In our debates about Decolonising Global Health and Black Lives Matter, students and staff have regularly commented that the School should do more to raise awareness of colonial history, and its continuing relevance to global health. In response to this, the LSHTM History Centre will run a series of lectures in 2020-2021, to which any interested students and staff can opt in.
There will be eight fortnightly session scheduled across Terms 1 and 2, initially co-delivered by John Manton, Lioba Hirsch, and Martin Gorsky. They will alternate empirical and theoretical content, introduce examples from Africa, Latin America and Asia, and clarify the linkages between the colonial past and enduring inequalities today. Our plan is to lecture each time for c.45 minutes, followed by 20-25 minutes for Q&A and audience reflections about implications for the present. The programme is shown below.
The lecture series is only available to Staff and Students. Details of how to join the webinars are available on the intranet under upcoming events.
Recorded lectures and webinar links will be available via the Moodle Page.
Session 1: Empires, Colonialism and ‘Tropical Medicine’ before c.1900
Date: Tuesday, 6th October 2020, 16.00 - 17.15
This lecture introduces key concepts and information about Western imperialism before the 20th century. We discuss processes of expropriation and exploitation, and their health impacts on indigenous and enslaved populations. We then explore how the imperial context shaped the early phase of Western medicine’s globalisation.
Session 2: Understanding Colonialism and Tropical Medicine
Date: Tuesday, 20th October 2020, 16.00 - 17.15
This lecture introduces the perspectives of scholars who have analysed imperialism. We ask how they have explained the motivations for colonialism, and how they have understood the rise and eventual abolition of slavery. We then examine the historiography of tropical medicine – to what extent was it just a ‘tool of empire’?
Session 3: End of Empire, 1900-1970s
Tuesday, 10th November 2020, 16.00 - 17.15
This lecture focuses first on imperialism in the early 20th century, looking at how colonial ‘development’ first came on the agenda, and what role health and welfare played. We then deal with the end of empire, showing through case studies how independence was won. How well-prepared were the post-colonial nations to provide health systems for the people?
Session 4: Understanding Colonial/Post-colonial Attitudes
Tuesday, 24th November 2020, 16.00 - 17.15
This lecture introduces the work of thinkers who illuminate the impact of colonialism. We consider theorists of race like Fanon, and of state power like Foucault and Mbembe. Finally we look at the debates over development – was it ever more than an exercise of soft power? And what role did medicine play?
Session 5: Global Health Organisations and Western Power
Date: Wednesday, 20th January 2021, 16.00 - 17.15
This lecture details the rise of international health organisations, from the post-war WHO and World Bank to today’s public/private partnerships. Were they inclusive of the Global South? We then sketch the main policy shifts in global heath since 1948, from vertical disease programmes, to Health For All, to structural adjustment, to the SDGs.
Session 6: What is Colonial about Global Health?
Date: Wednesday, 3rd February 2021, 16.00 - 17.15
This lecture introduces theoretical approaches from political science which can help us understand the history of international health organisations. We then look at the explanations for changing pattern of global health policy since the end of empire, asking to what extent they continued to be informed by colonial attitudes.
Session 7: Colonial Legacies in High-Income Countries
Date: Wednesday, 3rd March 2021, 16.00 - 17.15
This lecture turns the lens back to the West, to reflect on medicine and health in post-imperial, multi-ethnic societies like Britain, the US and New Zealand. How has persistent inequality shaped health systems and patient experience from the 1950s to the time of COVID 19? The speakers will be Lioba Hirsch, Alex Mold and Hayley Brown.
Session 8: Understanding and Resolving Colonial Legacies
Date: Wednesday, 17th March 2021, 16.00 - 17.15
In the final lecture of our series, we offer some closing reflections on the legacy of colonialism for global health and the strategies available to address this. We begin by placing the 'decolonising' movement in the broader perspective of contemporary history, and then ask what scope there is for global health institutions to take action today. Next, we discuss the possibilities of restitution, continuing our look at Aotearoa/New Zealand as a case study. We finish by considering implications for ourselves as global health actors.
Image credits (left to right): ‘Britannia pointing to Sanatogen, Formamint, and German colonies in Africa and the East Indies as new British possessions.’ Colour process print after E.F. Skinner.. Credit: Wellcome Collection. Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) ; ‘Native workers washing for diamonds, supervised by their colonial masters, in South America (?). ‘Etching after J. Boilly.. Credit: Wellcome Collection. Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0); ‘Sleeping sickness map of French Congo’, LSHTM Assetbank, 1484; ‘A medical officer taking a sample of blood from an inhabitant of Buruma Island, suffering from sleeping sickness. Photograph, 1965, after photograph 1902.. Credit: Wellcome Collection. Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0); ‘People in a street market in South Africa; representing rights and responsibilities in avoidance and treatment of AIDS’. Lithograph after Moving Images, ca. 1996.. Credit: Wellcome Collection. Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0).