Close
Explore more Centres, Projects and Groups
Welcome
Welcome Banner
LINEA: Learning Initiative on Norms, Exploitation and Abuse

LINEA

Learning Initiative on Norms, Exploitation and Abuse. Exploring the potential of communities and social norms to prevent violence against and exploitation of children and adolescents.

Bottom Content
About the project

LINEA is an international, multi-pronged project testing how social norm theory can be used to reduce the sexual exploitation of children and adolescents (SECA) in regions across the world.

Join the LINEA Network here to get the latest news about LINEA's research and upcoming webinars, as well as updates from LINEA Network members working on social norms and preventing sexual exploitation of children and adolescents. 

Who we are

Click here to find out who works on the LINEA project.

Publications

With the second phase of LINEA now in full swing, expect to see more resources and publications posted here soon.

Webinars

Since 2015, LINEA has hosted more than 20 webinars, featuring the most cutting edge research and practice on preventing sexual exploitation of children and adolescents using a social norms approach. You can see all the previous LINEA Webinar recordings on our YouTube Channel.

We also jointly hosted a webinar series with the Care and Protection of Children (CPC) Learning Network at Columbia University, and the recordings are available here

About
About LINEA
About LINEA
Paragraph

The Learning Initiative on Norms, Exploitation and Abuse (LINEA) is an international and multi-pronged project exploring how social norm theory can be used to prevent the sexual abuse and exploitation of children and adolescents globally. Centring adolescent girls, LINEA aims to provide an alternative to research and programmes, which have traditionally focussed on providing girls with skills and information. Instead, LINEA aims to better understand and address the interdependence of human behaviour and the structural realities that shape the individual experience of adolescent girls. LINEA was established in 2014 and is nested within Gender Violence and Health Centre (GHVC) at LSHTM.

There are three key streams of LINEA’s work which are as follows:

Contributing to conceptual clarity and theory

LINEA is working towards gaining deeper conceptual clarity around the issues of sexual exploitation and abuse of young people. This includes two desk reviews, the first of which reviews how child sexual exploitation has been defined and conceptualised over time by researchers, practitioners and international bodies. The second considers existing evidence about how social norms and other structural factors may contribute to the sexual exploitation of children. LINEA is also collaborating with partners to develop and refine a conceptual model of child sexual exploitation and its drivers.

Producing evidence for using social norm theory to prevent sexual exploitation of children and adolescents

LINEA has conducted research with adolescent and adult community members in Tanzania and Uganda to examine the norms, expectations and contexts that shape and perpetuate the practice of transactional sex. Through individual interviews and focus group discussions, we are seeking to better understand how transactional sex is understood and conceptualised, and when and if transactional sex is considered “exploitative.”

This research is being used to inform the development of an exciting new multi-component social norms focussed intervention. Using a curriculum and media based approach; the intervention aims to prevent sexual exploitation of children in Tanzania due to transactional sex between older men and adolescent girls.

LINEA has also been conducting research in partnership with Promundo, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Again, the aim is to uncover the norms both fostering and preventing transactional sex relationships in three of Rio’s favela communities. This research is the first of its kind in Brazil, not only due to the subject matter, but also in that it will generate a new scale on Sexual Exploitation Norms (SEN) to measure social norms associated with sexual exploitation of children and adolescents.

Creating a community of practice: The LINEA Network

LINEA hosts a network of partners in research, programming, policy, advocacy and funding who are using a social norms approach to prevent sexual exploitation and abuse of young people. It is a vibrant and open forum for groups and individuals engaging with, or interested in learning about, norms and structural factors driving vulnerability. The LINEA Network hosts regular webinars, providing a platform for the most cutting edge research and initiatives. The Network also organises biennial meetings where selected participants can share their insights and share them within the community of practice.

Join the LINEA Network here to get the latest news about LINEA's research and upcoming webinars, as well as updates from LINEA Network members working on social norms and preventing sexual exploitation of children and adolescents.

To watch previous LINEA webinars visit the LINEA YouTube Channel. Find other resources from the LINEA Network on our resource page.

You can find more information about LINEA in this introductory webinar:

Who we are
Who we are
Who we are
Paragraph

Current Members

Buller
Dr Ana Maria Buller

ASSISTANT PROFESSOR / PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR (LSHTM)

Ana Maria is LINEA Principal Investigator and project lead. She is also the Deputy Director of the Gender Violence and Health Centre.

 

LHM
Lottie Howard-Merrill

RESEARCH FELLOW

Lottie supports the field-testing and development of the LINEA Intervention and leads communications for the LINEA Network. Get in touch to learn more!

 

Marjorie
Marjorie Pichon

RESEARCH ASSISTANT

Marjorie supports various components of LINEA including formative research and dissemination.

 

Former Members

Dr Nambusi Kyegmobe

ASSISTANT PROFESSOR / PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR IN UGANDA (LSHTM)

Nambusi was the Principal Investigator for LINEA’s formative research on transactional sex in Uganda. She is a member of the Gender Violence and Health Centre at LSHTM.

Dr Joyce Wamoyi

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR IN TANZANIA (NIMR, TANZANIA)

Joyce was the Principal Investigator for the formative research on transactional sex in Tanzania. She works at the National Institute for Medical Research in Mwanza, Tanzania.

 

Publications
Publications LINEA
‘I trap her with a CD, then tomorrow find her with a big old man who bought her a smart phone’. Constructions of masculinities and transactional sex: a qualitative study from North-Western Tanzania
Lottie Howard-Merrill, Joyce Wamoyi, Daniel Nyato, Nambusi Kyegombe, Lori Heise, Ana Maria Buller
2020
Journal Culture, Health & Sexuality
Systematic review of social norms, attitudes, and factual beliefs linked to the sexual exploitation of children and adolescents
Ana Maria Buller, Marjorie Pichon, Alys McAlpine, Beniamino Cislaghi, Lori Heise, Rebecca Meiksin
2020
Child Abuse & Neglect
Community perspectives on the extent to which transactional sex is viewed as sexual exploitation in Central Uganda
Nambusi Kyegombe, Rebecca Meiksin, Sylvia Namakula, Jessica Mulindwa, Richard Muhumuza, Joyce Wamoyi, Lori Heise, Ana Maria Buller
2020
BMC International Health and Human Rights
Sexual health of adolescent girls and young women in Central Uganda: exploring perceived coercive aspects of transactional sex
Nambusi Kyegombe, Rebecca Meiksin, Joyce Wamoyi, Lori Heise, Kirsten Stoebenau, Ana Maria Buller
2020
Sexual and reproductive health matters, DOI: 10.1080/26410397.2019.1700770
Community perceptions of transactional sex with children and adolescent girls, a qualitative study in favelas of Rio de Janeiro
Caroline Ferraz Ignacio, Danielle Araújo, Edmund Ruge, Linda Cerdeira, Liz Cosmelli, Victoria Page, Beniamino Cislaghi, Giovanna Lauro, Ana Maria Buller
2019
Global Public Health, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17441692.2019.1685559
Is transactional sex exploitative? A social norms perspective, with implications for interventions with adolescent girls and young women in Tanzania
Joyce Wamoyi, Lori Heise, Rebecca Meiksin, Nambusi Kyegombe, Daniel Nyato, Ana Maria Buller
2019
PloS one, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0214366
“Eat and you will be eaten”: a qualitative study exploring costs and benefits of age-disparate sexual relationships in Tanzania and Uganda: implications for girls’ sexual and reproductive health interventions
Joyce Wamoyi, Ana Maria Buller, Daniel Nyato, Nambusi Kyegombe, Rebecca Meiksin and Lori Heise
2018
Reproductive Health, DOI: 10.1186/s12978-018-0650-0
Aligning human rights and social norms for adolescent sexual and reproductive health and rights
Dr Ana Maria Buller and Marie-Celine Schulte
2018
Reproductive Health Matters, DOI: 10.1080/09688080.2018.1542914
Second LINEA Meeting Report: From Research to Social Change: Exploring Possibilities for Preventing Sexual Exploitation of Children Using a Social Norms Perspective
This report details the key presentations from the meeting, and subsequent discussion. Follow links in the documents to view the presentations.
2017
Report – Inaugural Meeting: Learning Initiative on Norms, Exploitation and Abuse
The report details the key presentations, and subsequent discussion from LINEA’s Inaugural Meeting, held in Cumberland Lodge, Windsor, UK, 30 March-1 April 2015. Follow links in the documents to view the presentations and videos.
2015
Briefs
Page content
content
Paragraph
1st LINEA Meeting (2015)
1st LINEA Meeting (2015) 2 columns
Inaugural LINEA Meeting (2015)
Paragraph

The agenda below links to presentations and video from LINEA’s Inaugural Meeting, held in Cumberland Lodge, Windsor, UK, 30 March-1 April 2015.

The Learning Initiative on Norms, Exploitation and Abuse (LINEA) is led from the Gender Violence and Health Centre (GVHC) at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM). To join the network, register here. To watch LINEA webinars, visit the LINEA Channel.

Read the full LINEA Meeting report here.

Here’s the full agenda from the meeting, with links to slides and selected videos.

Monday, 30 March 2015

Welcome, Goals of the Meeting & Introductions
Lori Heise, LSHTM

Overview of the LINEA Project and Network
Ana Maria Buller, LSHTM

State of the Evidence on Preventing and Responding to Sexual Exploitation of Children
Lorraine Radford, University of Central Lancashire 

The state of evidence on preventing and responding to the sexual exploitation of children

Click to watch Lorraine Radford’s presentation 

Case Studies of Research on Sexual Exploitation of Children

Growing Up on the Streets: Girls’ Experiences of Sexual Exploitation
Lorraine van Blerk, University of Dundee

Growing up on the Streets

Click to watch Lorraine van Blerk’s presentation 

Learning about Children in Urban Slums: Findings from a Rapid Ethnographic Study of Two Urban Slums in Mombasa
Kathleen Kostelny, The Columbia Group for Children in Adversity

‘On the Right Track’: Intervention with Truck Drivers in Brazil
Anna Flora Werneck, World Childhood Foundation 

On the Right Track Program

Click to watch Anna Flora Werneck’s presentation 

Lightening Talks: Thoughts on Prevention

‘We Protect Children’ – Programme for Child Abuse Prevention and Certification of the Institutions Complying with the Standards for Child Protection
Katarzyna Makurak, Nobody’s Children Foundation

Thoughts on Sexual Violence Prevention from the ‘Our Voices’ Youth Advisors
Claire Cody, University of Bedfordshire

Involvement of Young People at Risk in Prevention of Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children
Maia Rusakova, Stellit

The C.H.I.L.D. Protection Hub for South East Europe – a Creative Hub for Interactive Learning and Development
Sendrine Constant, Terre des Hommes

Tuesday, 31 March 2015

Social Norm Theory and Social Change

Overview of norm theory
Lori Heise, LSHTM 

Overview of norm theory

Click to watch Lori Heise’s presentation

Discriminatory Social Norms and Institutions, Adolescent Girls and Gender Justice
Caroline Harper, ODI 

Capture

Click to watch Caroline Harper’s presentation

Applied Examples and Deducing Norms from Qualitative Data
Ben Cislaghi, Tostan

Small Group Work: Applying norms to sexual exploitation examples

Transactional Sex: Boundaries between Agency and Exploitation

Understanding and Conceptualising Transactional Sex in sub-Saharan Africa
Kirsten Stoebenau, International Centre for Research on Women

Emerging Findings from Tanzania Study on Social Norms and Transactional Sex
Joyce Wamoyi, National Medical Research Institute of Tanzania

Cross-generational and Transactional Sexual Relations in Uganda: Income poverty as a Risk Factor for Adolescents
Grace Bantebya, Makerere University 

Cross-generational and transactional sexual relations in Uganda: Income poverty as a risk factor for adolescents

Click to watch Grace Bantebya’s presentation 

Participatory Exercise: Considering scenarios

Panel:  Defining Exploitation    

Defining Sexual Exploitation: The Need for Common Language
Clara Sommarin, UNICEF

Competing Paradigms on the Sexual Exploitation of Children, and a Draft Conceptual Model
Rebecca Meiksin and Ana Maria Buller, LSHTM

Complexities of working with older adolescents
Joanna Busza, LSHTM 

Small Group Discussions: Discussions of paradigms, conceptual boundaries, and choosing words fit for purpose. Do we need consensus definitions?

Overview of protocols for Wednesday’s discussions

  • Social Norms and Child Sexual Exploitation by Men: Protocol for piloting an exploratory field study Patti Petesch, Independent Researcher
  • Social Norms and Sexual Exploitation in Brazil: Draft of a study in four communities in Rio Vanessa Fonseca and Giovanna Lauro, Promundo

Wednesday, 1 April 2015

Competing Notions of Childhood
Afua Twum-Danso Imoh, Department of Sociological Studies, University of Sheffield

Panel: Child Domestic Labour and Sexual Exploitation

Introduction to Vulnerabilities of Child Domestic Workers; Resilience in Child Domestic Workers Facing Sexual Exploitation
Helen Veitch, Children Unite and Oak Foundation

Child Domestic Labour and Sexual Exploitation in Ethiopia: The Role of Brokers
Hanan Nourhussein, Population Council – Ethiopia

Observations from the Field: Young Female Domestic Workers’ Health and Wellbeing in Delhi
Jenny Svensson, PhD candidate at LSHTM

Small Group Discussions: To workshop individual research studies

Parallel Sessions on Methods

  1. Exploring Methods to Measure/Track Social Norms

Session leaders: How V4C is measuring social norms Julian Barr and Emeka Nwankwo, Voices for ChangeSocial norms and community-based care programming in humanitarian settings: Sexual violence against women and girls affected by conflict Nancy Glass, Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing 

  1. Ethics in Research with Children

Session leaders: Safeguarding children in research Mark Capaldi, ECPAT InternationalEthics in research with children Nambusi Kyegombe, LSHTM

  1. Participatory Methods for Data Collection

Session leaders: Lorraine van Blerk (University of Dundee) and Helen Veitch (Children Unite, and Oak Foundation)

Small Group Discussions: Participants divide into 3 groups to develop recommendations on the following topics:

  1. Important next steps for researching sexual exploitation
  2. What do we need/want from the LINEA Network?
  3. Topics for skills development, methodological research, and/or webinars
2nd LINEA Meeting (2017)
Second LINEA Meeting 2 columns
Second LINEA Meeting
Paragraph

Welcome to the resource page for LINEA’s second biennial meeting entitled: ‘From Research to Social Change: Exploring Possibilities for Preventing Sexual Exploitation of Children Using a Social Norms Perspective’. The meeting was held on the 16th – 18thOctober, 2017 in Windsor, UK.

To read the meeting report, please click here. See below for the meeting agenda with links to presentations where available.

Day 1 – Monday 16th October

Update on LINEA: What has changed since the last meeting?

 

Welcome, goals of the meeting & introductions

(Ana Maria Buller, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine)

Insights from development of a social norms framework

(Ben Cislaghi, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine)

A systematic literature review on social norms and preventing sexual exploitation of children

(Marie-Celine Schulte, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine)

 

Update on LINEA: Findings from LINEA research

 

Social norms and motivations driving intergenerational transactional sex in Tanzania (Joyce Wamoyi, National Institute for Medical Research, Tanzania)

Tanzania Formative Research_LINEA Team, Social Norms Meta-Analysis
(Lottie Howard-Merrill, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine)

Social norms and sexual exploitation of children and adolescents in Brazil, preliminary findings from a qualitative study
(Victoria Page, Promundo, Brazil)

Panel and Q&AChild centred research, prevention and response to sexual exploitation of children and adolescents

 

Centring children in research to understand sexual exploitation
(Helen Veitch, University of Bedfordshire)

Multi-country evidence review of policies and programs to prevent and respond to online sexual exploitation of children
(Clara Sommarin, UNICEF) 

The C.H.I.L.D. Protection Hub for South East Europe- a Creative Hub for Interactive Learning and Development
(Judit Németh-Almasi, Terre des Hommes)

Day 2 – Tuesday 17th October

Presentation and Q&A: Operationalising measurement of  social norm change 1

 

The Samata Intervention to reduce child marriage and school drop-out among adolescent girls in south India: Analysis of social norms data
(Tara Beattie, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine)

Measuring Social Norms Underpinning Intimate Partner Violence in Nepal
(Cari Clark, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University)

Presentation and Q&A: Operationalising measurement of  social norm change 2

 

COMPASS, Preventing Violence Against Conflict-Affected Girls_Measuring norms in Randomized Control Trials in DRC and Ethiopia
(Lindsay Stark, Child Protection in Crisis Learning Network, Columbia University)

Violence in adolescent’s lives_reflections on measuring norms and practices and intervening with boys to prevent violence
(KG Santhya, The Population Council)

Presentation and Q&A:Learning about and addressing social norms as they relate to gender power dynamics
(Amy Pennington, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation) 
Panel and Q&A: Process insights from applying social norms theory in intervention design

 

Highlights from CARE
(Leigh Stefanik, CARE USA)

Strengthening the Enabling Environment for Young Women’s Empowerment in Nigeria: Results and Learning from Voices for Change
(Claire Hughes, Caroline Enye, Elaine Denny (remotely), Itad)

How radio and outreach can change couples’ communication in Nepal
(Gemma Ferguson, Equal Access)

Day 3 – Wednesday 18th October 

Panel and Q&A: Adolescent girls development: putting evidence into practice

 

Insights from the implementation of DREAMS in Tanzania
(Anike Akridge, DREAMS, USAID)

Theories of agency and empowerment and the construction of ‘girlhood’ through development narratives
(Kate Pincock, Refugee Studies Centre, Oxford University)

Amani Girls Home adaptations of SASA! And Power to Girls in Mwanza, Tanzania
(Sono Revocatus, Amani Girls Home)

The Learning Initiative on Norms, Exploitation and Abuse (LINEA) is led from the Gender Violence and Health Centre (GVHC) at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM). To join the network, register here. To watch LINEA webinars, visit the LINEA Channel.

3rd LINEA Meeting (2020)
Third LINEA Meeting
Third LINEA Meeting (2020)
Paragraph

Welcome to the resource page for the Third LINEA biennial meeting entitled: ‘Preventing the Sexual Exploitation of Young People Using Social Norms: Consolidating Practice and Knowledge, Looking Towards the Future’. The meeting was held virtually on the 12th – 14th October, 2020.

The LINEA meeting is an an opportunity to share practice and knowledge related to social norms and the sexual exploitation of children and adolescents, and to network and identify opportunities for collaboration. LINEA meeting participants are made up of experts and new contributors to the field, including academics, practitioners and funders.

Materials from the Third LINEA biennial meeting are available below:

A report of the meeting will be posted here soon.

See below for links to the presentations and videos of panels where available.

Day 1 - Monday, 12th October

Welcome, opening remarks and ice breaker

(Ana Maria Buller, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine)

Panel 1: Consolidating practice and knowledge, looking towards the future

Moderator: Cari Jo Clark, Emory University

Consolidating practice and knowledge: Gender norms, history and change

(Caroline Harper, Overseas Development Institute)

Social norms, health lifestyles, technology use, and COVID-19

(Stefanie Mollborn, University of Colorado Boulder)

Out of the Shadows: Benchmarking country responses to child sexual abuse and exploitation – Identifying gaps and the road forward

(Katherine Stewart, The Economist Intelligence Unit)

Changing social norms to prevent violence against women and girls: What works and where do we go from here?

(Emily Esplen, Department for International Development)

 

LINEA Intervention design and feasibility testing

Overview of the development of the LINEA multi-component intervention to prevent age-disparate transactional sex in  Tanzania

(Ana Maria Buller, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine)

 

 

 

Developing the LINEA Curricula and Their Unique Features

(Lori Rolleri, Lori Rolleri Consulting & Piotr Pawlak, Independent Consultant)

LINEA Iterative Radio Drama Development

(John Riber, Media for Development International & Lottie Howard-Merrill, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine)

LINEA and Amani Girls Home: Co-creation

(Ana Maria Buller, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine & Revocatus Sono, Amani Girls Home & Veronicah Gimunta, Amani Girls Home)

Day 2 - Tuesday, 13th October

Panel 2: Innovative uses of mass media for social norms change

Moderator: Lottie Howard-Merrill, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

Co-producing a podcast to change norms around IPV with Somali refugees in Ethiopia

(Vandana Sharma, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health)

Evaluating DREAMS’s MTV Shuga through screening episodes in the community

(Natsayi Chimbindi, Africa Health Research Institute & Thembelihle Zuma, Africa Health Research Institute)

Tech4Families: Findings from family based listening groups for a radio drama changing norms around women’s use of technology in Nigeria

(Gemma Ferguson, Equal Access)

Translating reflective, transformative trainings for couples on gender norms into community radio programming, and plans for evaluation

(Novatus Urassa, UZIKWASA)

 

Panel 3: Developing quantitative tools to measure social norms

Moderator: Bryan Shaw, Georgetown University

Cognitive interviews with adolescents in England to develop survey items measuring social norms relating to sexual behaviour, dating and relationship violence and gender

(Rebecca Meiksin, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine)

Measuring social norms and attitudes about age-disparate transactional sex

(Nancy Perrin, Johns Hopkins University)

Development and Measurement Properties of the Intimate Partner Violence Help-Seeking Norms Scale

(Cari Jo Clark, Emory University)

Quantitative proxies for social norms: Interrogating clustering, reference groups, and validity

(Ilana Seff, Columbia University)

 

Panel 4: Peer influence and women and girls' sexual and reproductive health decision making

Moderator: Ana Maria Buller, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

Peer acceptance, belonging and self-actualisation among young women – a participatory qualitative enquiry

(Meghna Ranganathan, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine)

Adolescent girls' aspirations and sexual decision-making in Tanzania

(Joyce Wamoyi, National Institute for Medical Research)

Social network analysis, contraceptive choices, and social influence among nomadic women in Kenya

(Leah Kenny, London School of Economics and Political Science)

Social normative and social network factors associated with adolescent birth: a cross-sectional study of 176 villages in rural Honduras

(Holly Shakya, UC San Diego

 

Panel 5: Social norms measurement for practice and policy

Moderator: Gemma Ferguson, Equal Access

Learning from a review of practices in measuring social and gender norms change for Plan International

(Claire Hughes, Freelance consultant)

Social norms measurement: Learning collaborative landscaping activity & social norms measurement resource guide

(Bryan Shaw, Georgetown University)

Connecting girls’ agency and social norms’ change: Implications for Practice

(Sadhvi Kalra, CARE USA)

 

Day 3 - Wednesday, 14th October

Pecha Kucha presentations: Remote data collection methods during the COVID-19 pandemic

A real-time analysis of online viewer engagement with a COVID-19 TV Drama

(Venetia Baker, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine)

Measuring the impact of COVID-19 on social norms and child, early and forced marriage: Lessons learned for an RCT evaluation of the Tipping Point Initiative

(Sadhvi Kalra, CARE USA)

Remote data collection for GBV and other gendered dynamics of Covid-19 among youth in Nairobi, Kenya: Methods, ethics, and preliminary results

(Michele Decker, Johns Hopkins University)

Real time monitoring of COVID-19 impacts among adolescents and young people, their families, and communities in the Southern Highlands regions in Tanzania

(Tia Palermo, University at Buffalo & Lusajo Kajula, UNICEF)

Exploring the links and impact of COVID-19 and lockdown to gender-based violence, mental health and livelihoods amongst selected population groups in South Africa

(Pinky Mahlangu, South African Medical Research Council)

Life in lockdown: the new reality for Kenyan youth, in their own words, images and sounds

(Sarah Mulwa, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine)

 

Panel 6: Successes and challenges of interventions that tackle social norms and/or transactional sex

Moderator: Lori Heise, Johns Hopkins University

Prevention of intimate partner violence and diffusion of gender norms change at the community level in Nepal

(Cari Jo Clark, Emory University & Gemma Ferguson, Equal Access)

Understanding the impact of PEPFAR’s DREAMS partnership on transactional sex

(Isolde Birdthistle, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine)

Ujana Salama: A cash plus model for safe transitions to a healthy and productive adulthood: Findings on transactional sex

(Tia Palermo, University at Buffalo & Lusajo Kajula, UNICEF)

Learning from the Stepping Stones and Creating Futures Evaluation: Exploring the impact on intimate partner violence and transactional sex

(Andrew Gibbs, South African Medical Research Council)

 

Panel 7: Social norms and masculinities

Moderator: Ana Maria Buller,  London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

Developing experimental vignettes to identify gender norms associated with transactional sex for adolescent girls and young women in Central Uganda

(Kirsten Stoebenau, University of Maryland)

Constructions of masculinities and transactional sex: a qualitative study from North-Western Tanzania

(Lottie Howard-Merrill, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine)

Changing masculinities: insights on sexual harassment from an evidence review

(Rachel Marcus, Overseas Development Institute)

Mixed methods formative research to develop a social norms scale in the context of transactional sex in favelas in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

(Caroline Ignacio, Instituto Promundo)

 

The Learning Initiative on Norms, Exploitation and Abuse (LINEA) is led from the Gender Violence and Health Centre (GVHC) at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM).

To join the network, register here.

To watch LINEA webinars, visit the LINEA YouTube Channel.