The project is a partnership between the national malaria control programmes in 13 countries, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroun, Chad, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo, and the University of Thiès in Senegal, the UNDP/UNICEF/World Bank/WHO Special Program for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR), Medicines for Malaria Venture (MMV), and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM).
Malaria continues to be a major public health challenge, with an estimated 405,000 deaths from malaria in 2018. The most intense malaria transmission occurs in West and Central Africa during and shortly after the rainy season. Seasonal Malaria Chemoprevention (SMC) is a proven strategy developed specifically for these areas, which was first introduced in 2012. Its use was rapidly expanded through the ACCESS-SMC project, which showed that there were marked reductions in the number of malaria cases, severe cases, and deaths in hospital malaria due to malaria, when SMC was introduced.
The drugs (sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine plus amodiaquine, given to children once a month for a few months each year) don’t give complete protection but the benefits are clearly visible, and the strategy has been welcomed by communities. In 2019, 85 million treatments were administered in 13 countries reaching a total of about 22 million children, and this year, SMC programmes are targeting 30 million children.
The challenge now is to ensure that within the areas where SMC is being implemented, it is done effectively, and all children are being reached and are receiving all their monthly treatments.
Very high coverage is possible thorough door to door campaigns, but this is not being achieved everywhere. The reasons vary, and operational research is needed to understand the local challenges and the steps needed to address them. In some areas, four monthly cycles are not enough to cover the high risk period and the number of cycles needs to be increased. There is an urgent need to close these gaps and to optimize SMC delivery to protect all eligible children. The OPT-SMC project aims to contribute to this goal by strengthening capacity of national programmes to conduct implementation research to improve SMC delivery and impact.
WHO Policy recommendation on SMC
Recommandation de politique générale de l’OMS: Chimioprévention du paludisme saisonnier pour lutter contre le paludisme à Plasmodium falciparum en zone de forte transmission saisonnière dans la sousrégion du Sahel en Afrique
SMC in 2020
- SMC in 2019
- A total of 85million treatments were administered in 2019 in 13 countries.
- An estimated 22million children were reached
- 73% of the current target population of 30.3million
- Leaving a gap of about 8.3million children
Credits: The data for these maps comes from:
- the SMC Working Group
- the Malaria Atlas Project under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license
- WorldPop - School of Geography and Environmental Science, University of Southampton; Department of Geography and Geosciences, University of Louisville; Departement de Geographie, Universite de Namur) and Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), Columbia University (2018). Global High Resolution Population Denominators Project - Funded by The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (OPP1134076). https://dx.doi.org/10.5258/SOTON/WP00674
This year, efforts are being made to ensure the COVID19 pandemic does not disrupt malaria control. Steps can be taken to deliver SMC safely, these include adjusted messaging to keep the community informed, and respecting social distancing during training and during door-to-door delivery. OPT-SMC is working with countries to monitor SMC delivery during this year. The project has also produced training videos with Alternative View Studies. The videos can be shared via Whatsapp as a job aid for drug distributors and to show how to deliver SMC safely during the COVID pandemic.
- Delivering Seasonal Malaria Chemoprevention (SMC) - electronic data collection
Read the electronic data collection transcript for this video.
- Delivering Seasonal Malaria Chemoprevention (SMC) - English
Read the English transcript for this video.
- Delivering Seasonal Malaria Chemoprevention (SMC) - French
Read the French (5 year olds) transcript for this video.
Read the French (10 year olds) transcript for this video.
Read the French (with spoons) transcript for this video.
- Delivering Seasonal Malaria Chemoprevention (SMC) - Hausa
Read the Hausa (with English text) transcript for this video.
Read the Hausa (with French text) transcript for this video.
- Delivering Seasonal Malaria Chemoprevention (SMC) - Portuguese
Read the Portuguese transcript for this video.
SMC Working Group meeting, Accra, 25-27 Feb 2020
University of Thiès, Senegal
UNDP/UNICEF/World Bank/WHO Special Program for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR), Switzerland
Medicines for Malaria Venture (MMV), Switzerland
Burkina Faso, Programme National de Lutte contre le Paludisme
Cameroon National Malaria Control Programme
Republic of The Gambia, National Malaria Control Programme
Ghana, National Malaria Control Programme
République du Guinea, Programme National de Lutte contre le Paludisme
Guinea Bissau, Programa Nacional de Luta contra o Paludismo – PNLP
République du Mali, Programme National de Lutte contre le Paludisme