Mr Jim Todd


Applied Biostatistics

TAZAMA Project

0207 927 2944

My life has encompassed many false starts, and wrong turns, and all are incorporated in my current work, and life.  I dropped out of school, and it will remain my greatest achievement.  I became a teacher, and that is in my blood.  I have spent 20 years living in Africa, and almost as long working for LSHTM, and both provide some inspiration for my work and life.  Applied statistics provides the thread which enables me to pull these diverse components together.  I have no responsibilities, only privileges.

I studied Medical Statistics and have endeavoured to apply that knowledge in my work, and in my teaching.  An understanding of data, and how to present results, is important in so many different areas. An understanding of people and how they work together, is probably more important, and a more reliable way to achieve results. 


Department of Population Health
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health


In my previous existence at the School, I taught and organised several face-to-face courses.  I have organised many short courses (some in the School, and some for collaborative institutions). Since 2009 I have been the module organiser for EP202, within the distance learning MSc in Epidemiology. I have supervised three PhD students, and co-supervised many more, both in the School and elsewhere.  In addition, I have advised many MSc students in both formal and informal ways. As a mentor I am always willing to give advice, some of which may actually be useful.

Since 2010 I have developed a Masters in Epidemiology and Applied Biostatistics in Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College in Tanzania.  Application can be made through  In addition I have helped develop short courses in Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Research methodology in various centres across East Africa.  I am thankful to the THRiVE consortium for the support and help in organising and developing these courses.

I am fortunate to have ccollaborated with colleagues from many institutions in East Africa over the last 25 years.  As one of the original co-investigators in the Alpha network (from 2005) I am proud of the collaborative analysis workshops that have been developed, which have given many researchers the ability to go onto further studies and research.  These Alpha workshops are intensely practical and have influenced the way I think about the teaching of statistics.


My current research focusses on the SEARCH project (, which aims to train fellows in Tanzania, Zambia and Malawi in the analysis of routinely collected HIV data. The project links the analysis, results and data to real questions raised by policy makers.  I am leading a project funded by the Global Fund for AIDS, TB and Malaria, which is delivering ART in health centres, and monitoring the impact on health outcomes.

I am a co-investigator on the Alpha network, which is funded by Wellcome Trust and the Gates Foundation ( The network recognises the power of sharing data across sites in order to answer some important questions about HIV infection, and treatment of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa.

My recent work includes research on the impact of HIV, and the subsequent impact of anti-retroviral therapy on mortality in Tanzania, and across East Africa. A lot of data are available in national and district databases, and it is important that we think of ways to analyse those data in a proper way.

I am a member of the editorial board of Parasite Immunology, and Tropical Medicine and International Health.

Research Area
Public health
Sexual health
Statistical methods
Global Health
Operational research
Disease and Health Conditions
South Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa (developing only)
Sub-Saharan Africa (all income levels)

Selected Publications

Prevalence,awareness and factors associated with hypertension in North West Tanzania.
Mosha, N.R. ; Mahande, M. ; Juma, A. ; Mboya, I. ; Peck, R. ; Urassa, M. ; Michael, D. ; Todd, J. ;
Glob Health Action
Feasibility of Establishing HIV Case-Based Surveillance to Measure Progress Along the Health Sector Cascade: Situational Assessments in Tanzania, South Africa, and Kenya.
Harklerode, R. ; Schwarcz, S. ; Hargreaves, J. ; Boulle, A. ; Todd, J. ; Xueref, S. ; Rice, B. ;
JMIR Public Health Surveill
Variability of respiratory rate measurements in children suspected with non-severe pneumonia in north-east Tanzania.
Muro, F. ; Mosha, N. ; Hildenwall, H. ; Mtei, F. ; Harrison, N. ; Schellenberg, D. ; Olomi, R. ; Reyburn, H. ; Todd, J. ;
Trop Med Int Health
Low mortality risk but high loss to follow-up among patients in the Tanzanian national HIV care and treatment programme.
Somi, G. ; Keogh, S.C. ; Todd, J. ; Kilama, B. ; Wringe, A. ; van den Hombergh, J. ; Malima, K. ; Josiah, R. ; Urassa, M. ; Swai, R. ; Zaba, B. ;
Trop Med Int Health
The impact of first year adherence to antiretroviral therapy on long-term clinical and immunological outcomes in the DART trial in Uganda and Zimbabwe.
Kiwuwa-Muyingo, S. ; Walker, A.S. ; Oja, H. ; Levin, J. ; Miiro, G. ; Katabira, E. ; Kityo, C. ; Hakim, J. ; Todd, J. ; the DART Trial Team, . ;
Trop Med Int Health
Assessing health system interventions: key points when considering the value of randomization.
English, M. ; Schellenberg, J. ; Todd, J. ;
Bull World Health Organ
Time from HIV seroconversion to death: a collaborative analysis of eight studies in six low and middle-income countries before highly active antiretroviral therapy
Todd, J.; Glynn, J.R.; Marston, M.; Lutalo, T.; Biraro, S.; Mwita, W.; Suriyanon, V.; Rangsin, R.; Nelson, K.E.; Sonnenberg, P.; Fitzgerald, D.; Karita, E.; Zaba, B.
See all Mr Jim Todd's Publications