Ms Anna Durrance-Bagale


Research Degree Student
Zoonotic disease

15-17 Tavistock Place
United Kingdom

I have a BSc in psychology from the University of Leeds (1998), which focused on biological psychology, an MSc in neuroscience from the Institute of Psychiatry (University of London; 2000), and an MSc in control of infectious diseases from LSHTM (2016).

From 2001 to 2015 I was a medical writer and editor for various academic journals and the pharmaceutical industry.

I have a special interest in zoonotic disease, community awareness of these diseases, and specifically the role of rodents in the spread of zoonoses with a focus on LMIC (mainly South Asia, especially Nepal). This informs my PhD research at the School.

I am a member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Migration and Health.

I currently have various teaching roles at LSHTM and am also an RF working on zoonotic disease in Asia.


Department of Global Health and Development
Faculty of Public Health and Policy


Antimicrobial Resistance Centre (AMR)


I am Module Organiser for the DL Globalisation & Health module, Deputy Module Organiser for the F2F Globalisation & Health module, and teach a seminar on AMR for this module. I also work as a Distance Learning Tutor for the Applied Communicable Disease Control module (PHM218), the Politics of Global Health Policy module (GHM102) and the Issues in Global Health Policy module (GHM104).

I am a member of the Communicable Diseases Policy Research Group (CDPRG), which mainly focuses on SE Asia.

I am Tropical Medicine Module Lead for the Diploma in Remote and Offshore Medicine run by the Royal College of Surgeons in Edinburgh, Scotland.

I am a visiting lecturer and research associate at the National University of Singapore.


For my LSHTM MSc dissertation project I was based in Yangon and Hpa-An in Karen State, Myanmar, working with an international charity. My research focused on elucidating community views around mechanisms of providing feedback on local healthcare provision, and how these mechanisms might be improved. An integral part of the project involved training local staff to run semi-structured interviews and focus groups. I used qualitative analysis to construct a plan to inform policy and practice around using relevant and viable feedback mechanisms in the field. These mechanisms were piloted in Karen State.

From April 2017 until December 2018 I was lead researcher on a qualitative research project examining how policymaker perceptions of antimicrobial resistance drive behaviour and policies for appropriate antimicrobial use in Pakistan. This involved running in-depth interviews in Karachi, Lahore and Islamabad with policy makers, doctors, veterinarians, pharmaceutical industry professionals, among others, analysing data and writing manuscripts for publication. I taught a CME accredited course at Aga Khan University (AKU) in Karachi on Writing for Journals to over 45 members of AKU staff.

I have worked on a project examining how to synthesise evidence from other sectors to strengthen health system responses to mass displacement, with a focus on supporting Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh, and also on a policy and stakeholder analysis to inform advocacy on drowning reduction among fishing communities in Southern Lake Victoria, Tanzania, funded by the Royal National Lifeboat Institution in the UK (both with Associate Professor Natasha Howard).

I was also a research assistant on a project evaluating how actors from the alcohol industry used the recent Drink Free Days campaign (with Associate Professor Ben Hawkins).

From May to July 2020 I worked as a researcher on a project for WHO: 'Leaving no one behind: Mapping of social and economic policy responses to COVID, their health equity impact and the role of economic incentives in shaping corporate and individual behaviour.'

From July 2020 to July 2021 I worked on a project examining drivers of and framing around antimicrobial resistance in Tanzania, with Associate Professor Helena Legido-Quigley.

I am currently a Research Fellow working on a project examining biosecurity issues around the potential spread of African Swine Fever in Cambodia (with Associate Professor James Rudge).

I am based between the UK and Kathmandu, Nepal, and work closely with the Sukraraj Tropical and Infectious Disease Hospital, the main referral hospital for infectious disease in Nepal.

My PhD research is titled 'Drivers of Zoonoses Spillover in Nepal: Community Priorities', with a stellar supervisory team: Associate Professor Natasha Howard (LSHTM/National University of Singapore), Associate Professor James Rudge (LSHTM/Mahidol University, Thailand), Professor Steve Belmain (Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich), and Professor Nanda Bahadur Singh (Vice-Chancellor, Midwestern University, Surkhet, Nepal).

Research Area
Climate change
Drug resistance
Health care policy
Health inequalities
Health policy
Health sector development
Health systems
Infectious disease policy
Public health
Behaviour change
Capacity strengthening
Disease control
Environmental Health
Evidence use
Global Health
Mixed methods
Qualitative methods
Vector control
Policy analysis
Vector biology
Disease and Health Conditions
Infectious disease
Pandemic diseases
Emerging Infectious Disease
Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs)
Tropical diseases
Vector borne disease
Zoonotic disease
Myanmar (Burma)
South Asia
Sub-Saharan Africa (developing only)

Selected Publications

'Science is only half of it': Expert perspectives on operationalising infectious disease control cooperation in the ASEAN region
Durrance-Bagale A; Marzouk M; Ananthakrishnan A; Nagashima-Hayashi M; Lam ST; Sittimart M; Howard N
PLOS Global Public Health
Community engagement in health systems interventions and research in conflict-affected countries: a scoping review of approaches.
Durrance-Bagale A; Marzouk M; Tung LS; Agarwal S; Aribou ZM; Ibrahim NBM; Mkhallalati H; Newaz S; Omar M; Ung M
Global Health Action
How conflicts of interest hinder effective regulation of healthcare: an analysis of antimicrobial use regulation in Cambodia, Indonesia and Pakistan.
Khan M; Rahman-Shepherd A; Bory S; Chhorn S; Durrance-Bagale A; Hasan R; Heng S; Phou S; Prien C; Probandari A
BMJ global health
How can humanitarian services provision during mass displacement better support health systems? An exploratory qualitative study of humanitarian service provider perspectives in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.
Krishnan S; Zaman S; Ferdaus M; Kabir MH; Khatun H; Rahman SS; Marzouk M; Durrance-Bagale A; Howard N
Journal of Migration and Health
Monitoring and Evaluation of National Vaccination Implementation: A Scoping Review of How Frameworks and Indicators Are Used in the Public Health Literature.
Marzouk M; Omar M; Sirison K; Ananthakrishnan A; Durrance-Bagale A; Pheerapanyawaranun C; Porncharoen C; Pimsarn N; Lam ST; Ung M
Gender-Based Violence in the Asia-Pacific Region during COVID-19: A Hidden Pandemic behind Closed Doors.
Nagashima-Hayashi M; Durrance-Bagale A; Marzouk M; Ung M; Lam ST; Neo P; Howard N
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on surveillance of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) in Pakistan.
Ahmed W; Malik MW; Wattoo MM; Nadeem F; Ahmed Chaudhry MS; Afzal MS; Khan A; Durrance-Bagale A; Ahmed H
Travel medicine and infectious disease
Framing the Drivers of Antimicrobial Resistance in Tanzania.
Durrance-Bagale A; Jung A-S; Frumence G; Mboera L; Mshana SE; Sindato C; Clark TG; Matee M; Legido-Quigley H
Operationalising Regional Cooperation for Infectious Disease Control: A Scoping Review of Regional Disease Control Bodies and Networks.
Durrance-Bagale A; Marzouk M; Agarwal S; Ananthakrishnan A; Gan S; Hayashi M; Jacob-Chow B; Jiayun K; Tung LS; Mkhallalati H
International Journal of Health Policy and Management
Drivers of zoonotic disease risk in the Indian subcontinent: A scoping review.
Durrance-Bagale A; Rudge JW; Singh NB; Belmain SR; Howard N
One health (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Policy actors and human and animal health practitioners' perceptions of antimicrobial use and resistance in Tanzania: A qualitative study.
Frumence G; Mboera LEG; Katale BZ; Sindato C; Kimera S; Durrance-Bagale A; Mshana SE; Clark TG; Rweyemamu MM; Legido-Quigley H
Journal of global antimicrobial resistance
Practices and Challenges of Veterinary Paraprofessionals in Regards to Antimicrobial Use and Resistance in Animals in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania.
Frumence G; Mboera LEG; Sindato C; Durrance-Bagale A; Jung A-S; Mshana SE; Clark TG; Legido-Quigley H; Matee MI
Antibiotics (Basel, Switzerland)
The Governance and Implementation of the National Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance in Tanzania: A Qualitative Study.
Frumence G; Mboera LEG; Sindato C; Katale BZ; Kimera S; Metta E; Durrance-Bagale A; Jung A-S; Mshana SE; Clark TG
Community Based Assessment of Behavior and Awareness of Risk Factors of Cystic Echinococcosis in Major Cities of Pakistan: A One Health Perspective.
Khan A; Ahmed H; Amjad S; Afzal MS; Haider W; Simsek S; Khawaja MR; Khan DH; Naz S; Durrance-Bagale A
Frontiers in public health
Prioritizing Equity After COVID-19
Khan M; Durrance-Bagale A; Fischer H-T; Hanefeld J
Community-based social and demographic assessment of knowledge, attitudes, practices and medical conditions related to vitamin D deficiency in Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan.
Maryam S; Saba S; Haider W; Afzal MS; Mukhtar S; Durrance-Bagale A; Arfeen RZU; Bangash N; Shah NA; Ahmed H
Journal of biosocial science
International experiences with co-production and people centredness offer lessons for covid-19 responses.
Turk E; Durrance-Bagale A; Han E; Bell S; Rajan S; Lota MMM; Ochu C; Porras ML; Mishra P; Frumence G
Lessons from humanitarian clusters to strengthen health system responses to mass displacement in low and middle-income countries: A scoping review.
Durrance-Bagale A; Salman OM; Omar M; Alhaffar M; Ferdaus M; Newaz S; Krishnan S; Howard N
Journal of Migration and Health
Is enhancing the professionalism of healthcare providers critical to tackling antimicrobial resistance in low- and middle-income countries?
Khan MS; Bory S; Rego S; Suy S; Durrance-Bagale A; Sultana Z; Chhorn S; Phou S; Prien C; Heng S
Human Resources for Health
What are the barriers to implementing national antimicrobial resistance action plans? A novel mixed-methods policy analysis in Pakistan.
Khan MS; Durrance-Bagale A; Mateus A; Sultana Z; Hasan R; Hanefeld J
Health Policy and Planning
'LMICs as reservoirs of AMR': a comparative analysis of policy discourse on antimicrobial resistance with reference to Pakistan.
Khan MS; Durrance-Bagale A; Legido-Quigley H; Mateus A; Hasan R; Spencer J; Hanefeld J
Health policy and planning
In Search of 'Omics'-Based Biomarkers to Predict Risk of Frailty and Its Consequences in Older Individuals: The FRAILOMIC Initiative.
Erusalimsky JD; Grillari J; Grune T; Jansen-Duerr P; Lippi G; Sinclair AJ; Tegnér J; Viña J; Durrance-Bagale A; Miñambres R
Laboratory biomarkers and frailty: presentation of the FRAILOMIC initiative.
Lippi G; Jansen-Duerr P; Viña J; Durrance-Bagale A; Abugessaisa I; Gomez-Cabrero D; Tegnér J; Grillari J; Erusalimsky J; Sinclair A
Clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine
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