diabetes both in Karonga and Lilongwe to complement its continuing research on infectious diseases.

MEIRU is a partnership between the Malawi College of Medicine, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) and the Malawi Ministry of Health. Since 2016 the Programme has been led by Dr. Mia Crampin (Acting Director) with Professor Moffat Nyirenda (Visiting Professor and NCD Theme Lead; MEIRU Director 2013-2016), Professor Judith Glynn and Dr. Charles Mwansambo (Ministry of Health, Malawi).



The Strengthening Health Systems for the Application of Policy to Enable Universal Test and Treat (SHAPE UTT) Study was funded by the MRC/Wellcome and began in January 2017 - December 2020. 

In 2016 the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended the initiation of antiretroviral initiation regardless of immunological status for all people living with HIV (PLHIV), a policy which many African countries adopted in later in the same year. Despite the guidance the UN declaration and WHO guidance acknowledge concerns about the feasibility of universal test and treat (UTT) within overburdened, weak health systems. Even prior to such ambitious policies many African HIV programmes already experienced sub-optimal HIV testing and retention rates. The increased demands on health systems through additional patient loads could lead to drug stock-outs, drug resistance, inadequate patient preparation and poor adherence.

Despite these challenges, there has been a dearth of research to inform the preparatory processes that will be needed for successful implementation of UTT, if it is to garner much needed opportunities to strengthen health systems and reduce these risks. Important lessons can be drawn from the experience of Option B+ implementation (test and treat in pregnant and breastfeeding women), widely viewed as the precursor to UTT, and first implemented in Malawi in a bold policy move in 2011. It affords a rare opportunity to investigate how the policy implementation process has impacted on health systems, with a view to prospectively considering the readiness of health systems to absorb further expansion of the policy to the general population.

This project will address a critical evidence gap by ascertaining heath systems preparedness for delivering UTT. We will generate this evidence by comparing the experiences and health systems impacts of Option B+ policy implementation, widely viewed as the precursor to UTT, in three settings (Karonga, Malawi, Ifakara, Tanzania and uMhanyakude, South Africa).

The Intervention Design and Evaluation Group

The Intervention Design and Evaluation Group employs inter-disciplinary approaches drawing on relevant medical, psychological, social and educational knowledge and theory to develop and evaluate novel interventions to improve health and primary health care provision. We have a major focus on interventions to improve Sexual and Reproductive health. To promote equity in health and health care, our interventions are designed with input from users, specifically involving those at greatest need in the development process to ensure that interventions are accessible and relevant to them. Under the direction of Prof Cari Free, the group holds weekly meetings.



Rapid Mortality Mobile Phone Surveys (RAMMPS) project  

Population-based mortality statistics are essential components of an effective public health response to epidemic outbreaks or other crisis situations. The RAMMPS consortium is developing and implementing an innovative mobile-phone based approach to generate national mortality estimates, including excess mortality, where civil registration is incomplete and face-to-face data collection is interrupted or hindered. More information about the RaMMPS project is available here:  


Population Studies Group PSG study 2 columns
Population Studies Group PSG study
MSc in Demography and Health

“It’s the demography, stupid!” Many of our societies continue to face a diverse set of demographic challenges (and opportunities), including rapid population ageing, extremely low as well as very high fertility, and sizable population migration. These and other demographic trends have important repercussions in all possible domains of life; from voting behaviour to living arrangements, labour markets and economic growth, tax revenues and pension systems, carbon emissions, and the demand for education, health and social services. Demography, in other words, may well be the single most defining factor of the world that we live in.

The MSc in Demography and Health equips students with the theories and skills to understand and quantify macro-level population dynamics and their downstream implications for health and health policies. Students are further trained in the analysis of micro-level processes that govern population change, including fertility and reproductive behaviour, the exposure to health risks, and population mobility. Analysis tools and techniques are applied to high-income settings where high-quality data are usually abundant to resource constrained settings that are covered by partial or deficient information systems.

The Demography and Health teaching programme gives students ample opportunity to select from a wide range of modules in statistics, epidemiology public health, and the social sciences, and thus tailor their curriculum to either focus on the technical aspects of data analytics and demographic estimation, or, take a more interdisciplinary approach to the study of population and health.

The MSc in Demography and Health is recognised by the Medical Research Council (MRC), the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) and the Population Investigation Committee (PIC) and a number of scholarships from these bodies are available each year.

Visit the MSc in Demography and Health course page for more information.

Read interviews with former Demography and Health students Rebecca Musgrove and Ellen Flint: they talk about why they chose this MSc and how it helped them achieve their career goals, and provide useful insight and tips for future applicants!

A new student-led magazine, Keppel Health Review, launched in May 2021 also features a contribution from current MSc Demography & Health student, Lysette Kessler

Find out more about fees and funding.

MSc in Reproductive and Sexual Health Research

The MSc in Reproductive and Sexual Health Research is designed for those interested in acquiring the research skills necessary to conduct policy-relevant research into sexual and reproductive health. It provides a non-clinical foundation in a wide range of sexual and reproductive health topics, including family planning, maternal health, sexual health and rights, HIV/AIDS and sexually-transmitted infections.

This Master's programme is recognized by the ESRC as providing high quality research training and a small number of ESRC scholarships are available to UK or overseas residents. These are advertised each year with the School scholarships information.

The curriculum has a focus on middle- and low-income settings but also provides excellent training in the principles and methods of research for high-income countries.

Visit the MSc in Reproductive and Sexual Health Research course page for more information.

Find out more about fees and funding.

MSc in Sexual & Reproductive Health Policy and Programming

Developed and delivered with the University of Ghana School of Public Health (UGSPH), the online MSc Sexual and Reproductive Health Policy and Programming primarily targets those interested in acquiring the knowledge and skills required to design, implement and evaluate evidence-based sexual and reproductive health programmes and policies in sub-Saharan Africa and other low- and middle-income settings. The program equips students with advanced knowledge and understanding of:

  • Policy and health system factors influencing sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) in low and middle income settings, and how these should be taken into account in the design and delivery of effective SRH programmes
  • The influence of socio-political, cultural, legal and ethical issues surrounding SRHR in low- and middle-income settings on the design and delivery of SRHR programmes and policies tailored to the context
  • Up-to-date evidence base on effective sexual and reproductive health policies and interventions  


A number of scholarships will be available for the 2022-23 entry as well as for the 2023-24 entry. Details will be added to this page and to the Master's Funding page as soon as it is open for applications.

Mode of delivery

The programme will be delivered wholly online, with no in person attendance. There will be a mix of live and interactive activities (synchronous learning) as well as recorded or self-directed study (asynchronous learning). Examples of synchronous learning are live online lectures, group discussions and seminars which students are required to attend. Asynchronous learning includes pre-recorded lectures and independent reading.


The programme is 12 months full-time or 24-36 months part-time.

For more information, visit the program page for the MSc Sexual and Reproductive Health Policy and Programming.

Doctoral studies

Students who are interested in pursuing a PhD are advised to contact a potential supervisor to discuss their proposal and possible sources of funding.

Among others, there are each year a number of ESRC-funded PhD scholarships available in population studies. These scholarships are offered in both Demography and Reproductive and Sexual Health training routes.  Scholarships may be taken up either as a stand-alone PhD (a +3 award); or as a programme which includes first taking additional taught courses before starting the PhD (also referred to as the 1+3 route). Please see the UBEL Doctoral Training Partnership website for further information on all the different routes available. As part of their training, students may spend a year at the European Doctoral School of Demography.

The next deadline for preliminary applications is 11 January 2021. Students are to contact potential supervisors well ahead of this deadline.

Please consult the Research Degrees funding page for other scholarship opportunities.


We have a LinkedIn group to allow Demography and Health and Reproductive and Sexual Health Research students to stay in touch, all alumni and current students are welcome to join. Alumni and current students are also encouraged to join the "popportunities" mailing list, which circulates announcements of fellowships, further training, and job opportunities.

You can find interviews with and blurbs written by a few of our previous students on our MSc Demography & Health webpage and our MSc Reproductive and Sexual Health Research webpage. For MSc Demography & Health student testimonials see those by Ellen FlintRebecca MusgroveMollie Shomali and Nalin Dhillon.

Additionally, some of our previous MSc and PhD students have contributed to the LSHTM Alumni blog, writing about their experiences at the School as well as the relevance of demography to their careers and to the world in general. Alumni blogs include those by: 

  • MSc Medical Demography student, now public health consultant and author, Elizabeth Pisani
  • Emma Radovich, MSc Demography & Health student, who writes about the importance of demographic and health surveys for women by 
  • Dr Nashid Kamal who completed her PhD in Demography at LSHTM
  • MSc RSHR student Lydia Di Stefano, who interviewed Dr Isabella Danel, a past student and researcher in maternal health research at LSHTM.

A new student-led magazine, Keppel Health Review, launched in May 2021, to provide fresh perspectives on public and global health, also features a contribution from MSc Demography & Health student, Lysette Kessler

Our graduates typically embark on careers in academia or research-oriented positions in government, the non-profit or private sector. Below, you will find a selection of alumni with a hyperlink to their LinkedIn profiles that will give you an indication of their background and career trajectories.

MSc Demography and Health

MSc Reproductive and Sexual Health Research

Research Degree Students

Short courses

Advanced Stata

This one-week short course is aimed at researchers and other professionals, from any discipline, who regularly use Stata for analysis but want to learn how to work more efficiently. It would be particularly suited to those who are about to embark on large analyses and who would like a quick guide on how to automate the repetitive parts of the process.

The course is usually held in the fall. Find out more information on the Advanced Stata short course.

Safe Abortion Policy and Programming in Low-and Middle-Income Settings 

This online short course, developed and delivered with University of Ghana School of Public Health (UGSPH), will run from 20 June to 1st July 2022. It will introduce the knowledge and tools necessary to strengthen health sector policies and programmes for safe abortion care in low- and middle-income settings. Find out more information on the  Safe Abortion Policy and Programming in Low-and Middle-Income Settings short course. 

This course will run only in 2022. The new online MSc in Sexual and Reproductive Health Policy and Programming will have a full module on safe abortion policy and programming. 

Self-Study Resources

We have recently developed the two open access resources for (aspiring) demographers and population scientists. This work was commissioned by the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP) with funding from UNFPA.

Population Analysis for Policies and Programmes. A series of online lectures on demographic data and analysis methods published under a creative commons licence.

Tools for Demographic Estimation: an updated compendium of tools for demographic estimation from limited, deficient and defective data. The material here follows in a direct line of descent from Manual X and subsequent works (for example, the 2002 UN Manual of Adult Mortality Estimation). The principal aspect of this website is a series of (mostly) static webpages describing and documenting the tools and methods of demographic estimation from limited, deficient and defective data. The material is organised thematically first, and then by the kinds of data that may be available. Where appropriate, downloadable spreadsheets are provided that allow users to apply the methods to their own data. Authors: Moultrie, T. A., Dorrington, R. E., Hill A. G., Hill, K., Timæus, I. M. and Zaba B. (eds). Produced for the IUSSP with funding from UNFPA.

Improving the Health of Women, Children and Adolescents: from Evidence to Action: The Massive Opean Online course (MOOCS) is available now Futurelearn platform and run over six weeks, exploring the lifecycle from birth to adulthood, to look at adolescent, reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health.

Population Studies Group PSG Publications 2 columns
Population Studies Group PSG Publications 2 columns left

Nuclearization of maternal support networks in the UK and the US during the COVID-19 pandemic: Impact on women's financial and emotional wellbeingHASSAN, A; Spake, L; Shaver, J; Shenk, M; Sosis, R; SEAR, R (2024). Social Sciences & Humanities Open Vol 10 (100932). DOI: 10.1016/j.ssaho.2024.100932

Cameroon’s slow fertility transition: A gender perspective. JC Fotso, JG CLELAND, EO Adje (2024). Population Studies, 78(1), 79-91. DOI: 10.1080/00324728.2023.2297687

Querying feminicide data in Mexico. Mobayed Vega, S., & GARGIULO, M. (2024). International Sociology 39(3), 332-350. DOI: 10.1177/02685809241229034

Age reporting by and for older people in Uganda: relationships with frailty, human capital and population registration. Reid, A; Kabagenyi, A; Ojiambo Wandera, S; Beinomugisha, J; WALTERS, S (2024). Journal of Global Ageing1(1):27-51. DOI: 10.1332/29767202y2023d000000003

Malawi Epidemiology and Intervention Research Unit Non-Communicable Disease Survey data, 2013-2017. McLean, E; Mwiba, O; Chitodwe, O; Kanjala, C; Nzundah, D; Chirwa, T; Saul, J; Branson, K; CRAMPIN, A (2024). Wellcome Open Research 9:251-251. DOI: 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.21386.1

A realist approach to implementation fidelity in a mixed-method evaluation of electronic decision support systems to improve the quality of antenatal care in Nepal (Peprint). Radovich, E; Karki, S; Das, S; Shakya, R; MCCARTHY, O; Shrestha, A; Calvert, C; Campbell, O; Penn-Kekana, L (2024). Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. DOI: 10.1101/2024.05.07.24306757

Estimation of cause-specific mortality in Rakai, Uganda, using verbal autopsy 1999-2019. NABUKALU, D; Calazans, J; MARSTON, M; Calvert, C; Nakawooya, H; Nansereko, B; Sekubugu, R; Nakigozi, G; Serwadda, D; Sewankambo, N; Kigozi, G; Gray, R; Nalugoda, F; Makumbi, F; Lutalo, T; TODD, J (2024). Global Health Action 17(1):2338635. DOI: 10.1080/16549716.2024.2338635

Family network and household composition: a longitudinal dataset derived from the Karonga Health and Demographic Surveillance System, in rural Malawi. McLEAN, E; Kalobekamo, F; Mwiba, O; CRAMPIN, A; SLAYMAKER, E; SEAR, R; Dube, A (2024). Wellcome Open Research 8:573-573. DOI: 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.20406.2

A Protocol for the Comparison of Telephone and In-Person Interview Modalities: Duration, Richness, and Costs in the Context of Exploring Determinants of Equitable Access to Community Health Services in Meru, Kenya. Allen, L; Karanja, S; TLHAJOANE, M; Tlhakanelo, J; Macleod, D; Bastawrous, A (2024). International Journal of Qualitative Methods. DOI: 10.1177/16094069241245352

A practical guide to cross-cultural and multi-sited data collection in the biological and behavioural sciences. Spake, L; HASSAN, A; Schaffnit, S; Alam, N; Amoah, A; Badjie, J; Cerami, C; CRAMPIN, A; Dube, A; Kaye, M; Kotch, R; LIEW, F; McLEAN, E; Munthali-Mkandawire, S; Mwalwanda, L; Petersen, A-C; Prentice, A; Zohora, F; Watts, J; SEAR, R; Shenk, M; Sosis, R; Shaver, J (2024). Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 291(2021):20231422. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2023.1422

Association between breastfeeding duration and educational attainment in rural Southwest Uganda: a population-based cohort study. MOHAMMED, S; Calvert, C; O Mugisha, J; Ronald, M; Asiki, G; R Glynn, J; Oakley, L; MARSTON, M (2024). Global Health Action 17(1):2338023. DOI: 10.1080/16549716.2024.2338023

Conducting a survey of abortion-related knowledge, attitudes and practices amongst health professionals in Britain, strategies adopted and lessons learned: evidence from the SACHA Study (Preprint). French, R; PALMEr, M; MCCARTHY, O; Salaria, N; Meiksin, R; Shawe, J; Lewandowska, M; SCOTT, R; Wellings, K (2024). Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. DOI: 10.1101/2024.04.19.24306065

Versatility, value and limitations of using Health and Demographic Surveillance Site data for secondary analyses: guidance for researchers using examples from existing analyses (Preprint). McLEAN, E; SEAR, R; SLAYMAKER, E (2024). Center for Open Science. DOI: 10.31235/

Individual, partner, and community variables associated with method-specific contraceptive beliefs in urban and rural Kenya. Brander, C; Risher, K; Odwe, G; Wado, Y; Obare, F; CLELAND, J; MACHIYAMA, K (2024). Contraception 110470. DOI: 10.1016/j.contraception.2024.110470

Patient and public involvement in abortion research: reflections from the Shaping Abortion for Change (SACHA) Study. Blaylock, R; Lewandowska, M; Kelly, C; Gunn, B; Meiksin, R; SCOTT, R; PALMER, M; Wellings, K; Lohr, P; French, R; The SACHA Study Team N/A (2024). BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health 50(2):142-145 . DOI: 10.1136/bmjsrh-2023-202018

Association between physical multimorbidity and common mental health disorders in rural and urban Malawian settings: Preliminary findings from Healthy Lives Malawi long-term conditions survey. Nkoka, O; Munthali-Mkandawire, S; Mwandira, K; Nindi, P; Dube, A; Nyanjagha, I; Mainjeni, A; Malava, J; Amoah, A; McLEAN, E; Stewart, R; CRAMPIN, A; PRICE, A (2024). PLOS Global Public Health 4(4):e0002955. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgph.0002955

Cohort Profile Update: Magu Health and Demographic Surveillance System, Tanzania. Urassa, M; MARSTON, M; Mangya, C; Materu, J; Elsabe, D; Safari, K; Kagoye, S; TODD, J; Boerma, T (2024). International Journal of Epidemiology Vol 53(3)-dyae058, DOI: 10.1093/ije/dyae058

Religious women receive more allomaternal support from non-partner kin in two low-fertility countries. Spake, L; Schaffnit, S; Page, A; HASSAN, A; Lynch, R; Watts, J; Sosis, R; SEAR, R; Shenk, M; Shaver, J (2024). Evolution and Human Behavior. DOI: 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2024.04.001

Data-driven versus traditional definitions of household membership and household composition: does latent class analysis produce meaningful groupings? (Preprint). McLEAN, E; PRICE, A; Palla, L; SLAYMAKER, E; CRAMPIN, A; Dube, A; Amoah, A; Kalobekamo, F; SEAR, R (2024). Center for Open Science. DOI: 10.31235/

The Lifetime Risk of Maternal Near Miss morbidity in Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and Latin America: a cross-country systematic analysis. GAZELEY, U; Polizzi, A; ROMERO PRIETO, J; ABURTO, J; RENIERS, G; Filippi, V (2024). Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. DOI: 10.1101/2024.03.26.24304883

Whales make waves in the quest to discover why menopause evolved. SEAR, R (2024). Nature  627(8004):496-497. DOI: 10.1038/d41586-024-00658-9

Impact of DREAMS interventions on attitudes towards gender norms among adolescent girls and young women: Findings from a prospective cohort in Kenya. Nelson, K; Magut, F; MULWA, S; Osindo, J; Kamire, V; Khagayi, S; Pulerwitz, J; Cook, S; GOURLAY, A; Ziraba, A; Kwaro, D; FLOYD, S; BIRDTHISTLE, I (2024). PLOS Global Public Health 4(3):e0002929. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgph.0002929

Revisiting the Recommended Duration of Interviews Conducted by Mobile Phone in Low- and Middle-income Countries: A Randomized Trial in Malawi. Torrisi, O; Banda, J; RENIERS, G; Helleringer, S (2024). Field Methods. DOI: 10.1177/1525822x241237042

Watching young people watching MTV Shuga: Lessons from the use of ‘reaction videos’ as a form of qualitative observational research (Preprint). Baker, V; Mulwa, S; Khanyile, D; Arnold, G; Cousens, S; Cawood, C; BIRDTHISTLE, I (2024). Journal of Medical Internet Research (JMIR). DOI: 10.2196/preprints.55275

Evaluating the Intensity of Exposure to MTV Shuga, an Edutainment Program for HIV Prevention: Cross-Sectional Study in Eastern Cape, South Africa. MULWA, S; BAKER, V; Cawood, C; Khanyile, D; O'Donnell, D; Sarrassat, S; Cousens, S; BIRDTHISTLE, I (2024). JMIR Formative Research 8:e44111. DOI: 10.2196/44111

Women's subsistence strategies predict fertility across cultures, but context matters. Page, A; Ringen, E; Koster, J; Borgerhoff Mulder, M; Kramer, K; Shenk, M; Stieglitz, J; Starkweather, K; Ziker, J; Boyette, A; Colleran, H; Moya, C; Du, J; Mattison, S; Greaves, R; Sum, C-Y; Liu, R; Lew-Levy, S; Kiabiya Ntamboudila, F; Prall, S; Towner, M; Blumenfield, T; Migliano, A; Major-Smith, D; Dyble, M; Salali, G; Chaudhary, N; Derkx, I; Ross, C; Scelza, B; Gurven, M; Winterhalder, B; Cortez, C; Pacheco-Cobos, L; Schacht, R; Macfarlan, S; Leonetti, D; French, J; Alam, N; Zohora, F; Kaplan, H; Hooper, P; SEAR, R (2024). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 121 (9) e2318181121. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.23181811

INSPIRE datahub: a pan-African integrated suite of services for harmonising longitudinal population health data using OHDSI tools. BHATTACHARJEE, T; Kiwuwa-Muyingo, S; Kanjala, C; Maoyi, M; Amadi, D; Ochola, M; Kadengye, D; Gregory, A; Kiragga, A; Taylor, A; Greenfield, J; SLAYMAKER, E; TODD, J (2024). Frontiers in Digital Health 6:1329630. DOI: 10.3389/fdgth.2024.1329630

Local and long-distance migration among young people in rural Malawi: importance of age, sex and family. McLEAN, E; Dube, A; Kalobekamo, F; SLAYMAKER, E; CRAMPIN, A; SEAR, R (2024). Wellcome Open Research 8:211. DOI: 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.19309.2


Pregnancy risks and contraceptive use among postpartum mothers in Cameroon: implications for improving the coverage of postpartum family planning services. Fotso JC, CLELAND J, Ngambe M, Baye M, Adje E. (2023). Reproductive Health 20(2). DOI:

Women’s beliefs about methods and contraceptive discontinuation: results from a prospective study from Nairobi and Homa Bay counties in Kenya. Wado YD, Mutua M, Odwe G, Obare F, Machiyama K, Casterlline J, CLELAND J (2023). Frontiers in Global Women’s Health 4:1034634. DOI:

Contributions of age groups and causes of death to the sex gap in lifespan variation in Europe. Zazueta-Borboa, J. D., Aburto, J. M., Permanyer, I., Zarulli, V., & Janssen, F. (2023). Population Studies77(3), 475-496. DOI: 10.1080/00324728.2023.2222723

Lifespan variation among people with a given disease or condition. Zheng, Y., Permanyer, I., Canudas-Romo, V., Aburto, J. M., Nigri, A., & Plana-Ripoll, O. (2023). PLOS One18(9), e0290962. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0290962

Changes in fertility rates and desires in the wake of the homicide surge in Mexico. Floridi, G., Gargiulo, M., & Aburto, J. M. (2023). Retrieved from osf. io/preprints/socarxiv/mf9eb.DOI: 10.31235/

Dynamics of the coefficient of variation of the age at death distribution. Martin, J., Aburto, J. M., & Permanyer, I. (2023). Demographic Research49, 1063-1086. DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2023.49.38

Reversals in past long-term trends in educational inequalities in life expectancy for selected European countries. Zazueta-Borboa, J. D., Martikainen, P., Aburto, J. M., Costa, G., Peltonen, R., Zengarini, N., ... & Janssen, F. (2023). J Epidemiol Community Health77(7), 421-429. DOI: 10.1136/jech-2023-220385

The Gap Between US and Best Practice Life Expectancy Is Increasing. Aburto, J. M., & Vigezzi, S. (2023). American Journal of Public Health, (0), e1-e3. DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2023.307332

Development and Validation of a Brief Measure of Sexual Wellbeing for Population Surveys: The Natsal Sexual Wellbeing Measure (Natsal-SW). Mitchell, K; PALMER, M; Lewis, R; Bosó Pérez, R; Maxwell, K; Macdowall, W; Reid, D; Bonell, C; Mercer, C; Sonnenberg, P; Fortenberry, J (2023). Journal of Sex Research. DOI: 10.1080/00224499.2023.2278530

Prevalence of endemic respiratory viruses during the COVID-19 pandemic in urban and rural MalawiVink, E; Banda, L; Amoah, A; Kasenda, S; Read, J; Jewell, C; Denis, B; Mwale, A; CRAMPIN, A; Anscombe, C; Menyere, M; Ho, A (2023). Open Forum Infectious Diseases. DOI: 10.1093/ofid/ofad643 

Lifetime risk of maternal near miss morbidity: a novel indicator of maternal health.Gazeley, U; Polizzi, A; Romero-Prieto, J; Aburto, J; RENIERS, G; Filippi, V (2023). International Journal of Epidemiology. DOI: 10.1093/ije/dyad169

Family network and household composition: a longitudinal dataset derived from the Karonga Health and Demographic Surveillance System, in rural Malawi. McLean, E; Kalobekamo, F; Mwiba, O; CRAMPIN, A; Slaymaker, E; Sear, R; Dube, A (2023). Wellcome Open Research 8:573. DOI: 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.20406.1

Mpox Knowledge and Vaccine Willingness Among a Representative Analysis of Adults in Pennsylvania. Pinto, C; RISHER, K; Calo, W; Kraschnewski, J; Heilbrunn, E; Paules, C (2023). Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice 32(1):e1303. DOI: 10.1097/IPC.0000000000001303

"The future is unstable": Exploring changing fertility intentions in the United Kingdom during the COVID-19 pandemic. Raybould, A; Mynarska, M; SEAR, R (2023). Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health 2023 Dec 12. DOI:10.1111/psrh.12248 Epub ahead of print.

How age and sex affect treatment outcomes for children with severe malnutrition: A multi-country secondary data analysis. THURSTANS, S; Opondo, C; Bailey, J; Stobaugh, H; Loddo, F; Wrottesley, S; Seal, A; Myatt, M; Briend, A; Garenne, M; Mertens, A; Wells, J; SEAR, R; Kerac, M (2023). Maternal & Child Nutrition, e13596. doi: 10.1111/mcn.13596

Burden, determinants, consequences and care of multimorbidity in rural and urbanising Telangana, India: protocol for a mixed-methods study within the APCAPS cohort. LIEBER, J; Banjara, S; Mallinson, P; Mahajan, H; Bhogadi, S; Addanki, S; Birk, N; Song, W; Shah, A; Kurmi, O; Iyer, G; Kamalakannan, S; Kishore Galla, R; Sadanand, S; Dasi, T; Kulkarni, B; Kinra, S (2023). BMJ Open 2023;13:e073897. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2023-073897

Measuring under-5 mortality and fertility through mobile phone surveys: an assessment of selection bias in 34 low-income and middle-income countries. Sánchez-Páez, D; Masquelier, B; Menashe-Oren, A; Baruwa, O; RENIERS, G (2023). BMJ Open 2023;13:e071791. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2023-071791

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Treatment With Antiretroviral Therapy Mitigates the High Risk of Mental Health Disorders Associated With HIV Infection in the US Population. Ba, D; RISHER, K; Ssentongo, P; Zhang, Y; Dai, Q; Liu, G; Maiga, M; Zhang, X; Diakite, B; Coulibaly, S; Hou, L; Leslie, D; Chinchilli, V (2023). Open Forum Infectious Diseases, Volume 10, Issue 11, November 2023, ofad555. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofad555

The impact of community-based integrated HIV and sexual and reproductive health services for youth on population-level HIV viral load and sexually transmitted infections in Zimbabwe: protocol for the CHIEDZA cluster-randomised trial. Dziva Chikwari, C; Dauya, E; Bandason, T; Tembo, M; Mavodza, C; Simms, V; Mackworth-Young, C; Apollo, T; Grundy, C; Weiss, H; Kranzer, K; Mavimba, T; Indravudh, P; Doyle, A; Mugurungi, O; Machiha, A; Bernays, S; Busza, J; Madzima, B; Terris-Prestholt, F; MCCARTHY, O; Hayes, R; Francis, S; Ferrand, R (2023). Wellcome Open Res 2023, 7:54 doi: 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.17530.2

Mapping regional variability of exclusive breastfeeding and its determinants at different infant's age in Tanzania. Jahanpour, O; Okango, E; TODD, J; Mwambi, H; Mahande, M (2023). BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 23, 769 (2023). doi: 10.1186/s12884-023-06076-5

'Dysgenic fertility' is an ideological, not a scientific, concept. A Comment on: 'Stability and change in male fertility patterns by cognitive ability across 32 birth cohorts' (2023), by Bratsberg & Rogeberg. SEAR, R; Townsend, C (2023). Biol. Lett.19: 20230390. 20230390. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2023.0390

Spatial Analysis of Antiretroviral Therapy Attrition Among Adults in Zimbabwe HIV: Geo-Additive Bayesian Survival Models. Matsena Zingoni, Z; Chirwa, T; TODD, J; Musenge, E (2023). Global Perspectives on Health Geography. Springer, Cham. doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-41268-4_6

Characterizing the evolving SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence in urban and rural Malawi between February 2021 and April 2022: A population-based cohort study. Banda, L; Ho, A; Kasenda, S; Read, J; Jewell, C; PRICE, A; McLean, E; Dube, A; Chaima, D; Samikwa, L; Nyirenda, T; Hughes, E; Willett, B; Mwale, A; Amoah, A; Crampin, A (2023). International Journal of Infectious Diseases 137, 118–125. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2023.10.020

A qualitative study exploring experiences of the safetxt digital health intervention to reduce sexually transmitted infections in young people in the UK. Berendes, S; Gubijev, A; French, R; Hickson, F; FREE, C (2023). BMJ Open;13:e072701. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2023-072701

Unmet need for modern contraception by HIV status: findings from community-based studies implemented before and after earlier ART initiation program in rural Tanzania. Mkwashapi, D; Renju, J; Mahande, M; Wringe, A; Changalucha, J; Urassa, M; TODD, J (2023). Reprod Health 20, 153; doi: 10.1186/s12978-023-01695-9

Trends of Exclusive Breastfeeding Practices and Its Determinants in Tanzania from 1999 to 2016. Jahanpour, O; TODD, J; Mwambi, H; Okango, E; Mahande, M (2023). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health20(20), 6904; doi: 10.3390/ijerph20206904

Waist circumference and glycaemia are strong predictors of progression to diabetes in individuals with prediabetes in sub-Saharan Africa: 4-year prospective cohort study in Malawi. Nakanga, W; CRAMPIN, A; Mkandawire, J; Banda, L; Andrews, R; Hattersley, A; Nyirenda, M; Rodgers, L (2023).  PLOS Global Public Health 3(9): e0001263. Doi: 10.1371/journal.pgph.0001263

Substance use and variation in sexual partnership rates among young MSM and young transgender women: Disaggregating between and within-person associations. Janulis, P; Jenness, S; RISHER, K; Phillips, G; Mustanski, B; Birkett, M (2023). Drug and alcohol dependence 252:110968. Doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2023.110968

Nuclearization of maternal support networks in the UK and the US during the COVID-19 pandemic: impact on women’s financial and emotional wellbeing. HASSAN, A; Spake, L; Shaver, J; Shenk, M; Sosis, R; SEAR, R (2023). DOI: Preprint

Process evaluation of a financial incentive scheme to increase fruit and vegetable purchasing from unorganised retailers in rural Telangana, India. LIEBER, J; Kinra, S; Addanki, S; Prabhakar, S; Bhogadi, S; Mallinson, P; Kurpad, A; Walls, H; Kulkarni, B; Aggarwal, S; Pande, R; Selvaraj, K; Debbarma, A; Deo, S; Kannuri, N (2023).  DOI: Preprint

Comparison of survival analysis approaches to modelling age at first sex among youth in Kisesa Tanzania. Materu, J; Konje, E; Urassa, M; MARSTON, M; Boerma, T; TODD, J; Ortega, J (2023). PLOS ONE 18(9): e0289942. DOI:

Multi-trait discovery and fine-mapping of lipid loci in 125,000 individuals of African ancestry. Kamiza, A; Touré, S; Zhou, F; Soremekun, O; Cissé, C; Wélé, M; Touré, A; Nashiru, O; Corpas, M; Nyirenda, M; CRAMPIN, A; Shaffer, J; Doumbia, S; Zeggini, E; Morris, A; Asimit, J; Chikowore, T; Fatumo, S (2023). Nat Commun 14, 5403. DOI:

Development and piloting of a primary school-based salt reduction programme: Formative work and a process evaluation in rural and urban Malawi. Phiri, N; Cunningham, Y; Witek-Mcmanus, S; Chabwera, M; Munthali-Mkandawire, S; Masiye, J; Saka, A; Katundulu, M; Chiphinga Mwale, C; Dembo Kang'ombe, D; Kimangila, J; CRAMPIN, A; Mair, F (2023). PLOS Global Public Health 3(8): e0000867. DOI:

Deconconstructing Colonial Population Anxiety - Population Politics in the Tropics: Demography, Health and Transimperialism in Colonial Angola By Samuël Coghe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2022. Pp. 317. $99.99, hardcover (ISBN: 9781108837866); WALTERS, S (2023). The Journal of African History. 64(2):314-316. doi: 10.1017/s0021853723000476

"Figuring stuff out myself" - a qualitative study on maternal vaccination in socially and ethnically diverse areas in England. Berendes, S; Mounier-Jack, S; Ojo-Aromokudu, O; Ivory, A; Tucker, J; Larson, H; FREE, C (2023). BMC Public Health 23, 1408. DOI:

Pregnancy-related mortality up to 1 year postpartum in sub-Saharan Africa: an analysis of verbal autopsy data from six countries. Gazeley, U; RENIERS, G; Romero-Prieto, J; CALVERT, C; Jasseh, M; Herbst, K; Khagayi, S; Obor, D; Kwaro, D; Dube, A; Dheresa, M; Kabudula, C; Kahn, K; Urassa, M; Nyaguara, A; Temmerman, M; Magee, L; von Dadelszen, P; Filippi, V (2023). BJOG 2024 Jan;131(2):163-174. doi: 10.1111/1471-0528.17606. Epub 2023 Jul 19

An evaluation of truncated birth histories for the rapid measurement of fertility and child survival. Masquelier, B; Menashe-Oren, A; RENIERS, G (2023). Popul Health Metr Jul 18;21(1):8 doi: 10.1186/s12963-023-00307-9

Mobile phone-based interventions for improving contraception use. Perinpanathan, T; Maiya, S; van Velthoven, M; Nguyen, A; FREE, C; SMITH, C (2023).Cochrane Database Syst Rev. (2015) Jun 26;2015(6):CD011159. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD011159.pub2

Effects of exclusive breastfeeding on educational attainment and longitudinal trajectories of grade progression among children in a 13-year follow-up study in Malawi. Mohammed, S; Webb, E; Calvert, C; Glynn, J; Sunny, B; CRAMPIN, A; McLean, E; Munthali-Mkandawire, S; Lazarous Nkhata Dube, A; Kalobekamo, F; MARSTON, M; Oakley, L (2023). Sci Rep Jul 14;13(1):11413. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-38455-5

Tools for assessing child and adolescent stunting: Lookup tables, growth charts and a novel appropriate-technology "MEIRU" wallchart - a diagnostic accuracy study. Chanyarungrojn, P; Lelijveld, N; CRAMPIN, A; Nkhwazi, L; Geis, S; Nyirenda, M; Kerac, M (2023). PLOS Glob Public Health Jul 14;3(7):e0001592. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgph.0001592

Assessing the potential of two electronic decision support systems to improve the quality of antenatal care in primary care facilities in Nepal: study protocol. Radovich, E; Penn-Kekana, L; Karki, S; Das, S; Shakya, R; Campbell, O; MCCARTHY, O; Jarhyan, P; Mishra, A; Karmacharya, B; Shrestha, A; Shrestha, A (2023) Preprint. 

Effects of exclusive breastfeeding on educational attainment and longitudinal trajectories of grade progression among children in a 13-year follow-up study in Malawi. MOHAMMED, S., Webb, E.L., CALVERT C, Glynn J.R, Sunny B., CRAMPIN A.C, MCLEAN E, Munthali-Mkandawire S, Dube A, Kalobekamo F, MARSTON M, & Laura L. Oakley (2023). Sci Rep 13, 11413. DOI: s41598-023-38455-5

Comparison of programmatic data from antenatal clinics with population-based HIV prevalence estimates in the era of universal test and treat in western Kenya. Ambia, J; Romero-Prieto, J; Kwaro, D; RISHER, K; Khagayi, S; CALVERT, C; Obor, D; TLHAJOANE, M; Odongo, F; MARSTON, M; Slaymaker, E; Rice, B; Kabudula, C; Eaton, J; RENIERS, G; Nicol, E (2023). PloS one (June): e0287626. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0287626

Pregnancy-related mortality up to 1 year postpartum in sub-Saharan Africa: an analysis of verbal autopsy data from six countries. GAZELEY, U, RENIERS, G, ROMERO-PRIETO, JE, CALVERT, C, Jasseh, M, Herbst, K, et al (2023). British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology (BJOG) 1-12. DOI: 10.1111/1471-0528.17606

A practical guide to cross-cultural data collection in the biological and behavioural sciences. Spake, L; HASSAN, A; Schaffnit, S; Watts, J; SEAR, R; Shenk, M; Sosis, R; Shaver, J (2023). Preprint DOI: 10.31219/

Sexual violence and antiretroviral adherence among women of reproductive age in African population-based surveys: the moderating role of the perinatal phase. Schrubbe, L; Stöckl, H; Hatcher, A; CALVERT, C (2023). Journal of the International AIDS Society Vol 26(6). DOI: 10.1002/jia2.26129

Reproductive inequality in humans and other mammals. Ross, Cody T.; Hooper, Paul L.; Smith, Jennifer E.; Jaeggi, Adrian V.; Smith, Eric Alden; Gavrilets, Sergey; Zohora, Fatema Tuz; Ziker, John; Xygalatas, Dimitris; Wroblewski, Emily E.; … SEAR, R; … PAGE, A; … et al (2023). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), Vol 120(22). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2220124120

Evaluating use of mass-media communication intervention 'MTV-Shuga' on increased awareness and demand for HIV and sexual health services by adolescent girls and young women in South Africa: an observational study. Chimbindi, N; Mthiyane, N; Chidumwa, G; Zuma, T; Dreyer, J; BIRDTHISTLE, I; FLOYD, S; Kyegombe, N; Grundy, C; Cawood, C; Danaviah, S; Smit, T; Pillay, D; Baisley, K; Harling, G; Seeley, J; Shahmanesh, M (2023). BMJ Open13(5): e062804. DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2022-062804

Wealth, health and inequality in Agta foragers. PAGE, A; Ruiz, M; Dyble, M; Major-Smith, D; Migliano, A; Myers, S (2023). Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health 11(1):149-162. DOI: 10.1093/emph/eoad015

Facilitators and barriers to engaging with the DREAMS initiative among young women who sell sex aged 18-24 in Zimbabwe: a qualitative study. Machingura, F; Busza, J; Jamali, G; Makamba, M; Mushati, P; Chiyaka, T; Hargreaves, J; HENSEN, B; BIRDTHISTLE, I; Cowan, F (2023). BMC Women's Health  23(1):257. DOI: 10.1186/s12905-023-02374-4    

Impact of DREAMS interventions on experiences of violence among adolescent girls and young women: Findings from population-based cohort studies in Kenya and South Africa. Wambiya, E; Gourlay, A; Mulwa, S; Magut, F; Mthiyane, N; Orindi, B; Chimbindi, N; Kwaro, D; Shahmanesh, M; FLOYD, S; BIRDTHISTLE, I; Ziraba, A; Palermo, T (2023). PLOS Global Public Health 3(5). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgph.0001818

Partnership types and coital frequency as predictors of gonorrhea and chlamydia among young MSM and young transgender women. Janulis, P; Goodreau, S; Morris, M; Birkett, M; Phillips, G; RISHER, K; Mustanski, B; Jenness, S (2023). International Journal of STD & AIDS. DOI:10.1177/09564624231173728

Cooperation and partner choice among Agta hunter-gatherer children: An evolutionary developmental perspective. Major-Smith, D; Chaudhary, N; Dyble, M; Major-Smith, K; PAGE, A; Salali, G; Mace, R; Migliano, A (2023). PLOS One 18(4):e0284360. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0284360

Spatio-temporal estimates of HIV risk group proportions for adolescent girls and young women across 13 priority countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Howes, A; RISHER, K; Nguyen, V; Stevens, O; Jia, K; Wolock, T; Esra, R; Zembe, L; Wanyeki, I; Mahy, M; Benedikt, C; Flaxman, S; Eaton, J (2023). PLOS Global Public Health 3(4): e0001731. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgph.0001731

“Day and night people run after money … where is the time to spend chit-chatting with parents?”: Challenges of, and coping strategies for, supporting older relatives in adults of varied socioeconomic backgrounds in Tamil Nadu, India. LIEBER, J; CLARKE, L; Kinra, S; Papachristou Nadal, I; Thampi, B (2023). SSM - Qualitative Research in Health 3:100262-100262. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssmqr.2023.100262

Post-marital residence patterns and the timing of reproduction: evidence from a matrilineal society. Du, J; Huang, Y; Bai, P-P; Zhou, L; Myers, S; PAGE, A; Mace, R (2023). Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 290(1995):20230159. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2023.0159

Increased Age Heaping in Mobile Phone Surveys Conducted in Low-Income and Middle-Income Countries. Helleringer, S; Lau, S; Luhar, S; Banda, J; Lankoande, B; TLHAJOANE, M; RENIERS, G (2023). Socius : Sociological Research for a Dynamic World 9:237802312311587-237802312311587. DOI: 10.1177/23780231231158766

Emotional and informational social support from health visitors and breastfeeding outcomes in the UK. Chambers, A; Emmott, E; Myers, S; PAGE, A (2023). International Breastfeeding Journal 18(1):14. DOI: 10.1186/s13006-023-00551-7

Changes in preterm birth and stillbirth during COVID-19 lockdowns in 26 countries. CALVERT, C; Brockway, M; Zoega, H; Miller, J; Been, J; Amegah, A; et al (2023). Nature Human Behaviour 7(4):529-544. DOI: 10.1038/s41562-023-01522-y

Protocol for an OpenSAFELY cohort study collecting patient-reported outcome measures using the TPP Airmid smartphone application and linked big data to quantify the health and economic costs of long COVID (OpenPROMPT). Herrett, E; TOMLIN, K; Lin, L-Y; Tomlinson, L; Jit, M; Briggs, A; Marks, M; Sandmann, F; Parry, J; Bates, C; Morley, J; Bacon, S; Butler-Cole, B; Mahalingasivam, V; Dennison, A; Smith, D; Gabriel, E; Mehrkar, A; Goldacre, B; Smeeth, L; Eggo, R (2023). BMJ Open 13(2):e071261. DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2022-071261

Misconceptions, Misinformation, and Misperceptions: A Case for Removing the "Mis-" When Discussing Contraceptive Beliefs. Stevens, R; MACHIYAMA, K; Mavodza, C; Doyle, A (2023). Studies in Family Planning 54(1):309-321. DOI: 10.1111/sifp.12232

Severe COVID-19 pneumonitis and timing of birth in women. CALVERT, C; Stock, S (2023). The Lancet. Respiratory Medicine 11(6):494-495. DOI: 10.1016/s2213-2600(22)00531-8

Impact of a financial incentive scheme on purchase of fruits and vegetables from unorganised retailers in rural India: a cluster-randomised controlled trial. Kinra, S; Mallinson, P; Debbarma, A; Walls, H; LIEBER, J; Bhogadi, S; Addanki, S; Pande, R; Kurpad, A; Kannuri, N; Aggarwal, S; Kulkarni, B; Finkelstein, E; Deo, S (2023). The Lancet Regional Health - Southeast Asia 12:100140. DOI: 10.1016/j.lansea.2022.100140

Contribution of remote M.tuberculosis infection to tuberculosis disease: A 30-year population study. Glynn, J; Khan, P; Mzembe, T; Sichali, L; Fine, P; CRAMPIN, A; Houben, R; Gong, W (2023). PLOS One 18(1):e0278136. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0278136

A cluster randomized controlled trial of an electronic decision-support system to enhance antenatal care services in pregnancy at primary healthcare level in Telangana, India: trial protocol. Mohan, S; Chaudhry, M; MCCARTHY, O; Jarhyan, P; CALVERT, C; Jindal, D; Shakya, R; Radovich, E; Kondal, D; Penn-Kekana, L; Basany, K; Roy, A; Tandon, N; Shrestha, A; Shrestha, A; Karmacharya, B; Cairns, J; Perel, P; Campbell, O; Prabhakaran, D (2023). BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 23(1):72. DOI: 10.1186/s12884-022-05249-y

Young people's access to sexual and reproductive health prevention services in South Africa during the COVID-19 pandemic: an online questionnaire. BAKER, V; MULWA, S; Khanyile, D; Sarrassat, S; O'Donnell, D; Piot, S; Diogo, Y; Arnold, G; Cousens, S; Cawood, C; BIRDTHISTLE, I (2023). BMJ Paediatrics Open 7(1): e001500-e001500. DOI: 10.1136/bmjpo-2022-001500

Qualitative study of practices and attitudes towards physical activity among prediabetic men and women in urban and rural Malawi. Banda, J; Bunn, C; CRAMPIN, A; Gill, J; Gray, C (2023). BMJ open 13(1):e058261. DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-058261

A population-based matched cohort study of major congenital anomalies following COVID-19 vaccination and SARS-CoV-2 infection. CALVERT, C; Carruthers, J; Denny, C; Donaghy, J; Hopcroft, L; Hopkins, et al (2023). Nature communications 14(1):107. DOI: 10.1038/s41467-022-35771-8

Behavioural intervention to reduce sexually transmitted infections in people aged 16–24 years in the UK: the safetxt RCT. FREE, C; PALMER, M; Potter, K; MCCARTHY, O; Jerome, L; Berendes, S; Gubijev, A; Knight, M; Jamal, Z; Dhaliwal, F; Carpenter, J; Morris, T; Edwards, P; French, R; Macgregor, L; Turner, K; Baraitser, P; Hickson, F; Wellings, K; Roberts, I; Bailey, J; Hart, G; Michie, S; Clayton, T; Devries, K (2023). Public Health Research 11(1):1-96. DOI: 10.3310/dane8826

Lifetime risk of maternal near miss morbidity: A novel indicator of maternal health. GAZELEY, U; PRIETO, J; ABURTO, J; Polizzi, A; RENIERS, G; Filippi, V (2023). medRxiv (pre-print). DOI: 10.1101/2023.03.09.23287053

Local and long-distance migration among young people in rural Malawi: importance of age, sex and family. McLEAN, E; Dube, A; Kalobekamo, F; SLAYMAKER, E; CRAMPIN, A; SEAR, R (2023). Wellcome Open Research 8:211. DOI: 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.19309.1


Is newborn survival influenced by place of delivery? A comparison of home, public sector and private sector deliveries in India. Verma, A, CLELAND J. (2022). Journal of Biosocial Science 54(2):184-198. DOI:

Effect of parental stature on child stunting in India. Gupta A, CLELAND J, Sekher TV. (2022). Journal of Biosocial Science 54(4):605-616. DOI:

Contraceptive use in urban Africa: examining trends in rich-poor gaps. Ezeh, A , Anyawie, M, CLELAND J. (2022) Studies in Family Planning 53(3): 515-526. DOI:

Teenage pregnancy and timing of first marriage in Cameroon—What has changed over the last three decades, and what are the implications? Fotso JC, CLELAND J, Muki B, Adje, E, Mayack, J (2022). PLoS ONE 17(11). DOI:

The Contraceptive Revolution. In JF May and JA Goldstone (eds) International Handbook of Population Policies. CLELAND J (2022). Springer:595-616. eBook ISBN978-3-031-02040-7; DOI: 

Circumcising daughters in Nigeria: To what extent does education influence mothers’ FGM/C continuation attitudes? ACKAH JA, Ayerakwah PA, Boakye K, Owusu BA, Bediako VB, Gyesi M, et al. (2022). PLOS Glob Public Health 2(11): e0000660. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgph.0000660

Significant impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on race/ethnic differences in USA mortality. ABURTO, J.M., Tilstra, A., Floridi, G., Dowd, J.B. (2022). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 119 (35) e2205813119. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2205813119

Evaluation of age- specific causes of death in the context of the Italian longevity transition.Nigri, A., ABURTO, J.M., Basellini, U., Bonetti, M. (2022). Scientific Reports 12 (226624). DOI: 10.1038/s41598-022-26907-3

Life expectancy changes since COVID-19 are marked by bounce backs amid continued losses. Scholey, J., ABURTO, J.M., Kashnitsky, I., Kniffka, M. Zhang, L., Jaadla, H., Dowd, J.B., Kashyap, R., (2022). Nature Human Behaviour 6 (1649–1659). DOI: 10.1038/s41562-022-01450-3

Sociodemographic inequalities and excess non-COVID-19 mortality during the COVID-19 pandemic: A data-driven analysis of 1,069,174 death certificates in Mexico. Antonio-Villa, N.E., Bello-Chavolla, O.Y., Ferm ́ın-Mart ́ınez, C.A., ABURTO, J.M.,et al. (2022). International Journal of Epidemiology Vol 51 (6),  pp.1711–1721. DOI:10.1093/ije/dyac184

Drewnowski’s index to measure lifespan variation: Revisiting the Gini coefficient of the life table. ABURTO, J.M., Basellini, U., Baudisch, A., Villavicencio, F. (2022). Theoretical Population Biology. DOI: 10.1016/j.tpb.2022.08.003

I see salt everywhere”: A qualitative examination of the utility of arts-based participatory workshops to study noncommunicable diseases in Tanzania and Malawi. Bissett, M; Gray, C; Abdulla, S; Bunn, C; CRAMPIN, A; Dillip, A; Gill, J; Kaare, H; Kalima, S; Kambalu, E; Lwanda, J; Makoye, H; Mtema, O; Perry, M; Strachan, Z; Todd, H; Mtenga, S (2022). PLOS Global Public Health 2(12): e0000927. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgph.0000927

The impact of market integration on arranged marriages in Matlab, Bangladesh. Schaffnit, S; PAGE, A; Lynch, R; Spake, L; SEAR, R; Sosis, R; Shaver, J; Alam, N; Towner, M; Shenk, M (2022). Evolutionary Human Sciences, 1-39. DOI: 10.1017/ehs.2022.54

A qualitative exploration of the salience of MTV-Shuga, an edutainment programme, and adolescents' engagement with sexual and reproductive health information in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Kyegombe, N; Zuma, T; Hlongwane, S; Nhlenyama, M; Chimbindi, N; BIRDTHISTLE, I; Floyd, S; Seeley, J; Shahmanesh, M (2022). Sexual and Reproductive Health Matters 30(1):2083809. DOI: 10.1080/26410397.2022.2083809

Sedentarization and maternal childcare networks: role of risk, gender and demographyPAGE, A; Migliano, A; Dyble, M; Major-Smith, D; Viguier, S; HASSAN, A (2022). Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B – Bio Sc (378) 20210435. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2021.0435

Measuring the quality of antenatal care in a context of high utilisation: evidence from Telangana, IndiaRadovich, E; Chaudhry, M; Penn-Kekana, L; Raju, K; Mishra, A; Vallabhuni, R; Jarhyan, P; Mohan, S; Prabhakaran, D; Campbell, O; CALVERT, C (2022). BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 22(1):876. DOI: 10.1186/s12884-022-05200-1

Improving experience of medical abortion at home in a changing therapeutic, technological and regulatory landscape: a realist reviewBaraitser, P; FREE, C; Norman, W; Lewandowska, M; Meiksin, R; Palmer, M; SCOTT, R; French, R; Wellings, K; Ivory, A; Wong, G (2022). BMJ Open 12(11):e066650. DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2022-066650

Religiosity is associated with greater size, kin density, and geographic dispersal of women's social networks in Bangladesh. Lynch, R; Schaffnit, S; SEAR, R; Sosis, R; Shaver, J; Alam, N; Blumenfield, T; Mattison, S; Shenk, M (2022). Sci Rep 12(1): 18780. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-022-22972-w

A systematic review of randomised controlled trials of the effects of digital health interventions on postpartum contraception use. Sze, Y; BERENDES, S; Russel, S; Bellam, L; SMITH, C; Cameron, S; FREE, C (2022). BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health Published Online First. DOI: 10.1136/bmjsrh-2022-201468

Disentangling the relationships between religion and fertility. Spake, L; HASSAN, A; SEAR, R; Shenk, M; Sosis, R; Shaver, J (2022). Religion, Brain & Behavior 12(4):343-346. DOI: 10.1080/2153599x.2022.2127212

A population-based matched cohort study of early pregnancy outcomes following COVID-19 vaccination and SARS-CoV-2 infection. CALVERT, C; Carruthers, J; Denny, C; Donaghy, J; Hillman, S; Hopcroft, L; Hopkins, L; Goulding, A; Lindsay, L; McLaughlin, T; Moore, E; Pan, J; Taylor, B; Almaghrabi, F; Auyeung, B; Bhaskaran, K; Gibbons, C; Katikireddi, S; McCowan, C; Murray, J; O'Leary, M; Ritchie, L; Shah, S; Simpson, C; Robertson, C; Sheikh, A; Stock, S; Wood, R (2022). Nature Communications 13(1):6124. DOI: 10.1038/s41467-022-33937-y

Women's risk of death beyond 42 days post partum: a pooled analysis of longitudinal Health and Demographic Surveillance System data in sub-Saharan Africa. Gazeley, U; RENIERS, G; Eilerts-Spinelli, H; PRIETO, J; Jasseh, M; Khagayi, S; Filippi, V (2022). The Lancet Global Health 10(11):e1582-e1589. DOI: 10.1016/S2214-109X(22)00339-4

Nutritional status and adult mortality in a mid-20th century Gambian population: do different types of physical ‘capital’ have different associations with mortality? SEAR, R; Prentice, A; Wells, J (2022). The History of the Family 1-22. DOI: 10.1080/1081602x.2022.2123842

Role of clusters in exclusive breastfeeding practices in Tanzania: A secondary analysis study using demographic and health survey data (2015/2016). Jahanpour, O; Okango, E; TODD, J; Mwambi, H; Mahande, M (2022). Frontiers in Pediatrics 10. DOI: 10.3389/fped.2022.939706

Antenatal corticosteroids in adequately equipped facilities in low-resource settings. Townsend, R; CALVERT, C (2022). The Lancet. Global health 10(10):e1379-e1380. DOI: 10.1016/s2214-109x(22)00387-4

Evaluating pregnancy reporting in Siaya Health and Demographic Surveillance System through record linkage with ANC clinics. Eilerts-Spinelli, H; ROMERO PRIETO, J; Ambia, J; Khagayi, S; Kabudula, C; Eaton, J; RENIERS, G (2022). International Journal of Population Data Science 7(4). DOI: 10.23889/ijpds.v7i4.1762

Effectiveness of a behavioural intervention delivered by text messages (safetxt) on sexually transmitted reinfections in people aged 16-24 years: randomised controlled trial. FREE, C; Palmer, M; MCCARTHY, O; Jerome, L; Berendes, S; Knight, M; Carpenter, J; Morris, T; Jamal, Z; Dhaliwal, F; French, R; Hickson, F; Gubijev, A; Wellings, K; Baraitser, P; Roberts, I; Bailey, J; Clayton, T; Devries, K; Edwards, P; Hart, G; Michie, S; Macgregor, L; Turner, K; Potter, K (2022). BMJ (Clinical research ed.) 378:e070351. DOI: 10.1136/bmj-2022-070351

Life history trade-offs associated with exposure to low maternal capital are different in sons compared to daughters: Evidence from a prospective Brazilian birth cohort. Wells, J; Cole, T; Cortina-Borja, M; SEAR, R; Leon, D; Marphatia, A; Murray, J; Wehrmeister, F; Oliveira, P; Gonçalves, H; Oliveira, I; Menezes, A (2022). Frontiers in public health 10:914965. DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2022.914965

No association between fertility desire and HIV infections among men and women: Findings from community-based studies before and after implementation of an early antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation program in the rural district of North-western TanzaniaMkwashapi, D; TODD, J; Mahande, M; Changalucha, J; Urassa, M; MARSTON, M; Renju, J (2022). Open Research Africa 5:30-30. DOI: 10.12688/openresafrica.13432.1

Divergent age patterns of under-5 mortality in south Asia and sub-Saharan Africa: a modelling study. Verhulst, A; Prieto, J; Alam, N; Eilerts-Spinelli, H; Erchick, D; Gerland, P; Katz, J; Lankoande, B; Liu, L; Pison, G; RENIERS, G; Subedi, S; Villavicencio, F; Guillot, M (2022). The Lancet Global Health 10(11):e1566-e1574. DOI: 10.1016/S2214-109X(22)00337-0

The association of breastfeeding with cognitive development and educational achievement in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review. Mohammed, S; Oakley, L; MARSTON, M; Glynn, J; CALVERT, C (2022). Journal of Global Health 12:04071. DOI: 10.7189/jogh.12.04071

Loss to Follow-Up Risk among HIV Patients on ART in Zimbabwe, 2009-2016: Hierarchical Bayesian Spatio-Temporal Modeling. Matsena Zingoni, Z; Chirwa, T; TODD, J; Musenge, E (2022). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(17), 11013. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph191711013

Time trends in the prevalence and determinants of age-appropriate breast feeding among children aged 0-23 months in Ghana: a pooled analysis of population-based surveys, 2003-2017. Mohammed, S; Oakley, L; MARSTON, M; Glynn, J; CALVERT, C (2022). BMJ Open 12(8):e059928. DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-059928

Availability and experiences of differentiated antiretroviral therapy delivery at HIV care facilities in rural Zimbabwe: a mixed-method study. Christ, B; van Dijk, J; Nyandoro, T; Reichmuth, M; Kunzekwenyika, C; Chammartin, F; Egger, M; WRINGE, A; Ballif, M (2022). Journal of the International AIDS Society 25(8):e25944. DOI: 10.1002/jia2.25944

Delivering an mHealth Adherence Support Intervention for Patients With HIV: Mixed Methods Process Evaluation of the Philippines Connect for Life StudyO'Connor, C; Leyritana, K; Doyle, A; BIRDTHISTLE, I; Lewis, J; Gill, R; Salvaña, E (2022). JMIR Formative Research 6(8):e37163. DOI: 10.2196/37163

Collecting mortality data via mobile phone surveys: A non-inferiority randomized trial in Malawi. Chasukwa, M; Choko, A; Muthema, F; Nkhalamba, M; Saikolo, J; TLHAJOANE, M; RENIERS, G; Dulani, B; Helleringer, S (2022). PLOS Global Public Health 2(8): e0000852. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgph.0000852

'It is guiding us to protect ourselves': a qualitative investigation into why young people engage with a mass-media HIV education campaign. BAKER, V; MULWA, S; Sarrassat, S; Khanyile, D; Cousens, S; Cawood, C; BIRDTHISTLE, I (2022). Culture, Health & Sexuality 1-15. DOI: 10.1080/13691058.2022.2100483

Strategies to Identify and Reach Young Women Who Sell Sex With HIV Prevention and Care Services: Lessons Learnt From the Implementation of DREAMS Services in Two Cities in Zimbabwe. Chabata, S; Makandwa, R; Hensen, B; Mushati, P; Chiyaka, T; Musemburi, S; Busza, J; FLOYD, S; BIRDTHISTLE, I; Hargreaves, J; Cowan, F (2022). JMIR Public Health and Surveillance 8(7):e32286. DOI: 10.2196/32286

Practitioners' experience of the working alliance in a blended cognitive-behavioural therapy intervention for depression: qualitative study of barriers and facilitators. Doukani, A; FREE, C; Araya, R; Michelson, D; Cerga-Pashoja, A; Kakuma, R (2022). BJPsych Open 8(4):e142. DOI: 10.1192/bjo.2022.546

Achieving proportional representation in a reproductive health survey through social media: process and recommendations. MCCARTHY, O; Palmer, M; Gubijev, A; Wellings, K; Mann, S; Leon, L; Callaghan, F; Patterson, S; French, R (2022). BMC Public Health 22(1):1370. DOI: 10.1186/s12889-022-13774-w

Assessment of the consistency of health and demographic surveillance and household survey data: A demonstration at two HDSS sites in The Gambia. Jasseh, M; Rerimoi, A; RENIERS, G; TIMÆUS, I (2022). PLoS One 17(7):e0271464. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0271464

Associations between low Apgar scores and mortality by race in the United States: A cohort study of 6,809,653 infants. Gillette, E; Boardman, J; CALVERT, C; John, J; Stock, S (2022). PLoS Medicine 19(7):e1004040. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1004040

Wealth, health and inequality in Agta foragers. PAGE, A; Ruiz, M; Migliano, A; Smith, D; Dyble, M; Myers, S (2022). In press. Pre-print DOI: 10.31219/

Emotional and informational social support from health visitors and breastfeeding outcomes in the UK. Chambers, A; Myers, S; Emmott, E; PAGE, A (2022). In press. Pre-print DOI: 10.31219/

Grandpaternal care and child survival in a pastoralist society in western China. Du, J; PAGE, A; Mace, R (2022). Evolution and Human Behavior Vol. 43 (5), pp. 358-366, ISSN 1090-5138, DOI: 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2022.06.001.

The Global Response: How Cities and Provinces Around the Globe Tackled Covid-19 Outbreaks in 2021. Jain, N; Hung, I-C; Kimura, H; Goh, Y; Jau, W; Huynh, K; Singh Panag, D; Tiwari, R; Prasad, S; Manirambona, E; Vasanthakumaran, T; Amanda, T; Lin, H-W; Vig, N; Thanh An, N; Uwiringiyimana, E; Popkova, D; Lin, T-H; Nguyen, M; Jain, S; Umar, T; Suleman, M; Efendi, E; Kuo, C-Y; Bansal, S; Kauškale, S; Peng, H-H; Bains, M; Rozevska, M; Tran, T; Tsai, M-S; Jiraboonsri, S; Tai, R-Z; Khan, Z; Huy, D; Kositbovornchai, S; Chiu, C-W; Nguyen, T; Chen, H-Y; Khongyot, T; Chen, K-Y; Quyen, D; Lam, J; Dila, K; Cu, T; My, T; Dung, L; Thi, K; Thi, H; Trieu, M; Thi, Y; Pham, T; Ariyoshi, K; SMITH, C; Huy, N (2022). Lancet Reg Health Southeast Asia 100031, ISSN 2772-3682,

Optimising Xpert-Ultra and culture testing to reliably measure tuberculosis prevalence in the community: findings from surveys in Zambia and South Africa. FLOYD, S; Klinkenberg, E; de Haas, P; Kosloff, B; Gachie, T; Dodd, P; Ruperez, M; Wapamesa, C; Burnett, M; Kalisvaart, N; Vermaak, R; Mainga, T; Schaap, A; Fidler, S; Mureithi, L; Shanaube, K; Hayes, R; Ayles, H; The TREATS study team (2022). BMJ Open 12:e058195,

The association of exposure to DREAMS on sexually acquiring or transmitting HIV amongst adolescent girls and young women living in rural South Africa. Mthiyane, N; Baisley, K; Chimbindi, N; Zuma, T; Okesola, N; Dreyer, J; Herbst, C; Smit, T; Danaviah, S; McGrath, N; Harling, G; Sherr, L; Seeley, J; FLOYD, S; BIRDTHISTLE, I; Shahmanesh, M (2022). AIDS: June 15, 2022 - Volume 36 - Issue Supplement 1 - p S39-S49. DOI: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000003156

DREAMS impact on HIV status knowledge and sexual risk among cohorts of young women in Kenya and South Africa. FLOYD, S; Mulwa, S; Magut, F; Gourlay, A; Mthiyane, N; Kamire, V; Osindo, J; Otieno, M; Chimbindi, N; Ziraba, A; Phillips-Howard, P; Kwaro, D; Shahmanesh, M; Birdthistle, I (2022). AIDS: June 15, 2022 - Volume 36 - Issue Supplement 1 - p S61-S73 DOI: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000003157

Awareness and uptake of the Determined, Resilient, Empowered, AIDS-free, Mentored and Safe HIV prevention package over time among population-based cohorts of young women in Kenya and South Africa. Gourlay, A; Birdthistle, I; Mulwa, S; Mthiyane, N; Magut, F; Chimbindi, N; Ziraba, A; Otieno, M; Kwaro, D; Osindo, J; Kamire, V; Shahmanesh, M; FLOYD, S (2022). AIDS: June 15, 2022 - Volume 36 - Issue Supplement 1 - p S27-S38 DOI: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000003120

Antibiotics for treatment of leptospirosis. Mukadi, P; Tabei, K; Edwards, T; Brett-Major, D; SMITH, C; Kitashoji, E; Win, T (2022). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2022, Issue 5. Art. No.: CD014960. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD014960.

Incidence of SARS-CoV-2 over four epidemic waves in a low-resource community in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: A prospective cohort study. Carvalho, M; Bastos, L; Fuller, T; Cruz, O; Damasceno, L; Calvet, G; Resende, P; SMITH, C; Whitworth, J; Siqueira, M; Brasil, P (2022). Lancet Regional Health Americas Vol.12,, 100283, ISSN 2667-193X, DOI: 10.1016/j.lana.2022.100283.

A prospective observational study of community-acquired bacterial bloodstream infections in Metro Manila, the Philippines. Saito, N; Solante, R; Guzman, F; Telan, E; Umipig, D; Calayo, J; Frayco, C; Lazaro, J; Ribo, M; Dimapilis, A; Dimapilis, V; Villanueva, A; Mauhay, J; Suzuki, M; Yasunami, M; Koizumi, N; Kitashoji, E; Sakashita, K; Yasuda, I; Nishiyama, A; SMITH, C; Ariyoshi, K; Parry, C (2022). PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 35613181, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0010414

Investigating clinic transfers among HIV patients considered lost to follow-up to improve understanding of the HIV care cascade: Findings from a cohort study in rural north-eastern South Africa. Etoori, D; Kabudula, C; WRINGE, A; Rice, B; Renju, J; Gomez-Olive, F; RENIERS, G (2022). PLOS Global Public Health, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgph.0000296

Response: Japan foresees early‐stage medical abortion approval: Will this reduce barriers to access safe abortion? Sorano, S; Emmi, S; MACHIYAMA, K; SMITH, C (2022). International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics Vol 158(1): 228-229, DOI: 10.1002/ijgo.14266

Agreement between self-reported and researcher-measured height, weight and blood pressure measurements for online prescription of the combined oral contraceptive pill: an observational study. McCulloch, H; Morelli, A; FREE, C; Syred, J; Botelle, R; Baraitser, P (2022). BMJ Open,12:e054981. DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-054981

Reliability, usability and identified need for home-based cardiometabolic health self-assessment during the COVID-19 pandemic in Soweto, South Africa. CALVERT, C; Kolkenbeck-Ruh, A; Crouch, S; Soepnel, L; Ware, L (2022). Sci Rep 12, 7158. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-022-11072-4

5-Aminolevulinic acid antiviral efficacy against SARS-CoV-2 omicron variant in vitro. Ngwe Tun, M; Sakura, T; Sakurai, Y; Kurosaki, Y; Inaoka, D; Shioda, N; SMITH, C; Yasuda, J; Morita, K; Kita, K (2022). Tropical Medicine and Health 50 (30). DOI: 10.1186/s41182-022-00422-7

Behavioral factors associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection in Japan. Arashiro, T; Arima, Y; Muraoka, H; Sato, A; Oba, K; Uehara, Y; Arioka, H; Yanai, H; Yanagisawa, N; Nagura, Y; Kato, Y; Kato, H; Ueda, A; Ishii, K; Ooki, T; Oka, H; Nishida, Y; Stucky, A; Miyahara, R; SMITH, C; Hibberd, M; Ariyoshi, K; Suzuki, M (2022). Influenza Other Respir. Viruses. DOI: 10.1111/irv.12992.

Association of impaired kidney function with mortality in rural Uganda: results of a general population cohort study. Kalyesubula, R; Sekitoleko, I; TOMLIN, K; Hansen, C; Ssebunya, B; Makanga, R; Mbonye, M; Seeley, J; Smeeth, L; Newton, R; Tomlinson, L (2022). BMJ Open 12:e051267. DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-051267

Should COVID-specific arrangements for abortion continue? The views of women experiencing abortion in Britain during the pandemic. Lohr, P; Lewandowska, M; Meiksin, R; Salaria, N; Cameron, S; SCOTT, R; Reiter, J; Palmer, M; French, R; Wellings, K (2022). BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health (online). DOI: 10.1136/bmjsrh-2022-201502

Japan foresees early-stage medical abortion approval: Will this reduce barriers to access safe abortion? Sorano, S; Emmi, S; MACHIYAMA, K; SMITH, C (2022). International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics: the Official Organ of The International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, 14228, 158(1): 227-227. DOI: 10.1002/ijgo.14226

Unique Mode of Antiviral Action of a Marine Alkaloid against Ebola Virus and SARS-CoV-2. Izumida, M; Kotani, O; Hayashi, H; SMITH, C; Fukuda, T; Suga, K; Iwao, M; Ishibashi, F; Sato, H; Kubo, Y (2022). Viruses 14(4), 816; DOI: 10.3390/v14040816

“It is guiding us to protect ourselves”: a qualitative investigation into why young people engage with a mass-media HIV education campaign. BAKER, V; MULWA, S; Sarrassat, S; Khanyile, D; Cawood, C; Cousens, S; BIRDTHISTLE, I (2022). Preprint. DOI: 10.1101/2022.04.05.22272126

Maternal mortality in the covid-19 pandemic: findings from a rapid systematic review. CALVERT, C; John, J; Nzvere, F; Cresswell, J; Fawcus, S; Fottrell, E; Say, L; Graham, W (2022). Global Health Action. 14:sup1, DOI: 10.1080/16549716.2021.1974677

Contraception after childbirth in the UK: beyond the COVID-19 pandemic. Cooper, M; FREE, C; Cameron, S (2022). BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health 48:82-84. DOI: 10.1136/bmjsrh-2021-201310

Effects of a multimedia campaign on HIV self-testing and PrEP outcomes among young people in South Africa: a mixed-methods impact evaluation of 'MTV Shuga Down South'. BIRDTHISTLE, I; MULWA, S; Sarrassat, S; BAKER, V; Khanyile, D; O'Donnell, D; Cawood, C; Cousens, S (2022). BMJ Global Health 7:e007641. DOI: 10.1136/bmjgh-2021-007641

Experiences of multimorbidity in urban and rural Malawi: An interview study of burdens of treatment and lack of treatment. Chikumbu, E; Bunn, C; Kasenda, S; Dube, A; Phiri-Makwakwa, E; Jani, B; Jobe, M; Wyke, S; Seeley, J; CRAMPIN, A; Mair, F (2022). PLOS Global Public Health 2(3): e0000139. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgph.0000139

SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence and associated risk factors in peri-urban Zambia: a population-based study. Shanaube, K; Schaap, A; Klinkenberg, E; FLOYD, S; Bwalya, J; M, C; de Haas, P; Kosloff, B; Ruperez, M; Hayes, R; Ayles, H (2022). International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID Vol118(256-263), ISSN 1201-9712. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijid.2022.03.021

Beyond the mother-child dyad: Is co-residence with a grandmother associated with adolescent girls' family planning knowledge? Zevallos-Roberts, E; Cunningham, K; Adhikari, R; Thapa, B; SEAR, R (2022). PloS ONE. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0265276

Exploring the link between gendered division of labour and reproductive decision-making in high-income countries. Raybould, A; SEAR, R; Clarke, L (2022). PhD (research paper style) thesis, LSHTM. DOI: 10.17037/PUBS.04665160

A dynamic and collaborative approach to trial recruitment in SAFETXT, a UK sexual health randomised controlled trial. Jerome, L; Potter, K; MCCARTHY, O; Palmer, M; Knight, M; FREE, C (2022). Clinical Trials Vol 19 (3): 251-258. DOI: 10.1177/17407745221078882

Impact of the DREAMS Partnership on social support and general self-efficacy among adolescent girls and young women: causal analysis of population-based cohorts in Kenya and South Africa. GOURLAY, A; FLOYD, S; Magut, F; MULWA, S; Mthiyane, N; Wambiya, E; Otieno, M; Kamire, V; Osindo, J; Chimbindi, N; Ziraba, A; Kwaro, D; Shahmanesh, M; BIRDTHISTLE, I (2022). BMJ Global Health 2022;7:e006965. DOI: 10.1136/bmjgh-2021-006965

Author Correction: SARS-CoV-2 infection and COVID-19 vaccination rates in pregnant women in Scotland. Stock, S; Carruthers, J; CALVERT, C; Denny, C; Donaghy, J; Goulding, A; Hopcroft, L; Hopkins, L; McLaughlin, T; Pan, J; Shi, T; Taylor, B; Agrawal, U; Auyeung, B; Katikireddi, S; McCowan, C; Murray, J; Simpson, C; Robertson, C; Vasileiou, E; Sheikh, A; Wood, R (2022). Nature Medicine 28 (599). DOI: 10.1038/s41591-022-01730-5

Antibiotic prophylaxis for leptospirosis. Tabei, K; Win, T; Kitashoji, E; Brett-Major, D; Edwards, T; SMITH, C; Mukadi, P (2022). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Issue 2, Art. No.: CD014959. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD014959

Understanding Sex Differences in Childhood Undernutrition: A Narrative Review. Thurstans, S; Opondo, C; Seal, A; Wells, J; Khara, T; Dolan, C; Briend, A; Myatt, M; Garenne, M; Mertens, A; SEAR, R; Kerac, M (2022). Nutrients 14(5), 948; DOI: 10.3390/nu14050948

Life-history trade-offs in a historical population (1896-1939) undergoing rapid fertility decline: Costs of reproduction? Jaeggi, A; Martin, J; Floris, J; Bender, N; Haeusler, M; SEAR, R; Staub, K (2022). Evolutionary Human Sciences 4, E7. DOI: 10.1017/ehs.2022.2

Fertility and faith: The danger of a grand narrative. WALTERS, S; SEAR, R (2022). Religion, Brain & Behavior. DOI: 10.1080/2153599X.2021.2023621

Training and capacity building in medical statistics in Sub-Saharan Africa: Impact of the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine MSc in Medical Statistics, 1969 to 2021. Carpenter, J; TODD, J; Baisley, K; Bradley, J; Tumwesigye, N; Musonda, P; Chirwa, T (2022). Statistics in Medicine. DOI: 10.1002/sim.9304

Process evaluation of an interactive mHealth adherence support intervention for HIV patients: lessons learned in the Philippines Connect for Life Study (Preprint). O'Connor, C; Leyritana, K; Doyle, A; BIRDTHISTLE, I; Lewis, J; Gill, R; Salvaña, E (2022). JMIR Formative Research. DOI: 10.2196/37163

Adolescent mental health research in Tanzania: a study protocol for a priority setting exercise and the development of an interinstitutional capacity strengthening programme. Obasi, A; Seekles, M; Boshe, J; Dow, D; Mmbaga, B; Ngakongwa, F; Okello, E; Renju, J; Shayo, E; Simbee, G; TODD, J; Oriyo, N (2022). BMJ Open 12:e054163. DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-054163

Adapting an evidence-based contraceptive behavioural intervention delivered by mobile phone for young people in Zimbabwe. MCCARTHY, O; Mavodza, C; Chikwari, C; Dauya, E; Tembo, M; Hlabangana, P; Dembetembe, R; Mpakami, N; Bandason, T; FREE, C; SMITH, C; Ferrand, R (2022). BMC Health Services Research 22, 106. DOI: 10.1186/s12913-022-07501-9

Modeling Age Patterns of Under-5 Mortality: Results from a Log-Quadratic Model Applied to High-Quality Vital Registration Data. Guillot, M; ROMERO PRIETO, J; Verhulst, A; Gerland, P (2022). Demography 59 (1): 321–347. DOI: 10.1215/00703370-9709538

Health facilities’ capability to provide comprehensive postabortion care in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from a cross-sectional survey across 210 high-volume facilities. Compaoré, R; Mehrtash, H; CALVERT, C; Qureshi, Z; Bello, F; Baguiya, A; Msusa, A; Idi, N; Govule, P; Tunçalp, Ӧ; Kouanda, S (2022). International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics 156 Suppl 1:7-19. DOI: 10.1002/ijgo.14056.

The prevalence and incidence of HIV in the ART era (2006-2016) in North West Tanzania. Mosha, N; TODD, J; Mukerebe, C; Marston, M; Colombe, S; Clark, B; Beard, J; Mtenga, B; SLAYMAKER, E; Boerma, T; Zaba, B; Urassa, M (2022). International Journal of STD & AIDS 33(4): 337–346. DOI: 10.1177/09564624211065232

SARS-CoV-2 infection and COVID-19 vaccination rates in pregnant women in Scotland. Stock, S; Carruthers, J; CALVERT, C; Denny, C; Donaghy, J; Goulding, A; Hopcroft, L; Hopkins, L; McLaughlin, T; Pan, J; Shi, T; Taylor, B; Agrawal, U; Auyeung, B; Katikireddi, S; McCowan, C; Murray, J; Simpson, C; Robertson, C; Vasileiou, E; Sheikh, A; Wood, R (2022). Nature Medicine 28 (504–512). DOI: 10.1038/s41591-021-01666-2

Prevalence and determinants of self-reported anxiety and stress among women with abortion-related complications admitted to health facilities in Eastern and Southern Africa: A cross-sectional survey. Pershad, J; Mugerwa, K; Filippi, V; Mehrtash, H; Adu-Bonsaffoh, K; Bello, F; Compaoré, R; Gadama, L; Govule, P; Qureshi, Z; Tunçalp, Ӧ; CALVERT, C (2022). International Journal of Gynaecology And Obstetrics 156 Suppl 1:53-62. DOI: 10.1002/ijgo.14042

Risk scores for predicting HIV incidence among adult heterosexual populations in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Jia, K; EILERTS, H; Edun, O; Lam, K; Howes, A; Thomas, M; Eaton, J (2022). Journal of the International AIDS Society 25(1): e25861. DOI: 10.1002/jia2.25861

Factors associated with changes in adequate antenatal care visits among pregnant women aged 15-49 years in Tanzania from 2004 to 2016. Kasagama, E; TODD, J; Renju, J (2022). BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 22, 18. DOI: 10.1186/s12884-021-04350-y

A call to protect non-clinical frontliners in the fight against COVID-19: evidence from a seroprevalence study in the Philippines. Putong, N; Agrupis, K; Villanueva, A; Suzuki, S; Sayo, A; Dimaano, E; de Guzman, F; Teaño, R; Salazar, M; Evangelista, J; Dimapilis, A; Villarama, J; Ariyoshi, K; Takahashi, K; SMITH, C (2022). The Lancet Regional Health - Western Pacific. Vol 18, 100353, ISSN 2666-6065. DOI: 10.1016/j.lanwpc.2021.100353


Factors influencing women’s decisions regarding birth planning in a rural setting in Kenya and their implications for family planning programmes. Obare, F, Odwe G, CLELAND J. (2021). Journal of Biosocial Science, 53(6):935-947. DOI:

Disentangling the effects of reproductive behaviours and fertility preferences on child growth in India. Rana, Md, J, CLELAND J, Sekher TV, Padmadas S (2021). Population Studies 75(1): 37-50. DOI:

Method-specific beliefs and subsequent method choice: Results from a longitudinal study in urban and rural Kenya. Odwe, G, Dibaba, Y, Obare F, MACHIYAMA, K, CLELAND J. (2021). PLoS One 16(6)e0252977. DOI:

Urban family planning in low- and middle-income countries: a critical scoping review. Duminy, J, CLELAND J, Harpham T, Montgomery M, Parnell S, Speizer I. (2021). Frontiers in Global Women’s Health 2:749636. DOI:

Bridging the gaps sector to sector and research to policy: linking family planning to urban development. Harpham, T, Smith R, LeGrand T, CLELAND J et al. (2021). Development in Practice, DOI: 10.1080/09614524.2021.1937560

Awareness and preparedness of healthcare workers against the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic: A cross-sectional survey across 57 countries.            Huy, N; Chico, R; Huan, V; Shaikhkhalil, H; Uyen, V; Qarawi, A; Alhady, S; Vuong, N; Truong, L; Luu, M; Dumre, S; Imoto, A; Lee, P; Tam, D; Ng, S; Hashan, M; Matsui, M; Duc, N; Karimzadeh, S; Koonrungsesomboon, N; SMITH, C; Cox, S; Moji, K; Hirayama, K; Linh, L; Abbas, K; Dung, T; Mohammed Ali Al-Ahdal, T; Balogun, E; Duy, N; Mohamed Eltaras, M; Huynh, T; Hue, N; Khue, B; Gad, A; Tawfik, G; Kubota, K; Nguyen, H-M; Pavlenko, D; Trang, V; Vu, L; Hai Yen, T; Yen-Xuan, N; Trang, L; Dong, V; Sharma, A; Dat, V; Soliman, M; Abdul Aziz, J; Shah, J; Hung, P; Jee, Y; Phuong, D; Quynh, T; Giang, H; Huynh, V; Thi, N; Dhouibi, N; Phan, T; Duru, V; Nam, N; Ghozy, S (2021). PloS ONE 16(12): e0258348.

Measles outbreak in the Philippines: epidemiological and clinical characteristics of hospitalized children, 2016-2019. Domai, F; Agrupis, K; Han, S; Sayo, A; Ramirez, J; Nepomuceno, R; Suzuki, S; Villanueva, A; Salva, E; Villarama, J; Ariyoshi, K; Mulholland, K; Palla, L; Takahashi, K; SMITH, C; Miranda, E (2021). The Lancet Regional Health - Western Pacific Vol19.

Association between Teenage Pregnancy and Family Factors: An Analysis of the Philippine National Demographic and Health Survey 2017. Tabei, K; Cuisia-Cruz, E; SMITH, C; Seposo, X (2021). Healthcare Healthcare 9(12), 1720;

The relationship between insecurity and the quality of hospital care provided to women with abortion‐related complications in the Democratic Republic of Congo: A cross‐sectional analysis. Wolomby-Molondo, J; CALVERT, C; Seguin, R; Qureshi, Z; Tunçalp, Ö; Filippi, V (2021). International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics 156 Suppl 1:20-26. doi: 10.1002/ijgo.14031

HIV Positive status disclosure to sexual partners: a qualitative study to explore experiences and challenges among clients attending HIV care services in North-Western Tanzania. Sanga, E; Nampewo, Z; PrayGod, G; WRINGE, A (2021). AIDS Care, DOI: 10.1080/09540121.2021.2012555

"We have to learn to cooperate with each other": a qualitative study to explore integration of traditional healers into the provision of HIV self-testing and tuberculosis screening in Eswatini. Schausberger, B; Mmema, N; Dlamini, V; Dube, L; Aung, A; Kerschberger, B; Ciglenecki, I; Vambe, D; Mukooza, E; WRINGE, A (2021). BMC Health Services Research 21, 1314.

Experiences of women seeking care for abortion complications in health facilities: Secondary analysis of the WHO Multi‐Country Survey on Abortion in 11 African countries. Govule, P; Baumann, S; Dossou, J; CALVERT, C; Goufodji, S; Mehrtash, H; Tuncalp, Ö; Adu-Bonsaffoh, K; Compaore, R; Filippi, V (2021). International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics 156 Suppl 1:44-52.

Demography and the rise, apparent fall, and resurgence of eugenics. SEAR, R (2021). Population Studies, 75:sup1, 201-220, DOI: 10.1080/00324728.2021.2009013

How do reproduction, parenting, and health cluster together? Exploring diverging destinies, life histories and weathering in two UK cohort studies. Brown, L; SEAR, R (2021). Advances in Life Course Research Vol50,

75 years of Population Studies: A diamond anniversary special issue. Sigle, W; Reid, A; SEAR, R (2021). Population Studies, 75:sup1, 1-5, DOI: 10.1080/00324728.2021.2006440

HLA-G genetic diversity and evolutive aspects in worldwide populations. Castelli, E; de Almeida, B; Muniz, Y; Silva, N; Passos, M; Souza, A; PAGE, A; Dyble, M; Smith, D; Aguileta, G; Bertranpetit, J; Migliano, A; Duarte, Y; Scliar, M; Wang, J; Passos-Bueno, M; Naslavsky, M; Zatz, M; Mendes-Junior, C; Donadi, E (2021). Scientific Reports 11, 23070.

Development of an intervention to support reproductive health of garment factory workers in Cambodia: a qualitative study. SMITH, C; Sokhey, L; Tijamo, C; McLaren, M; FREE, C; Watkins, J; Amra, O; Masuda, C; Oreglia, E (2021). BMJ Open, 11:e049254. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-049254

Sedentarisation and maternal childcare networks: role of risk, gender and demography. PAGE, A; Migliano, A; Smith, D; Viguier, S; Dyble, M; HASSAN, A (2021). OSF Preprints, Nov. 18. doi:10.31219/

Embedding Community-Based Newborn Care in the Ethiopian health system: lessons from a 4-year programme evaluation. Avan, B; Berhanu, D; Mekonnen, Y; Beaumont, E; TOMLIN, K; Allen, E; Schellenberg, J (2021). Health Policy and Planning, Vol 36, Issue Supp._1, pp. i22–i32,

Antivirus activity, but not thiolreductase activity, is conserved in interferon-gamma-inducible GILT protein in arthropod. Izumida, M; Hayashi, H; SMITH, C; Ishibashi, F; Suga, K; Kubo, Y (2021). Molecular Immunology, Vol. 140, Pp. 240-249, ISSN 0161-5890,

Using Population-Based Structures to Actively Monitor AEFIs during a Mass Immunization Campaign-A Case of Measles-Rubella and Polio Vaccines.         Kajungu, D; Nambasa, V; Muhoozi, M; Tusabe, J; Kampmann, B; TODD, J (2021). Vaccines 9(11), 1293;

Improving retention of community-recruited participants in HIV prevention research through Saturday household visits; findings from the HPTN 071 (PopART) study in South Africa. Bell-Mandla, N; Sloot, R; Maarman, G; Griffith, S; Moore, A; FLOYD, S; Hayes, R; Fidler, S; Ayles, H; Bock, P (2021). BMC Medical Research Methodology 21, 242.

Estimating the infant mortality rate from DHS birth histories in the presence of age heaping. ROMERO PRIETO, J; Verhulst, A; Guillot, M (2021). PLoS ONE 16(11): e0259304.

Unique characteristics of new complete blood count parameters, the Immature Platelet Fraction and the Immature Platelet Fraction Count, in dengue patients. Yasuda, I; Saito, N; Suzuki, M; Umipig, D; Solante, R; Guzman, F; Sayo, A; Yasunami, M; Koizumi, N; Kitashoji, E; Sakashita, K; Ng, C; SMITH, C; Ariyoshi, K (2021). PLoS ONE 16(11): e0258936.

Post-acute COVID-19 syndrome after reinfection and vaccine breakthrough by the SARS-CoV-2 Gamma variant in Brazil. Penetra, S; da Silva, M; Resende, P; Pina-Costa, A; Santos, H; Guaraldo, L; Calvet, G; Ogrzewalska, M; Arantes, I; Zukeram, K; de Araújo, M; Lima, A; Lopes, R; Lira-Silva, L; Moraes, I; Wakimoto, M; Fuller, T; Gabaglia, C; Espíndola, O; Bonaldo, M; Daniel-Ribeiro, C; Whitworth, J; SMITH, C; Nielsen-Saines, K; Pauvolid-Correa, A; Siqueira, M; Brasil, P (2021). International Journal of Infectious Diseases Vol.114, Pp. 58-61, ISSN 1201-9712,

Young Adults' Responses to an African and US-Based COVID-19 Edutainment Miniseries: Real-Time Qualitative Analysis of Online Social Media Engagement. Baker, V; Arnold, G; Piot, S; Thwala, L; Glynn, J; Hargreaves, J; BIRDTHISTLE, I (2021). JMIR Formative Research; 5(10):e30449 doi: 10.2196/30449

Evaluating the impact of DREAMS on HIV incidence among adolescent girls and young women: A population-based cohort study in Kenya and South Africa. BIRDTHISTLE, I; Kwaro, D; Shahmanesh, M; Baisley, K; Khagayi, S; Chimbindi, N; Kamire, V; Mthiyane, N; GOURLAY, A; Dreyer, J; Phillips-Howard, P; Glynn, J; FLOYD, S (2021). PLoS Medicine 18(10): e1003837.

Correction to: Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients with suspected COVID-19 admitted in Metro Manila, Philippines.    Salva, E; Villarama, J; Lopez, E; Sayo, A; Villanueva, A; Edwards, T; Han, S; Suzuki, S; Seposo, X; Ariyoshi, K; SMITH, C (2021). Tropical Medicine and Health 49:85 (Correction to: Trop Med Health (2020) 48:51

Level and determinants of contraceptive uptake among women attending facilities with abortion‐related complications in East and Southern Africa. Qureshi, Z; Jamner, A; Filippi, V; Gwako, G; Osoti, A; Mehrtash, H; Baguiya, A; Bello, F; Compaore, R; Gadama, L; Kim, C; Msusa, A; Tunçalp, O; CALVERT, C (2021). International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics 156 Suppl 1:27-35. doi: 10.1002/ijgo.13898. Epub 2021

Adolescents' satisfaction with care for abortion‐related complications in 11 Sub-Saharan African countries: A cross-sectional facility-based study. Eboigbe, E; Gadama, L; Filippi, V; Mehrtash, H; Adu-Bonsaffoh, K; Bello, F; Compaore, R; Dossou, J; Idi, N; Kim, C; Msusa, A; Mugerwa, K; Wolomby-Molondo, J; Tunçalp, O; CALVERT, C (2021). International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics 156 Suppl 1:63-70. doi: 10.1002/ijgo.13896. Epub 2021

Effects of a multimedia campaign on HIV self-testing and PrEP outcomes among young people in South Africa: A mixed-methods impact evaluation of ‘MTV Shuga Down South’. BIRDTHISTLE, I; Mulwa, S; Sarrassat, S; Baker, V; Khanyile, D; O’Donnell, D; Cawood, C; Cousens, S (2021). medRxiv 2021.10.16.21264987; doi:

Invariance of the WHO violence against women instrument among Kenyan adolescent girls and young women: Bayesian psychometric modeling. Orindi, B; Ziraba, A; Bruyneel, L; FLOYD, S; Lesaffre, E (2021). ONE 16(10): e0258651.

Relatedness within and between Agta residential groups. Dyble, M. ; Migliano, AB. ; PAGE, AE. ; Smith, D. (2021). Evolutionary Human Sciences 1-19. DOI: 10.1017/ehs.2021.46.

Patterns of engagement in HIV care during pregnancy and breastfeeding: findings from a cohort study in North-Eastern South Africa. Etoori, D.; RICE, B. ; RENIERS, G. ; Gomez-Olive, FX. ; RENJU, J. ; Kabudula, CW. ; Wringe, A. (2021). BMC Public Health 21 (1), DOI: 10.1186/s12889-021-11742-4.

HIV acquisition in pregnancy: implications for mother-to-child transmission at the population level in sub-Saharan Africa. MARSTON, M. ; Risher, K. ; Mahy, MI. (2021) Journal of the International AIDS Society 24 Suppl 5, DOI: 10.1002/jia2.25783.

The Own-Children Method of fertility estimation: The devil is in the detail. TIMAEUS, I. (2021). Demographic Research 45, 825-840. DOI: 10.4054/demres.2021.45.25.

Yathu Yathu ("For us, by us"): Design of a cluster-randomised trial of the impact of community-based, peer-led comprehensive sexual and reproductive health services for adolescents and young people aged 15 to 24 in Lusaka, Zambia. HENSEN, B. ; PHIRI, M. ; SCHAAP, A. ; FLOYD, S. ; Simuyaba, M. ; Mwenge, L. ; Sigande, L. ; Belemu, S. ; Shanaube, K. ; Simwinga, M. ; Fidler, S. ; HAYES, R. ; AYLES, H. (2021). Contemporary Clinical Trials 110, DOI: 10.1016/j.cct.2021.106568.

Early impact of the DREAMS partnership on young women's knowledge of their HIV status: causal analysis of population-based surveys in Kenya and South Africa. BIRDTHISTLE, I. ; Carter, DJ. ; Mthiyane, NT. ; Orindi, BO. ; Muuo, S. ; Chimbindi, N. ; Ziraba, A. ; Shahmanesh, M. ; BAISLEY, K. ; Floyd, S. (2021). Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. DOI: 10.1136/jech-2020-216042.

Investigating the effect of relationship satisfaction on postpartum women's health-related quality of life in Burkina Faso: a cross-sectional analysis. Lokubal, P.; CALVERT, C. ; COUSENS, S. ; Daniele, M. ; Ganaba, R. ; FILIPPI, V. (2021). BMJ Open 11 (9), DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-048230.

PopART-IBM, a highly efficient stochastic individual-based simulation model of generalised HIV epidemics developed in the context of the HPTN 071 (PopART) trial. Pickles, M. ; Cori, A. ; Probert, WJ M. ; Sauter, R. ; Hinch, R. ; Fidler, S. ; AYLES, H. ; Bock, P. ; Donnell, D. ; Wilson, E. ; Piwowar-Manning, E. ; FLOYD, S. ; HAYES, RJ. ; Fraser, C.; HPTN 071 (PopART) Study Team (2021). PLoS Computational Biology 17 (9), DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1009301.

How Can We Support the Use of Oral PrEP Among Young Women who Sell Sex? A PrEP Cascade Analysis. HENSEN, B. ; Machingura, F. ; BUSZA, J. ; BIRDTHISTLE, I. ; Chabata, ST. ; Chiyaka, T. ; FLOYD, S. ; Jamali, G. ; Mushati, P. ; HARGREAVES, J. ; Cowan, FM. (2021). Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 88 (1), 45-56. DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000002733.

Self-reported disability in rural Malawi: prevalence, incidence, and relationship to chronic conditions. Prynn, JE. ; Dube, A. ; Mwaiyeghele, E. ; Mwiba, O. ; Geis, S. ; Koole, O. ; NYIRENDA, M. ; KUPER, H. ; CRAMPIN, AC. (2021). Wellcome Open Research, 4, 90-90. DOI: 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15196.5.

Slipping through the cracks: a qualitative study to explore pathways of HIV care and treatment amongst hospitalised patients with advanced HIV in Kenya and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. BURNS, R. ; Venables, E. ; Odhoch, L. ; Kocholla, L. ; Wanjala, S. ; Mucinya, G. ; Bossard, C. ; WRINGE, A. (2021). AIDS Care 1-8. DOI: 10.1080/09540121.2021.1966697.

Markov modelling of viral load adjusting for CD4 orthogonal variable and multivariate conditional autoregressive mapping of the HIV immunological outcomes among ART patients in Zimbabwe. Matsena Zingoni, Z. ; Chirwa, TF. ; TODD, J. ; Musenge, E. (2021). Theoretical Biology & Medical Modelling 18 (1), DOI: 10.1186/s12976-021-00145-y.

Leptospirosis as a cause of fever associated with jaundice in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mukadi Kakoni, P. ; Munyeku Bazitama, Y. ; Nepomuceno, JR. ; Pukuta-Simbu, E. ; Kawhata Mawika, F. ; Kashitu Mujinga, G. ; Palla, L. ; Ahuka-Mundeke, S. ; Muyembe Tamfum, J-J. ; Koizumi, N. ; Kubo, Y. ; Ariyoshi, K. ; SMITH, C. (2021). PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 15 (8), DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0009670.

Coverage of antenatal, intrapartum, and newborn care in 104 districts of Ethiopia: A before and after study four years after the launch of the national Community-Based Newborn Care programme. BERHANU, D. ; ALLEN, E. ; BEAUMONT, E. ; TOMLIN, K. ; Taddesse, N. ; Dinsa, G. ; Mekonnen, Y. ; Hailu, H. ; BALLIET, M. ; Lensink, N. ; SCHELLENBERG, J. ; Avan, BI. (2021). PLoS ONE 16 (8), DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0251706.

COVID-19 and maternal and perinatal outcomes. CALVERT, C. ; John, J. ; Nzvere, FP. ; GRAHAM, WJ. (2021). The Lancet. Global Health 9 (8), DOI: 10.1016/S2214-109X(21)00302-8.

Impact of the DREAMS interventions on educational attainment among adolescent girls and young women: Causal analysis of a prospective cohort in urban Kenya. MULWA, S. ; Chimoyi, L. ; Agbla, S. ; Osindo, J. ; Wambiya, EO. ; GOURLAY, A. ; Birdthistle, I. ; Ziraba, A. ; FLOYD, S. (2021). PLoS ONE 16 (8), DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0255165.

Comparability of estimates and trends in adolescent sexual and contraceptive behaviors from two national surveys: National Survey of Family Growth and the Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Lindberg, LD. ; SCOTT, RH. ; Desai, S. ; Pleasure, ZH. (2021). PLoS ONE 16 (7), DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0253262.

Engaging young people in the design of a sexual reproductive health intervention: Lessons learnt from the Yathu Yathu ("For us, by us") formative study in Zambia. Simuyaba, M. ; HENSEN, B. ; PHIRI, M. ; Mwansa, C. ; Mwenge, L. ; Kabumbu, M. ; Belemu, S. ; Shanaube, K. ; SCHAAP, A. ; FLOYD, S. ; Fidler, S. ; HAYES, R. ; AYLES, H. ; Simwinga, M. (2021). BMC Health Services Research 21 (753), DOI: 10.1186/s12913-021-06696-7.

Efficacy and Safety of Text Messages Targeting Adherence to Cardiovascular Medications in Secondary Prevention: TXT2HEART Colombia Randomized Controlled Trial. Bermon, A. ; Uribe, AF. ; Pérez-Rivero, PF. ; PRIETO-MERINO, D. ; Saaibi, JF. ; Silva, FA. ; Canon, DI. ; Castillo-Gonzalez, KM. ; Cáceres-Rivera, DI. ; Guio, E. ; Meneses-Castillo, KJ. ; Castillo-Meza, A. ; Atkins, L. ; Horne, R. ; Murray, E. ; Serrano, NC. ; FREE, C. ; Casas, JP. ; PEREL, P. (2021). JMIR mHealth and uHealth 9 (7), DOI: 10.2196/25548.

Uptake of HIV Testing Services Through Novel Community-Based Sexual and Reproductive Health Services: An Analysis of the Pilot Implementation Phase of the Yathu Yathu Intervention for Adolescents and Young People Aged 15-24 in Lusaka, Zambia. HENSEN, B. ; PHIRI, M. ; SCHAAP, A. ; Sigande, L. ; Simwinga, M. ; FLOYD, S. ; Belemu, S. ; Simuyaba, M. ; Shanaube, K. ; Fidler, S. ; HAYES, R. ; AYLES, HM. (2021). AIDS and Behavior 26, pp. 172–182. DOI: 10.1007/s10461-021-03368-9.

Acceptability and Preferences of Two Different Community Models of ART Delivery in a High Prevalence Urban Setting in Zambia: Cluster-Randomized Trial, Nested in the HPTN 071 (PopART) Study. LIMBADA, M. ; Bwalya, C. ; MACLEOD, D. ; Shibwela, O. ; FLOYD, S. ; Nzara, D. ; Situmbeko, V. ; HAYES, R. ; Fidler, S. ; AYLES, H. (2021). AIDS and Behavior 26, pp. 328–338. DOI: 10.1007/s10461-021-03385-8.

ART initiations following community-based distribution of HIV self-tests: meta-analysis and meta-regression of STAR Initiative data. NEUMAN, M. ; FIELDING, KL. ; AYLES, H. ; Cowan, FM. ; HENSEN, B. ; INDRAVUDH, PP. ; JOHNSON, C. ; Sibanda, EL. ; Hatzold, K. ; CORBETT, EL. (2021). BMJ Global Health 6 (Sup 4), DOI: 10.1136/bmjgh-2021-004986.

Does community-based distribution of HIV self-tests increase uptake of HIV testing? Results of pair-matched cluster randomised trial in Zambia. NEUMAN, M. ; HENSEN, B. ; Mwinga, A. ; Chintu, N. ; FIELDING, KL. ; Handima, N. ; Hatzold, K. ; JOHNSON, C. ; Mulubwa, C. ; Nalubamba, M. ; Otte Im Kampe, E. ; Simwinga, M. ; Smith, G. ; Tsamwa, D. ; CORBETT, EL. ; AYLES, H. (2021). BMJ Global Health 6 (Suppl), DOI: 10.1136/bmjgh-2020-004543.

Correction to: Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of the first 500 confirmed COVID-19 inpatients in a tertiary infectious disease referral hospital in Manila, Philippines. Agrupis, KA. ; SMITH, C. ; Suzuki, S. ; Villanueva, AM. ; Ariyoshi, K. ; Solante, R. ; Telan, EF. ; Estrada, KA. ; Uichanco, AC. ; Sagurit, J. ; Calayo, J. ; Umipig, D. ; Dela Merced, Z. ; Villarama, F. ; Dimaano, E. ; Villarama, JB. ; Lopez, E. ; Sayo, AR. (2021). Tropical Medicine and Health 49 (1), DOI: 10.1186/s41182-021-00346-8.

Childhood Socioeconomic Position and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Adulthood: Systematic Review of Evidence from Low- and Middle-Income Countries. MALLINSON, PA C.; LIEBER, J. ; KINRA, S. (2021). American Journal of Preventive Medicine. DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2021.04.027.

Impact of Isoniazid Preventive Therapy on Tuberculosis incidence among people living with HIV: A secondary data analysis using Inverse Probability Weighting of individuals attending HIV care and treatment clinics in Tanzania. Maokola, WM.; Ngowi, BJ. ; Mahande, MJ. ; TODD, J. ; Robert, M. ; Msuya, SE. (2021). PLoS ONE 16 (7). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0254082.

Historical Context Changes Pathways of Parental Influence on Reproduction: An Empirical Test from 20th-Century Sweden. Moya, C.; Goodman, A. ; Koupil, I. ; SEAR, R. (2021). Social Sciences, 10 (7), 260-260. DOI: 10.3390/socsci10070260.

The Sub-Saharan Africa Regional Partnership (SHARP) for Mental Health Capacity-Building Scale-Up Trial: Study Design and Protocol. Gaynes, BN. ; Akiba, CF. ; Hosseinipour, MC. ; Kulisewa, K. ; Amberbir, A. ; Udedi, M. ; Zimba, CC. ; Masiye, JK. ; CRAMPIN, M. ; Amarreh, I. ; Pence, BW. (2021). Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.) 72 (7), 812-821. DOI: 10.1176/

Study Protocol for a Global Survey: Awareness and Preparedness of Hospital Staff Against Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Outbreak. Qarawi, AT A. ; Ng, SJ. ; Gad, A. ; Luu, MN. ; AL-Ahdal, TM A. ; Sharma, A. ; Huan, VT. ; Vuong, NL. ; Tawfik, GM. ; Hashan, MR. ; Dumre, SP. ; Ghozy, S. ; Shaikhkhalil, HW. ; Mahmoud, MH. ; Alhady, ST M. ; Nam, NH. ; Islam, SM S. ; SMITH, C. ; Lee, P. ; CHICO, RM. ; Cox, S. ; Hirayama, K. ; Huy, NT.  (2021). Frontiers in Public Health 9, DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2021.580427.

Age patterns of HIV incidence in eastern and southern Africa: a modelling analysis of observational population-based cohort studies. Risher, KA. ; Cori, A. ; RENIERS, G. ; MARSTON, M. ; CALVERT, C. ; Crampin, A. ; Dadirai, T. ; Dube, A. ; Gregson, S. ; Herbst, K. ; Lutalo, T. ; Moorhouse, L. ; Mtenga, B. ; Nabukalu, D. ; NEWTON, R. ; PRICE, AJ. ; TLHAJOANE, M. ; TODD, J. ; Tomlin, K. ; Urassa, M. ; Vandormael, A. ; Fraser, C. ; SLAYMAKER, E. ; Eaton, JW. ; ALPHA Network (2021). The Lancet. HIV 8 (7), e429-e439. DOI: 10.1016/s2352-3018(21)00069-2.

Performance of MALDI-TOF Mass Spectrometry in the Philippines. Osa, M. ; Belo, MC. ; Dela Merced, Z. ; Villanueva, AM G. ; Mauhay, J. ; Celis, A. ; Catli, M. ; Suzuki, S. ; Ukawa, T. ; Tamaki, S. ; Dhoubhadel, BG. ; Ariyoshi, K. ; Telan, EF O. ; Umipig, DV. ; Parry, CM. ; Saito, N. ; SMITH, C. (2021). Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease 6 (3), 112-112. DOI: 10.3390/tropicalmed6030112.

Evaluating distributional regression strategies for modelling self-reported sexual age-mixing. Wolock, TM. ; Flaxman, S. ; RISHER, KA. ; Dadirai, T. ; Gregson, S. ; Eaton, J. (2021). eLife 10, DOI: 10.7554/elife.68318.

Experiences and lessons learned from the real-world implementation of an HIV recent infection testing algorithm in three routine service-delivery settings in Kenya and Zimbabwe. De Wit, MM. ; RICE, B. ; Risher, K. ; Welty, S. ; Waruiru, W. ; Magutshwa, S. ; Motoku, J. ; Kwaro, D. ; Ochieng, B. ; RENIERS, G. ; Cowan, F. ; Rutherford, G. ; HARGREAVES, JR. ; Murphy, G. (2021). BMC Health Services Research 21 (1), DOI: 10.1186/s12913-021-06619-6.

Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of the first 500 confirmed COVID-19 inpatients in a tertiary infectious disease referral hospital in Manila, Philippines. Agrupis, KA. ; SMITH, C. ; Suzuki, S. ; Villanueva, AM. ; Ariyoshi, K. ; Solante, R. ; Telan, EF. ; Estrada, KA. ; Uichanco, AC. ; Sagurit, J. ; Calayo, J. ; Umipig, D. ; Dela Merced, Z. ; Villarama, F. ; Dimaano, E. ; Villarama, JB. ; Lopez, E. ; Sayo, AR. (2021). Tropical Medicine and Health 49 (1), DOI: 10.1186/s41182-021-00340-0.

Economic empowerment and intimate partner violence: a secondary data analysis of the cross-sectional Demographic Health Surveys in Sub-Saharan Africa. Stöckl, H. ; HASSAN, A. ; RANGANATHAN, M. ; M Hatcher, A. (2021). BMC Women's Health 21 (1), DOI: 10.1186/s12905-021-01363-9.

Reaching early adolescents with a complex intervention for HIV prevention: findings from a cohort study to evaluate DREAMS in two informal settlements in Nairobi, Kenya. MULWA, S. ; Osindo, J. ; Wambiya, EO. ; Gourlay, A. ; Maina, BW. ; Orindi, BO. ; FLOYD, S. ; Ziraba, A. ; BIRDTHISTLE, I. (2021). BMC Public Health 21 (1), DOI: 10.1186/s12889-021-11017-y.

How do reproduction, parenting, and health cluster together? Exploring diverging destinies, life histories and weathering in two UK cohort studies. Brown, LJ. ; SEAR, R. (2021). Advances in Life Course Research Art.No. 100431, DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2021.100431.

HIV Infection as Risk Factor for Death among Hospitalized Persons with Candidemia, South Africa, 2012-2017. Govender, NP. ; TODD, J. ; Nel, J. ; Mer, M. ; Karstaedt, A. ; Cohen, C. ; and for GERMS-SA1, (2021). Emerging Infectious Diseases 27 (6), 1607-1615. DOI: 10.3201/eid2706.210128.

Do Women Enrolled in PMTCT Understand the Recommendations: A Case Study from Kilimanjaro. Philemon, RN. ; Mmbaga, BT. ; Bartlett, J. ; RENJU, J. ; Mtuy, T. ; Mboya, IB. ; Msuya, SE. (2021). Patient Preference and Adherence 15, 1301-1309. DOI: 10.2147/ppa.s307847.

African Population History: Contributions of Moral Demography. WALTERS, S. (2021). The Journal of African History, 62 (2). 183-200. DOI:10.1017/S002185372100044X.

Characteristics and biomarkers of patients with central nervous system infection admitted to a referral hospital in Northern Vietnam. Ngo, CC. ; Katoh, S. ; Hasebe, F. ; Dhoubhadel, BG. ; Hiraoka, T. ; Hamaguchi, S. ; Le, AT K. ; Nguyen, AT H. ; Dang, AD. ; SMITH, C. ; Yoshida, L-M. ; Do, CD. ; Pham, TT T. ; Ariyoshi, K. (2021). Tropical Medicine and Health 49 (1), DOI: 10.1186/s41182-021-00322-2.

Mother’s Partnership Status and Allomothering Networks in the United Kingdom and United States. Spake, L. ; Schaffnit, SB. ; SEAR, R. ; Shenk, MK. ; Sosis, R. ; Shaver, JH. (2021). Social Sciences, 10 (5), 182-182. DOI: 10.3390/socsci10050182.

Description and comparison of physical activity from self-reports and accelerometry among primary school children in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: a pilot study. Mosha, MV.; Kasagama, E. ; Ayieko, P. ; TODD, J. ; Msuya, SE. ; Grosskurth, H. ; Filteau, S. (2021). AAS Open Research 3, DOI: 10.12688/aasopenres.13118.3.

Randomised controlled trial of oxygen therapy and high-flow nasal therapy in African children with pneumonia. Maitland, K. ; Kiguli, S. ; Olupot-Olupot, P. ; Hamaluba, M. ; Thomas, K. ; Alaroker, F. ; Opoka, RO. ; Tagoola, A. ; Bandika, V. ; Mpoya, A. ; Mnjella, H. ; Nabawanuka, E. ; Okiror, W. ; Nakuya, M. ; Aromut, D. ; Engoru, C. ; Oguda, E. ; Williams, TN. ; Fraser, JF. ; Harrison, DA. ; Rowan, K. ; COAST trial group (2021). Intensive Care Medicine 47 (5), 566-576. DOI: 10.1007/s00134-021-06385-3.

Who cares for women with children? Crossing the bridge between disciplines. Emmott, EH. ; Myers, S. ; PAGE, AE. (2021). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 376 (1827), DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2020.0019.

The differential role of practical and emotional support in infant feeding experience in the UK. Myers, S. ; PAGE, AE. ; Emmott, EH. (2021). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences 376 (1827), DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2020.0034.

The male breadwinner nuclear family is not the 'traditional' human family, and promotion of this myth may have adverse health consequences. SEAR, R. (2021). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 376 (1827), DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2020.0020.

Social support, nutrition and health among women in rural Bangladesh: complex tradeoffs in allocare, kin proximity and support network size. Shenk, MK. ; Morse, A. ; Mattison, SM. ; SEAR, R. ; Alam, N. ; Raqib, R. ; Kumar, A. ; Haque, F. ; Blumenfield, T. ; Shaver, J. ; Sosis, R. ; Wander, K. (2021). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 376 (1827), DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2020.0027.

Cost and cost-effectiveness of a universal HIV testing and treatment intervention in Zambia and South Africa: evidence and projections from the HPTN 071 (PopART) trial. Thomas, R. ; Probert, WJ M. ; Sauter, R. ; Mwenge, L. ; Singh, S. ; Kanema, S. ; Vanqa, N. ; Harper, A. ; Burger, R. ; Cori, A. ; Pickles, M. ; Bell-Mandla, N. ; Yang, B. ; Bwalya, J. ; PHIRI, M. ; Shanaube, K. ; FLOYD, S. ; Donnell, D. ; Bock, P. ; AYLES, H. ; Fidler, S. ; HAYES, RJ. ; Fraser, C. ; Hauck, K. ; HPTN 071 (PopART) study team (2021). The Lancet. Global Health 9 (5), e668-e680. DOI: 10.1016/s2214-109x(21)00034-6.

Testing the buffering hypothesis: Breastfeeding problems, cessation, and social support in the UK. PAGE, AE.; Emmott, EH. ; Myers, S. (2021). American Journal of Human Biology. DOI: 10.1002/ajhb.23621.

Improving the evidence base for digital health interventions to increase contraception use. SMITH, C.; (2021). BMJ Health & Care Informatics 28 (1), DOI: 10.1136/bmjhci-2021-100346.

The impact of the DREAMS partnership on HIV incidence among young women who sell sex in two Zimbabwean cities: results of a non-randomised study. Chabata, ST. ; HENSEN, B. ; Chiyaka, T. ; Mushati, P. ; Musemburi, S. ; Dirawo, J. ; BUSZA, J. ; FLOYD, S. ; BIRDTHISTLE, I. ; HARGREAVES, JR. ; Cowan, FM (2021). BMJ Global Health 6 (4), e003892-e003892. DOI: 10.1136/bmjgh-2020-003892.

Validation of self-reported physical activity by accelerometry among primary school children in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: a pilot study. Mosha, MV. ; Kasagama, E. ; Ayieko, P. ; TODD, J. ; Msuya, SE. ; GROSSKURTH, H. ; Filteau, S. (2021). AAS Open Research 3, 40-40. DOI: 10.12688/aasopenres.13118.1.

Prevalence and correlates of overweight and obesity among primary school children in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Mosha, MV.; Msuya, SE.; Kasagama, E.; Ayieko, P. ; TODD, J. ; FILTEAU, S. (2021). PLoS ONE 16 (4), DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0249595.

SARS-CoV-2 Infection Dynamics in Children and Household Contacts in a Slum in Rio de Janeiro. Lugon, P. ; Fuller, T. ; Damasceno, L. ; Calvet, G. ; Resende, PC. ; Matos, AR. ; Machado Fumian, T. ; Correia Maltaa, F. ; Salgado, AD. ; Fernandes, FC M. ; Abreu de Carvalho, LM. ; Guaraldo, L. ; Bastos, L. ; Cruz, OG. ; Whitworth, J. ; SMITH, C. ; Nielsen-Saines, K. ; Siqueira, M. ; Carvalho, MS. ; Brasil, P. (2021). Pediatrics 148 (1), e2021050182-e2021050182. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2021-050182.

PrEP reminds me that I am the one to take responsibility of my life: a qualitative study exploring experiences of and attitudes towards pre-exposure prophylaxis use by women in Eswatini. Bjertrup, PJ. ; Mmema, N. ; Dlamini, V. ; Ciglenecki, I. ; Mpala, Q. ; Matse, S. ; Kerschberger, B. ; WRINGE, A. (2021). BMC Public Health 21 (1), DOI: 10.1186/s12889-021-10766-0.

A review of multistate modelling approaches in monitoring disease progression: Bayesian estimation using the Kolmogorov-Chapman forward equations. Matsena Zingoni, Z.; Chirwa, TF.; TODD, J.; Musenge, E. (2021). Statistical Methods in Medical Research 30 (5), 1373-1392. DOI: 10.1177/0962280221997507.

How 'place' matters for addressing the HIV epidemic: evidence from the HPTN 071 (PopART) cluster-randomised controlled trial in Zambia and South Africa. BOND, V. ; Hoddinott, G. ; Viljoen, L. ; Ngwenya, F. ; Simuyaba, M. ; Chiti, B. ; Ndubani, R. ; Makola, N. ; Donnell, D. ; SCHAAP, A. ; FLOYD, S. ; HARGREAVES, J. ; Shanaube, K. ; Fidler, S. ; Bock, P. ; AYLES, H. ; HAYES, R. ; Simwinga, M. ; SEELEY, J. ; HPTN071 (PopART) study team (2021). Trials 22 (1), DOI: 10.1186/s13063-021-05198-5.

Barriers and Facilitators to Effective Implementation of the NAMWEZA Intervention in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Somba, M. ; Kaaya, S. ; Siril, H. ; Oljemark, K. ; Ainebyona, D. ; McAdam, E. ; TODD, J. ; Andrew, I. ; McAdam, K. ; Simwinga, A. ; Mleli, N. ; Makongwa, S. ; Haberlen, S. ; Fawzi, MC S. (2021). Prevention Science DOI: 10.1007/s11121-021-01230-x.

Discovery and fine-mapping of kidney function loci in first genome-wide association study in Africans. Fatumo, S. ; Chikowore, T. ; Kalyesubula, R. ; Nsubuga, RN. ; Asiki, G. ; Nashiru, O. ; SEELEY, J. ; CRAMPIN, AC. ; Nitsch, D. ; Smeeth, L. ; KALEEBU, P. ; Burgess, S. ; Nyirenda, M. ; Franceschini, N. ; Morris, AP. ; Tomlinson, L. ; NEWTON, R. (2021). Human Molecular Genetics. DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddab088.

Use of propensity score matching to create counterfactual group to assess potential HIV prevention interventions. Abaasa, A. ; Mayanja, Y. ; Asiki, G. ; Price, MA. ; Fast, PE. ; Ruzagira, E. ; Kaleebu, P. ; TODD, J. (2021). Scientific reports 11 (1), DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-86539-x.

Antiretroviral therapy based HIV prevention targeting young women who sell sex: a mixed method approach to understand the implementation of PrEP in a rural area of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Chimbindi, N. ; Mthiyane, N. ; Zuma, T. ; BAISLEY, K. ; Pillay, D. ; McGrath, N. ; Harling, G. ; Sherr, L. ; BIRDTHISTLE, I. ; FLOYD, S. ; Dreyer, J. ; Nakasone, S. ; SEELEY, J. ; Shahmanesh, M. (2021). AIDS Care 1-9. DOI: 10.1080/09540121.2021.1902933.

Mobile phone-based interventions for improving adherence to medication prescribed for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in adults. Palmer, MJ. ; MACHIYAMA, K. ; Woodd, S. ; GUBIJEV, A. ; Barnard, S. ; Russell, S. ; Perel, P. ; FREE, C. (2021). The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 3, DOI: 10.1002/14651858.cd012675.pub3.

Knowledge, risk perceptions, and behaviors related to the COVID-19 pandemic in Malawi. Banda, J. ; Dube, A. ; Brumfield, S. ; AMOAH, A. ; CRAMPIN, A. ; RENIERS, G. ; Helleringer, S. (2021). Demographic Research 44 (20), 459-480. DOI: 10.4054/demres.2021.44.20.

Personal protection with PBO-pyrethroid synergist-treated nets after 2 years of household use against pyrethroid-resistant Anopheles in Tanzania. Martin, JL.; Mosha, FW. ; Lukole, E. ; Rowland, M. ; TODD, J. ; Charlwood, JD. ; Mosha, JF. ; Protopopoff, N. (2021). Parasites & Vectors 14 (1), DOI: 10.1186/s13071-021-04641-5.

Common mental disorders and HIV status in the context of DREAMS among adolescent girls and young women in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Mthiyane, N. ; Harling, G. ; Chimbindi, N. ; BAISLEY, K. ; SEELEY, J. ; Dreyer, J. ; Zuma, T. ; BIRDTHISTLE, I. ; FLOYD, S. ; McGrath, N. ; Tanser, F. ; Shahmanesh, M. ; Sherr, L. (2021). BMC Public Health 21 (1), DOI: 10.1186/s12889-021-10527-z.

Heterogeneous contributions of change in population distribution of body mass index to change in obesity and underweight. NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC) (2021). eLife, 10, DOI: 10.7554/eLife.60060.

Identification of Reduced Host Transcriptomic Signatures for Tuberculosis Disease and Digital PCR-Based Validation and Quantification. Gliddon, HD. ; Kaforou, M. ; Alikian, M. ; Habgood-Coote, D. ; Zhou, C. ; Oni, T. ; Anderson, ST. ; Brent, AJ. ; CRAMPIN, AC. ; Eley, B. ; Heyderman, R. ; Kern, F. ; Langford, PR. ; Ottenhoff, TH M. ; Hibberd, ML. ; French, N. ; Wright, VJ. ; Dockrell, HM. ; Coin, LJ. ; Wilkinson, RJ. ; Levin, M. ; ILULU Consortium (2021). Frontiers in immunology 12, DOI: 10.3389/fimmu.2021.637164.

Validation and Optimization of Host Immunological Bio-Signatures for a Point-of-Care Test for TB Disease. Mutavhatsindi, H. ; Van der Spuy, GD. ; Malherbe, ST. ; Sutherland, JS. ; Geluk, A. ; Mayanja-Kizza, H. ; CRAMPIN, AC. ; Kassa, D. ; Howe, R. ; Mihret, A. ; Sheehama, JA. ; Nepolo, E. ; Günther, G. ; Dockrell, HM. ; Corstjens, PL A M. ; Stanley, K. ; Walzl, G. ; Chegou, NN. ; AE-TBC ScreenTB Consortia, (2021). Frontiers in immunology 12, DOI: 10.3389/fimmu.2021.607827.

Community-driven citizen science approach to explore cardiovascular disease risk perception, and develop prevention advocacy strategies in sub-Saharan Africa: a programme protocol. Okop, KJ.; Murphy, K.; Lambert, EV.; Kedir, K.; Getachew, H.; Howe, R.; Niyibizi, JB.; Ntawuyirushintege, S.; Bavuma, C.; Rulisa, S.; Kasenda, S.; Chipeta, E.; Bunn, C.; CRAMPIN, AC.; Chapotera, G.; King, AC.; Banchoff, A.; Winter, SJ.; Levitt, NS. (2021). Research Involvement and Engagement 7 (1), DOI: 10.1186/s40900-020-00246-x.

Evaluation of Host Serum Protein Biomarkers of Tuberculosis in sub-Saharan Africa. Morris, TC. ; Hoggart, CJ. ; Chegou, NN. ; Kidd, M. ; Oni, T. ; Goliath, R. ; Wilkinson, KA. ; Dockrell, HM. ; Sichali, L. ; Banda, L. ; CRAMPIN, AC. ; French, N. ; Walzl, G. ; Levin, M. ; Wilkinson, RJ. ; Hamilton, MS. ; ILULU Consortium (2021). Frontiers in Immunology 12, DOI: 10.3389/fimmu.2021.639174.

Controlling the first wave of the COVID–19 pandemic in Malawi: results from a panel study. Banda, J.; Dube, A.; Brumfield, S.; CRAMPIN, A.; RENIERS, G.; AMOAH, A.; Helleringer, S. (2021). DOI: 10.1101/2021.02.21.21251597.

Trends and risk factors for non-communicable diseases mortality in Nairobi slums (2008–2017). Asiki, G. ; Kadengye, D. ; CALVERT, C. ; Wamukoya, M. ; Mohamed, SF. ; Ziraba, A. ; Iddi, S. ; Bangha, M. ; Wekesah, F. ; Chikozho, C. ; PRICE, A. ; CRAMPIN, M. ; Kyobutungi, C. (2021). Global Epidemiology 3, Art.No. 100049, 100049-100049. DOI: 10.1016/j.gloepi.2021.100049.

Supporting blood pressure measurement prior to online prescription of the combined oral contraceptive. Baraitser, P. ; McCulloch, H. ; Shather, Z. ; FREE, CJ. (2021). BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health. DOI: 10.1136/bmjsrh-2020-200887.

Strengthening measurement and performance of HIV prevention programmes. Holmes, CB. ; Kilonzo, N. ; Zhao, J. ; Johnson, LF. ; Kalua, T. ; Hasen, N. ; Morrison, M. ; MARSTON, M. ; Smith, T. ; Benech, I. ; Baggaley, R. ; Carter, A. ; Khasiani, M. ; DePasse, J. ; Mahy, M. ; Ryan, C. ; Garnett, GP. (2021). The Lancet. HIV 8(5). DOI: 10.1016/S2352-3018(20)30278-2.

Pregnancy intention data completeness, quality and utility in population-based surveys: EN-INDEPTH study. Yargawa, J. ; MACHIYAMA, K. ; Ponce Hardy, V. ; Enuameh, Y. ; Galiwango, E. ; Gelaye, K. ; Mahmud, K. ; Thysen, SM. ; Kadengye, DT. ; Gordeev, VS. ; Blencowe, H. ; Lawn, JE. ; Baschieri, A. ; Cleland, J. ; Every Newborn-INDEPTH Study Collaborative Group (2021). Population Health Metrics 19 (Suppl), DOI: 10.1186/s12963-020-00227-y.

'What the herbal medicine can do for me in a week, the orthodox does in a year': Perceived efficacy of local alternative therapies influences medication adherence in patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Laar, A. ; Amoah Ampah, E. ; Fernandez, Y. ; Senyo Amevinya, G. ; Nortey, P. ; Benyah, F. ; Akamah, J. ; Ambenne, M. ; Lamptey, P. ; FREE, C. ; Legido-Quigley, H. ; Perel, P. (2021). Health Expectations 24 (2), 444-455. DOI: 10.1111/hex.13185.

Abortion metrics: a scoping review of abortion measures and indicators. FILIPPI, V. ; Dennis, M. ; CALVERT, C. ; Tunçalp, Ö. ; Ganatra, B. ; Kim, CR. ; RONSMANS, C. (2021). BMJ Global Health 6 (1), e003813-e003813. DOI: 10.1136/bmjgh-2020-003813.

Why is it so difficult to access emergency contraceptive pills in Japan? Sorano, S. ; Emmi, S. ; SMITH, C. (2021). The Lancet Regional Health - Western Pacific 7, 100095-100095. DOI: 10.1016/j.lanwpc.2021.100095.

Description and comparison of physical activity from self-reports and accelerometry among primary school children in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: a pilot study. Mosha, MV. ; Kasagama, E. ; Ayieko, P. ; TODD, J. ; Msuya, SE. ; GROSSKURTH, H. ; Filteau, S. (2021). AAS Open Research 3, 40-40. DOI: 10.12688/aasopenres.13118.2.

What's in a Name? A Mixed Method Study on How Young Women Who Sell Sex Characterize Male Partners and Their Use of Condoms. Busza, J. ; Hensen, B. ; BIRDTHISTLE, I. ; Chabata, ST. ; Hargreaves, JR. ; FLOYD, S. ; Chiyaka, T. ; Mushati, P. ; Cowan, FM. (2021). Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 87 (1), 652-662. DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000002623.

Intervention development of a brief messaging intervention for a randomised controlled trial to improve diabetes treatment adherence in sub-Saharan Africa. Leon, N. ; Namadingo, H. ; Bobrow, K. ; Cooper, S. ; CRAMPIN, A. ; Pauly, B. ; Levitt, N. ; Farmer, A. (2021). BMC Public Health 21 (1), DOI: 10.1186/s12889-020-10089-6.

COVID-19 is moving to high-density, poor residential areas in Metropolitan Manila, Philippines. Villarama, EP S. ; Lopez, EB. ; Sayo, AR. ; Seposo, X. ; Ariyoshi, K. ; SMITH, C. (2021). Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal 12 (1), 53-55. DOI: 10.5365/wpsar.2020.11.2.003.


Challenges and opportunities for effective contraceptive counselling in a low-resource setting: insights from a qualitative study in western Kenya. Obare, F, Odwe, G, CLELAND J. (2020). African Population Studies 34(2): 5187-5196. DOI:

Sex differences in child health and healthcare: a reappraisal for India. Dixit, P, CLELAND J, James K S. (2020). Population Studies74(3):378-398. DOI:

Men’s needs and women’s fears: gender-related power dynamics in contraceptive use and coping with consequences in a rural setting in Kenya. Obare, F, Odwe, G, CLELAND J (2020). Culture, Health and Sexuality, DOI:10.1080/13691058.2020.1807605.

Fertility preferences and subsequent childbearing in Africa and Asia: A synthesis of evidence from longitudinal studies in 28 populations. CLELAND J, MACHIYAMA K, Casterline J (2020). Population Studies 74:1-21. DOI:

Self-reported disability in rural Malawi: prevalence, incidence, and relationship to chronic conditions. Prynn, J; Dube, A; Mwaiyeghele, E; Mwiba, O; Geis, S; Koole, O; Nyirenda, M; Kuper, H; CRAMPIN, A (2020). Wellcome Open Research.

Developing excellence in biostatistics leadership, training and science in Africa: How the Sub-Saharan Africa Consortium for Advanced Biostatistics (SSACAB) training unites expertise to deliver excellence. Chirwa, T; Matsena Zingoni, Z; Munyewende, P; Manda, S; Mwambi, H; Kandala, N-B; Kinyanjui, S; Young, T; Musenge, E; Simbeye, J; Musonda, P; Mahande, M; Weke, P; Onyango, N; Kazembe, L; Tumwesigye, N; Zuma, K; Yende-Zuma, N; Omanyondo Ohambe, M-C; Kweku, E; Maposa, I; Ayele, B; Achia, T; Machekano, R; Thabane, L; Levin, J; Eijkemans, M; Carpenter, J; Chasela, C; Klipstein-Grobusch, K; TODD, J (2020). AAS Open Research.

Understanding the health systems impacts of Universal Test and Treat in sub-Saharan Africa: The Shape UTT study. RENJU, J; Seeley, J; Moshabela, M; WRINGE, A (2020). Global Public Health.

Boys are more likely to be undernourished than girls: A systematic review and meta-analysis of sex differences in undernutrition. Thurstans, S; Opondo, C; Seal, A; Wells, J; Khara, T; Dolan, C; Briend, A; Myatt, M; Garenne, M; SEAR, R; Kerac, M (2020). BMJ Global Health.

Children of the (gender) revolution: A theoretical and empirical synthesis of how gendered division of labour influences fertility. RAYBOULD, A; SEAR, R (2020). Population Studies.

Understanding the influence of health systems on women's experiences of Option B+: A meta-ethnography of qualitative research from sub-Saharan Africa. Williams, S; RENJU, J; Moshabela, M; WRINGE, A (2020). Global Public Health.

Pornography use and sexting amongst children and young people: a systematic overview of reviews. Raine, G; Khouja, C; SCOTT, R; Wright, K; Sowden, A (2020). Systematic reviews.

The impact of HIV status on the distance traveled to health facilities and adherence to care. A record-linkage study from rural South Africa. Mee, P; Rice, B; Kabudula, C; Tollman, S; Gómez-Olivé, F; RENIERS, G (2020). Journal of Global Health.

Exploring the evolution of policies for universal antiretroviral therapy and their implementation across three sub-Saharan African countries: Findings from the SHAPE study. Kumwenda, M; Skovdal, M; WRINGE, A; Kalua, T; Kweka, H; Songo, J; Hassan, F; Chimukuche, R; Moshabela, M; Seeley, J; RENJU, J (2020). Global Public Health.

Age patterns of under-5 mortality in sub-Saharan Africa during 1990-2018: A comparison of estimates from demographic surveillance with full birth histories and the historic record. EILERTS, H; Prieto, J; Eaton, J; RENIERS, G (2020). Demographic Research.

Coverage of isoniazid preventive therapy among people living with HIV; A retrospective cohort study in Tanzania (2012-2016).   Maokola, W; Ngowi, B; Lawson, L; Robert, M; Mahande, M; TODD, J; Msuya, S (2020. International journal of infectious diseases : IJID : official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases.

The development of Maisha, a video-assisted counseling intervention to address HIV stigma at entry into antenatal care in Tanzania. Watt, M; Knettel, B; Knippler, E; Kisigo, G; Ngocho, J; RENJU, J; Rogathi, J; Sao, S; Minja, L; Osaki, H; Mwamba, R; Mmbaga, B (2020). Evaluation and Program Planning.

Archaeology, demography and life history theory together can help us explain past and present population patterns. Shennan, S; SEAR, R (2020). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences.

Menstrual product choice and uptake among young women in Zimbabwe: a pilot study. Tembo, M; RENJU, J; Weiss, H; Dauya, E; Bandason, T; Dziva-Chikwari, C; Redzo, N; Mavodza, C; Losi, T; Ferrand, R; Francis, S (2020). Pilot and feasibility studies.

Comparing Approaches to Collecting Self-Reported Data on HIV Status in Population-Based Surveys. Brumfield, S; Dube, A; RENIERS, G; Helleringer, S (2020). Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes.

Implementation and experiences of integrated prevention of mother-to-child transmission services in Tanzania, Malawi and South Africa: A mixed methods study. Hassan, F; RENJU, J; Songo, J; Chimukuche, R; Kalua, T; McLean, E; Luwanda, L; Geubbels, E; Seeley, J; Moshabela, M; Kajoka, D; WRINGE, A (2020). Global Public Health.

Subjective Environmental Experiences and Women's Breastfeeding Journeys: A Survival Analysis Using an Online Survey of UK Mothers. Brown, L; Myers, S; PAGE, A; Emmott, E (2020). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.

Fish hooks and gumboots: the language of pregnancy prevention in northern Malawi. Dasgupta, A; Makoka, D; Dudha, Z; Stephenson, N; CRAMPIN, A (2020). Bulletin of the World Health Organization.

Reconstructing prehistoric demography: What role for extant hunter-gatherers? PAGE, A; French, J (2020). Evolutionary Anthropology.

Young people's experiences of sexual and reproductive health interventions in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Zuma, T; Seeley, J; Mdluli, S; Chimbindi, N; Mcgrath, N; FLOYD, S; BIRDTHISTLE, I; Harling, G; Sherr, L; Shahmanesh, M (2020). International Journal of Adolescence and Youth.

Digital telemedicine interventions for patients with multimorbidity: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Kraef, C; van der Meirschen, M; FREE, C (2020). BMJ Open.

Evaluating spillover of HIV knowledge from study participants to their network members in a stepped-wedge behavioural intervention in Tanzania. Rewley, J; Fawzi, M; McAdam, K; Kaaya, S; Liu, Y; TODD, J; Andrew, I; Onnela, J (2020). BMJ Open.

Competing risk of mortality on loss to follow-up outcome among patients with HIV on ART: a retrospective cohort study from the Zimbabwe national ART programme. Matsena Zingoni, Z; Chirwa, T; TODD, J; Musenge, E (2020). BMJ Open.

Developing excellence in biostatistics leadership, training and science in Africa: How the Sub-Saharan Africa Consortium for Advanced Biostatistics (SSACAB) training unites expertise to deliver excellence. Chirwa, T; Matsena Zingoni, Z; Munyewende, P; Manda, S; Mwambi, H; Kandala, N-B; Kinyanjui, S; Young, T; Musenge, E; Simbeye, J; Musonda, P; Mahande, M; Weke, P; Onyango, N; Kazembe, L; Tumwesigye, N; Zuma, K; Yende-Zuma, N; Omanyondo  Ohambe, M-C; Kweku, E; Maposa, I; Ayele, B; Achia, T; Machekano, R; Thabane, L; Levin, J; Eijkemans, M; Carpenter, J; Chasela, C; Klipstein-Grobusch, K; TODD, J (2020). AAS Open Research.

Outcomes After Being Lost to Follow-up Differ for Pregnant and Postpartum Women When Compared with the General HIV Treatment Population in Rural South Africa. ETOORI, D; Gomez-Olive, F; RENIERS, G; Rice, B; RENJU, J; Kabudula, C; WRINGE, A (2020). JAIDS-Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes.

How do users of a 'digital-only' contraceptive service provide biometric measurements and what does this teach us about safe and effective online care? A qualitative interview study. Baraitser, P; McCulloch, H; Morelli, A; FREE, C (2020). BMJ Open.

Do human ‘life history strategies’ exist? SEAR, R (2020). Evolution and Human Behavior.

Towards a conceptual framework of the working alliance in a blended low-intensity cognitive behavioural therapy intervention for depression in primary mental health care: a qualitative study. Doukani, A; FREE, C; Michelson, D; Araya, R; Montero-Marin, J; Smith, S; Cerga-Pashoja, A; Kakuma, R (2020). BMJ Open.

Population impact and effectiveness of sequential 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate and monovalent rotavirus vaccine introduction on infant mortality: prospective birth cohort studies from Malawi. King, C; Bar-Zeev, N; Phiri, T; Beard, J; Mvula, H; CRAMPIN, A; Heinsbroek, E; Hungerford, D; Lewycka, S; Verani, J; Whitney, C; Costello, A; Mwansambo, C; Cunliffe, N; Heyderman, R; French, N (2020). BMJ Global Health.

"They have this not care - don't care attitude:" A Mixed Methods Study Evaluating Community Readiness for Oral PrEP in Adolescent Girls and Young Women in a Rural Area of South Africa. Nakasone, S; Chimbindi, N; Mthiyane, N; Nkosi, B; Zuma, T; Baisley, K; Dreyer, J; Pillay, D; FLOYD, S; BIRDTHISTLE, I; Seeley, J; Shahmanesh, M (2020). AIDS Research and Therapy.

Prevalence and risk factors for chronic kidney disease of unknown cause in Malawi: a cross-sectional analysis in a rural and urban population. Hamilton, S; Nakanga, W; Prynn, J; CRAMPIN, A; Fecht, D; Vineis, P; Caplin, B; Pearce, N; Nyirenda, M (2020). BMC Nephrology.

Agents of change: Comparing HIV-related risk behavior of people attending ART clinics in Dar es Salaam with members of their social networks. Kaaya, S; Siril, H; McAdam, K; Ainebyona, D; Somba, M; McAdam, E; Oljemark, K; TODD, J; Andrew, I; Simwinga, A; Mleli, N; Makongwa, S; Liu, Y; Lienert, J; Haberlen, S; Smith Fawzi, M (2020). PLOS ONE.

Prevalence and incidence rate of tuberculosis among HIV-infected patients enrolled in HIV care, treatment, and support program in mainland Tanzania. Majigo, M; Somi, G; Joachim, A; Manyahi, J; Nondi, J; Sambu, V; Rwebembera, A; Makyao, N; Ramadhani, A; Maokola, W; TODD, J; Matee, M (2020). Tropical Medicine and Health.

Directed and target focused multi-sectoral adolescent HIV prevention: Insights from implementation of the 'DREAMS Partnership' in rural South Africa. Chimbindi, N; BIRDTHISTLE, I; FLOYD, S; Harling, G; Mthiyane, N; Zuma, T; Hargreaves, J; Seeley, J; Shahmanesh, M (2020). Journal of the International AIDS Society.

Shared interests or sexual conflict? Spousal age gap, women's wellbeing and fertility in rural Tanzania. Lawson, D; Schaffnit, S; HASSAN, A; Urassa, M (2020. Evolution and Human Behavior.

Self-reported disability in relation to mortality in rural Malawi: a longitudinal study of over 16 000 adults. Prynn, J; Dube, A; Mkandawire, J; Koole, O; Geis, S; Mwaiyeghele, E; Mwiba, O; PRICE, A; Kachiwanda, L; Nyirenda, M; Kuper, H; CRAMPIN, A (2020). BMJ Open.

Influence of evolving HIV treatment guidance on CD4 counts and viral load monitoring: A mixed-methods study in three African countries. RENJU, J; Rice, B; Songo, J; Hassan, F; Chimukuche, R; McLean, E; Kalua, T; Kajoka, D; Geubbels, E; Moshabela, M; Seeley, J; WRINGE, A (2020). Global Public Health.

Editorial: The Use of Routine Health Data in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. TODD, J; Mahande, M (2020). Frontiers in Public Health.

Pneumonia and Exposure to Household Air Pollution in Children Under the Age of 5 Years in Rural Malawi: Findings from the Cooking and Pneumonia Study.     Mortimer, K; Lesosky, M; Semple, S; Malava, J; Katundu, C; CRAMPIN, A; Wang, D; Weston, W; Pope, D; Havens, D; Gordon, S; Balmes, J (2020). Chest.

Assessing the costs and efficiency of HIV testing and treatment services in rural Malawi: implications for future "test and start" strategies.       Vyas, S; Songo, J; Guinness, L; Dube, A; Geis, S; Kalua, T; TODD, J; RENJU, J; CRAMPIN, A; WRINGE, A (2020). BMC Health Services Research.

Family planning practices of women working in the Cambodian garment industry: a qualitative study. Masuda, C; Oreglia, E; Ly, S; McLaren, M; Free, C; Tijamo, C; Ou, A; van Velthoven, M; Williamson, A; SMITH, C (2020). Contraception and Reproductive Medicine

Consequences of male partner engagement policies on HIV care-seeking in three African countries: Findings from the SHAPE UTT study. Dube, A; RENJU, J; Wamoyi, J; Hassan, F; Seeley, J; Chimukuche, R; Songo, J; Kalua, T; CRAMPIN, A; Moshabela, M; WRINGE, A (2020). Global Public Health.

Investigating the implementation of differentiated HIV services and implications for pregnant and postpartum women: A mixed methods multi-country study. Chimukuche, R; WRINGE, A; Songo, J; Hassan, F; Luwanda, L; Kalua, T; Moshabela, M; RENJU, J; Seeley, J (2020. Global Public Health.

Cost variations in prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission services integrated within maternal and child health services in rural Tanzania. Vyas, S; Luwanda, L; Guinness, L; Kajoka, D; Njau, P; RENJU, J; Hassan, F; WRINGE, A (2020). Global Public Health.

Strengthening the evolutionary social sciences with more data, less ‘theory-worship’. SEAR, R (2020). Evolution and Human Behavior.

'If the results are negative, they motivate us'. Experiences of early infant diagnosis of HIV and engagement in Option B. ETOORI, D; RENJU, J; RENIERS, G; Ndhlovu, V; Ndubane, S; Makhubela, P; Maritze, M; Gomez-Olive, F; WRINGE, A (2020). Global Public Health.

A comparison of the associations between adiposity and lipids in Malawi and the United Kingdom. Soares, A; Banda, L; Amberbir, A; Jaffar, S; Musicha, C; PRICE, A; CRAMPIN, A; Nyirenda, M; Lawlor, D (2020). BMC Medicine.

Targeted client communication via mobile devices for improving sexual and reproductive health. PALMER, M; Henschke, N; Villanueva, G; Maayan, N; Bergman, H; Glenton, C; Lewin, S; Fønhus, M; Tamrat, T; Mehl, G; FREE, C (2020). The Cochrane database of systematic reviews.

Targeted client communication via mobile devices for improving maternal, neonatal, and child health. PALMER, M; Henschke, N; Bergman, H; Villanueva, G; Maayan, N; Tamrat, T; Mehl, G; Glenton, C; Lewin, S; Fønhus, M; FREE, C (2020). The Cochrane database of systematic reviews.

Development of an Intervention to Support the Reproductive Health of Cambodian Women Who Seek Medical Abortion: Research Protocol.  Oreglia, E; Ly, S; Tijamo, C; Ou, A; FREE, C; SMITH, C (2020). JMIR research protocols.

The impact of the DREAMS package on HIV incidence among young women who sell sex in Zimbabwe: A non-randomized plausibility study. Chabata, S; HENSEN, B; Chiyaka, T; Mushati, P; Musemburi, S; Dirawo, J; Busza, J; FLOYD, S; Birdthistle, I; Hargreaves, J; Cowan, F (2020). Journal of the International Aids Society.

What is the impact of DREAMS on HSV-2 acquisition among AGYW in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa?            Mthiyane, N; Chimbindi, N; Zuma, T; Dreyer, J; Birdthistle, I; FLOYD, S; Gourlay, A; Smith, T; Baisley, K; McGrath, N; Harling, G; Seeley, J; Shahmanesh, M (2020). Journal of the International Aids Society.

'MTV Shuga': Can mass media communication HIV prevention and sexual health in adolescent girls and young women in rural South Africa? Shahmanesh, M; Mthiyane, N; Chimbindi, N; Zuma, T; Dreyer, J; Birdthistle, I; FLOYD, S; Kyegombe, N; Danaviah, S; Smit, T; Harling, G; Seeley, J; Baisley, K (2020). Journal of the International Aids Society.

A counselling intervention to address HIV stigma at entry into antenatal care in Tanzania (Maisha): Results from a parallel randomized controlled pilot study. Watt, M; Minja, L; Sao, S; Osaki, H; Mwamba, R; Kisigo, G; Knettel, B; Ngocho, J; RENJU, J; Mmbaga, B (2020). Journal of the International Aids Society.

Condom use among young women who sell sex in Zimbabwe: a prevention cascade analysis to identify gaps in HIV prevention programming. Chabata, S; HENSEN, B; Chiyaka, T; Mushati, P; Busza, J; FLOYD, S; BIRDTHISTLE, I; Hargreaves, J; Cowan, F (2020). Journal of the International Aids Society.

Can HIV recent infection surveillance help us better understand where primary prevention efforts should be targeted? Results of three pilots integrating a recent infection testing algorithm into routine programme activities in Kenya and Zimbabwe. Rice, B; de Wit, M; Welty, S; RISHER, K; Cowan, F; Murphy, G; Chabata, S; Waruiru, W; Magutshwa, S; Motoku, J; Kwaro, D; Ochieng, B; RENIERS, G; Rutherford, G (2020). Journal of the International Aids Society.

Church attendance and alloparenting: an analysis of fertility, social support and child development among English mothers. Shaver, J; Power, E; Purzycki, B; Watts, J; SEAR, R; Shenk, M; Sosis, R; Bulbulia, J (2020). Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society B-Biological Sciences.

Accessing emergency contraception pills from pharmacies: the experience of young women in London. Turnbull, G; SCOTT, R; Mann, S; Wellings, K (2020). BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health.

An Intervention Delivered by Mobile Phone Instant Messaging to Increase Acceptability and Use of Effective Contraception Among Young Women in Bolivia: Randomized Controlled Trial. MCCARTHY, O; Aliaga, C; Torrico Palacios, M; López Gallardo, J; Huaynoca, S; Leurent, B; Edwards, P; PALMER, M; Ahamed, I; FREE, C (2020). Journal of medical Internet research.

Which contraceptive side effects matter most? Evidence from current and past users of injectables and implants in Western Kenya. Odwe, G; Obare, F; MACHIYAMA, K; Cleland, J     (2020). Contracept X.

Temporal and geographic changes in stage at diagnosis in England during 2008-2013: A population-based study of colorectal, lung and ovarian cancers. Muller, P; Woods, L; WALTERS, S (2020). Cancer Epidemiology: the international journal of cancer epidemiology, detection and prevention.

Exploring the Demand-Side Factors Associated with the Use of Implants in Kenya. Obare, F; Mumah, J; Odwe, G; MACHIYAMA, K; Cleland, J (2020). Studies in family planning.

Childhood socio-economic conditions and risk of cardiovascular disease: results from a pooled sample of 14 011 adults from India. Mallinson, P; LIEBER, J; Bhogadi, S; Kinra, S (2020). JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY AND COMMUNITY HEALTH.

Implications of HIV treatment policies on the health workforce in rural Malawi and Tanzania between 2013 and 2017: Evidence from the SHAPE-UTT study. Songo, J; WRINGE, A; Hassan, F; McLean, E; Vyas, S; Dube, A; Luwanda, L; Kalua, T; Kajoka, D; CRAMPIN, A; TODD, J; Schouten, E; Seeley, J; Geubbels, E; RENJU, J (2020). Global Public Health.

Secrets and Silence: Agency of Young Women Managing HIV Disclosure. Mackworth-Young, C; Bond, V; WRINGE, A (2020). Medical Anthropology: cross-cultural studies in health and illness.

Assessing the implementation of facility-based HIV testing policies in Malawi, South Africa and Tanzania from 2013-2018: Findings from SHAPE-UTT study. Luwanda, L; Vyas, S; Songo, J; Chimukuche, R; McLean, E; Hassan, F; Schouten, E; TODD, J; Geubbels, E; WRINGE, A; RENJU, J (2020). GLOBAL PUBLIC HEALTH.

Impact of WHO guidelines on trends in HIV testing and ART initiation among children living with HIV in Zambia Munthali, T; Michelo, C; Mee, P; Moyo, C; Kashoka, A; Liswaniso, L; Chiboma, I; TODD, J (2020). AIDS research and therapy.

Assessing capacity of health facilities to provide routine maternal and newborn care in low-income settings: what proportions are ready to provide good-quality care, and what proportions of women receive it? TOMLIN, K; Berhanu, D; Gautham, M; Umar, N; Schellenberg, J; Wickremasinghe, D; Marchant, T (2020). BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth.

An age-dependent ovulatory strategy explains the evolution of dizygotic twinning in humans. Hazel, W; Black, R; Smock, R; SEAR, R; Tomkins, J (2020). Nature ecology & evolution.

Direct maternal deaths attributable to HIV in the era of antiretroviral therapy: evidence from three population-based HIV cohorts with verbal autopsy.          CALVERT, C; MARSTON, M; SLAYMAKER, E; CRAMPIN, A; PRICE, A; Klein, N; Herbst, K; Michael, D; Urassa, M; Clark, S; Ronsmans, C; RENIERS, G (2020). AIDS.

A cohort study of the service-users of online contraception. Rezel-Potts, E; PALMER, M; FREE, C; Baraitser, P (2020). BMJ sexual & reproductive health.

Male partners' antenatal care attendance and associated factors among pregnant women in Northern Tanzania. Coleman, J; Sao, S; Kisigo, G; Mwamba, R; Ngocho, J; Mmbaga, B; Osaki, H; Minja, L; RENJU, J; Watt, M (2020). ANNALS OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE.

Challenges with tracing patients on antiretroviral therapy who are late for clinic appointments in rural South Africa and recommendations for future practice. ETOORI, D; WRINGE, A; RENJU, J; Kabudula, C; Gomez-Olive, F; RENIERS, G (2020). GLOBAL HEALTH ACTION.

Effect of tuberculosis infection on mortality of HIV-infected patients in Northern Tanzania. Mollel, E; TODD, J; Mahande, M; Msuya, S (2020). Tropical Medicine and Health.

Experiences of violence among adolescent girls and young women in Nairobi's informal settlements prior to scale-up of the DREAMS Partnership: Prevalence, severity and predictors. Orindi, B; Maina, B; Muuo, S; BIRDTHISTLE, I; Carter, D; FLOYD, S; Ziraba, A (2020). PLOS ONE.

Critical Reflections on Individual Collages as a Research Method With Young Women Living With HIV in Zambia. Mackworth-Young, C; WRINGE, A; Clay, S; Chonta, M; Chiiya, C; Konayuma, K; Sievwright, K; Mbewe, M; Mwale, M; Stangl, A; Bond, V (2020). Emerging Adulthood.

Comparison of HIV Risk Behaviors Between Clinical Trials and Observational Cohorts in Uganda. Abaasa, A; Nash, S; Mayanja, Y; Price, M; Fast, P; Kaleebu, P; TODD, J (2020). AIDS and Behavior.

Determinants of isoniazid preventive therapy completion among people living with HIV attending care and treatment clinics from 2013 to 2017 in Dar es Salaam Region, Tanzania. A cross-sectional analytical study. Robert, M; TODD, J; Ngowi, B; Msuya, S; Ramadhani, A; Sambu, V; Jerry, I; Mujuni, M; Mahande, M; Ngocho, J; Maokola, W (2020). BMC Infectious Diseases.

Misreporting of Patient Outcomes in the South African National HIV Treatment Database: Consequences for Programme Planning, Monitoring, and Evaluation. ETOORI, D; WRINGE, A; Kabudula, C; RENJU, J; Rice, B; Gomez-Olive, F; RENIERS, G (2020). FRONTIERS IN PUBLIC HEALTH.

Bayesian reconstruction of Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission networks in a high incidence area over two decades in Malawi reveals associated risk factors and genomic variants. Sobkowiak, B; Banda, L; Mzembe, T; CRAMPIN, A; Glynn, J; Clark, T         (2020). MICROBIAL GENOMICS.

Expanding choice through online contraception: a theory of change to inform service development and evaluation. Rezel-Potts, E; FREE, C; Syred, J; Baraitser, P (2020). BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health.

Survival of Children Living With HIV on Art in Zambia: A 13-Years Retrospective Cohort Analysis. Munthali, T; Michelo, C; Mee, P; TODD, J (2020). Frontiers in Public Health.

Combining national survey with facility-based HIV testing data to obtain more accurate estimate of HIV prevalence in districts in Uganda. Ouma, J; Jeffery, C; Valadez, J; Wanyenze, R; TODD, J; Levin, J (2020). BMC public health.

What and how: doing good research with young people, digital intimacies, and relationships and sex education. SCOTT, R; Smith, C; Formby, E; Hadley, A; Hallgarten, L; Hoyle, A; Marston, C; McKee, A; Tourountsis, D (2020). SEX EDUCATION-SEXUALITY SOCIETY AND LEARNING.

Analytical methods used in estimating the prevalence of HIV/AIDS from demographic and cross-sectional surveys with missing data: a systematic review. Mosha, N; Aluko, O; TODD, J; Machekano, R; Young, T (2020). BMC medical research methodology.

Trends in sexual activity and demand for and use of modern contraceptive methods in 74 countries: a retrospective analysis of nationally representative surveys. SLAYMAKER, E; SCOTT, R; PALMER, M; Palla, L; MARSTON, M; Gonsalves, L; Say, L; Wellings, K (2020). The Lancet Global Health.

Awareness and Preparedness of Hospital Staff against Novel Coronavirus (COVID-2019): A Global Survey - Study Protocol. Qarawi, A; Ng, S; Gad, A; Mai, L; AL-Ahdal, T; Sharma, A; Huan, V; Vuong, N; Tawfik, G; Hashan, M; Dumre, S; Ghozy, S; Shaikhkhalil, H; Mahmoud, M; Alhady, S; Nam, N; Islam, S; SMITH, C; Lee, P; Chico, M; Cox, S; Hirayama, K; Huy, N (2020). SSRN Electronic Journal.

Safetxt: a safer sex intervention delivered by mobile phone messaging on sexually transmitted infections (STI) among young people in the UK - protocol for a randomised controlled trial. FREE, C; MCCARTHY, O; PALMER, M; Knight, R; Edwards, P; French, R; Baraitser, P; Hickson, F; Wellings, K; Roberts, I; Bailey, J; Hart, G; Michie, S; Clayton, T; Ploubidis, G; Carpenter, J; Turner, K; Devries, K; Potter, K (2020). BMJ OPEN.

Difference in HIV prevalence by testing venue: results from population level survey in Uganda. Ouma, J; Jeffery, C; Valadez, J; Wanyenze, R; TODD, J; Levin, J (2020). AIDS Care.

"We give them threatening advice…": expectations of adherence to antiretroviral therapy and their consequences among adolescents living with HIV in rural Malawi. Burns, R; Magalasi, D; Blasco, P; Szumilin, E; Pasquier, E; Schramm, B; WRINGE, A (2020). Journal of the International AIDS Society.

Hunter-gatherer multilevel sociality accelerates cumulative cultural evolution. Migliano, A; Battiston, F; Viguier, S; PAGE, A; Dyble, M; Schlaepfer, R; Smith, D; Astete, L; Ngales, M; Gomez-Gardenes, J; Latora, V; Vinicius, L (2020). SCIENCE ADVANCES.

Dissonance of Choice: Biomedical and Lived Perspectives on HIV Treatment-Taking. Horter, S; Seeley, J; Bernays, S; Kerschberger, B; Lukhele, N; WRINGE, A (2020). Medical Anthropology.

Comparison of retention in observational cohorts and nested simulated HIV vaccine efficacy trials in the key populations in Uganda. Abaasa, A; TODD, J; Nash, S; Mayanja, Y; Kaleebu, P; Fast, P; Price, M (2020). BMC Medical Research Methodology.

Performance of and Factors Associated with Tuberculosis Screening and Diagnosis Among People Living With HIV: Analysis of 2012-2016 Routine HIV Data in Tanzania. Maokola, W; Ngowi, B; Lawson, L; Mahande, M; TODD, J; Msuya, S (2020). Frontiers in Public Health.

Characterizing a Leak in the HIV Care Cascade: Assessing Linkage Between HIV Testing and Care in Tanzania. Harklerode, R; TODD, J; de Wit, M; Beard, J; Urassa, M; Machemba, R; Maduhu, B; Hargreaves, J; Somi, G; Rice, B (2020). Frontiers in Public Health.

The value of hope: development and validation of a contextual measure of hope among people living with HIV in urban Tanzania a mixed methods exploratory sequential study. Siril, H; Smith Fawzi, M; TODD, J; Somba, M; Kaale, A; Minja, A; Killewo, J; Mugusi, F; Kaaya, S (2020). BMC Psychol.

Effectiveness of Lifelong ART (Option B+) in the Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV Programme in Zambia: Observations Based on Routinely Collected Health Data. Muyunda B, Musonda P, Mee P, Todd J, Michelo C (2020). Frontiers in Public Health 7 DOI

How to estimate glomerular filtration rate in sub-Saharan Africa: design and methods of the African Research into Kidney Diseases (ARK) study.   Kalyesubula R, Fabian J, Nakanga W, Newton R, Ssebunnya B, Prynn J, George J, Wade AN, Seeley J, Nitsch D, et al. (2020). BMC nephrology 21(1):20 Jan 2020 DOI EPrints

Typologies of postnatal support and breastfeeding at two months in the UK. Emmott EH, Page AE, Myers S (2020). Social Science & Medicine 246:112791 01 Feb 2020 DOI EPrints

Coming of age with HIV: a temporal understanding of young women's experiences in Zambia. Mackworth-Young, C; Bond, V; Stangl, A; Chonta, M; WRINGE, A (2020). AIDS Care.

Effect of Acute Illness on Contact Patterns, Malawi, 2017.   Glynn JR, McLean E, Malava J, Dube A, Katundu C, Crampin AC, Geis S (2020). Emerging Infectious Diseases 26(1) Jan 2020 DOI EPrints

Community engagement in COVID-19 prevention: experiences from Kilimanjaro region, Northern Tanzania. Mboya, I; Ngocho, J; Mgongo, M; Samu, L; Pyuza, J; Amour, C; Mahande, M; Leyaro, B; George, J; Philemon, R; Muro, F; RENJU, J; Msuya, S (2020) The Pan African Medical Journal.

Provenance of "after the fact" harmonised community-based demographic and HIV surveillance data from ALPHA cohorts. Kanjala, C; (2020) PhD thesis, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. DOI:

Changing family structures and self-rated health of India's older population (1995-96 to 2014). Lieber, Judith; Clarke, Lynda; Timæus, Ian MMallinson, Poppy Alice CarsonKinra, Sanjay; (2020) SSM - Population Health, 11. 100572-. DOI:

Forecasting the prevalence of overweight and obesity in India to 2040. Luhar, Shammi; Timæus, Ian M; Jones, Rebecca; Cunningham, Solveig; Patel, Shivani A; Kinra, Sanjay; Clarke, Lynda; Houben, Rein; (2020) PloS one, 15 (2). e0229438-. ISSN 1932-6203 DOI:

Pathways to Low Fertility: 50 Years of Limitation, Curtailment, and Postponement of Childbearing. Timæus, Ian M; Moultrie, Tom A; (2020) Demography, 57 (1). pp. 267-296. ISSN 0070-3370 DOI:


Long-term trends in reproductive behaviour among young women in four countries, 1995-2009. Bellizzi S, Ali MM, CLELAND J. (2019). Journal of Adolescent Health 62(2):201-210. DOI:

Contraceptive method attributes and married women’s intentions to use the pill or the injectable in rural Bangladesh. Huda, FA, Casterline JB, Ahmmed F, MACHIYAMA K, Mahmood HR, Ahmed A, CLELAND J (2019). International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health 44(4):157-165. DOI:

Engage or refrain? A qualitative exploration of premarital sexual relations among female college students in Tehran. Khalajabadi-Farahani,F, Mansson S-A, CLELAND J. (2019). The Journal of Sex Research, 58(8):1009-1022. DOI:

A systematic review and meta-analysis in the effectiveness of mobile phone interventions used to improve adherence to antiretroviral therapy in HIV infectionShah R, Watson J, Free C BMC Public Health 19(1):915 Dec 2019 DOI EPrints

Evaluation of the efficacy and safety of text messages targeting adherence to cardiovascular medications in secondary prevention: the txt2heart Colombia randomised controlled trial protocol. Bermon A, Uribe-Rodríguez AF, Pérez-Rivero PF, Prieto-Merino D, Cáceres Rivera DI, Guio E, Atkins L, Horne R, Murray E, Serrano Díaz NC, et al. BMJ open 9(12):e028017 08 Dec 2019 DOI EPrints

Incidence of maternal peripartum infection: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Woodd SL, Montoya A, Barreix M, Pi L, Calvert C, Rehman AM, Chou D, Campbell OMR. PLOS Medicine 16(12):e1002984 10 Dec 2019 DOI EPrints

Using Digital Technology for Sexual and Reproductive Health: Are Programs Adequately Considering Risk?  Bacchus LJ, Reiss K, Church K, Colombini M, Pearson E, Naved R, Smith C, Andersen K, Free C. Global Health: Science and Practice 7(4) 23 Dec 2019 DOI EPrints

Use of reliable contraceptives and its correlates among women participating in Simulated HIV vaccine efficacy trials in key-populations in Uganda. Abaasa; Todd, Jim; Mayanja, Yunia; Price, Matt; Fast, Patricia E; Kaleebu, Pontiano; Nash, Stephen; (2019) Scientific Reports, 9 (1). DOI:

Fertility Regulation. In: Poston Jr, Dudley L, (ed.) Handbooks of Sociology and Social Research. Handbooks of Sociology and Social Research. Cleland, John; Potter, Joseph E; (2019) Springer International Publishing, Cham, Switzerland, pp. 793-817. ISBN 9783030109097 DOI: Item availability may be restricted.

Fathers favour sons, mothers don't discriminate: Sex-biased parental care in northwestern Tanzania. Hassan, Anushé; Schaffnit, Susan B; Sear, Rebecca; Urassa, Mark; Lawson, David W; (2019) Evolutionary Human Sciences, 1. p. 13. DOI:

HIV risk among young women who sell sex by whether they identify as sex workers: analysis of respondent-driven sampling surveys, Zimbabwe, 2017. Hensen, Bernadette; Chabata, Sungai T; Floyd, Sian; Chiyaka, Tarisai; Mushati, Phillis; Busza, Joanna; Birdthistle, Isolde; Hargreaves, James R; Cowan, Frances M; (2019)Journal of the International AIDS Society, 22 (12). e25410. ISSN 1758-2652 DOI:

Coverage and equity of maternal and newborn health care in rural Nigeria, Ethiopia and India. Marchant, Tanya; Beaumont, Emma; Makowiecka, Krystyna; Berhanu, Della; Tessema, Tsegahun; Gautham, Meenakshi; Singh, Kultar; Umar, Nasir; Usman, Adamu Umar; Tomlin, Keith; Cousens, Simon; Allen, Elizabeth; Schellenberg, Joanna Armstrong (2019) CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne, 191 (43). E1179-E1188. ISSN 0820-3946 DOI: Item availability may be restricted.

Incidence Rates for Tuberculosis Among HIV Infected Patients in Northern Tanzania. Mollel, Edson W; Maokola, Werner; Todd, Jim; Msuya, Sia E; Mahande, Michael J; (2019) Frontiers in Public Health, 7. p. 306. DOI:

The temporalities of policymaking: The case of HIV test-and-treat policy adoption in Zimbabwe. Moran, Meg; Skovdal, Morten; Mpandaguta, Edith; Maswera, Rufurwokuda; Kadzura, Noah; Dzamatira, Freedom; Nyamukapa, Constance; Gregson, Simon; Tlhajoane, Malebogo; (2019) Health & place. ISSN 1353-8292 DOI:

Soluble FcɛRI: a biomarker for IgE-mediated diseases. Moñino-Romero, Sherezade; Lexmond, Willem S; Singer, Josef; Bannert, Christina; Amoah, Abena S; Yazdanbakhsh, Maria; Boakye, Daniel A; Jensen-Jarolim, Erika; Fiebiger, Edda; Szépfalusi, Zsolt; (2019) Allergy. ISSN 0105-4538 DOI:

Parasites and allergy: Observations from Africa. Mpairwe, Harriet; Amoah, Abena S; (2019) Parasite immunology, 41 (6). e12589. ISSN 0141-9838 DOI:

Sex and area differences in the association between adiposity and lipid profile in Malawi. Soares, Ana Luiza G; Banda, Louis; Amberbir, Alemayehu; Jaffar, Shabbar; Musicha, Crispin; Price, Alison; Nyirenda, Moffat J; Lawlor, Debbie A; Crampin, Amelia; (2019) BMJ global health, 4 (5). e001542-. ISSN 2059-7908 DOI:

Investigating associations between rural-to-urban migration and cardiometabolic disease in Malawi: a population-level study. Chilunga, Felix P; Musicha, Crispin; Tafatatha, Terence; Geis, Steffen; Nyirenda, Moffat J; Crampin, Amelia C; Price, Alison J; (2019) International journal of epidemiology. ISSN 0300-5771 DOI:

Drug Seller Provision Practices and Knowledge of Misoprostol in Bangladesh. Reiss, Kate; Keenan, Katherine; Church, Kathryn; Dijkerman, Sally; Mitu, Shahida Akter; Nuremowla, Sadid; Ngo, Thoai D; (2019) International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 45. pp. 45-54. ISSN 1944-0391 DOI:

Preparedness of health facilities in managing hypertension & diabetes mellitus in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: a cross sectional study. Adinan, Juma; Manongi, Rachel; Temu, Gloria August; Kapologwe, Ntuli; Marandu, Annette; Wajanga, Bahati; Dika, Haruna; Maongezi, Sarah; Laizer, Sweetness; Manyuti, Ridhiwani; +3 more... Nassir, Rehema Abdillahi; Renju, Jenny; Todd, Jim; (2019) BMC HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH, 19 (1). ISSN 1472-6963 DOI:

Recent levels and trends in HIV incidence rates among adolescent girls and young women in high-prevalence countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Birdthistle, Isolde; Tanton, Clare; Tomita, Andrew; de Graaf, Kristen; Schaffnit, Susan; Tanser, Frank; Slaymaker, Emma; (2019) The Lancet Global Health. ISSN 2214-109X (In Press) Item availability may be restricted.

HIV-seroconversion among HIV-1 serodiscordant married couples in Tanzania: a cohort study. Colombe, Soledad; Beard, James; Mtenga, Baltazar; Lutonja, Peter; Mngara, Julius; de Dood, Claudia J; van Dam, Govert J; Corstjens, Paul LAM; Kalluvya, Samuel; Urassa, Mark; +2 more... Todd, Jim; Downs, Jennifer A; (2019) BMC infectious diseases, 19 (1). p. 518. ISSN 1471-2334 DOI:

Cascade of care for HIV-seroconverters in rural Tanzania: a longitudinal study. Colombe, Soledad; Machemba, Richard; Mtenga, Baltazar; Lutonja, Peter; Safari, Wende; Beard, James; Downs, Jennifer A; Urassa, Mark; Todd, Jim; Changalucha, John; (2019) AIDS Care. pp. 1-6. ISSN 0954-0121 DOI: Item availability may be restricted.

Does facility birth reduce maternal and perinatal mortality in Brong Ahafo, Ghana? A secondary analysis using data on 119 244 pregnancies from two cluster-randomised controlled trials. Gabrysch, Sabine; Nesbitt, Robin C; Schoeps, Anja; Hurt, Lisa; Soremekun, Seyi; Edmond, Karen; Manu, Alexander; Lohela, Terhi J; Danso, Samuel; Tomlin, Keith; +2 more... Kirkwood, Betty; Campbell, Oona MR; (2019) The Lancet Global Health, 7 (8). e1074-e1087. ISSN 2214-109X DOI:

Increasing Proportion of HIV-Infected Pregnant Zambian Women Attending Antenatal Care Are Already on Antiretroviral Therapy (2010–2015). Gumede-Moyo, Sehlulekile; Todd, Jim; Schaap, Ab; Mee, Paul; Filteau, Suzanne; (2019) Frontiers in Public Health, 7 (JUN). DOI:

Sharing the Load: How Do Coresident Children Influence the Allocation of Work and Schooling in Northwestern Tanzania? Hedges, Sophie; Lawson, David W; Todd, Jim; Urassa, Mark; Sear, Rebecca; (2019) Demography. ISSN 0070-3370 DOI: Item availability may be restricted.

Earning their keep? Fostering, children's education, and work in north-western Tanzania. Hedges, Sophie; Sear, Rebecca; Todd, Jim; Urassa, Mark; Lawson, David W; (2019) Demographic Research, 41. pp. 263-292. DOI:

Effect of antiretroviral therapy on fertility rate among women living with HIV in Tabora, Tanzania: An historical cohort study. Mbita, Gaspar; Renju, Jenny; Lija, Gissenge; Conserve, Donaldson F; Todd, Jim; (2019) PloS one, 14 (9). e0222173. ISSN 1932-6203 DOI:

Testing adaptive hypotheses of alloparenting in Agta foragers. Page, Abigail E; Thomas, Matthew G; Smith, Daniel; Dyble, Mark; Viguier, Sylvain; Chaudhary, Nikhil; Salali, Gul Deniz; Thompson, James; Mace, Ruth; Migliano, Andrea B; (2019) Nature Human Behaviour. DOI: Item availability may be restricted.

Under-five mortality in The Gambia: Comparison of the results of the first demographic and health survey with those from existing inquiries. Rerimoi, Anne J; Jasseh, Momodou; Agbla, Schadrac C; Reniers, Georges; Roca, Anna; Timæus, Ian M; (2019) PLoS One, 14 (7). e0219919-. DOI:

Improving communication about HIV prevention among people living with HIV and their at-risk social network members in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Siril, Hellen; Kaale, Anna; Minja, Anna; Kilewo, Japheth; Mugusi, Ferdinand; Sunguya, Bruno; Todd, Jim; Kaaya, Sylvia; Smith Fawzi, Mary C; (2019) Cogent Medicine, 6 (1). DOI:

In-depth proteomic characterization of Schistosoma haematobium: towards the development of new tools for elimination. Sotillo, Javier; Pearson, Mark S; Becker, Luke; Mekonnen, Gebeyaw G; Amoah, Abena S; van Dam, Govert; Corstjens, Paul LAM; Murray, Janice; Mduluza, Takafira; Mutapi, Francisca; +1 more... Loukas, Alex; (2019) PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 13 (5). ISSN 1935-2727 DOI:

Planning a family in Nairobi’s informal settlements: results of a qualitative study. Towriss, Catriona A; Beguy, Donatien; Wringe, Alison; Hussein, Barwako Hassan; Timæus, Ian M; (2019) Journal of Biosocial Science. pp. 1-14. ISSN 0021-9320 DOI: Item availability may be restricted.

Women’s economic status and sexual negotiation: re-evaluation of the ‘normative precedent’ in Tanzania. Vyas, Seema; (2019) Culture, Health & Sexuality. ISSN 1369-1058 DOI: Item availability may be restricted.

Are mothers less likely to breastfeed in harsh environments? Physical environmental quality and breastfeeding in the Born in Bradford Study. Brown, Laura; Sear, Rebecca; (2019) Maternal & Child Nutrition. ISSN 1740-8695 DOI: Item availability may be restricted.

Mobile Messaging Support Versus Usual Care for People With Type 2 Diabetes on Glycemic Control: Protocol for a Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial. Farmer, Andrew; Bobrow, Kirsty; Leon, Natalie; Williams, Nicola; Phiri, Enita; Namadingo, Hazel; Cooper, Sara; Prince, John; Crampin, Amelia; Besada, Donela; +9 more... (2019) JMIR research protocols, 8 (6). e12377. ISSN 1929-0748 DOI:

Prevalence of impaired renal function among rural and urban populations: findings of a cross-sectional study in Malawi. Nakanga, Wisdom; Prynn, Josephine; Banda, Louis; Kalyesubula, Robert; Tomlinson, Laurie; Nyirenda, Moffat; Crampin, Amelia; (2019) Wellcome Open Research, 4 (92). DOI:

Comparing reporting of abortions in three nationally representative surveys: methodological and contextual influences. Scott, Rachel H; Bajos, Nathalie; Wellings, Kaye; Slaymaker, Emma; (2019) BMJ sexual & reproductive health. ISSN 2515-1991 DOI: Item availability may be restricted.

Characteristics and contraceptive outcomes of women seeking medical or surgical abortion in reproductive health clinics in Cambodia. Smith, Chris; Scott, Rachel H; Free, Caroline; Edwards, Tansy; (2019) Contraception and Reproductive Medicine, 4 (5). DOI:

Altered social trajectories and risks of violence among young Syrian women seeking refuge in Turkey: a qualitative study. Wringe, Alison; Yankah, Ekua; Parks, Tania; Mohamed, Omar; Saleh, Mohamad; Speed, Olivia; Hémono, Rebecca; Relyea, Bridget; Ibrahim, Mahad; Sandhu, Jaspal S; Scott, Jennifer; (2019) BMC Women's Health, 19 (1). p. 9. ISSN 1472-6874 DOI:

Lusting, learning and lasting in school: sexual debut, school performance and dropout among adolescents in primary schools in Karonga district, northern Malawi. Sunny, Bindu S; DeStavola, Bianca; Dube, Albert; Price, Alison; Kaonga, Allan M; Kondowe, Scotch; Crampin, Amelia C; Glynn, Judith R; (2019) Journal of biosocial science. ISSN 0021-9320 DOI:

Changes in, and factors associated with, frequency of sex in Britain: evidence from three National Surveys of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal). Wellings, Kaye; Palmer, Melissa J; Machiyama, Kazuyo; Slaymaker, Emma; (2019) BMJ (Clinical research ed), 365. ISSN 0959-8138 DOI:

How might life history theory contribute to life course theory? Stulp, Gert; Sear, Rebecca; (2019) Advances in Life Course Research. ISSN 1040-2608 DOI: Item availability may be restricted.

Gambian cultural beliefs, attitudes and discourse on reproductive health and mortality: Implications for data collection in surveys from the interviewer’s perspective. Rerimoi, AJ; Niemann, J; Lange, I; Timæus, IM; (2019) PLOS ONE, 14 (5). e0216924-e0216924. DOI:

Changing young people's attitudes towards effective contraception using mobile phone messaging. McCarthy, OL; (2019) PhD (research paper style) thesis, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. DOI:

Navigating 'ethics in practice': An ethnographic case study with young women living with HIV in Zambia. Mackworth-Young, Constance RS; Schneiders, Mira L; Wringe, Alison; Simwinga, Musonda; Bond, Virginia; (2019) Global Public Health. ISSN 1744-1692 DOI: Item availability may be restricted.

Engagement in agricultural work is associated with reduced leisure time among Agta hunter-gatherers.Dyble, Mark; Thorley, Jack; Page, Abigail E; Smith, Daniel; Migliano, Andrea Bamberg; (2019) Nature Human Behaviour. DOI: Item availability may be restricted.

A comparison of all-cause and cause-specific mortality by household socioeconomic status across seven INDEPTH network health and demographic surveillance systems in sub-Saharan Africa. Coates, Matthew M; Kamanda, Mamusu; Kintu, Alexander; Arikpo, Iwara; Chauque, Alberto; Mengesha, Melkamu Merid; Price, Alison ; Sifuna, Peter; Wamukoya, Marylene; Sacoor, Charfudin N; +12 more... (2019) Global health action, 12 (1). p. 1608013. ISSN 1654-9716 DOI:

An integrated whole genome analysis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis reveals insights into relationship between its genome, transcriptome and methylome. Gomez-Gonzalez, Paula J; Andreu, Nuria; Phelan, Jody E; de Sessions, Paola Florez; Glynn, Judith R; Crampin, Amelia C; Campino, Susana; Butcher, Philip D; Hibberd, Martin L; Clark, Taane G; (2019). SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 9 (1). ISSN 2045-2322 DOI:

Why so many Agta boys? Explaining 'extreme' sex ratios in Philippine foragers. Viguier, Abigail; Myers, Sarah; Dyble, Mark; Migliano, Andrea; (2019) Evolutionary Human Sciences. ISSN 2513-843X  (In Press)

Outcomes of patients lost to follow-up after antiretroviral therapy initiation in rural north-eastern South Africa. Ambia, Julie; Kabudula, Chodziwadziwa; Risher, Kathryn; Rice, Brian D; Reniers, Georges; Etoori, David; (2019) Tropical medicine & international health: TM & IH. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI:

'I saw it as a second chance': A qualitative exploration of experiences of treatment failure and regimen change among people living with HIV on second- and third-line antiretroviral therapy in Kenya, Malawi and Mozambique. Burns, Rose; Borges, Joana; Blasco, Philippe; Vandenbulcke, Alexandra; Mukui, Irene; Magalasi, Denview; Molfino, Lucas; Manuel, Rolanda; Schramm, Birgit; Wringe, Alison; (2019) Global Public Health. ISSN 1744-1692 DOI:

Simulated vaccine efficacy trials to estimate HIV incidence for actual vaccine clinical trials in key populations in Uganda. Abaasa, Andrew; Nash, Stephen; Mayanja, Yunia; Price, Matt; Fast, Patricia E; Kamali, Anatoli; Kaleebu, Pontiano; Todd, Jim; (2019) Vaccine, 37 (15). pp. 2065-2072. ISSN 0264-410X DOI:

Changes Over Time in HIV Prevalence and Sexual Behaviour Among Young Female Sex-Workers in 14 Sites in Zimbabwe, 2013–2016. Chabata, Sungai T; Hensen, Bernadette; Chiyaka, Tarisai; Mushati, Phillis; Mtetwa, Sibongile; Hanisch, Dagmar; Napierala, Sue; Busza, Joanna; Floyd, Sian; Fearon, Elizabeth; Birdthistle, Isolde; Hargreaves, James R; Cowan, Frances M; (2019) AIDS and Behavior. ISSN 1090-7165 DOI:

"I don't want them to know": how stigma creates dilemmas for engagement with Treat-all HIV care for people living with HIV in Eswatini. Horter, Shona; Bernays, Sarah; Thabede, Zanele; Dlamini, Velibanti; Kerschberger, Bernhard; Pasipamire, Munyaradzi; Rusch, Barbara; Wringe, Alison; (2019) African journal of AIDS research. ISSN 1608-5906 DOI:

"Is it making any difference?" A qualitative study examining the treatment-taking experiences of asymptomatic people living with HIV in the context of Treat-all in Eswatini. Horter, Shona; Wringe, Alison; Thabede, Zanele; Dlamini, Velibanti; Kerschberger, Bernhard; Pasipamire, Munyaradzi; Lukhele, Nomthandazo; Rusch, Barbara; Seeley, Janet; (2019) Journal of the International AIDS Society, 22 (1). e25220. ISSN 1758-2652 DOI:

Implementing prevention policies for mother-to-child transmission of HIV in rural Malawi, South Africa and United Republic of Tanzania, 2013–2016. Jones, Harriet; Wringe, Alison; Todd, Jim; Songo, John; Oliver-Gomez, Xavier; Moshabela, Mosa; Geubbels, Eveline; Nyamhagatta, Mukome; Kalua, Thoko; Urassa, Mark; Zaba, Basia; Renju, Jenny; (2019) Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 97. pp. 200-212. ISSN 0042-9686 DOI:

Population-level adult mortality following the expansion of antiretroviral therapy in Rakai, Uganda. Nabukalu, Dorean; Reniers, Georges; Risher, Kathryn; Blom, Sylvia; Slaymaker, Emma; Kabudula, Chodziwadziwa; Zaba, Basia; Nalugoda, Fred; Kigozi, Godfrey; Makumbi, Fred; Serwadda, David; Reynolds, Steven; Marston, Milly; Eaton, Jeffrey; Gray, Ron; Wawer, Maria; Sewankambo, Nelson; Lutalo, Tom; (2019) Population Studies. ISSN 0032-4728

Prevalence and correlates of 'sexual competence' at first heterosexual intercourse among young people in Britain. Palmer, Melissa J; Clarke, Lynda; Ploubidis, George B; Wellings, Kaye; (2019) BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health. ISSN 2515-2009 DOI:

Parent–offspring conflict unlikely to explain ‘child marriage’ in northwestern Tanzania. Schaffnit, Susan B; Hassan, Anushé; Urassa, Mark; Lawson, David W; (2019) Nature Human Behaviour. DOI:

Cross-cultural evidence does not support universal acceleration of puberty in father-absent households. Sear, Rebecca; Sheppard, Paula; Coall, David A; (2019) Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 374 (1770). p. 20180124. ISSN 0962-8436 DOI:

The rebellious man: Next-of-kin accounts of the death of a male relative on antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa. Skovdal, Morten; Ssekubugu, Robert; Nyamukapa, Constance; Seeley, Janet; Renju, Jenny; Wamoyi, Joyce; Moshabela, Mosa; Ondenge, Kenneth; Wringe, Alison; Gregson, Simon; Zaba, Basia; (2019) Global public health. pp. 1-12. ISSN 1744-1692 DOI:

Changes in patterns of retention in HIV care and antiretroviral treatment in Tanzania between 2008 and 2016: an analysis of routinely collected national programme dataMee, Paul; Rice, Brian; Lemsalu, Liis; Hargreaves, James; Sambuh, Veryeh; Harklerode, Richelle; Todd, Jim; Somi, Geoffrey; (2019) Journal of Global Health, 9 (1). ISSN 2047-2978 DOI:

Childbearing desires and behaviour: a prospective assessment in Nairobi slums. Machiyama, Kazuyo; Mumah, Joyce N; Mutua, Michael; Cleland, John; (2019) BMC PREGNANCY AND CHILDBIRTH, 19 (1). ISSN 1471-2393 DOI:

The complex relationship between contraception and abortion. Cleland, John. Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology. 2019.

Cross-sectional analysis of chemsex drug use and gonorrhoea diagnosis among men who have sex with men in the UK. Kohli, Manik; Hickson, Ford; Free, Caroline; Reid, David; Weatherburn, Peter; (2019) Sexual Health. DOI:

A randomized controlled trial of an intervention delivered by mobile phone text message to increase the acceptability of effective contraception among young women in Palestine. McCarthy, Ona L; Zghayyer, Hanadi; Stavridis, Amina; Adada, Samia; Ahamed, Irrfan; Leurent, Baptiste; Edwards, Phil; Palmer, Melissa; Free, Caroline; (2019) Trials, 20. DOI:


Non-disclosure of HIV testing history in population-based surveys: implications for estimating a UNAIDS 90-90-90 targetChristopher T. Rentsch, Georges Reniers, Richard Machemba, Emma Slaymaker , Milly Marston, Alison Wringe, Jeffrey W. Eaton, Annabelle Gourlay, Brian Rice, Chodziwadziwa Whiteson Kabudula, Mark Urassa, Jim Todd & Basia Żaba. Article: 1553470

Are European HIV cohort data within EuroCoord representative of the diagnosed HIV population?  Vourli, G.; Pharris, A.; Cazein, F.; Costagliola, D.; Dabis, F.; Del Amo, J.; Delpech, V.; Díaz, A.; Girardi, E.; Gourlay, A.; Gunsenheimer-Bartmeyer, B.; Hernando, V.; Nikolopoulos, G.; Porter, K.; RosiÅ„ska, M.; Sabin, C.; Suligoi, B.; Supervie, V.; Wit, F.; Touloumi, G.; AIDS, 2018

Impact of linkage quality on inferences drawn from analyses using data with high rates of linkage errors in rural Tanzania. Rentsch, C.T.; Harron, K.; Urassa, M.; Todd, J.; Reniers, G.; Zaba, B.; BMC Med Res Methodol, 2018; 18(1):165

Effect of ACASI on Reporting of Abortion and Other Pregnancy Outcomes in the US National Survey of Family Growth. Lindberg, L; Scott, RH; (2018). Stud Fam Plann. ISSN 1728-4465 DOI:

Linkage to care and antiretroviral therapy initiation by testing modality among individuals newly diagnosed with HIV in Tanzania, 2014-2017. Rentsch, C.T.; Wringe, A.; Machemba, R.; Michael, D.; Urassa, M.; Todd, J.; Reniers, G.; Zaba, B.; (2018). Trop Med Int Health

Who are the male sexual partners of adolescent girls and young women? Comparative analysis of population data in three settings prior to DREAMS roll-out. Doyle, A.M.; Floyd, S.; Baisley, K.; Orindi, B.; Kwaro, D.; Mthiyane, T.N.; Muuo, S.; Shahmanesh, M.; Ziraba, A.; Birdthistle, I.; PLoS One; (2018); 13(9):e0198783

Integration of HIV and reproductive health services in public sector facilities: analysis of client flow data over time in Kenya. Birdthistle, I.J.; Fenty, J.; Collumbien, M.; Warren, C.; Kimani, J.; Ndwiga, C.; Mayhew, S.; Integra Initiative,; COLLABORATORS; Mayhew, S.; Vassall, A.; Birdthistle, I.; Church, K.; Colombini, M.; Collumbien, M.; Friend-Dupreez, N.; Howard, N.; Mak, J.; Mutemwa, R.; Obure, D.; Sweeney, S.; Watts, C.; Warren, C.; Abuya, T.; Askew, I.; Kikuvi, J.; Kimani, J.; Kivunaga, J.; Mdawida, B.; Ndwiga, C.; Oweya, E.; Hopkins, J.; Oteba, L.; Stackpool-Moore, L.; Trossero, A.; Nhlabatsi, Z.; Simelane, D.; Muketo, E.; Chatuluka, M.; (2018). BMJ Glob Health, 3(5):e000867

A longitudinal review of national HIV policy and progress made in health facility implementation in Eastern Zimbabwe. Tlhajoane, M.; Masoka, T.; Mpandaguta, E.; Rhead, R.; Church, K.; Wringe, A.; Kadzura, N.; Arinaminpathy, N.; Nyamukapa, C.; Schur, N.; Mugurungi, O.; Skovdal, M.; Eaton, J.W.; Gregson, S.; Health Res Policy Syst, 2018; 16(1):92

Risk of Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission in an antiretroviral therapy clinic. Mzembe, T.; Mclean, E.; Khan, P.Y.; Koole, O.; Sichali, L.; Mwinuka, V.; Kayange, M.; Mzumara, P.; Dimba, A.; Crampin, A.C.; Glynn, J.R.; (2018). AIDS

FIGO postpartum intrauterine device initiative: Complication rates across six countriesMakins, A.; Taghinejadi, N.; Sethi, M.; Machiyama, K.; Munganyizi, P.; Odongo, E.; Divakar, H.; Fatima, P.; Thapa, K.; Perera, G.; Arulkumaran, S.; Int J Gynaecol Obstet, 2018; 143 Suppl 1:20-27

Factors influencing the likelihood of acceptance of postpartum intrauterine devices across four countries: India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Tanzania. Makins, A.; Taghinejadi, N.; Sethi, M.; Machiyama, K.; Thapa, K.; Perera, G.; Munganyizi, P.S.; Bhardwaj, A.; Arulkumaran, S.; Int J Gynaecol Obstet, 2018; 143 Suppl 1:13-19

A friend in need is a friend indeed: Need-based sharing, rather than cooperative assortment, predicts experimental resource transfers among Agta hunter-gatherers. Smith, D.; Dyble, M.; Major, K.; Page, A.E.; Chaudhary, N.; Salali, G.D.; Thompson, J.; Vinicius, L.; Migliano, A.B.; Mace, R. Evolution and Human Behavior, 2018

Hunter-gatherer health and development policy: How the promotion of sedentism worsens the Agta’s health outcomes. Page, A.E.; Minter, T.; Viguier, S.; Migliano, A.B.;  Soc Sci Med, 2018; 197:39-48

Pre-post effects of a tetanus care protocol implementation in a sub-Saharan African intensive care unit. Aziz, R.; Colombe, S.; Mwakisambwe, G.; Ndezi, S.; Todd, J.; Kalluvya, S.; Mangat, H.S.; Magleby, R.; Koebler, A.; Kenemo, B.; Peck, R.N.; Downs, J.A.; PLoS Negl Trop Dis, 2018; 12(8):e0006667

Educational Attainment as a Predictor of HIV Testing Uptake Among Women of Child-Bearing Age: Analysis of 2014 Demographic and Health Survey in Zambia. Muyunda, B.; Musonda, P.; Mee, P.; Todd, J.; Michelo, C.;  Front Public Health, 2018; 6:192

Can we assess Cancer Waiting Time targets with cancer survival? A population-based study of individually linked data from the National Cancer Waiting Times monitoring dataset in England, 2009-2013. Di Girolamo, C.; Walters, S.; Gildea, C.; Benitez Majano, S.; Rachet, B.; Morris, M.; PLoS One, 2018; 13(8):e0201288

Identifying mixed Mycobacterium tuberculosis infections from whole genome sequence data. Sobkowiak, B.; Glynn, J.R.; Houben, R.M.G.J.; Mallard, K.; Phelan, J.E.; Guerra-Assunção, J.A.; Banda, L.; Mzembe, T.; Viveiros, M.; McNerney, R.; Parkhill, J.; Crampin, A.C.; Clark, T.G.; BMC Genomics, 2018; 19(1):613

Long term trends in behaviour to protect against adverse reproductive and sexual health outcomes among young single African women. Ali, M.M.; Cleland, J.; Reprod Health, 2018; 15(1):136

Interdisciplinary perspectives on grandparental investment: a journey towards causality. Coall, D.A.; Hilbrand, S.; Sear, R.; Hertwig, R. Contemporary Social Science, 2018; 13(2):159-174

Engagement in HIV Care Among young female sex workers in Zimbabwe. Napierala, S.; Chabata, S.T.; Fearon, E.; Davey, C.; Hargreaves, J.; Busza, J.; Mushati, P.; Mtetwa, S.; Chiyaka, T.; Mugurungi, O.; Hanisch, D.; Hatzold, K.; Phillips, A.; Cowan, F.M.; J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr, 2018;

“The needs have clearly evolved as time has gone on.”: A qualitative study to explore stakeholders’ perspectives on the health needs of Syrian refugees in Greece following the 2016 European Union-Turkey agreement. Hemono, R.; Relyea, B.; Scott, J.; Khaddaj, S.; Douka, A.; Wringe, A. Confl Health, 2018; 12:24

Contraceptive use and lengthening birth intervals in rural and urban eastern Africa. Towriss, C.A.; Timaeus, I.M. Demographic Research, 2018; 38:2027-2052

Contraceptive method use among women and its association with age, relationship status and duration: findings from the third British National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3). Firman, N.; Palmer, M.J.; Timaeus, I.M.; Wellings, K. BMJ Sex Reprod Health, 2018;

Where do women and men in Britain obtain contraception? Findings from the third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3). French, R.S.; Geary, R.; Jones, K.; Glasier, A.; Mercer, C.H.; Datta, J.; Macdowall, W.; Palmer, M.; Johnson, A.M.; Wellings, K. BMJ Sex Reprod Health, 2018;

Impact of schistosome infection on long-term HIV/AIDS outcomes. Colombe, S.; Machemba, R.; Mtenga, B.; Lutonja, P.; Kalluvya, S.E.; de Dood, C.J.; Hoekstra, P.T.; van Dam, G.J.; Corstjens, P.L.A.M.; Urassa, M.; Changalucha, J.M.; Todd, J.; Downs, J.A. PLoS Negl Trop Dis, 2018; 12(7):e0006613

AIDS and the gender gap in life expectancy in Africa. Masquelier,B.; Reniers, G. Population and Societies, 2018; 554

Maternal weight and infections in early childhood: a cohort study. Videholm, S.; Silfverdal, S.A.; Reniers, G. Arch Dis Child, 2018;

Mobile phone-based interventions for improving adherence to medication prescribed for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in adults. Palmer, M.J.; Barnard, S.; Perel, P.; Free, C. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2018; 6:CD012675

On bonding. Xenikaki, D., AUA (AUA Blog), 2018

Easy and accurate reconstruction of whole HIV genomes from short-read sequence data with shiver. Wymant, C.; Blanquart, F.; Golubchik, T.; Gall, A.; Bakker, M.; Bezemer, D.; Croucher, N.J.; Hall, M.; Hillebregt, M.; Ong, S.H.; Ratmann, O.; Albert, J.; Bannert, N.; Fellay, J.; Fransen, K.; Gourlay, A.; Grabowski, M.K.; Gunsenheimer-Bartmeyer, B.; Günthard, H.F.; Kivelä, P.; Kouyos, R.; Laeyendecker, O.; Liitsola, K.; Meyer, L.; Porter, K.; Ristola, M.; van Sighem, A.; Berkhout, B.; Cornelissen, M.; Kellam, P.; Reiss, P.; Fraser, C.; BEEHIVE Collaboration. Virus Evol, 2018; 4(1):vey007

The frequency of maternal morbidity: A systematic review of systematic reviews. Gon, G.; Leite, A.; Calvert, C.; Woodd, S.; Graham, W.J.; Filippi, V.; Int J Gynaecol Obstet, 2018; 141 Suppl 1:20-38

Understanding HIV risks among adolescent girls and young women in informal settlements of Nairobi, Kenya: Lessons for DREAMS. Ziraba, A.; Orindi, B.; Muuo, S.; Floyd, S.; Birdthistle, I.J.; Mumah, J.; Osindo, J.; Njoroge, P.; Kabiru, C.W.; PLoS One, 2018; 13(5):e0197479

Community health worker support to improve HIV treatment outcomes for older children and adolescents in Zimbabwe: a process evaluation of the ZENITH trial. Dziva Chikwari, C.; Simms, V.; Busza, J.; Dauya, E.; Bandason, T.; Chonzi, P.; Munyati, S.; Mujuru, H.; Ferrand, R.A.; Implement Sci, 2018; 13(1):70

Cochrane corner: text messaging to improve adherence to drugs for secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Adler, A.J.; Casas, J.P.; Martin, N.; Free, C.; Perel, P. Heart, 2018

Setting the research agenda for induced abortion in Africa and Asia. Scott, R.H.; Filippi, V.; Moore, A.M.; Acharya, R.; Bankole, A.; Calvert, C.; Church, K.; Cresswell, J.A.; Footman, K.; Gleason, J.; Machiyama, K.; Marston, C.; Mbizvo, M.; Musheke, M.; Owolabi, O.; Palmer, J.; Smith, C.; Storeng, K.; Yeung, F. Int J Gynaecol Obstet, 2018

Women’s attitudes and beliefs towards specific contraceptive methods in Bangladesh and Kenya. Machiyama, K.; Huda, F.A.; Ahmmed, F.; Odwe, G.; Obare, F.; Mumah, J.N.; Wamukoya, M.; Casterline, J.B.; Cleland, J. Reprod Health, 2018; 15(1):75

Glycated haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) for detection of diabetes mellitus and impaired fasting glucose in Malawi: a diagnostic accuracy study. Rathod, S.D.; Crampin, A.C.; Musicha, C.; Kayuni, N.; Banda, L.; Saul, J.; McLean, E.; Branson, K.; Jaffar, S.; Nyirenda, M.J. BMJ Open, 2018; 8(5):e020972

Trends in catastrophic health expenditure in India: 1993 to 2014. Pandey, A.; Ploubidis, G.B.; Clarke, L.; Dandona, L. Bull World Health Organ, 2018; 96(1):18-28

Factorial structure of the locomotor disability scale in a sample of adults with mobility impairments in Bangladesh. Mahmud, I.; Clarke, L.; Nahar, N.; Ploubidis, G.B. Health Qual Life Outcomes, 2018; 16(1):81

Characteristics of patients with missing information on stage: a population-based study of patients diagnosed with colon, lung or breast cancer in England in 2013. Di Girolamo, C.; Walters, S.; Benitez Majano, S.; Rachet, B.; Coleman, M.P.; Njagi, E.N.; Morris, M. BMC Cancer, 2018; 18(1):492

Development of an intervention delivered by mobile phone aimed at decreasing unintended pregnancy among young people in three lower middle income countries. McCarthy, O.L.; Wazwaz, O.; Osorio Calderon, V.; Jado, I.; Saibov, S.; Stavridis, A.; López Gallardo, J.; Tokhirov, R.; Adada, S.; Huaynoca, S.; Makleff, S.; Vandewiele, M.; Standaert, S.; Free, C. BMC Public Health, 2018; 18(1):576

Impact of pyrazinamide resistance on multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Karakalpakstan, Uzbekistan. Kuhlin, J.; Smith, C.; Khaemraev, A.; Tigay, Z.; Parpieva, N.; Tillyashaykhov, M.; Achar, J.; Hajek, J.; Greig, J.; du Cros, P.; Moore, D. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis, 2018; 22(5):544-550

Evaluation of care and treatment clinics using a four-year retrospective cohort of patients receiving anti-retroviral therapy in Mbeya Region, Tanzania. Sichalwe, A.W.; Renju, J.; Rutherford, G.W.; Nondi, J.; Martin, E.M.; Tenu, F.; Todd, J. International Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, 2018; 6(1):10-17

Exploring the acceptability of self-screening for hypertension in private drug shops: a qualitative evaluation of a pilot intervention in Mwanza region, Tanzania. Kezakubi, D.; Juma, A.; Michael, D.; Todd, J.; Reyburn, H.; Renju, J.; East African Journal of Monitoring and Evaluation, 2018;

Rapid improvements to rural Ugandan housing and their association with malaria from intense to reduced transmission: a cohort study. Rek, J.C.; Alegana, V.; Arinaitwe, E.; Cameron, E.; Kamya, M.R.; Katureebe, A.; Lindsay, S.W.; Kilama, M.; Staedke, S.G.; Todd, J.; Dorsey, G.; Tusting, L.S.; Lancet Planet Health, 2018; 2(2):e83-e94

Strengthening Routine Data Systems to Track the HIV Epidemic and Guide the Response in Sub-Saharan Africa. Rice, B.; Boulle, A.; Baral, S.; Egger, M.; Mee, P.; Fearon, E.; Reniers, G.; Todd, J.; Schwarcz, S.; Weir, S.; Rutherford, G.; Hargreaves, J.; JMIR Public Health Surveill, 2018; 4(2):e36

Challenges and successes in the implementation of option B+ to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV in southern Swaziland. Etoori, D.; Kerschberger, B.; Staderini, N.; Ndlangamandla, M.; Nhlabatsi, B.; Jobanputra, K.; Mthethwa-Hleza, S.; Parker, L.A.; Sibanda, S.; Mabhena, E.; Pasipamire, M.; Kabore, S.M.; Rusch, B.; Jamet, C.; Ciglenecki, I.; Teck, R.; BMC Public Health, 2018; 18(1):374

Assessing the validity and reliability of self-report data on contraception use in the Mobile Technology for Improved Family Planning (MOTIF) randomised controlled trial. Smith, C.; Edwards, P.; Free, C.; Reprod Health, 2018; 15(1):50

Reaching young women who sell sex: Methods and results of social mapping to describe and identify young women for DREAMS impact evaluation in Zimbabwe. Chiyaka, T.; Mushati, P.; Hensen, B.; Chabata, S.; Hargreaves, J.R.; Floyd, S.; Birdthistle, I.J.; Cowan, F.M.; Busza, J.R.; PLoS One, 2018; 13(3):e0194301

Lactate clearance as a prognostic marker of mortality in severely ill febrile children in East Africa. Aramburo, A.; Todd, J.; George, E.C.; Kiguli, S.; Olupot-Olupot, P.; Opoka, R.O.; Engoru, C.; Akech, S.O.; Nyeko, R.; Mtove, G.; Gibb, D.M.; Babiker, A.G.; Maitland, K.; BMC Med, 2018; 16(1):37

Web-Based Activity Within a Sexual Health Economy: Observational Study. Turner, K.M.; Zienkiewicz, A.K.; Syred, J.; Looker, K.J.; de Sa, J.; Brady, M.; Free, C.; Holdsworth, G.; Baraitser, P.; J Med Internet Res, 2018; 20(3):e74

Inequity in out-of-pocket payments for hospitalisation in India: Evidence from the National Sample Surveys, 1995-2014. Pandey, A.; Clarke, L.; Dandona, L.; Ploubidis, G.B.; Soc Sci Med, 2018; 201:136-147

“It is not possible to go inside and have a discussion”: how fear of stigma affects delivery of community-based support for children’s HIV care. Busza, J.; Simms, V.; Chikwari, C.D.; Dauya, E.; Bandason, T.; Makamba, M.; McHugh, G.; Ferrand, R.A.;  AIDS Care, 2018; :1-7

Improving the Measurement of Fertility Regulation Practices: Findings from Qualitative Research in Ghana. Marston, C.; Renedo, A.; Nsorma Nyaaba, G.; Machiyama, K; Tapsoba, P.; Cleland, J. International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 2018;

A randomized controlled trial of an intervention delivered by mobile phone app instant messaging to increase the acceptability of effective contraception among young people in Tajikistan. McCarthy, O.; Ahamed, I.; Kulaeva, F.; Tokhirov, R.; Saibov, S.; Vandewiele, M.; Standaert, S.; Leurent, B.; Edwards, P.; Palmer, M.; Free, C.; Reprod Health, 2018; 15(1):28

Evaluating the impact of DREAMS on HIV incidence among young women who sell sex: protocol for a non-randomised study in Zimbabwe. Hensen, B.; Hargreaves, J.R.; Chiyaka, T.; Chabata, S.; Mushati, P.; Floyd, S.; Birdthistle, I.; Busza, J.; Cowan, F.; BMC Public Health, 2018; 18(1):203

Association of the Paediatric Admission Quality of Care score with mortality in Kenyan hospitals: a validation study. Opondo, C.; Allen, E.; Todd, J.; English, M.; Lancet Glob Health, 2018; 6(2):e203-e210

"He was no longer listening to me": A qualitative study in six Sub-Saharan African countries exploring next-of-kin perspectives on caring following the death of a relative from AIDS. Ssekubugu, R.; RENJU, J.; ZABA, B.; SEELEY, J.; Bukenya, D.; Ddaaki, W.; Moshabela, M.; Wamoyi, J.; MCLEAN, E.; Ondenge, K.; Skovdal, M.; Wringeg, A; AIDS Care, 2018;1-7

Pneumococcal carriage in households in Karonga District, Malawi, before and after introduction of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccination. Heinsbroek, E.; Tafatatha, T.; Phiri, A.; Swarthout, T.D.; Alaerts, M.; Crampin, A.C.; Chisambo, C.; Mwiba, O.; Read, J.M.; French, N. Vaccine, 2018; 36(48):7369-7376.

Worldwide fertility declines do not rely on stopping at ideal parities. Hruschka, D.J.; Sear, R.; Hackman, J.; Drake, A; Popul Stud (Camb), 2018; 24:1-17.

Trends in the socioeconomic patterning of overweight/obesity in India: a repeated cross-sectional study using nationally representative data. Luhar, S; Mallinson, P.A.C; Clarke, L; Kinra, S; BMJ Open, 2018; 8(10):e023935.

Successes and challenges in optimizing the viral load cascade to improve antiretroviral therapy adherence and rationalize second‐line switches in Swaziland. Etoori, D.; Ciglenecki, I.; Ndlangamandla, M.; Edwards, C.G.; Jobanputra, K.; Pasipamire, M.; Maphalala, G.; Yang, C.; Zabsonre, I.; Kabore, S.M.; Goiri, J.; Teck, R.; Kerschberger, B.; J Int AIDS Soc, 2018; 21(10):e25194

Method-Specific Attributes that Influence Choice of Future Contraception Among Married Women in Nairobi's Informal Settlements. Mumah, J.N.; Casterline, J.B.; MACHIYAMA, K.; Wamukoya, M.; Kabiru, C.W.; CLELAND, J.; Stud Fam Plann, 2018; 49(3):279-292

Factors influencing satisfaction with oral contraceptive pills and injectables among past users in Kenya. Odwe, G.; Mumah, J.; Obare, F.; Wamukoya, M.; MACHIYAMA, K.; CLELAND, J.; Casterline, J.; J Biosoc Sci, 2018; :1-14


The challenges posed by demographic change in sub-Saharan Africa; a concise overview. CLELAND J and MACHIYAMA K (2017). Population and Development Review 43 (Suppl 1): 269-286

Expanding method choice in Africa with long-acting methods: IUDs, implants or both?  Benova L, CLELAND J, Daniele M, Ali M. (2017). International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health 43(4) 183-191

Cohort Profile: The HIV Atlanta Veterans Affairs Cohort Study (HAVACS). Guest, J.L.; Moanna, A.; Schlueter Wirtz, S.; Caruth, E.C.; RENTSCH, C.; Marconi, V.C.; Rimland, D.; Int J Epidemiol, 2017; 46(5):172

Characterization of hunter-gatherer networks and implications for cumulative culture. Migliano, A.B.; Page, A.E.; Gómez-Gardeñes, J.; Salali, G.D.; Viguier, S.; Dyble, M.; Thompson, J.; Chaudhary, N.; Smith, D.; Strods, J.; Mace, R.; Thomas, M.G.; Latora, V.; Vinicius, L. Nature Human Behaviour, 2017;

Cooperation and the evolution of hunter-gatherer storytelling. Smith, D.; Schlaepfer, P.; Major, K.; Dyble, M.; Page, A.E.; Thompson, J.; Chaudhary, N.; Salali, G.D.; Mace, R.; Astete, L.; Ngales, M.; Vinicius, L.; Migliano, A.B.;  Nat Commun, 2017; 8(1):1853

Improving the Measurement of Fertility Regulation Practices: Findings from Qualitative Research in Ghana. Marston, C.; Renedo, A.; Nyaaba, G.N.; Machiyama, K.; Tapsoba, P.; Cleland, J.; Int Perspect Sex Reprod Health, 2017; 43(3):111-119

Physical partner violence, women’s economic status and help-seeking behaviour in Dar es Salaam and Mbeya, Tanzania. Vyas, S.; Mbwambo, J.; Glob Health Action, 2017; 10(1):1290426

Identifying gaps in HIV policy and practice along the HIV care continuum: evidence from a national policy review and health facility surveys in urban and rural Kenya. Cawley C, McRobie E, Oti S, Njamwea B, Nyaguara A, Odhiambo F, Otieno F, Njage M, Shoham T, Church K, Mee P, Todd J, Zaba B, Reniers G, Wringe A. Health Policy Plan. 2017 Nov 1;32(9):1316-1326. doi: 10.1093/heapol/czx091

From policy to practice: exploring the implementation of antiretroviral therapy access and retention policies between 2013 and 2016 in six sub-Saharan African countries. Ambia, J; Renju, J; Wringe, A; Todd, J; Geubbels, E; Nakiyingi-Miiro, J; Urassa, M; Lutalo, T; Crampin, AC; Kwaro, D; Kyobutungi, C; Chimbindi, N; Gomez-Olive, FX; Tlhajoane, M; Njamwea, B; Zaba, B; Mee, P; (2017). BMC Health Serv Res, 17 (1). p. 758. ISSN 1472-6963 DOI:

The role of community health workers in improving HIV treatment outcomes in children: lessons learned from the ZENITH trial in Zimbabwe. Busza, J.; Dauya, E.; Bandason, T.; Simms, V.; Chikwari, C.D.; Makamba, M.; Mchugh, G.; Munyati, S.; Chonzi, P.; Ferrand, R.A.; Health Policy Plan, 2018.

The effectiveness of smoking cessation, physical activity/diet and alcohol reduction interventions delivered by mobile phones for the prevention of non-communicable diseases: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Palmer, M. ; Sutherland, J.; Barnard, S.; Wynne, A.; Rezel, E.; Doel, A.; Grigsby-Duffy, L.; Edwards, S.; Russell, S.; Hotopf, E.; Perel, P.; Free, C.; PLoS One, 2018; 13(1):e0189801

Who Meets the Contraceptive Needs of Young Women in Sub-Saharan Africa? Radovich, E.; Dennis, M.L.; Wong, K.L.M.; Ali, M.; Lynch, C.A.; Cleland, J.; Owolabi, O.; Lyons-Amos, M.; Benova, L.; J Adolesc Health, 2017

eSexual health interventions: promising, but more evidence needed. Wellings, K.; Mehl, G.L.; Free, C.J.; Lancet Public Health, 2017; 2(4):e162-e163

Hospitalisation trends in India from serial cross-sectional nationwide surveys: 1995 to 2014. Pandey, A.; Ploubidis, G.B.; Clarke, L.; Dandona, L.; BMJ Open, 2017; 7(12):e014188

Internet-accessed sexually transmitted infection (e-STI) testing and results service: A randomised, single-blind, controlled trial. Wilson, E.; Free, C.; Morris, T.P.; Syred, J.; Ahamed, I.; Menon-Johansson, A.S.; Palmer, M.J.; Barnard, S.; Rezel, E.; Baraitser, P.; PLoS Med, 2017; 14(12):e1002479

An Intervention Delivered by App Instant Messaging to Increase Acceptability and Use of Effective Contraception Among Young Women in Bolivia: Protocol of a Randomized Controlled Trial. McCarthy, O.L.; Osorio Calderon, V.; Makleff, S.; Huaynoca, S.; Leurent, B.; Edwards, P.; Lopez Gallardo, J.; Free, C.; JMIR Res Protoc, 2017; 6(12):e252

“My mother told me that I should not”: a qualitative study exploring the restrictions placed on adolescent girls living with HIV in Zambia. Mackworth-Young, C.R.; Bond, V.; Wringe, A.; Konayuma, K.; Clay, S.; Chiiya, C.; Chonta, M.; Sievwright, K.; Stangl, A.L.; J Int AIDS Soc, 2017; 20(4)

Process evaluation of a mobile phone-based intervention to support post-abortion contraception in Cambodia. Smith, C.; Ly, S.; Uk, V.; Warnock, R.; Edwards, P.; Free, C.; Contracept Reprod Med, 2017; 2:16

Assessing loss to follow-up in the MObile Technology for Improved Family Planning (MOTIF) randomised controlled trial. Smith, C.; Jarvis, C.; Free, C.; Trials, 2017; 18(1):577

Socio-demographic determinants of the severity of locomotor disability among adults in Bangladesh: a cross-sectional study, December 2010-February 2011. Mahmud, I.; Clarke, L.; Ploubidis, G.B.; Arch Public Health, 2017; 75:47

Heterosexual Practices Among Young People in Britain: Evidence From Three National Surveys of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles. Lewis, R.; Tanton, C.; Mercer, C.H.; Mitchell, K.R.; Palmer, M.; Macdowall, W.; Wellings, K.; J Adolesc Health, 2017; 61(6):694-702

The effect of community-based support for caregivers on the risk of virological failure in children and adolescents with HIV in Harare, Zimbabwe (ZENITH): an open-label, randomised controlled trial. Ferrand, R.A.; Simms, V.; Dauya, E.; Bandason, T.; Mchugh, G.; Mujuru, H.; Chonzi, P.; Busza, J.; Kranzer, K.; Munyati, S.; Weiss, H.A.; Hayes, R.J.;  Lancet Child Adolesc Health, 2017; 1(3):175-183

Point-of-contact Interactive Record Linkage (PIRL): A software tool to prospectively link demographic surveillance and health facility data [version 1; referees: awaiting peer review]. Rentsch CT, Kabudula CW, Catlett J, Beckles D, Machemba R, Mtenga B, Masilela N, Michael D, Natalis R, Urassa M, Todd J, Zaba B, and Reniers G. Gates Open Research (2017), 1:8 (doi: 10.12688/gatesopenres.12751.1)

The Network for Analysing Longitudinal Population-based HIV/AIDS data on Africa (ALPHA): Data on mortality, by HIV status and stage on the HIV care continuum, among the general population in seven longitudinal studies between 1989 and 2014. Slaymaker E, McLean E, Wringe A, Calvert C, Marston M, Reniers G, Kabudula CW, Crampin A, Price A, Michael D, Urassa M, Kwaro D, Sewe M, Eaton JW, Rhead R, Nakiyingi-Miiro J, Lutalo T, Nabukalu D, Herbst K, Hosegood V, and Zaba B. Gates Open Research (2017), 1:4 (doi: 10.12688/gatesopenres.12753.1)

Tuberculosis mortality and the male survival deficit in rural South Africa: An observational community cohort study. Reniers G, Blom S, Lieber J, Herbst AJ, Calvert C, Bor J, Barnighausen T, Zaba B, Li ZR, Clark SJ, Grant AD, Lessells R, Eaton JW, and Hosegood V (2017). PLoS ONE12(10): e0185692.

The relationship between HIV and fertility in the era of antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from 49 Demographic and Health Surveys. Marston, M; Zaba, B; Eaton, JW; (2017). Tropical medicine & international health. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: 10.1111/tmi.12983

Changes in Fertility at the Population Level in the Era of ART in Rural Malawi. McLean, E; Price, A; Chihana, M; Kayuni, N; Marston, M; Koole, O; Zaba, B; Crampin, A; ALPHA Network; (2017). Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999), 75 (4). pp. 391-398. ISSN 1525-4135 DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001395

‘I wanted to safeguard the baby’: a qualitative study to understand the experiences of Option B+ for pregnant women and the potential implications for ‘test-and-treat’ in four sub-Saharan African settings. McLean, E; Renju, J; Wamoyi, J; Bukenya, D; Ddaaki, W; Church, K; Zaba, B; Wringe, A; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052972

Understanding the relationship between couple dynamics and engagement with HIV care services: insights from a qualitative study in Eastern and Southern Africa. Wamoyi, J; Renju, J; Moshabela, M; McLean, E; Nyato, D; Mbata, D; Bonnington, O; Seeley, J; Church, K; Zaba, B; Wringe, A; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052976

HIV testing experiences and their implications for patient engagement with HIV care and treatment on the eve of ‘test and treat’: findings from a multicountry qualitative study. Wringe, A; Moshabela, M; Nyamukapa, C; Bukenya, D; Ondenge, K; Ddaaki, W; Wamoyi, J; Seeley, J; Church, K; Zaba, B; Hosegood, V; Bonnington, O; Skovdal, M; Renju, J; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052969

Bottlenecks to HIV care and treatment in sub-Saharan Africa: a multi-country qualitative study. Wringe, A; Renju, J; Seeley, J; Moshabela, M; Skovdal, M; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2017-053172

Changing forms of HIV-related stigma along the HIV care and treatment continuum in sub-Saharan Africa: a temporal analysis. Bonnington, O; Wamoyi, J; Ddaaki, W; Bukenya, D; Ondenge, K; Skovdal, M; Renju, J; Moshabela, M; Wringe, A; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052975

‘I am treated well if I adhere to my HIV medication’: putting patient-provider interactions in context through insights from qualitative research in five sub-Saharan African countries. Ondenge, K; Renju, J; Bonnington, O; Moshabela, M; Wamoyi, J; Nyamukapa, C; Seeley, J; Wringe, A; Skovdal, M; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052973

Using theories of practice to understand HIV-positive persons varied engagement with HIV services: a qualitative study in six Sub-Saharan African countries. Skovdal, M; Wringe, A; Seeley, J; Renju, J; Paparini, S; Wamoyi, J; Moshabela, M; Ddaaki, W; Nyamukapa, C; Ondenge, K; Bernays, S; Bonnington, O; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052977

‘Side effects’ are ‘central effects’ that challenge retention in HIV treatment programmes in six sub-Saharan African countries: a multicountry qualitative study. Renju, J; Moshabela, M; McLean, E; Ddaaki, W; Skovdal, M; Odongo, F; Bukenya, D; Wamoyi, J; Bonnington, O; Seeley, J; Zaba, B; Wringe, A; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052971

Linkage to HIV care after home-based HIV counselling and testing in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review. Ruzagira, E; Baisley, K; Kamali, A; Biraro, S; Grosskurth, H; Wringe, A; Working Group on Linkage to HIV Care; (2017). Tropical medicine & international health. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: 10.1111/tmi.12888

Scaling a waterfall: a meta-ethnography of adolescent progression through the stages of HIV care in sub-Saharan Africa. Williams, S; Renju, J; Ghilardi, L; Wringe, A; (2017) J. Int AIDS Soc, 20 (1). pp. 1-17. ISSN 1758-2652 DOI: 10.7448/IAS.20.1.21922

A qualitative study exploring the social and environmental context of recently acquired HIV infection among men who have sex with men in South-East England. Gourlay, A; Fox, J; Gafos, M; Fidler, S; Nwokolo, N; Clarke, A; Gilson, R; Orkin, C; Collins, S; Porter, K; Hart, G; (2017). BMJ Open, 7 (8). e016494. ISSN 2044-6055 DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-016494

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus Continuum of Care in European Union Countries in 2013: Data and Challenges. Gourlay, A; Noori, T; Pharris, A; Axelsson, M; Costagliola, D; Cowan, S; Croxford, S; d’Arminio Monforte, A; Del Amo, J; Delpech, V; Díaz, A; Girardi, E; Gunsenheimer-Bartmeyer, B; Hernando, V; Jose, S; Leierer, G; Nikolopoulos, G; Obel, N; Op de Coul, E; Paraskeva, D; Reiss, P; Sabin, C; Sasse, A; Schmid, D; Sonnerborg, A; Spina, A; Suligoi, B; Supervie, V; Touloumi, G; Van Beckhoven, D; van Sighem, A; Vourli, G; Zangerle, R; Porter, K; European HIV Continuum of Care Working Group; (2017). Clinical infectious diseases, 64 (12). pp. 1644-1656. ISSN 1058-4838 DOI: 10.1093/cid/cix212

Towards standardised definitions for monitoring the continuum of HIV care in Europe. Gourlay, A; Pharris, AM; Noori, T; Supervie, V; Rosinska, M; van Sighem, A; Touloumi, G; Porter, K; (2017). AIDS (London, England). ISSN 0269-9370 DOI: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000001597

“It is good to take her early to the doctor” – mothers’ understanding of childhood pneumonia symptoms and health care seeking in Kilimanjaro region, Tanzania. Muro, F; Meta, J; Renju, J; Mushi, A; Mbakilwa, H; Olomi, R; Reyburn, H; Hildenwall, H; (2017). BMC Int Health Hum Rights, 17 (1). p. 27. ISSN 1472-698X DOI: 10.1186/s12914-017-0135-1

Implementation effectiveness of revised (post-2010) World Health Organization guidelines on prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV using routinely collected data in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic literature review. Gumede-Moyo, S; Filteau, S; Munthali, T; Todd, J; Musonda, P; (2017). Medicine, 96 (40). e8055. ISSN 0025-7974 DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000008055

Elevated blood pressure and correlates in a cohort of HIV-infected adults who started antiretroviral therapy when undernourished. PrayGod, G; Changalucha, J; Kapiga, S; Todd, J; Filteau, S; Peck, R; (2017). Journal of clinical hypertension (Greenwich, Conn). ISSN 1524-6175 DOI: 10.1111/jch.13031

Pediatric HIV care and treatment services in Tanzania: implications for survival. Somi, G; Majigo, M; Manyahi, J; Nondi, J; Agricola, J; Sambu, V; Todd, J; Rwebembera, A; Makyao, N; Ramadhani, A; Matee, M; (2017). BMC Health Serv Res, 17 (1). p. 540. ISSN 1472-6963 DOI: 10.1186/s12913-017-2492-9

Provider and lay perspectives on intra-uterine contraception: a global review. Daniele, MAS; Cleland, J; Benova, L; Ali, M; (2017). Reprod Health, 14 (1). p. 119. ISSN 1742-4755 DOI: 10.1186/s12978-017-0380-8

Supportive families versus support from families: The decision to have a child in the Netherlands. Schaffnit, SB; Sear, R; (2017). Demographic Research, 37. pp. 417-453. ISSN 1435-9871 DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2017.37.14

Local environmental quality positively predicts breastfeeding in the UK’s Millennium Cohort Study. Streeter, LJ; Sear, R; (2017). Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health, 2017 (1). pp. 120-135. DOI: 10.1093/emph/eox011

A randomised controlled trial of an intervention delivered by app instant messaging to increase the acceptability of effective contraception among young people in Tajikistan: study protocol. McCarthy, O; Leurent, B; Edwards, P; Tokhirov, R; Free, C; (2017). BMJ Open, 7 (9). e017606. ISSN 2044-6055 DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017606

An intervention delivered by text message to increase the acceptability of effective contraception among young women in Palestine: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. McCarthy, OL; Wazwaz, O; Jado, I; Leurent, B; Edwards, P; Adada, S; Stavridis, A; Free, C; (2017). Trials, 18 (1). p. 454. ISSN 1745-6215 DOI: 10.1186/s13063-017-2191-1

Impact of the 13-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine on Clinical and Hypoxemic Childhood Pneumonia over Three Years in Central Malawi: An Observational Study. McCollum, ED; Nambiar, B; Deula, R; Zadutsa, B; Bondo, A; King, C; Beard, J; Liyaya, H; Mankhambo, L; Lazzerini, M; Makwenda, C; Masache, G; Bar-Zeev, N; Kazembe, PN; Mwansambo, C; Lufesi, N; Costello, A; Armstrong, B; Colbourn, T; (2017). PLoS One, 12 (1). e0168209. ISSN 1932-6203 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0168209

Experiences in running a complex electronic data capture system using mobile phones in a large-scale population trial in southern Nepal. Style, S; Beard, BJ; Harris-Fry, H; Sengupta, A; Jha, S; Shrestha, BP; Rai, A; Paudel, V; Thondoo, M; Pulkki-Brannstrom, AM; Skordis-Worrall, J; Manandhar, DS; Costello, A; Saville, NM; (2017). Global health action, 10 (1). p. 1330858. ISSN 1654-9716 DOI: 10.1080/16549716.2017.1330858

Smartphone tool to collect repeated 24 h dietary recall data in Nepal. Harris-Fry, H. ; Beard, B.J. ; Harrisson, T. ; Paudel, P. ; Shrestha, N. ; Jha, S. ; Shrestha, B.P. ; Manandhar, D.S. ; Costello, A. ; Saville, N.M. (2017). Public health nutrition. pp. 1-13.

Support for new mothers and fertility in the United Kingdom: Not all support is equal in the decision to have a second child. Schaffnit, SB; Sear, R; (2017). Population studies. pp. 1-17. ISSN 0032-4728 DOI: 10.1080/00324728.2017.1349924

Feasibility of assessing the safety and effectiveness of menstrual regulation medications purchased from pharmacies in Bangladesh: a prospective cohort study. Footman, K; Scott, R; Taleb, F; Dijkerman, S; Nuremowla, S; Reiss, K; Church, K; (2017). Contraception. ISSN 0010-7824 DOI: 10.1016/j.contraception.2017.08.002

Evolutionary public health: introducing the concept. Wells, JCK; Nesse, RM; Sear, R; Johnstone, RA; Stearns, SC; (2017). Lancet, 390 (10093). pp. 500-509. ISSN 0140-6736 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30572-X

Marital status and sleeping arrangements predict salivary testosterone in rural Gambian men. Lawson, D.W., Núñez-de la Mora, A, Cooper, G.D., Prentice, A, Moore, S.E. & Sear, R. (2017). Adaptive Human Behavior & Physiology

Population growth, employment, and livelihoods: the triple challenge. Cleland J (2017). Journal of Demographic Economics 83:51-61.

Prospects for accelerated fertility decline in Africa. Cleland J. (2017). Journal of Population and Sustainability: 1 (2):37-66.

‘We identify, discuss, act and promise to prevent similar deaths’: a qualitative study of Ethiopia’s Maternal Death Surveillance and Response system. Abebe, B; Busza, J; Hadush, A; Usmael, A; Zeleke, AB; Sita, S; Hailu, S; Graham, WJ; (2017). BMJ Glob Health, 2 (2). e000199. ISSN 2059-7908 DOI: 10.1136/bmjgh-2016-000199

Mobile phone text messaging to improve medication adherence in secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Adler, AJ; Martin, N; Mariani, J; Tajer, CD; Owolabi, OO; Free, C; Serrano, NC; Casas, JP; Perel, P; (2017). Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 4. CD011851. ISSN 1469-493X DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD011851.pub2

Where are we now? A multicountry qualitative study to explore access to pre-antiretroviral care services: a precursor to antiretroviral therapy initiation. Bukenya, D; Wringe, A; Moshabela, M; Skovdal, M; Ssekubugu, R; Paparini, S; Renju, J; McLean, E; Bonnington, O; Wamoyi, J; Seeley, J; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections. ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052970

Good news for sex workers in Zimbabwe: how a court order improved safety in the absence of decriminalization. Busza, J; Mtetwa, S; Fearon, E; Hofisi, D; Mundawarara, T; Yekeye, R; Magure, T; Mugurungi, O; Cowan, F; (2017). J Int AIDS Soc, 20 (1). pp. 1-3. ISSN 1758-2652 DOI: 10.7448/IAS.20.1.21860

Feasibility of Establishing HIV Case-Based Surveillance to Measure Progress Along the Health Sector Cascade: Situational Assessments in Tanzania, South Africa, and Kenya. Harklerode, R; Schwarcz, S; Hargreaves, J; Boulle, A; Todd, J; Xueref, S; Rice, B; (2017). JMIR Public Health Surveill, 3 (3). e44. ISSN 2369-2960 DOI: 10.2196/publichealth.7610

Physical activity and associated factors from a cross-sectional survey among adults in northern Tanzania. John, B; Todd, J; Mboya, I; Mosha, M; Urassa, M; Mtuy, T; (2017). BMC Public Health, 17 (1). p. 588. ISSN 1471-2458 DOI: 10.1186/s12889-017-4512-4

Reasons for unmet need for family planning, with attention to the measurement of fertility preferences: protocol for a multi-site cohort study. Machiyama, K; Casterline, JB; Mumah, JN; Huda, FA; Obare, F; Odwe, G; Kabiru, CW; Yeasmin, S; Cleland, J; (2017). Reprod Health, 14 (1). p. 23. ISSN 1742-4755 DOI: 10.1186/s12978-016-0268-z

Consequences of maternal morbidity on health-related functioning: a systematic scoping review. Machiyama, K; Hirose, A; Cresswell, JA; Barreix, M; Chou, D; Kostanjsek, N; Say, L; Filippi, V; (2017). BMJ Open, 7 (6). e013903. ISSN 2044-6055 DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013903

Fertility intentions and contraceptive practices among clinic-users living with HIV in Kenya: a mixed methods study. Mayhew, SH; Colombini, M; Kimani, JK; Tomlin, K; Warren, CE; Integra Initiative; Mutemwa, R; (2017). BMC Public Health, 17 (1). p. 626. ISSN 1471-2458 DOI: 10.1186/s12889-017-4514-2

Prevalence,awareness and factors associated with hypertension in North West Tanzania. Mosha, NR; Mahande, M; Juma, A; Mboya, I; Peck, R; Urassa, M; Michael, D; Todd, J; (2017). Global health action, 10 (1). p. 1321279. ISSN 1654-9716 DOI: 10.1080/16549716.2017.1321279

Sustained 10-year gain in adult life expectancy following antiretroviral therapy roll-out in rural Malawi: July 2005 to June 2014. Price, AJ; Glynn, J; Chihana, M; Kayuni, N; Floyd, S; Slaymaker, E; Reniers, G; Zaba, B; McLean, E; Kalobekamo, F; Koole, O; Nyirenda, M; Crampin, AC; (2017). International journal of epidemiology, 46 (2). pp. 479-491. ISSN 0300-5771 DOI: 10.1093/ije/dyw208

Delaying first birth: an analysis of household survey data from rural Southern Tanzania. Sedekia, Y; Nathan, R; Church, K; Temu, S; Hanson, C; Schellenberg, J; Marchant, T; (2017). BMC Public Health, 17 (1). p. 134. ISSN 1471-2458 DOI: 10.1186/s12889-017-4069-2

Impact of Integrated Services on HIV Testing: A Nonrandomized Trial among Kenyan Family Planning Clients. Church, K; Warren, CE; Birdthistle, I; Ploubidis, GB; Tomlin, K; Zhou, W; Kimani, J; Abuya, T; Ndwiga, C; Sweeney, S; Mayhew, SH; Integra Initiative. Stud Fam Plann. (2017), ISSN 1728-4465 DOI: 10.1111/sifp.12022

Marital violence and sexually transmitted infections among women in post-revolution Egypt. Vyas, Seema. Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare (2017),

Women’s views and experiences of a mobile phone-based intervention to support post-abortion contraception in Cambodia. Smith C, Ly S, Uk V, Warnock R and Free C; Reproductive Health 201714:72

Process evaluation of a mobile phone-based intervention to support post-abortion contraception in Cambodia. Smith C, Ly S, Uk V, Warnock R, Edwards P, Free C; Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2017; 2:16

Increasing contraception use with mobile phone-based interventions. Smith C. PhD (research paper style) thesis (2017), London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.

The promotion of intra-uterine contraception in low- and middle-income countries: a narrative review. Cleland, J.; Ali, M.; Benova, L.; Daniele, M.; Contraception, 2017

A qualitative study of the determinants of HIV guidelines implementation in two south-eastern districts of Tanzania. Mwangome, M.N.; Geubbels, E.; Wringe, A.; Todd, J.; Klatser, P.; Dieleman, M.; Health Policy Plan, 2017

CLINICAL outcomes and loss to follow-up among people living with HIV participating in the NAMWEZA intervention in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: a prospective cohort study. Siril, H.N.; Kaaya, S.F.; Smith Fawzi, M.K.; Mtisi, E.; Somba, M.; Kilewo, J.; Mugusi, F.; Minja, A.; Kaale, A.; TODD, J.; AIDS Res Ther, 2017; 14(1):18

HIV policy implementation in two health and demographic surveillance sites in Uganda: findings from a national policy review, health facility surveys and key informant interviews. McRobie E, Wringe A, Nakiyingi-Miiro J, Kiweewa F, Lutalo T, Nakigozi G, Todd J, Eaton JW, Zaba B, and Church K. Implementation Science 2017; 12:47.

The effects of HIV on fertility by infection duration: evidence from African population cohorts before antiretroviral treatment availability. Marston M., Nakiyingi-Miiro J., Kusemererwa S, Urassa M., Michael D., Nyamukapa C., Gregson S., Zaba B., Eaton J.W.; ALPHA network.  AIDS 2017 Apr;31 Suppl 1:S69-S76.

Identifying gaps in HIV service delivery across the diagnosis-to-treatment cascade: Findings from health facility surveys in six sub-Saharan countries. Church K., Machiyama K., Todd J., Njamwea B., Mwangome M., Hosegood V., Michel J., Oti S., Nyamukapa C., Crampin A., Amek N., Nakigozi G., Michael D., Xavier Gómez-Olivé F., Nakiyingi-Miiro J., Zaba B., Wringe A. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2017, 20:21188.

The HIV care cascade among female sex workers in Zimbabwe: results of a population-based survey from the Sisters Antiretroviral therapy Programme for Prevention of HIV, an Integrated Response (SAPPH-IRe) Trial. Cowan, F.M.; Davey, C.B.; Fearon, E.; Mushati, P.; Dirawo, J.; Cambiano, V.; Napierala Mavedzenge, S.; Hanisch, D.; Wong-Gruenwald, R.; Chemhuru, M.; Masuka, N.; Hatzold, K.; Mugurungi, O.; Busza, J.; Philips, A.N.; Hargreaves, J.R. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr, 2017; 74(4):375-382

Sociology as a Population Science. Cleland, J. ; Popul Stud (Camb), 2017; 71(1):133-134

Maternal systemic or cord blood inflammation is associated with birth anthropometry in a Tanzanian prospective cohort. Wilkinson, A.L.; Pedersen, S.H.; Urassa, M.; Michael, D.; Andreasen, A.; Todd, J.; Kinung’hi, S.M.; Changalucha, J.; McDermid, J.M.; Trop Med Int Health, 2017; 22(1):52-62

Is “Sexual Competence” at First Heterosexual Intercourse Associated With Subsequent Sexual Health Status? Palmer M.J.; Clarke, L.; Ploubidis, G.B.; Mercer, C.H.; Gibson, L.J.; Johnson, A.M.; Copas, A.J.; Wellings, K.; J Sex Res, 2017; 54(1):91-104

Dysglycemia associations with adipose tissue among HIV-infected patients after 2 years of antiretroviral therapy in Mwanza: a follow-up cross-sectional study. PrayGod, G. ; Changalucha, J. ; Kapiga, S. ; Peck, R. ; Todd, J. ; Filteau, S. ; BMC Infect Dis, 2017; 17(1):103


“Child! Now you are”: Identity Registration, Labor, and the Definition of Childhood in Colonial Tanganyika, 1910–1950. Walters, S. The journal of the history of childhood and youth, 2016.9(1):66

Safetxt: a pilot randomised controlled trial of an intervention delivered by mobile phone to increase safer sex behaviours in young people. McCarthy, O.L.; French, R.S.; Baraitser, P.; Roberts, I.; Rathod, S.D.; Devries, K.; Bailey, J.V.; Edwards, P.; Wellings, K.; Michie, S.; Free, C.; BMJ Open, 2016; 6(12):e013045

Overlapping HIV and sex-work stigma among female sex workers recruited to 14 respondent-driven sampling surveys across Zimbabwe, 2013. Hargreaves, J.R.; Busza, J.; Mushati, P.; Fearon, E.; Cowan, F.M.; AIDS Care, 2016; :1-11

Probabilistic Cause-of-death Assignment using Verbal Autopsies. McCormick, T.H.; Li, Z.R.; Calvert, C.; Crampin, A.C.; Kahn, K.; Clark, S.J.; J Am Stat Assoc, 2016; 111(515):1036-1049

Trends in the burden of HIV mortality after roll-out of antiretroviral therapy in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: an observational community cohort study. Reniers, G.; Blom, S.; Calvert, C.; Martin-Onraet, A.; Herbst, A.J.; Eaton, J.W.; Bor, J.; Slaymaker, E.; Li, Z.R.; Clark, S.J.; Bärnighausen, T.; Zaba, B.; Hosegood, V.; Lancet HIV, 2016

The HIV care cascade among female sex workers in Zimbabwe: results of a population-based survey from the Sisters Antiretroviral therapy Programme for Prevention of HIV, an Integrated Response (SAPPH-IRe) Trial. Cowan, F.M.; Davey, C.; Fearon, E.; Mushati, P.; Dirawo, J.; Cambiano, V.; Mavedzenge, S.N.; Hanisch, D.; Wong-Gruenwald, R.; Chemhuru, M.; Masuka, N.; Hatzold, K.; Mugurungi, O.; Busza, J.; Phillips, A.; Hargreaves, J.R.; J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr, 2016

A New Niche? The Theory of Grandfather Involvement. Coall, D.A.; Hilbrand, S.; Sear, R.; Hertwig, R. in ‘Grandfathers: Global Perspectives’ Buchanan, Ann; Rotkirch, Anna (2016) Palgrave Macmillan UK (London) :21-44

Father absence but not fosterage predicts food insecurity, relative poverty, and poor child health in northern Tanzania. Lawson, D.W.; Schaffnit, S.B.; Hassan, A.; Ngadaya, E.; Ngowi, B.; Mfinanga, S.G.; James, S.; Borgerhoff Mulder, M.; Am J Hum Biol, 2016;

Variability of respiratory rate measurements in children suspected with non-severe pneumonia in north-east Tanzania. Muro, F.; Mosha, N.; Hildenwall, H.; Mtei, F.; Harrison, N.; Schellenberg, D.; Olomi, R.; Reyburn, H.; Todd, J. Trop Med Int Health, 2016;

The Reproductive Ecology of Industrial Societies, Part I : Why Measuring Fertility Matters. Stulp, G.; Sear, R.; Barrett, L. Hum Nat, 2016

The Reproductive Ecology of Industrial Societies, Part II : The Association between Wealth and Fertility. Stulp, G.; Sear, R.; Schaffnit, S.B.; Mills, M.C.; Barrett, L.; Hum Nat, 2016

Maternal systemic or cord blood inflammation is associated with birth anthropometry in a Tanzanian prospective cohort. Wilkinson, A.L.; Pedersen, S.H.; Urassa, M.; Michael, D.; ANDREASEN, A.; TODD, J.; Kinung’hi, S.M.; Changalucha, J.; Mcdermid, J.M.; Trop Med Int Health, 2016

Addendum to: Can Internet-Based Sexual Health Services Increase Diagnoses of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI)? Protocol for a Randomized Evaluation of an Internet-Based STI Testing and Results Service. Wilson, E.; Free, C.; Morris, T.P.; Syred, J.; Baraitser, P.; Jmir Res Protoc, 2016; 5(3):E141

Alcohol-related diagnoses and all-cause hospitalization among HIV-Infected and uninfected patients: a longitudinal analysis of United States Veterans from 1997 to 2011. Rentsch, C.; Tate, J.P.; Akgün, K.M.; Crystal, S.; Wang, K.H.; Ryan Greysen, S.; Wang, E.A.; Bryant, K.J.; Fiellin, D.A.; Justice, A.C.; Rimland, D.; Aids Behav, 2016; 20(3):555-64

Reliability of reporting of HIV status and antiretroviral therapy usage during verbal autopsies: a large prospective study in rural Malawi. Mclean, E.M.; Chihana, M.; Mzembe, T.; Koole, O.; Kachiwanda, L.; Glynn, J.R.; Zaba, B.; Nyirenda, M.; Crampin, A.C.; Glob Health Action, 2016; 9:31084

Obligation to family during times of transition: care, support and the response to HIV and AIDS in rural South Africa. Knight, L.; Hosegood, V.; Timæus, I.M.; AIDS Care, 2016; :1-12

Response to Letters to the Editor from Irit Sinai “Standard Days Method Effectiveness: opinion disguised as scientific review” and Kelsey Wright, Karen Hardee, and John Townsend “The pitfalls of using selective data to represent the effectiveness, relevance and utility of the Standard Days Method of contraception”. Marston, C.; Church, K.; Contraception, 2016

Interventions to strengthen the HIV prevention cascade: a systematic review of reviews. Krishnaratne, S.; Hensen, B.; Cordes, J.; Enstone, J.; Hargreaves, J.R.; Lancet HIV, 2016; 3(7):e307-17

Impact of ART on the Fertility of HIV-Positive Women in Sub-Saharan Africa. Yeatman, S.; Eaton, J.W.; Beckles, Z.; Benton, L.; Gregson, S.; Zaba, B.; Trop Med Int Health, 2016;

Underage and underserved: reaching young women who sell sex in Zimbabwe. Busza, J.; Mtetwa, S.; Mapfumo, R.; Hanisch, D.; Wong-Gruenwald, R.; Cowan, F.; AIDS Care, 2016; 28 Suppl 2:14-20

Area-level mortality and morbidity predict ‘abortion proportion’ in England and Wales. Virgo, S.; Sear, R. Evolution and Human Behavior, 2016;

Unintended Childbearing and Child Growth in Northern Malawi. Baschieri, A.; Machiyama, K.; Floyd, S.; Dube, A.; Molesworth, A.; Chihana, M.; Glynn, J.R.; Crampin, A.C.; French, N.; Cleland, J.; Matern Child Health J, 2016;

Evaluation of a demand-creation intervention for couples’ HIV testing services among married or cohabiting individuals in Rakai, Uganda: a cluster-randomized intervention trial. Matovu, J.K.; Todd, J.; Wanyenze, R.K.; Kairania, R.; Serwadda, D.; Wabwire-Mangen, F.; BMC Infect Dis, 2016; 16(1):379

Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and calculated frax risk scores may underestimate osteoporotic fracture risk in vitamin d-deficient veterans with hiv infection. Stephens, K.I.; Rubinsztain, L.; Payan, J.; Rentsch, C.; Rimland, D.; Tangpricha, V.; Endocr Pract, 2016; 22(4):440-6

Baseline, Time-updated, and Cumulative HIV Care Metrics for Predicting Acute Myocardial Infarction and All-Cause Mortality. Salinas, J.L.; Rentsch, C.; Marconi, V.C.; Tate, J.; Budoff, M.; Butt, A.A.; Freiberg, M.S.; Gibert, C.L.; Goetz, M.B.; Leaf, D.; Rodriguez-Barradas, M.C.; Justice, A.C.; Rimland, D.; Clin Infect Dis, 2016;

Maternal obesity and caesarean delivery in Sub-Saharan Africa. Cresswell, J. A.; Campbell, O. M.; Silva, M. J.; Slaymaker, E.; Filippi, V.; Trop Med Int Health, 2016;

What would happen if UK residents stopped having babies? Timaeus, I.M Significance, 2016; 13(2):12

Does grandparental help mediate the relationship between kin presence and fertility? Snopkowski, K.; Sear, R. Demographic Research, 2016; 34:467-498

Do grandparents compete with or support their grandchildren? In Guatemala, paternal grandmothers may compete, and maternal grandmothers may cooperate. Sheppard, P.; Sear, R. R Soc Open Sci, 2016; 3(4):160069

The feasibility and acceptability of screening for hypertension in private drug retail outlets: a pilot study in Mwanza region, Tanzania. Michael, D.; Kezakubi, D.; Juma, A.; Todd, J. ; Reyburn, H. ; Renju, J.; Int Health, 2016;

Postpartum uptake of contraception in rural northern Malawi: a prospective study. Dasgupta, A.N.; Zaba, B.; Crampin, A.C.; Contraception, 2016;

Beyond the nuclear family: an evolutionary perspective on parenting. Sear, R. Current Opinion in Psychology, 2016; 7:98-103

Reply to Rieger and Wagner: Context matters when studying purportedly harmful cultural practices. Lawson, D.W.; James, S.; Ngadaya, E.; Ngowi, B.; Mfinanga, S.G.; Borgerhoff Mulder, ; Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2016;

Does grandparental help mediate the relationship between kin presence and fertility? Snopkowski, K.; Sear, R. Demographic Research, 2016; 34(17):467-498

Data Resource Profile: Network for Analysing Longitudinal Population-Based HIV/AIDS Data on Africa (Alpha Network). Reniers, G.; Wamukoya, M.; Urassa, M.; Nyaguara, A.; Nakiyingi-Miiro, J.; Lutalo, T.; Hosegood, V.; Gregson, S.; Gómez-Olivé, X.; Geubbels, E.; Crampin, A.C.; Wringe, A.; Waswa, L.; Tollman, S.; Todd, J.; Slaymaker, E.; Serwadda, D.; Price, A.; Oti, S.; Nyirenda, M.J.; Nabukalu, D.; Nyamukapa, C.; Nalugoda, F.; Mugurungi, O.; Mtenga, B.; Mills, L.; Michael, D.; Mclean, E.; Mcgrath, N.; Martin, E.; Marston, M.; Maquins, S.; Levira, F.; Kyobutungi, C.; Kwaro, D.; Kasamba, I.; Kanjala, C.; Kahn, K.; Kabudula, C.; Herbst, K.; Gareta, D.; Eaton, J.W.; Clark, S.J. ; Church, K.; Chihana, M.; Calvert, C.; Beguy, D.; Asiki, G.; Amri, S.; Abdul, R.; Zaba, B.; Int J Epidemiol, 2016;

Sending Children to School: rural livelihoods and parental investment in education in Northern Tanzania. Hedges, S.; Mulder, M.B.; James, S.; Lawson, D.W. Evolution and Human Behavior, 2016; 37(2):142-151

Does the evidence support global promotion of the calendar-based Standard Days Method® of contraception? Marston, C.A.; Church, K.; Contraception, 2016;

Wealth, fertility and adaptive behaviour in industrial populations. Stulp, G.; Barrett, L.; Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 2016; 371(1692)

What do men want? Re-examining whether men benefit from higher fertility than is optimal for women. Moya, C.; Snopkowski, K.; Sear, R.; Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 2016; 371(1692)

The offspring quantity-quality trade-off and human fertility variation. Lawson, D.W.; Borgerhoff Mulder, M.; Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 2016; 371(1692)

Understanding variation in human fertility: what can we learn from evolutionary demography? Sear, R.; Lawson, D.W.; Kaplan, H.; Shenk, M.K.; Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 2016; 371(1692)

Measuring the Impact of Antiretroviral Therapy Roll-Out on Population Level Fertility in Three African Countries. Marston, M.; Nakiyingi-Miiro, J.; Hosegood, V.; Lutalo, T.; Mtenga, B.; Zaba, B.; PLoS One, 2016; 11(3):e0151877

HIV policy and implementation: a national policy review and an implementation case study of a rural area of northern Malawi. Dasgupta, A.N.; Wringe, A.; Crampin, A.C.; Chisambo, C.; Koole, O.; Makombe, S.; Sungani, C.; Todd, J.; Church, K.; AIDS Care, 2016; :1-13

Short-term and long-term cardiovascular risk, metabolic syndrome and HIV in Tanzania. Kingery, J.R.; Alfred, Y.; Smart, L.R.; Nash, E.; Todd, J.; Naguib, M.R.; Downs, J.A.; Kalluvya, S.; Kataraihya, J.B.; Peck, R.N. Heart, 2016;

Why Demography Needs Psychologists. Pepper, G.; McAllister, L.; Sear, R. Psychologist, 2016; 29(1):26-29

Uptake of Services For Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission Of HIV in a Community Cohort in Rural Tanzania from 2005 To 2012. Gourlay, A.; Wringe, A.; Todd, J.; Cawley, C.; Michael, D.; Machemba, R.; Clark, B.; Masesa, C.; Marston, M.; Urassa, M.; Zaba, B. BMC Health Services Research, 2016; 16:9

Does the Evidence Support Global Promotion of the Abstinence-Based Standard Days method® of Contraception? Marston, C.A.; Church, K. Contraception, 2016;

Innovation in Evaluating the Impact of Integrated Service-Delivery: the Integra Indexes of HIV and Reproductive Health Integration. Mayhew, S.H.; Ploubidis, G.B.; Sloggett, A.; Church, K.; Obure, C.D.; Birdthistle, I.; Sweeney, S.; Warren, C.E.; Watts, C.; Vassall, A. PLoS One, 2016; 11(1):e0146694

Adult Life expectancy trends in the era of antiretroviral treatment in rural Uganda (1991-2012). Asiki, G.; Reniers, G.; Newton, R.; Baisley, K.; Nakiyingi-Miiro, J.; Slaymaker, E.; Kasamba, I.; Seeley, J.; Todd, J.; Kaleebu, P.; Kamali, A. AIDS, 2016; 30(3):487-93

Centre for Population Studies - Working Papers Archive

In this archive you will find a number of older working papers from the Centre for Population Studies (CPS) between the years 1979 and 2000. Some, but not all of these were subsequently published. Enjoy reading.

00-1Lockwood, M.Institutional and Cultural Determinants of Demand for Reproductive Health Services in sub-Saharan Africa: A review and implications for research 
99-1Brass, W., Blacker, J.The Estimation of Infant Mortality from Proportions Dying among Recent Births 
97-2Collumbien, M., Timæus, I. M., Acharya, L.The Onset of Fertility Decline in Nepal: A Reinterpretation 
97-1Clarke, L., Joshi, H., Di Salvo, P., Wright, J.Stability and Instability in Children's Family Lives: Longitudinal Evidence from Two British Sources 
96-1Muhwava, W., Timæus, I. M.Fertility Decline in Zimbabwe 
94-3Zaba, B., David, P.H.The Concentration of Childhood Mortality Risk in Populations 
94-2Zaba, B.The Demographic Impact of AIDS: Some stable population simulation results 
94-1Sloggett, A ., Joshi, H., Clarke, L.Women's Smoking and Mortality in Britain: Linking Smoking Patterns, Socio-economic Factors and Mortality 
93-1Macran, S.Role Enhancement or Role Overload? A review of research on the health consequences of women's domestic and paid work. 
91-2Mercer, A.Support from a Spouse and Survival Differentials among Parents by Family Circumstances and Employment 
91-1Fauveau. V., Wojtyniak, B. , Chowdhury, H.R., Sarder, A.M.Assessment of Cause of Death in the Matlab Demographic Surveillance System 
90-3Simons, J.The Measurement of Subjective Rationales for Health-Related Behaviour 
90-2Paget, W. J., Timæus, I.A Relational Gompertz Model of Male Fertility 
90-1Timæus, I.Advances in the Measurement of Adult Mortality from Data on Orphanhood. 
89-4Clarke, L.Children's Changing Circumstances: Recent trends and future prospects. 
89-3Clarke, L., Eldridge, S.The Structure and Characteristics of Families: A review of the circumstances of children in the 1980s. 
89-2Aoun, S.An Assessment of the Paired Comparison Procedure for Measuring Early Changes in Fertility in Syria, Tunisia and Yemen Arab Republic 
89-1Zaba, B.Relational Models: their uses in demography. 
88-4Timæus, I., Graham, W.Measuring Adult Mortality in Developing Countries: A Review and Assessment of Methods 
88-3Wright, R.E., Hinde, P.R.A.The Dynamics of Female Labour Force Participation in Great Britain 
88-2Aoun, S., Airey, P.Illustrative Application of the Use of Projected Parity Progression Ratios for the Analysis of Fertility 
88-1Graham, W., Brass, W., Snow, R.Indirect Estimates of Maternal Mortality: The Sisterhood Method 
87-2Aquirre, A., Hill, A.G.Childhood Mortality Estimates Using The Preceding Birth Technique: Some applications and extensions 
87-1Hill, A.G., Kaufmann, G.A Review of Materials and Methods for the Study of Infant and Child Mortality in Africa 
86-3Newell, M-L., Joshi, H.The Next Job after the First Baby: Occupational transition among women born in 1946 
86-2Timæus, I., Graham, W.Labour Circulation, Marriage and Fertility in Southern Africa 
86-1Newell, C.Spatial Variations in Fertility and Nuptiality in Britain: An historical perspective 
85-4Ni Bhrolchain, M.Period Parity Progression Ratios and Birth Intervals in England and Wales, 1941-1971: A Synthetic Life Table Analysis 
85-3Kiernan, K.The Departure of Children 
85-2Timæus, I.An Evaluation of Methods for Estimating Adult Mortality from Two Sets of Data on Maternal Orphanhood 
85-1Kiernan, K., Eldridge, S.A Demographic Analysis of First Marriages in England and Wales: 1950-1980 
84-3Ni Bhrolchain, M.Paid Work and the Tempo of Childbearing: Longitudinal Evidence 
84-2Murphy, M.The Association between Socio-Economic and Related Factors on Family Formation and Breakdown: Some Evidence from a British National Survey 
84-1Joshi, H., Overton, E.The Female Labour Force in Britain 1971-1991 
83-5Hill, A.G., Randall, S.C., Van den Eerenbeemt, M.LInfant and Child Mortality In Rural Mali 
83-4Moser, K.Levels and Trends in Child and Adult Mortality in Peru 
83-3Ni Bhrolchain, M.Birth Spacing and Women's Work: Some British Evidence 
83-2Murphy, M.J., Sullivan, O.Housing Tenure and Fertility in Post-War Britain 
83-1Ni Bhrolchain, M., Timæus, I.A General Approach to the Machine Handling of Event History Data with Special Reference to Employment Histories 
82-4Hill, A.G. , Randall S.C., Sullivan O.The Mortality and Fertility of Farmers and Pastoralists in Central Mali 1950-1981 
82-3Simons, J.Reproductive Behaviour as Religious Practice 
82-2Murphy, M.J.Gompertz and Gompertz Relational Models for Forecasting Fertility: An Empirical Exploration 
82-1Kiernan, K.E., Diamond, I.Family-of-Origin and Educational Influences on Age at First Birth: the Experience of a British Birth Cohort 
81-3Joshi, H., Owen, S.J.Demographic Predictors of Women's Work Participation in Post-War Britain 
81-2Zaba, B.Use of the Relational Gompertz Model in Analysing Fertility Data Collected in Retrospective Surveys 
81-1Brass, W., Bamgboye, E.A.The Time Location of Reports of Survivorship: Estimates for Maternal and Paternal Orphanhood and the Ever-Widowed 
80-3Ni Bhrolchain, M.Fertility and Female Employment What Relationship? A Review of Micro-Level Issues and Evidence 
80-2Murphy, M.J.Extrapolation of Current Trends for Forecasting Population 
80-1Joshi, H., Owen S., Layard, R.Working Women in Post-War Britain -Time Series Analysis of Cohorts. Preliminary Report 
79-1Brass, W.Population Projections for Planning and Policy 
PSG events
Events list

The Population Studies Group (PSG) seminars are typically held once a month and feature research in progress from both internal and external speakers in the fields of demography, population studies and sexual and reproductive health research. The PSG seminars are open to the public and will be organised over Zoom until further notice.

Details on past and upcoming seminars are also available on LSHTM's Events webpage.

Please send an email to for further inquiries, or if you wish to receive email updates about events organised by the Population Studies Group.


Tue 27 Feb, 12.45-13.45 (LG08 & online)

Georges Reniers, Julio Romero, Malebogo Thlojoane, and Sarah Walters

The Rapid Mortality Mobile Phone Surveys Project: overview and key findings to date.  


Tue 26 Mar, 12.45-13.45 (LG08 & online)

Selin Koksal, LSHTM

Unravelling the complexity of reproductive experiences in the UK and eastern Europe 


Thu 25 Apr, 12.45-13.45 (LG24 & online)

Kazuyo Machiyama, Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority(HFEA)/LSHTM

Ethnic diversity in fertility treatment in 2017-2021 using national register data, United Kingdom 


Tue 30 April – 12.45-13.45 (online)

Jamie Perin, Johns Hopkins University 

Cause-specific neonatal mortality for the states of India in 2000 to 2021: a systematic analysis 


Tue May 14 – 12.45-13.45 (Room TBD & online)

Casey Breen, Oxford University

Estimating death rates in complex humanitarian emergencies using the network survival method 


Tue 11 June, 15.00-16.00 (online)

Patrick Gerland, Mark Wheldon, Ivan Williams, and Lubov Zeifman (Population Division, DESA, United Nations)

World Population Prospects 2024: estimation challenges and analytical strategies to reconstruct demographic levels and trends since 1950 for 237 countries/areas 


Tuesday 11 October 2022, 12.50PM-13.50PM

Sara Yeatman, University of Colorado, Denver (currently on sabbatical at LSHTM)

The Educational Impacts of Expanded Contraceptive Access in the Contemporary the U.S.


Tuesday 15 November 2022, 12.50PM-13.50PM

Jose Manuel Aburto, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

Unequal trends in causes of death drive life-expectancy differences during COVID-19


Tuesday 6 December 2022, 12.50PM-13.50PM

Kai Hon Tang, Imperial College

Recent Trends in Adult Mortality in Sub-Saharan African Countries Using Sibling Histories Data


Tuesday 17 January 2023, 13.00PM-13.50PM

Brian WillisGlobal Health Promise

Kathryn Church, Independent Consultant & Honorary Assistant Professor LSHTM

Causes of mortality among female sex workers: a multi-country study highlights the risks from poor maternal health, in particular unsafe abortion


Tuesday 14 February 2023 - postponed


Tuesday 7 March 2023, 13.00PM-13.50PM

Edward Fottrell, University College London 

Dying to count: the use of verbal autopsy to understand causes of death


Tuesday 18 April 2023, 13.00PM-13.50PM

Roland Pongou, University of Ottawa

Colonial Origins and Fertility: Can the Market Overcome History?”


Tuesday 23 May 2023, 13.00PM-13.50PM

Chodziwadziwa Kabudula & Stephen Tollman, University of the Witwatersrand

The impact of COVID-19 on all-cause mortality in resource poor settings of Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia: Findings from Health and Socio-Demographic Surveillance Systems


Tuesday 6 June 2023, 13.00PM-13.50PM

Marie Bergström, Institut Nationale d’Etudes Démographiques (INED)

A perfect match? What we can learn about partner choice from online dating data​

This is an online only seminar.

Zoom link:


Thursday 4 November 2021, 2PM-3PM
Co-hosted with the Centre for History in Public Health

Jenny Trinitapoli, Dept. Sociology, University of Chicago

Ten years in Balaka, Malawi: An excerpt from in-progress book manuscript, An Epidemic of Uncertainty


Tuesday 16 November 2021, 12.45PM-1.45PM

Abigail Page, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

Beyond the mother: Evolutionary perspectives on cooperative childrearing


Tuesday 7 December 2021, 12.45PM-1.45PM

Ryohei Mogi, Department of Sociology, the Leverhulme Centre for Demographic Science, and Nuffield College at University of Oxford

Cross-sectional average length of life childless: An alternative index to study first birth trends


Thursday 28 April 2022, 14.00PM-15.00PM

Part of the ‘Population Change in Africa: Interdisciplinary Conversations’ webinar series organised by the African Population History Network (APHiN) and hosted by the LSHTM Population Studies Group and the LSHTM Centre for History in Public Health  

Mariana Candido, Emory University

African women in the colonial archive: historicising population changes in Angola

Webinar link:…


Thursday 19 May 2022, 14.00PM-15.00PM

Part of the ‘Population Change in Africa: Interdisciplinary Conversations’ webinar series organised by the African Population History Network (APHiN) and hosted by the LSHTM Population Studies Group and the LSHTM Centre for History in Public Health  

Samuël Coghe, Free University of Berlin

Book talk: Population Politics in the Tropics. Demography, Health and Transimperialism in Colonial Angola (Cambridge: CUP, 2022)

Webinar link:…



Thursday 21 January 2021, 12.45PM-1.45PM

Anushé Hassan, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (pre-viva seminar)

Parental care, allomothering and child health in north-western Tanzania: who cares for children and does it matter?


Monday 25 January 2021, 12.45PM-1.45PM

Judith Lieber, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (pre-viva seminar)

Changing family structures and their implications for support and health of the older population in India, with a focus on Tamil Nadu


Tuesday 16 February, 12.45PM-1.45PM

Ian Timæus, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

Imputation of full birth histories from census data: reviving a lost method for detailed fertility analysis


Tuesday 16 March, 12.45PM-1.45PM

Bruno Schoumaker, UC Louvain

Fertility stalls in sub-Saharan Africa: exploring the role of fertility changes in urban areas and capital cities.


Tuesday 20 April, 12.45PM-1.45PM

Tiziana Leone, London School of Economics

From Menarche to Menopause: timing the reproductive health bookends of women in LMICs


Tuesday 18 May, 12.45PM-1.45PM

Jason Hilton, University of Southampton

Forecasting Frontier Mortality with Generalised Additive Models


Tuesday 15 June, 12.45PM-1.45PM

Christiaan Monden, University of Oxford

Spillover-effects of offspring education: what is the evidence for a causal effect of children’s educational attainment on parents’ health and mortality?


Tuesday 27 July, 2PM-3PM 

MSc Student Final Project Showcase

Our MSc students, from MSc Demography & Health, and MSc Reproductive and Sexual Health Research, will present work in progress on their MSc summer research projects. These seminars are restricted to LSHTM staff and students.


8 October 2019 - 12.45pm, LG8

Chifundu Kanjala (LSHTM, pre-viva seminar)

Provenance of “after the fact” harmonised community-based demographic and HIV surveillance data from ALPHA cohorts


23 October 2019 - 12.45pm, LG80

Shammi Luhar (LSHTM, pre-viva seminar)

Trends in the socioeconomic patterning of overweight and obesity and predictions of the future diabetes prevalence in India


26 November 2019 - 12.45pm, LG80

Nikkil Sudharsanan (Assistant Professor – Heidelberg Institute of Global Health)

Impact of population-based strategies to improve blood pressure control in South Africa: Evidence from parametric g-formula and regression discontinuity designs


12 December 2019 - 12.45pm, LG9

Kathryn Church (Director of Evidence to Action, Marie Stopes International)
Katy Footman (Senior Researcher, Marie Stopes International)

Achieving elimination of unsafe abortion by 2030: what do we need to do and what do we need to know to get there?


16 January 2020 - 12.30pm, LG80

Michel Guillot (Professor of Sociology, University of Pennsylvania; Senior Researcher, Institut National d’Etudes Démographiques)
Andrea Verhulst (Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Pennsylvania)
Julio Romero Prieto (Research Fellow, LSHTM)

Historical Age Patterns of Under-five Mortality and their Usefulness for Evaluating Contemporary Data


5 February 2020 - 12.45pm, LG80

Emma Slaymaker (Associate Professor, LSHTM)
Milly Marston (Assistant Professor, LSHTM)
Kathryn Risher (Research Fellow, LSHTM/Imperial College)
On behalf of the ALPHA Network

HIV incidence declines among the general population in sub-Saharan Africa: The contribution of changes in untreated prevalence of HIV infection and the association of other risk factors with new infections in observational studies in six countries.

10 March 2020 - Cancelled

Bruno Schoumaker (Professor of Demography, Université Catholique de Louvain)

Under-15 fertility in developing countries since the 1960s


7 April 2020 - Cancelled until further notice

Tiziana Leone (Associate Professor in Health and International Development, London School of Economics)


12 May 2020 - Cancelled until further notice

Christiaan Monden (Professor of Sociology and Demography, Fellow of Nuffield College, University of Oxford)


10 June 2020 - Cancelled until further notice

Rebecca French (Associate Professor of Sexual and Reproductive Health, LSHTM)


8 July 2020 - 12.45pm, LG9

MSc summer projects showcase


29 November 2018 - LSHTM

Judie Mbogua (LSHTM, upgrading seminar)

Barriers and facilitating factors to Prevention of Mother-To-Child-Transmission (PMTCT) knowledge and cascade completion by Female Sex Workers (FSWs) in Zambia and South Africa


4 December 2018 - LSHTM

Anne Rerimoi (LSHTM, upgrading seminar)

Development and assessment of systems for population-based measurement of neonatal and perinatal mortality in The Gambia


25 January 2019 - LSHTM

Laura Brown (LSHTM, pre-viva seminar)

Understanding socioeconomic disparities in breastfeeding in the UK: exploring the role of environmental quality


7 February 2019 - LSHTM

Ona McCarthy (LSHTM, pre-viva seminar)

Changing young people’s attitudes towards effective contraception using mobile phone messaging


11 February 2019 - UCL

Who cares? Introducing evolutionary approaches to caregiving and mother-infant health (workshop co-organised Abigail Page, Emily Emmott and Sarah Myers)


17 April 2019 - LSHTM

Emma Rezel (LSHTM pre-viva seminar)

Evaluation of a free-to-access online contraception service in the London boroughs of Lambeth and Southwark


19 June 2019 - LSHTM

Georgia Arnold and Sara Piot (MTV Staying Alive Foundation)

'MTV Shuga' - harnessing a popular multimedia platform to stimulate adolescents' demand for HIV prevention including HIV self-testing and PrEP


24 June 2019 - LSHTM

Danielle Engel (UNFPA)

HPV vaccine - a best buy for Adolescent Health


10 July 2019 - LSHTM

Dr Catriona A Towriss (Senior Lecturer in Population Studies, CARe, University of Cape Town)

An investigation into contraceptive choice in South Africa

Updates List Block
Updates List
PSG Seminar (finished): Patrick Gerland, Mark Wheldon, Ivan Williams, and Lubov Zeifman (Population Division, DESA, United Nations)

World Population Prospects 2024: estimation challenges and analytical strategies to reconstruct demographic levels and trends since 1950 for 237 countries/areas 

Speakers: ​​Patrick Gerland, Mark Wheldon, Ivan Williams, and Lubov Zeifman (Population Division, DESA, United Nations)

This is a virtual PSG seminar series event which is online (please join using the Zoom link below or at the LSHTM Events site).

Date & Time: Tuesday 11 June 2024 (finished)

Zoom link: (finished)

Abstract: On the occasion of World Population Day, the United Nations will release the 2024 edition of the World Population Prospects (WPP). This bi-annual report provides estimates and projections of the population size and age structure for all countries/areas of the world, and serves as a reference for both policy and research.

As a precursor to the release of the 2024 WPP, the presenters from the UN Population Division will discuss a major upgrade to the workflow and analytical steps for reconstructing past demographic levels and trends and population estimates for the future. For the first time, the 2024 WPP will use probabilistic projections of net migration, and incorporate the additional uncertainty in the future projection of populations.



Free and open to all. No registration required.

Research Degree (PhD) Pre-Viva Seminar (finished) - Shamsudeen Mohammed

​​Effects of breastfeeding duration on educational attainment of children and adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa: A multisite analysis of longitudinal data

Speaker: ​​Shamsudeen Mohammed, NCDE-EPH

Supervisor: Laura Oakley, Milly Marston & Judith Glynn 

This seminar is available online only (please join using the Zoom link below).

Date & Time: Wednesday 22 May 2024 (finished)

Zoom link: (finished)

Abstract: The benefits of breastfeeding for infant health and survival are well established, but its impact on educational outcomes has been contested. The evidence supporting the benefit of breastfeeding on educational outcomes is largely from high-income countries, where socioeconomic status (SES) is strongly correlated with breastfeeding behaviour. It has been hypothesised that the positive association observed in high-income countries is a manifestation of SES advantage, not the biological effect of breastfeeding. Evidence from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where SES is not a strong predictor of breastfeeding, could clarify this association, but studies from SSA are scarce in this debate. This thesis investigated whether breastfeeding duration in infancy is associated with educational attainment later in life in SSA.




Population Investigation Committee (PIC) MSc Scholarships

PIC Masters Studentship Scheme in Population Studies

Two studentships funded by the Population Investigation Committee (PIC) are now open for application to those planning a career in demographic research or in an area where demographic skills are a necessity. The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) currently offers two London-based MSc programmes which have a high demographic content and are therefore PIC-approved Masters degree courses: the MSc Demography & Health course and the MSc Reproductive and Sexual Health Research course.

The full value of each studentship award is GBP 15,000.00 (in 2022). 

To apply, applicants must:

  1. submit a complete LSHTM application for the London-based MSc Demography & Health, or MSc Reproductive & Sexual Health Research via the School’s online application portal, and
  2. submit a  PIC Application Form 2022 and TWO references to

by the closing date of: tbc

Applicants should contact Sarah Walters to discuss their application before the deadline.

Further details are available on the webpage for the PIC Masters Studentship Scheme in Population Studies

MSc D&H online option

There will be an online option for the MSc Demography & Health:

For those of you who are not in a position to travel to London, the programme team is happy to explore the possibility of your studies being facilitated entirely online. In order for this to be put in place, you will need to contact the Programme Directors before you apply to agree an individual study plan. Please note that teaching sessions (many shared across multiple programmes) are being scheduled between 9am-5.30pm UK time.

Here is a testimonial from one of our 2020-21 RSHR students about her experience with online learning: 

"I really enjoyed the module. I thought that the breadth and depth of topics taught was excellent and current issues and innovations for the future were covered really well. I personally loved the set-up of pre-recorded lectures and then having zoom sessions for discussion after; it gave time to watch the lectures at your own pace, make notes (great for slow writers like me!!) and the time to really reflect prior to discussing with classmates and lectures. 

The module organisers created a really nice, open space for discussion and were always very approachable for further discussion or clarification of any issues. Generally, just very enjoyable module and I felt that I learnt lots of practical information for working clinically in FP, but also about innovative programmes and policies for the future."

Details are available on the MSc Demography and Health webpage. 

Scholarships opportunities for MSc study @LSHTM

Admissions for the next intake of RSHR and DH students are open and there are a number of interesting scholarship opportunities available:



MSc funding opportunities are regularly updated and listed here:


More info on the MSc training programmes is available here:

Research Degree Funding Opportunities

Please have a look at the following link for funding opportunities for Research Degree students at LSHTM:

This table is updated as and when new funding is made available and so should be reviewed regularly by students looking for funding.

Vacancy for the Brass-Blacker (Associate) Professor in Demography (closed)

We are seeking to appoint a Brass-Blacker Associate Professor or Professor in Demography. This is an exciting opportunity to join a well-established and highly regarded group of demographers and population scientists embedded within a world-leading School for public and global health. This is an endowed post, funded through a bequest to the School by John Blacker. Substantive area is open but we're keen to recruit a formal demographer, data scientist or statistician with explicit interest in population issues.

Interested candidates are encouraged to contact Professor Rebecca Sear ( or Professor Jimmy Whitworth, Chair of the Search Committee (, for informal discussion about this post. 

Deadline for applications: 30 November 2021 (closed)

Find out more about the role.

LSHTM @ PAA2021 Annual Meeting (closed) - for info only

The Population Association of America Annual Meeting will be held from 5-8 May and will be virtual this year: Please join us for the presentations that involve LSHTM staff and students.


Oral presentations

33-4 Identifying New Age Patterns of Under-5 Mortality Using the Under-5 Mortality Database. Andrea Verhulst*, University of Pennsylvania; Julio Romero Prieto, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine; Nurul Alam, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh;  Patrick Gerland, United Nations Population Division; Joanne Katz, Johns Hopkins University; Bruno Lankoande, Université de Ouagadougou; Li Liu, Johns Hopkins University; Georges Reniers, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine; Seema Subedi, Johns Hopkins University; Francisco Villavicencio, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health; Michel Guillot, University of Pennsylvania and INED

92-3 Using Vital Registration Data for Estimating Under-5 Mortality in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. Andrea Verhulst*, University of Pennsylvania; Julio Romero Prieto, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine; Michel Guillot, University of Pennsylvania and INED

164-2 The Short-Term Mortality Fluctuations Series: New Data Resource on Weekly Mortality. Dmitri Jdanov, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research; Ainhoa Alustiza Galarza*, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research; Vladimir Shkolnikov, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research; Domantas Jasilionis, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research; Laszlo Nemeth, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research; David Leon, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (UK); Magali Barbieri, Institut National d’Études Démographiques (INED); Carl Boe, University of California-Berkeley

182-4 Estimating the Average Age of Infant Deaths: A Flexible Model Life Table, Based on Newly Collected Data. Julio Romero Prieto*, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine; Andrea Verhulst, University of Pennsylvania; Michel Guillot, University of Pennsylvania and INED

220-1 Comparability of Estimates and Trends in Adolescent Sexual Behavior From Two National Surveys. Laura Lindberg*, Guttmacher Institute; Rachel Scott, INSERM / LSHTM; Sheila Desai, Guttmacher Institute; Zoe Pleasure, Guttmacher Institute



P1 -69 Evaluating Pregnancy Reporting and Under-5 Mortality Estimates in HDSS Through Record Linkage With Antenatal Care Clinics. Hallie Eilerts*, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine; Julio Romero Prieto, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine; Georges Reniers,  London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

P6-65 Why Is Korea’s Fertility So Low (TFR: 0.92 in 2019)? An Explanation Based on the Role of Population Density. Woorim Ko*, YEJIN LIM; Myunggu Jung, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine; Youngtae Cho, Seoul National University

P7-31 HIV Status and Antenatal Care Engagement in Rural Southwestern Kenya: A Time-to-Event and Geographical Analysis. Emma Banchoff*, University of Michigan; Julie Ambia, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine; Sammy Khagayi, KEMRI/CDC; Georges Reniers, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

Job adverts: join PSG! (closed)

PSG has two job openings with the Rapid Mortality Mobile Phone Surveys (RAMMPS) project. The RAMMPS project is intended to apply a mobile phone-based approach to collect mortality data in settings where other mortality surveillance systems are weak or interrupted because of health or other crisis situations.

For details and to apply please follow the links below:

Data scientist/manager position (joining as Research Assistant or Research Fellow) - closed

Formal demographer or quantitative researcher (joining as Research Fellow or Assistant Professor) - closed

LSHTM Masters Scholarship Opportunities for 2021-2022 (closed) - for info only

Full scholarships available for low and middle income countries LMIC

MSc Demography and Health
MSc Reproductive and Sexual Health Research

  1. LSHTM Fund Scholarship – deadline February 28th 2021 -  2021-22 LSHTM Fund Scholarship
  2. GSK Scholarships for Future Health Leaders – deadline February 28th 2021 -2021-22 GSK Scholarships for Future Health Leaders
  3. Wellcome International Masters Scholarships – NB Last year of these awards – deadline April 13th  for 2021 entry and August  24th for 2022 entry -

For further details of the Masters programmes please see the following links:

MSc Demography and Health MSc D and H
MSc Reproductive and Sexual Health Research MSc RSHR

ESRC PhD scholarships 2021 – Call for applications (closed)

ESRC-funded PhD scholarships are available at LSHTM, to start in autumn 2021.

We welcome any topic from excellent candidates in the fields of demography or reproductive and sexual health. The websites of the Population Studies Group ( and MARCH (Centre for Maternal, Adolescent, Reproductive and Child Health: have lists of staff who could supervise projects, with their research interests. In the first instance, please contact a potential supervisor, including a CV and a description of research interests well ahead of this deadline.

The closing date for preliminary applications is 11 January 2021.

As part of their scholarship, students may spend a year at the European Doctoral School of Demography (

For further details, and application forms, see:

MARCH Centre: Launch events for two major studies (closed) - for information only

10th Dec: Every Newborn-INDEPTH supplement launch (closed)
15th Dec: Every Newborn-BIRTH supplement launch (closed)

Details below.

Every Newborn-INDEPTH supplement launch event
Thursday 10th Dec 2020, 12:00- 14:00 UK time

Each year there are 5.1 million neonatal deaths and stillbirths, plus about 300,000 maternal deaths worldwide. Around 75% of these deaths are still dependent on surveys, notably Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), as main data sources.

The Every Newborn-INDEPTH study involved >68,000 births and aimed to provide evidence to improve population-based survey data regarding pregnancy outcome.

We are delighted to invite you to the launch of a series of 12 papers from the study in BMC Population Health Metrics, mainly with first authors from the sites and/or Makerere University.

Link to EN-INDEPTH launch:…

Every Newborn-BIRTH supplement launch event 
Tuesday 15th Dec 2020, 12:00- 14:00, UK time

All are welcome to the interactive launch of a series of papers in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, involving multiple authors mainly from low and middle-income countries, in partnership with LSHTM. 

EN-BIRTH study involved observing >23,000 births using an innovative tablet-based system to validate data from routine facility registers and women’s survey report.  The study was conducted in five hospitals in Bangladesh, Nepal and Tanzania, coordinated by a team at LSHTM and funded by the Children’s Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF).

These results have important implications for measuring progress for the Sustainable Development Goals, especially related to Every Newborn targets, to reduce ~5.4 million stillbirths, newborn and maternal deaths. Findings have practical relevance for improving measurement of coverage and quality of maternal and newborn care in routine facility registers and in population-based surveys. 

Link to EN-BIRTH launch:…

MSc Mode of Study in 2020-‘21 (closed - for info only)

LSHTM will be moving all teaching online in Term 1. In Terms 2 and 3 teaching will be partly on campus for those who can come to London, and online for those who cannot. More details and FAQs about teaching arrangements for next year can be found at

This applies to all MSc programmes at LSHTM, including the MSc in Demography & Health, and the MSc in Reproductive and Sexual Health Research. Applications for both programmes are still open. For more information, e-mail the Programme Director (Lynda Clarke):

International Seminar: Looking backward, looking forward: African demography in historical perspective - Call for papers (closed) - for info only

Nairobi, Kenya 2-3 April 2020 (closed)

Organized by the IUSSP Scientific Panel on Historical Demography and held at the British Institute in Eastern Africa.

Deadline for submission of abstracts: 30 September 2019 (closed)

Organizing Committee: Sarah Walters (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine), Martin Dribe (Lund University), Shane Doyle (University of Leeds), Stephen O. Wandera (Makerere University), Jeanne Cilliers (Lund University).

Please read the full announcement for this seminar.

We invite submissions on historical or long-term, interdisciplinary, perspectives on demographic change in Africa. The aims of the seminar are to review the state of the field of African population history, to consider the role of the past for understanding the present, and to facilitate partnerships and future comparative work on African historical demography.

There is a resurgence of interest in Africa’s demographic pasts. Evidence on past population trends is essential to respond to core questions in African history, such as the human cost of the slave trade; the impacts of colonialism on health, wellbeing and the family; the effects of post-colonial policies on households and livelihoods; long-term trends in mortality and migration; and the influence of religion, education and employment on intergenerational relations and the social organisation of reproduction. Improving the evidence on Africa’s past populations will illuminate how people have managed their resilience and reproduction over time, in the face of environmental, epidemiological, political and economic change.

Understanding the historical origins of African demographic regimes may also help to influence current and future population trends. This is important given Africa is projected to account for more than half of all global population growth by 2050, with implications for both demographic dividend and migration. In particular, contemporary demographers have called for interdisciplinary and historical approaches to improve understanding of the contexts of fertility transition in the region, including its stalls, reversals and exceptional age- and parity-specific dynamics, as well as the historical context of the AIDS pandemic. Papers which seek to situate current population trends in historical perspective are encouraged. 

The seminar will showcase the growing availability of historical demographic micro-data through new digitisation projects. Alongside the substantive research papers, the seminar will include a data workshop in which scholars who have collected new datasets will have the opportunity to present their databases and to consider scope for future comparative work and collaborations. We will review the potential of new digital methods for widening historical micro-data collection in Africa and seek the experience of previous comparative demographic projects in achieving data harmonisation. 

Online Submissions:
The IUSSP Panel on Historical Demography invites researchers to submit online by 30 September 2019 a short 200-word abstract AND an extended abstract (2 to 4 pages, including tables). To submit an abstract please fill out the online submission form: ONLINE SUBMISSION FORM.

If you would also like to contribute to the data workshop, please also send an email to with a 200-word description of your dataset at the same time as your main submission. 

The working language of the seminar is English: abstracts and final papers should be submitted and presented in English. If the paper is co-authored, please indicate the names of co-authors. Submission should be made by the author who will attend the seminar. We aim to publish suitable papers in a journal special issue or an edited volume.

Applicants will be notified whether their paper has been accepted by 15 October 2019. Authors of accepted papers must upload the full paper on the IUSSP website by 28 February 2020. 

Funding is available to cover the cost of the seminar venue, airport transfers, accommodation and meals for speakers for two days. We are seeking further financial support for travel, but the outcome is uncertain, and participants should seek their own funding for flights, additional accommodation and other expenses. Priority will be given to African scholars, early career researchers and those from developing countries in awarding travel support.

For further information: Please contact Seminar Organizer Sarah Walters (

IUSSP Scientific Panel on Historical Demography
Chair: Martin Dribe (Lund University, Sweden)
Members: Lisa Dillon (Université de Montréal, Canada), Hao Dong (Peking University, China), J. David Hacker (University of Minnesota, USA), Lionel Kesztenbaum (Institut national d’études démographiques, INED, France), Ana Silvia Volpi Scott (Universidade Estadual de Campinas, UNICAMP, Brazil) and Sarah Walters (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK).

Appel à communications 

Séminaire international sur la démographie africaine dans une perspective historique.
Nairobi, Kenya 2-3 avril 2020

Organisé par le Comité scientifique de l'UIESP de démographie historique au British Institute in Eastern Africa.

Date limite de soumission des résumés : 30 septembre 2019

Ce séminaire se tiendra en anglais. Les résumés courts et détaillés doivent être soumis en anglais. Les présentations et communications finales devront être en anglais. 

Veuillez lire l'annonce complète en anglais de ce séminaire.

8th African Population Conference (closed) - for info only

8th African Population Conference
Entebbe – Uganda, 18-22 November 2019 (closed)

"Harnessing Africa’s Population for Sustainable Development: 25 Years after Cairo and Beyond."

Deadline for submitting papers or abstracts: 30 June 2019 (closed)

Every four years, The Union for African Population Studies (UAPS) organizes a general conference on the African population. The aim of this conference is to share and disseminate research evidence on population and development issues and explore ways for applying the research evidence to improve policies and programs aimed at uplifting the well-being of people in Africa. The conference provides an opportunity for networking and knowledge sharing among researchers, policy makers, program managers, international development partners, and other key stakeholders in the population field. The conference includes various capacity building activities targeted at young scholars.

All submission must be made online on the 8th African Population Conference Website,

All authors are asked to submit both: a) a short (150 word) abstract; and b) either an extended abstract (2-4 pages, including tables) or a completed paper to be uploaded to the website following instructions available online. Authors may modify their submission online at any time until 30 June

Grandmother Workshop - 14 May 2019 (closed) - for info only

Grandmothers and public health: unlocking the potential of older women in improving child, adolescent and maternal health

Date: Tuesday 14th May 2019 (closed)
Time: 14.30-20.00
Venue: John Snow Lecture Theatre, LSHTM

An interdisciplinary workshop, supported by the British Society for Population Studies and LSHTM’s MARCH and Centre for Global Mental Health.

Research in demography and anthropology has demonstrated the importance of grandmothers in influencing child and maternal outcomes, such as improving child health and survival rates. Yet few public health initiatives have recognised the potential impact of recruiting grandmothers into their interventions to improve health. The aim of this workshop is to bring together researchers in demography, anthropology, public health and related disciplines to discuss the potential for incorporating grandmothers into public health initiatives to improve child, adolescent and maternal health.

The workshop is free and open to all; more information, including registration details available here:

Workshop: Who cares? Introducing evolutionary approaches to caregiving and mother-infant health (closed) - for info only

Different disciplines approach social support different, each emphasising different ‘key’ supporters or care providers. How we conceptualise support and who we define as necessary in bringing up infants as large implications for maternal and infant health as its shapes the research questions we ask and ultimate the policy suggestions or implementation which arises from this research.  

In evolutionary anthropology, the importance of wide and diverse social support networks for maternal and infant health is widely acknowledged. However, in public health and non-evolutionary social sciences ‘support’ is often poorly defined, with a strong nuclear family bias regarding caregiving. This workshop will bridge this disciplinary gap by facilitating dialogue and collaboration between evolutionary anthropologists and those with overlapping interests in other fields.

The workshop will consist of a series of research presentations, discussions and activities focusing on caregiving and mother-infant health. From our experience, the greatest challenges in interdisciplinary settings are theoretical misconceptions and language barriers. By opening the workshop with theoretical overviews and defining key terminologies, we will establish common ground and ensure meaningful discussions. At the end of the workshop we will bring these discussions together to reflect on how the different issues highlighted over the course of the day compliment each other (or not), and how these can be reconciled into a ‘practical guide’ of interdisciplinary work on maternal and child health.

Following the workshop there will be a wine reception and a public lecture titled "Beyond the nuclear family: an evolutionary perspective on childrearing" by Professor Rebecca Sear of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. This lecture will discuss how our species has evolved a cooperative form of childrearing, where women get help from others to raise their children, and the implications for support (or its lack) for childrearing on child and maternal health.

SHAPING UP: A stakeholder workshop to facilitate translation of research findings into HIV policy in three African countries

By Jenny Renju, Alison Wringe and Jim Todd

Shape blog PSG 2

The overall aim of the SHAPE-UTT (Strengthening Health Systems for the Application of Policy to Enable Universal Test and Treat) project is to assess policy implementation and health systems impacts of Option B+ and universal Test and Treat in Malawi, Tanzania and South Africa. We are currently two years into the three-year project, and have recently finished data collection which has included reviews of national HIV policies and World Health Organisation guidance, health facility surveys, HIV service costings and qualitative enquiries with patients and health workers in the three countries.

A growing body of evidence has highlighted the factors that facilitate or inhibit the uptake of research into policy, and has elicited the pathways through which capacity can be strengthened to apply health research evidence in policymaking. In recognition of these findings, we held a week-long participatory workshop in Kilimanjaro in Tanzania from January 13th-18th 2019 which was attended by national HIV policymakers, HIV practitioners, researchers from three research institutions in Tanzania (Ifakara Health Institute), South Africa (African Health Research Institute) and Malawi (Malawi Epidemiology and Intervention Research Unit), and academics from LSHTM and the University of KwaZulu Natal in South Africa. The five day workshop was broken down into a series of different sessions including: Oral presentations, poster presentations, active facilitated discussion time for brainstorming, analysis time, small group sessions, mentorship teams formation and meetings, writing time, review meetings, round table focus group discussions as well as time for rest and reflection.

shape blog psg 2

The workshop promoted stakeholder engagement at a critical stage of the research process, and enabled the participants to assimilate and reflect on emerging findings from preliminary analyses as well as to participate in i) the process of prioritizing identified HIV care and treatment policy gaps; ii) analysing the data and iii) mapping policy knowledge gaps with research findings. Mentorship teams were established to support the project team members in the production of a series of nine original research papers, ensuring that they incorporate the policymakers’ perspectives. These papers explore the various ways in which the three countries have adopted and implemented HIV policies and the implications for service delivery (e.g. innovative models of care and integrated HIV services), the health workforce and quality of care. A consensus was reached on the way forward for publication of the findings in a special issue. Steps were put in place to achieve this submission by July 2019.

Two round table policymaker – researcher discussions took place to explore the context in which HIV programmes are implemented and how this influences their impact. These discussions guided the interpretation of our findings and also led to an opinion paper. Our opinion piece aims to challenge thinking on how different actors influence policy formulation and implementation across three different settings and discusses some of the intended and unintended consequences of this process.

shape blog psg 3

Providing time and space for a meaningful engagement with policy makers and actors playing a broader role in the formulation and implementation of policy across different countries was invaluable. The richness of discussions was a direct result of an enabling environment which truly valued the inputs from all participants. By nature of their different roles, researchers and policy makers tend to look at things slightly differently, and so having multiple days (and also importantly evenings and “down time”) enabled relationships to be formed which will spread beyond the scope of this project. When planning such events, it is important that the differences in participants’ perspectives and the approaches that they are familiar with are considered. Long presentations session (while often used in research meetings) need to be enhanced with discussions capturing points visually e.g. on flip charts. Also we found the smaller round table discussion crucial in enabling all of the policy makers attending to voice their views and experiences. The open and relaxed nature of the discussions enabled participants to speak candidly. The joint production of publications (in the form of an opinion piece and a research article) promoted engagement and ownership over the process. The group was also small, enabling everyone to have time to get to know each other and receive valued inputs from all. 

shape blog psg 4

This workshop has been made possible with the support of many, and we are grateful for the time, energy and brain power of all our participants. We would like to acknowledge the financial support from the GCRF Global Impact Accelerator Account Grant for this workshop, the Medical Research Council HSRI3 funding for the overall project funding. In particular, we would like to thank our project partners and collaborators. We are also grateful for the support from THRIVE, ANDLA, ALPHA, LSHTM, and KCMCUCo and for the sponsorship from the Blue Zebra Art Studio and the logistical support from Amina Farah. A final acknowledgement and thanks goes to a colleague to all, a mentor, inspiration and a dear friend to many, for Basia Zaba; whose spirit was certainly felt throughout the week.

Interview with Rebecca Musgrove, MSc Demography & Health Alumna

Rebecca Musgrove, LSHTM Alumna from the MSc Demography & Health programme, talks to us about her academic and professional career in Public Health.… 

SHAPE-UTT workshop in Kilimanjaro (closed) - for info only

Between January 14th-18th (2019), SHAPE UTT will be hosting a workshop in Kilimanjaro.  The main aim of the workshop will be to provide us with the opportunity to bring together national policymakers and researchers to collaboratively review and analyse data produced during the first two years of the three-year SHAPE study in Tanzania, South Africa and Malawi, in a way that contributes to HIV policy advancement. The workshop is an opportunity to get hands on experience with reviewing and analysing the data generated by the SHAPE project with a view to addressing existing policy gaps. This workshop aims to facilitate the translation of our study findings into policy in each country and will provide participants with the opportunity to draw on lessons learned from the other settings

PSG members present their findings at the 2018 International Family Planning Conference in Rwanda (closed) - for info only

A  series of 4 presentations,  chaired by PSG’s Professor Cari Free, covered the benefits of mobile phones for reproductive health support.

PSG member Chris Smith (Associate Professor) described his trial in Cambodia which increased the self-reported use of long acting contraception at 12 months post abortion.  PSG Research Degree student Kate Reiss, together with Kathryn Church from Marie Stopes International, went on to describe the potential risks of partner abuse in women seeking reproductive health support.

Ona McCarthy, PSG Research Fellow and Research Degree student, presented the results of three randomised controlled trials. The trials evaluated the effect of a contraceptive behavioural intervention delivered by mobile phone on acceptability and use of effective contraception among young people in Tajikistan, Palestine and Bolivia.

Trinity Zan from FH360 described how WHISPER, an SMS intervention, was designed with sex workers based in Kenya to meet their needs including support for partners and client abuse.

Sarah Baum from IBIS Reproductive Health talked about how mobile applications can be private by design, using the example of their app which provides abortion and post-abortion support in 5 contexts.

More details of this year’s International Conference on Family Planning, which was held from 12th-15th November 2018, can be found here.

Upcoming presentations at Population Association of America's (PAA) 2019 Annual Meeting (closed)

Health & Mortality 1: Thursday 11th April 4:30 PM - 6:00 PM Griffin Hill (closed)

Forecasting the Prevalence of Overweight/Obesity in India to 2040 Using a Dynamic Markov Model

Shammi Luhar*; Rebecca Jones, Emory University; Solveig Cunningham, Emory University; Shivani Patel, Emory University; Sanjay Kinra, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); Rein Houben, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)


Reproductive Behavior and Sexual Health of Middle and Older Adults: Friday 1:00 PM - 2:30 PM Meeting Room 308
Assessing the Feasibility of a Life History Calendar to Measure HIV Risk and Health in Older South Africans

Enid Schatz*, University of Missouri, Columbia; Lucia C. Knight, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); Sanyu Mojola, Princeton University


Marriage, Family, Households & Unions; Gender, Race, & Ethnicity: Friday 2:30 PM - 4:00 PM Griffin Hall

Understanding the Effect of Caregiving to Children and Adults on Older Adults’ Perceived Quality of Life in Uganda

Margaret Ralston*, Mississippi State University; Joseph Mugisha, University of Missouri; Janet Seeley, MRC/UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS and London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); David Singleton, Mississippi State University


Gender and Families: Saturday 9:15 AM - 10:45 AM Meeting Room 204

Do Parents Favour Sons? A Study of Sex-Biased Parental Care in North-Western Tanzania

Anushe Hassan*, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); Susan Schaffnit, University of California, Santa Barbara; Rebecca Sear, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); Mark Urassa, National Institute for Medical Research, Mwanza; David Lawson, University of California, Santa Barbara


Saturday 11:00 AM - 12:30 PM Griffin Hall

Measuring Socioeconomic Differentials in Adolescent and Adult Mortality From Sibling Survival Data: A Test in Northern Malawi

Albert Dube*, Malawi Epidemiology and Intervention Research Unit; Sarah Brumfield, Johns Hopkins University; Georges Reniers, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); Steffen Geis, Independent Researcher; Mia Crampin, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); Stephane Helleringer, Johns Hopkins University

Disparities in Under-Five Mortality Estimates From Demographic Demographic Surveillance and Retrospective Birth Histories

Hallie Eilerts*, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); Georges Reniers, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)

The Performance of Verbal Autopsy Tools for Capturing HIV/ AIDS-Related Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa

Shammi Luhar*; Anushe Hassan, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); Clara Calvert, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); Mia Crampin, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); Abraham Herbst, Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies; Mark Urassa, National Institute for Medical Research, Mwanza; Emma Slaymaker, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); Samuel J. Clark, The Ohio State University; Georges Reniers, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)


Families and Health: Saturday 11:15 AM - 12:45 PM Lone Star A

Trends in Kin Networks and Self-rated Health of India’s Older Population, 1995–1996 to 2014

Judith Lieber*; Lynda Clarke, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); Sanjay Kinra, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)


Determinants of Adolescent Health: Saturday 1:00 PM - 2:30 PM Meeting Room 303

Timing and Determinants of Age at Menarche in Lower Middle-Income Countries

Tiziana Leone*, London School of Economics; Laura Brown, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)

UAPS - 8th African Population Conference (closed) - for info only

The Union for African Population Studies (UAPS) is proud to organize the 8th African Population Conference (APC), to be held on November 18-22, 2019 in Kampala, Uganda. Under the theme “Harnessing Africa’s Population Dynamics for Sustainable Development: 25 Years After Cairo And Beyond”, the conference will bring together researchers, policy makers, programme implementers, civil society, donors and sectoral influencers to discuss issues relevant to African population, including (but not limited to) national, regional and continental investments to address rapid urbanization, population growth, sexual and reproductive health, technology, youth, the demographic dividend and capacity building. A goal of the conference is to assess how Africa, 25 years after the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo, can harness its unique population dynamics for sustainable development, using rigorous evidence to establish roadmaps to respond to these critical development challenges.



May 1 2019:Online submission of papers or abstracts starts
May 15 2019:Deadline for signing up for member-initiated meetings
June 30 2019:Deadline for submitting papers or abstracts
June 30 2019:Deadline for signing up for exhibit space
July 15 2019:Authors are notified of papers accepted in regular sessions.
July 15 2019:Members are notified of accepted member-initiated meetings
July 31 2019:Information is sent to authors of posters and additional sessions
August 31 2019:Revision of final abstracts to be published in the Conference Programme
September 30 2019:Submission of final papers for discussants, session chairs and conference website
November 18 2019:Conference Opening
Stata short course is open for applications (closed) - for info only

LSHTM’s annual Stata short course (Advanced Stata: Programming and other techniques to make your life easier) is now open for applications.

Course dates: 4 - 8 November 2019

As well as being a powerful tool for statistical analysis, Stata offers a variety of commands for manipulating your data and for formatting, arranging and exporting your results.

This intensive short course is aimed at researchers and other professionals, from any discipline, who regularly use Stata for analysis but want to learn how to work more efficiently. It would be particularly suited to those who are about to embark on large analyses and who would like a quick guide on how to automate the repetitive parts of the process.

More information about the course as well as enrollment instructions can be found here:

Postdoc opportunity with the ALPHA Network (closed) - for info only

Research Fellow in Demography & Health
Department of Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Closing Date:  Wednesday 09 January 2019 (closed)
Interview Date: To be confirmed
Reference: EPH-DPH-2018-13

An exciting opportunity is available for an ambitious demographer, statistician, or epidemiologist with the Network for Analysing Longitudinal Population-based HIV data on Africa (ALPHA Network). The ALPHA network brings together ten collaborating African research institutes that conduct population-based HIV surveillance in eastern and southern Africa and is coordinated by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM). Among others, the ALPHA Network harmonizes diverse data sets into a common format so as to conduct comparative studies and meta-analyses on pooled data sets.

The Research Fellow in Demography & Health will join a team of analysts in London to work on a 3-year research project, funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to estimate HIV incidence and mortality, and in the comparison of population-based estimates with those emanating from routinely collected data in health facilities.

The successful applicant must have a PhD in the relevant subject, including demography, medical statistics, epidemiology, or reproductive health (or equivalent working experience in these fields); expertise in the analysis of large and complex (longitudinal) datasets; proven ability to use statistical analysis software (preferably Stata or R); and strong quantitative skills, preferably in the area of demographic estimation. Further particulars are included in the job description.

This full-time position is available as soon as possible for the duration of one year, with the possibility of further extension.  It will be based in London in the Faculty of EPH and in the Department of Population Health, at Keppel Street, Bloomsbury. The salary will be on the Academic pathways Grade 6 scale in the range £39,304 – £44,634 per annum (inclusive of London Weighting). The post will be subject to the LSHTM terms and conditions of service.  Annual leave entitlement is 30 working days per year, pro rata for part time staff. In addition to this there are discretionary “Director’s Days”. Membership of the Pension Scheme is available.

Applications should be made on-line via our website The reference for this post is EPH-DPH-2018-13. Applications should include the names and email contacts of two referees who can be contacted immediately if shortlisted. Any queries regarding the application process may be addressed to Inquiries about the position can be directed to Georges Reniers (  or Emma Slaymaker (