ICED has worked with partners across the globe, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, to conduct disability research related to COVID-19. This research has spanned systematic reviews, policy analysis and qualitative study. Below are research items from our work across the world.
- Community Ear & Hearing Health Journal: Ear and hearing care in the midst of a pandemic
The latest issue of the Community Ear & Hearing Health journal was themed on ear and hearing care during the pandemic. Articles include ways to promote inclusion in COVID measures and the remote provision of ear and hearing care.
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- How can the health of people with disabilities in humanitarian camps be supported during the COVID-19 pandemic?
Drawing on 13 articles, this evidence brief provides recommendations on how to support people with disabilities in humanitarian camps during the pandemic.
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- What do we know about how to support mental health and wellbeing during the COVID-19 pandemic from past infectious disease epidemics?
This evidence brief summarises the findings of six systematic reviews on mental health support during Covid-19 and other recent pandemics, informing policy and practice.
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- Are older people with disabilities neglected in the COVID-19 pandemic?
ICED's co-Directors discuss a study from Steptoe and Di Gessa and its findings that older people with disabilities are greatly affected by the COVID-19 pandemic.
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- Online community engagement in response to COVID‐19 pandemic
Through various real-world examples, this article describes the adaptation of community-based participatory interventions to run online in response to COVID-19, and the lessons that can be learnt from them.
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- The challenge of including people with disabilities in the strategy to address the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil
In this article, Veronika Reichenberger considers the context of Brazil and the challenges people with disabilities face in the measures taken to control the pandemic.
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- Prevalence of depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder in health care workers during the COVID-19 pandemic: a systematic review and meta-analysis
This systematic review and meta-analysis pools prevalence estimates for depression, anxiety and PTSD among healthcare workers during the pandemic, benefitting from the inclusion of studies published in Chinese. Across 65 studies involving 97,333 healthcare workers, the pooled prevalence of depression was 21.7%, of anxiety 22.1% and of PTSD 21.5%.
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- Are the rights of people with disabilities included in international guidance on WASH during the COVID-19 pandemic? Content anaylsis using EquiFrame
The EquiFrame content analysis tool was used to analyse the inclusion of 21 core concepts of rights for people with disabilities in international guidance on WASH during COVID-19.
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- Disability among Older People: Analysis of Data from Disability Surveys in Six Low- and Middle-Income Countries
This analysis of surveys from six low- and middle-income countries demonstrated that disability is common among older people, and older people with disabilities may have greater difficulties participating in COVID-19 responses and have high economic vulnerabilities.
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- Assistive Technology Use and Provision During COVID-19: Results From a Rapid Global Survey
This rapid global study explored how AT use and provision have been affected during the initial stages of the COVID-19 pandemic, and how AT policies and systems may be made more resilient based on lessons learned during this global crisis. Four primary themes were identified in in the data: Disruption of Services, Insufficient Emergency Preparedness, Limitations in Existing Technology, and Inadequate Policies and Systems.
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- Health Risks and Consequences of a COVID-19 Infection for People with Disabilities: Scoping Review and Descriptive Thematic Analysis
This study aims to synthesise the literature on disproportionate health risks and consequences of COVID-19 among people with disabilities. 58 studies were included, with analysis showing: (1) People with disabilities living in residential or long-term care facilities were more likely to have greater infection rates; (2) Intersecting mediators of greater infection risks were multiple (e.g., lack of accessible information); (3) People with disabilities often face greater health problems when infected; and (4) Unethical disadvantages in the rationing of lifesaving and critical care can be experienced by people with disabilities.
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- Lockdown-Related Disparities Experienced by People with Disabilities during the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Scoping Review with Thematic Analysis
This review synthesised the literature on broader health and social impacts on people with disabilities arising from lockdown-related measures. 85 studies were included, with analysis showing: (1) Disrupted access to healthcare (other than for COVID-19); (2) Reduced physical activity lead to health and functional decline; (3) Psychological consequences of disrupted routines, activities, and support; (4) Disruption of personal assistance and community support networks; (5) Children with disabilities were disproportionally affected by school closures; and other key themes.
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- PREparedness, REsponse and SySTemic transformation (PRE-RE-SyST): a model for disability-inclusive pandemic responses and systemic disparities reduction derived from a scoping review and thematic analysis
This paper aims to present the PREparedness, RESponse and SySTemic transformation (PRE-RE-SyST): a model for a disability-inclusive pandemic responses and systematic disparities reduction. The model was derived from a scoping review and thematic analysis of the literature on the disparities (i.e., disproportional impacts) experienced by PwD during the initial stages of the COVID-19 pandemic, most notably a review of the actions or recommended action to address these disparities.
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