Economic empowerment and intimate partner violence in Sub-Saharan Africa
Intimate partner violence (IPV) has been recognised as the development and public health issue of our time. Key advances in research have shown that IPV is a probabilistic event that is influenced by interacting factors operating across all levels of the social ecology (individual, relationship, community and structural factors).
However, enduring questions remain unanswered, particularly around economic empowerment and the relationship with IPV. Theories on economic empowerment and IPV have mainly been tested in high-income countries with few studies seeking to understand the dynamics in sub-Saharan Africa.
It remains unknown what specific forms of economic empowerment or which combination of economic factors are beneficial for women to reduce the burden of IPV. For instance, it is unclear if it is income, employment, household socio-economic status, household decision-making on resources, asset ownership or micro-finance loan participation or the disparity of resources within couples that impacts on intimate partner violence, or a combination of these forms of economic empowerment.
This seminar will discuss emerging findings from an ESRC funded secondary data analysis project of quantitative and qualitative studies to answer some of these questions using data from Tanzania, South Africa, and across sub-Saharan Africa.