Dr Belen Torondel


Associate Professor


Keppel Street
United Kingdom



I have a degree in Pharmacy and completed my PhD in biomedicine in the University of Valencia (Spain). In 2009 I completed a Master in Public Health in Developing Countries in LSHTM. I worked at UCL from 2004 to 2008 as a postdoctoral fellow in different biomedical research projects.

I joined the Environmental Health Group in 2009 following the completion ofmy Master's Degree in Public Health in Developing Countries and since then I have been working in different projects related with water, hygiene and Sanitation.



Department of Disease Control
Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases


Centre for Evaluation
Centre for Maternal Adolescent Reproductive & Child Health (MARCH)



I am the ID215 Water and Sanitation module director which is part of the distance learning course MSc Infectious Disease. This module focuses on water supply, sanitation and hygiene in low and middle income countries. In addition I provide lectures to Tropical Environmental Health module on menstrual hygiene and evaluation of sanitation programs. I also participate as a tutor in the module Applying Principles of Public Health.

I am a tutor on the MSc Public Health for Development, Public Health, One Health and Medical Microbiology.






My work at LSHTM has involved studies of the health impact of environmental interventions such as water supply, sanitation and hygiene promotion. One of my areas of expertise is to explore the association of pathogens and risk of infection associated with different hygiene and sanitation practices. I have extensive experience in  implementation and management of research environmental health projects in developing countries (Tanzania, Vietnam, India, Bolivia).

My main research area of interest is menstrual hygiene (MH) in developing context. I have conducted a systematic review which compiles the evidence of the link between MH management and different health and social outcomes. I am leading a hospital case-control study in Odisha (India) assessing the urogenital health impact of menstrual hygiene management practices in Indian women and also a study in Gambia exploring challenges of mantaining a good MHM practices among school adolescent girls. I also collaborate with other groups at LSHTM in topics related with MH.

I also participate in other projects taking place in India which aim to improve latrine uptake and use among rural communities of Odisha.


Research Area
Systematic reviews
Adolescent health
Disease control
Environmental Health
Randomised controlled trials
Operational research
Disease and Health Conditions
Diarrhoeal diseases
Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs)
The Gambia
East Asia & Pacific (developing only)
Latin America & Caribbean (developing only)
Sub-Saharan Africa (developing only)

Selected Publications

Self-Collection of Vaginal Swabs Among Adolescent Girls in a School-Setting in East Africa.
Francis SC; Miiro G; Nakuya K; Rutakumwa R; Nakiyingi-Miiro J; Nabaggala G; Musoke S; Namakula J; Tanton C; Torondel B
Sexually transmitted diseases
Determinants of disposal of child faeces in latrines in urban slums of Odisha, India: a cross-sectional study.
Majorin F; Nagel CL; Torondel B; Routray P; Rout M; Clasen TF
A rite of passage: a mixed methodology study about knowledge, perceptions and practices of menstrual hygiene management in rural Gambia.
Shah V; Nabwera HM; Sosseh F; Jallow Y; Comma E; Keita O; Torondel B
Experiences of capacity strengthening in sanitation and hygiene research in Africa and Asia: the SHARE Research Consortium.
Torondel B; Balls E; Chisenga CC; Kumwenda S; Okello E; Simiyu S; Morse T; Smith K; Mumma J; Banzi J
Health Research Policy and Systems
Efficacy of the SuperTowel®: An Alternative Hand-washing Product for Humanitarian Emergencies.
Torondel B; Khan R; Holm Larsen T; White S
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Feasibility Study of a Menstrual Hygiene Management Intervention for People with Intellectual Impairments and Their Carers in Nepal.
Wilbur J; Mahon T; Torondel B; Hameed S; Kuper H
International journal of environmental research and public health
The association between women's sanitation experiences and mental health: A cross-sectional study in Rural, Odisha India.
Caruso BA; Cooper HLF; Haardörfer R; Yount KM; Routray P; Torondel B; Clasen T
SSM - population health
Higher vaginal pH in Trichomonas vaginalis infection with intermediate Nugent score in reproductive-age women-a hospital-based cross-sectional study in Odisha, India.
Das P; Swain T; Mohanty JR; Sinha S; Padhi B; Torondel B; Cumming O; Panda B; Nayak A; Panigrahi P
Parasitology research
Menstrual health and school absenteeism among adolescent girls in Uganda (MENISCUS): a feasibility study.
Miiro G; Rutakumwa R; Nakiyingi-Miiro J; Nakuya K; Musoke S; Namakula J; Francis S; Torondel B; Gibson LJ; Ross DA
BMC women's health
Association between unhygienic menstrual management practices and prevalence of lower reproductive tract infections: a hospital-based cross-sectional study in Odisha, India.
Torondel B; Sinha S; Mohanty JR; Swain T; Sahoo P; Panda B; Nayak A; Bara M; Bilung B; Cumming O
BMC infectious diseases
Developing Behaviour Change Interventions for Improving Access to Health and Hygiene for People with Disabilities: Two Case Studies from Nepal and Malawi.
Wilbur J; Bright T; Mahon T; Hameed S; Torondel B; Mulwafu W; Kuper H; Polack S
International journal of environmental research and public health
Dismantling menstrual taboos to overcome gender inequality.
Wilson E; Haver J; Torondel B; Rubli J; Caruso BA
Lancet Child Adolesc Health
Time to talk about menstruation: a response.
Hennegan J; Torondel B; Phillips-Howard PA; Sommer M; Montgomery P
Identifying Potential Sources of Exposure Along the Child Feces Management Pathway: A Cross-Sectional Study Among Urban Slums in Odisha, India.
Majorin F; Torondel B; Routray P; Rout M; Clasen T
The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene
Design and rationale of a matched cohort study to assess the effectiveness of a combined household-level piped water and sanitation intervention in rural Odisha, India.
Reese H; Routray P; Torondel B; Sclar G; Delea MG; Sinharoy SS; Zambrano L; Caruso B; Mishra SR; Chang HH
BMJ open
Women's role in sanitation decision making in rural coastal Odisha, India.
Routray P; Torondel B; Clasen T; Schmidt W-P
PloS one
Assessing patterns and determinants of latrine use in rural settings: A longitudinal study in Odisha, India.
Sinha A; Nagel CL; Schmidt WP; Torondel B; Boisson S; Routray P; Clasen TF
International journal of hygiene and environmental health
The impact of a rural sanitation programme on safe disposal of child faeces: a cluster randomised trial in Odisha, India.
Freeman MC; Majorin F; Boisson S; Routray P; Torondel B; Clasen T
Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Human fecal and pathogen exposure pathways in rural Indian villages and the effect of increased latrine coverage.
Odagiri M; Schriewer A; Daniels ME; Wuertz S; Smith WA; Clasen T; Schmidt W-P; Jin Y; Torondel B; Misra PR
Water research
Menstrual hygiene management among adolescent schoolgirls in low- and middle-income countries: research priorities.
Phillips-Howard PA; Caruso B; Torondel B; Zulaika G; Sahin M; Sommer M
Global health action
Assessing Latrine Use in Rural India: A Cross-Sectional Study Comparing Reported Use and Passive Latrine Use Monitors.
Sinha A; Nagel CL; Thomas E; Schmidt WP; Torondel B; Boisson S; Clasen TF
The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene
Assessment of the influence of intrinsic environmental and geographical factors on the bacterial ecology of pit latrines.
Torondel B; Ensink JHJ; Gundogdu O; Ijaz UZ; Parkhill J; Abdelahi F; Nguyen V-A; Sudgen S; Gibson W; Walker AW
Microbial biotechnology
Menstrual Hygiene Practices, WASH Access and the Risk of Urogenital Infection in Women from Odisha, India.
Das P; Baker KK; Dutta A; Swain T; Sahoo S; Das BS; Panda B; Nayak A; Bara M; Bilung B
PloS one
Development of A Multidimensional Scale to Assess Attitudinal Determinants of Sanitation Uptake and Use.
Dreibelbis R; Jenkins M; Chase RP; Torondel B; Routray P; Boisson S; Clasen T; Freeman MC
Environmental science & technology
Shared Sanitation Versus Individual Household Latrines in Urban Slums: A Cross-Sectional Study in Orissa, India.
Heijnen M; Routray P; Torondel B; Clasen T
The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene
Exposure to cows is not associated with diarrhoea or impaired child growth in rural Odisha, India: a cohort study.
Schmidt W-P; Boisson S; Routray P; Bell M; Cameron M; Torondel B; Clasen T
Epidemiology and infection
Laboratory development and field testing of sentinel toys to assess environmental faecal exposure of young children in rural India.
Torondel B; Gyekye-Aboagye Y; Routray P; Boisson S; Schimdt W; Clasen T
Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Effectiveness of a rural sanitation programme on diarrhoea, soil-transmitted helminth infection, and child malnutrition in Odisha, India: a cluster-randomised trial.
Clasen T; Boisson S; Routray P; Torondel B; Bell M; Cumming O; Ensink J; Freeman M; Jenkins M; Odagiri M
The Lancet Global health
Interventions to improve disposal of child faeces for preventing diarrhoea and soil-transmitted helminth infection
Majorin F; Torondel B; Ka Seen Chan G; Clasen TF
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Modelling the fill rate of pit latrines in Ifakara, Tanzania
Todman LC; van Eekert MHA; Templeton MR; Hardy (née Kelly) M; Gibson WT; Torondel B; Abdelahi F; Ensink JHJ
Journal of water, sanitation, and hygiene for development
Efficacy of Moringa oleifera leaf powder as a hand-washing product: a crossover controlled study among healthy volunteers.
Torondel B; Opare D; Brandberg B; Cobb E; Cairncross S
BMC complementary and alternative medicine
Characteristics of latrines in central Tanzania and their relation to fly catches.
Irish S; Aiemjoy K; Torondel B; Abdelahi F; Ensink JHJ
PloS one
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