Professor Anne Mills


Deputy Director & Provost
and Professor of Health Economics and Policy

Room G42

Keppel Street
United Kingdom

+44 (0)20 7927 2354

I have researched and published widely in the fields of health economics and health systems in low and middle income countries. I continue to be involved in research on universal coverage developments in Tanzania, South Africa and Thailand, and on strengthening services for mothers and children. I have had continuing involvement in supporting capacity development in health economics in low and middle income country universities and research institutions. I have advised multilateral, bilateral and government agencies on numerous occasions; was a member of WHO’s Commission on Macroeconomics and Health; and co-chaired one of the two Working Groups for the 2009 High Level Taskforce on Innovative International Finance for Health Systems co-chaired by Gordon Brown. I was President of the International Health Economics Association (iHEA) for 2012-13.

Key achievements:

2006 Awarded CBE for services to medicine and elected Foreign Associate of the US Institute of Medicine

2009 Elected Fellow of the UK Academy of Medical Sciences and recipient of the Prince Mahidol Award in the field of medicine

2013 Elected Fellow of the Royal Society

2015 Made a Dame in the Queen’s New Year’s Honours for services to international health


Executive Office
Department of Global Health and Development


Centre for Evaluation
Malaria Centre
Antimicrobial Resistance Centre


I supervise research degree students in a variety of areas of health economics and health systems including contractual relationships in health care; national health insurance; non-formal insurance and private markets for health; I provide input to masters' degree teaching in the areas of health economics and health systems.


My main research interests are:

(1) issues concerned with the financing and organisation of health care in low and middle income countries, especially the impact of different systems of finance and provision on demand, utilization, equity and efficiency, the relevance of provider markets and contracting-out in various developing country contexts. I am also interested in health insurance systems, particularly their relationship with and impact on the private health sector.

(2) the economics of tropical disease control, especially malaria. This extends beyond work on the cost-effectiveness of malaria control to an interest in how activities in the private sector affect malaria control and can be re-shaped to be more supportive

(3) general issues of how to encourage the use of economic thinking and analysis in decision making. I am a member of the joint Wellcome Trust, DFID, MRC, ESRC Health Systems Research funding panel and of the MRC Global Health Group.

Research Area
Child health
Health care financing
Health sector development
Health systems
Global Health
Private sector
Health economics
Disease and Health Conditions
South Africa
East Asia & Pacific (developing only)
South Asia
Sub-Saharan Africa (all income levels)

Selected Publications

Health systems development in Thailand: a solid platform for successful implementation of universal health coverage.
Tangcharoensathien, V. ; Witthayapipopsakul, W. ; Panichkriangkrai, W. ; Patcharanarumol, W. ; Mills, A. ;
The evolution of the field of Health Policy and Systems Research and outstanding challenges.
Bennett, S. ; Frenk, J. ; Mills, A. ;
Health Res Policy Syst
Development, Validity, and Reliability of the Women's Capabilities Index.
Greco, G. ; Skordis-Worrall, J. ; Mills, A. ;
J Human Dev Capabil
11 years of tracking aid to reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health: estimates and analysis for 2003-13 from the Countdown to 2015.
Grollman, C. ; Arregoces, L. ; Martínez-Álvarez, M. ; Pitt, C. ; Mills, A. ; Borghi, J. ;
Lancet Glob Health
Universal health coverage and intersectoral action for health: key messages from Disease Control Priorities, 3rd edition.
Jamison, D.T. ; Alwan, A. ; Mock, C.N. ; Nugent, R. ; Watkins, D. ; Adeyi, O. ; Anand, S. ; Atun, R. ; Bertozzi, S. ; Bhutta, Z. ; Binagwaho, A. ; Black, R. ; Blecher, M. ; Bloom, B.R. ; Brouwer, E. ; Bundy, D.A.P. ; Chisholm, D. ; Cieza, A. ; Cullen, M. ; Danforth, K. ; de Silva, N. ; Debas, H.T. ; Donkor, P. ; Dua, T. ; Fleming, K.A. ; Gallivan, M. ; Garcia, P.J. ; Gawande, A. ; Gaziano, T. ; Gelband, H. ; Glass, R. ; Glassman, A. ; Gray, G. ; Habte, D. ; Holmes, K.K. ; Horton, S. ; Hutton, G. ; Jha, P. ; Knaul, F.M. ; Kobusingye, O. ; Krakauer, E.L. ; Kruk, M.E. ; Lachmann, P. ; Laxminarayan, R. ; Levin, C. ; Looi, L.M. ; Madhav, N. ; Mahmoud, A. ; Mbanya, J.C. ; Measham, A. ; Medina-Mora, M.E. ; Medlin, C. ; Mills, A. ; Mills, J.A. ; Montoya, J. ; Norheim, O. ; Olson, Z. ; Omokhodion, F. ; Oppenheim, B. ; Ord, T. ; Patel, V. ; Patton, G.C. ; Peabody, J. ; Prabhakaran, D. ; Qi, J. ; Reynolds, T. ; Ruacan, S. ; Sankaranarayanan, R. ; Sepúlveda, J. ; Skolnik, R. ; Smith, K.R. ; Temmerman, M. ; Tollman, S. ; Verguet, S. ; Walker, D.G. ; Walker, N. ; Wu, Y. ; Zhao, K. ;
What is a good life? Selecting capabilities to assess women's quality of life in rural Malawi.
Greco, G. ; Skordis-Worrall, J. ; Mkandawire, B. ; Mills, A. ;
Soc Sci Med
Good Health at Low Cost 25 years on: lessons for the future of health systems strengthening.
Balabanova, D.; Mills, A.; Conteh, L.; Akkazieva, B.; Banteyerga, H.; Dash, U.; Gilson, L.; Harmer, A.; Ibraimova, A.; Islam, Z.; Kidanu, A.; Koehlmoos, T.P.; Limwattananon, S.; Muraleedharan, V.R.; Murzalieva, G.; Palafox, B.; Panichkriangkrai, W.; Patcharanarumol, W.; Penn-Kekana, L.; Powell-Jackson, T.; Tangcharoensathien, V.; McKee, M.;
Equity in financing and use of health care in Ghana, South Africa, and Tanzania: implications for paths to universal coverage.
Mills, A.; Ataguba, J.E.; Akazili, J.; Borghi, J.; Garshong, B.; Makawia, S.; Mtei, G.; Harris, B.; Macha, J.; Meheus, F.; McIntyre, D.;
Health in Southeast Asia 6 Health-financing reforms in southeast Asia: challenges in achieving universal coverage
Tangcharoensathien, V.; Patcharanarumol, W.; Ir, P.; Aljunid, S.M.; Mukti, A.G.; Akkhavong, K.; Banzon, E.; Huong, D.B.; Thabrany, H.; Mills, A.
See all Professor Anne Mills's Publications