Dr Barbara Willey


Assistant Professor
in Epidemiology


Keppel Street
United Kingdom

+44 (0)2072994801

Barbara is an epidemiologist, based within the Tropical Epidemiology Group, with research interests in: newborn health; malaria control; health systems research; and, delivery and evaluation of complex interventions. 

Following a BA in Human Sciences at Oxford, she completed an MSc in Epidemiology at LSHTM (2002). Her doctorate investigated the association between household measures of socio-economic status and child malnutrition in children from Soweto, South Africa.


Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health


Centre for Evaluation
Malaria Centre
Maternal, Adolescent, Reproductive & Child Health (MARCH)


Barbara is a module co-organiser for one of the LSHTM's largest modules- Basic Epidemiology.

She is also a tutor for students on MSc Epidemiology and MSc Public Health for Development, and teaches on a number of epidemiology and statistics modules, as well as Epidemiology and Control of Malaria.


Barbara works on impact evaluation of complex interventions to improve health service delivery in low income settings, with a focus on maternal and newborn health.

This has included quality improvement interventions in Tanzania and Uganda, and more recently delivering life-saving interventions to mothers and newborns at scale in Gombe State, north eastern Nigeria (

Previously Barbara has worked on Phase 1 of the Affordable Medicines Facility- malaria (AMFm)-  a multi-country assessment of an initiative by The Global Fund to Fight Aids, Tuberculosis and Malaria to improve access to affordable quality malaria treatment.


Research Area
Child health
Complex interventions
Health systems
Maternal health
Quality improvement
Systematic reviews
Impact evaluation
Neonatal health
Disease and Health Conditions
Sub-Saharan Africa (developing only)

Selected Publications

Effects of the EQUIP quasi-experimental study testing a collaborative quality improvement approach for maternal and newborn health care in Tanzania and Uganda.
Waiswa P; Manzi F; Mbaruku G; Rowe AK; Marx M; Tomson G; Marchant T; Willey BA; Schellenberg J; Peterson S
Implementation science
Use of malaria rapid diagnostic tests by community health workers in Afghanistan: cluster randomised trial.
Leslie T; Rowland M; Mikhail A; Cundill B; Willey B; Alokozai A; Mayan I; Hasanzai A; Baktash SH; Mohammed N
BMC medicine
Estimates of burden and consequences of infants born small for gestational age in low and middle income countries with INTERGROWTH-21(st) standard: analysis of CHERG datasets.
Lee AC; Kozuki N; Cousens S; Stevens GA; Blencowe H; Silveira MF; Sania A; Rosen HE; Schmiegelow C; Adair LS
BMJ (Clinical research ed)
The Impact of an Intervention to Improve Malaria Care in Public Health Centers on Health Indicators of Children in Tororo, Uganda (PRIME): A Cluster-Randomized Trial.
Staedke SG; Maiteki-Sebuguzi C; DiLiberto DD; Webb EL; Mugenyi L; Mbabazi E; Gonahasa S; Kigozi SP; Willey BA; Dorsey G
The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene
Measuring implementation strength: lessons from the evaluation of public health strategies in low- and middle-income settings.
Hargreaves JR; Goodman C; Davey C; Willey BA; Avan BI; Schellenberg JR
Health policy and planning
The evidence for improving housing to reduce malaria: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Tusting LS; Ippolito MM; Willey BA; Kleinschmidt I; Dorsey G; Gosling RD; Lindsay SW
Malaria journal
Uptake, Accuracy, Safety, and Linkage into Care over Two Years of Promoting Annual Self-Testing for HIV in Blantyre, Malawi: A Community-Based Prospective Study.
Choko AT; MacPherson P; Webb EL; Willey BA; Feasy H; Sambakunsi R; Mdolo A; Makombe SD; Desmond N; Hayes R
PLoS medicine
Communicating the AMFm message: exploring the effect of communication and training interventions on private for-profit provider awareness and knowledge related to a multi-country anti-malarial subsidy intervention.
Willey BA; Tougher S; Ye Y; The ACTwatchGroup, (inc. Palafox B; ) Mann AG; Thomson R; Kourgueni IA; Amuasi JH; Ren R; Wamukoya M
Malaria journal
The contribution of unimproved water and toilet facilities to pregnancy-related mortality in Afghanistan: analysis of the Afghan Mortality Survey.
Gon G; Monzon-Llamas L; Benova L; Willey B; Campbell OM
Tropical medicine & international health
Community Health Workers and Stand-Alone or Integrated Case Management of Malaria: A Systematic Literature Review.
Smith Paintain L; Willey B; Kedenge S; Sharkey A; Kim J; Buj V; Webster J; Schellenberg D; Ngongo N
The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene
Mortality risk in preterm and small-for-gestational-age infants in low-income and middle-income countries: a pooled country analysis.
Katz J; Lee AC; Kozuki N; Lawn JE; Cousens S; Blencowe H; Ezzati M; Bhutta ZA; Marchant T; Willey BA
Newborn care behaviours and neonatal survival: evidence from sub-Saharan Africa.
Penfold S; Willey BA; Schellenberg J
Tropical medicine & international health
National and regional estimates of term and preterm babies born small for gestational age in 138 low-income and middle-income countries in 2010.
Lee AC; Katz J; Blencowe H; Cousens S; Kozuki N; Vogel JP; Adair L; Baqui AH; Bhutta ZA; Caulfield LE
The Lancet Global health
Socioeconomic development as an intervention against malaria: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Tusting LS; Willey B; Lucas H; Thompson J; Kafy HT; Smith R; Lindsay SW
Strategies for delivering insecticide-treated nets at scale for malaria control: a systematic review.
Willey BA; Paintain LS; Mangham L; Car J; Schellenberg JA
Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Neonatal mortality risk associated with preterm birth in East Africa, adjusted by weight for gestational age: individual participant level meta-analysis.
Marchant T; Willey B; Katz J; Clarke S; Kariuki S; ter Kuile F; Lusingu J; Ndyomugyenyi R; Schmiegelow C; Watson-Jones D
PLoS medicine
Evaluating the effectiveness of IPTi on malaria using routine health information from sentinel health centres in southern Tanzania.
Willey BA; Armstrong Schellenberg JR; Maokola W; Shirima K; Chemba M; Mshinda H; Alonso P; Tanner M; Schellenberg D
Malaria journal
Enhancing the routine health information system in rural southern Tanzania: successes, challenges and lessons learned.
Maokola W; Willey BA; Shirima K; Chemba M; Armstrong Schellenberg JR; Mshinda H; Alonso P; Tanner M; Schellenberg D
Tropical medicine & international health
Safety of sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine for intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in infants: evidence from large-scale operational research in southern Tanzania
Maokola W; Chemba M; Hamisi Y; Mrisho M; Shirima K; Manzi F; Masanja M; Willey B; Alonso P; Mshinda H
International health
See more Publications