Professor Clare Gilbert


of International Eye Health


Keppel Street
United Kingdom

+44 (0)20 7958 8332

Clare worked as a clinical ophthalmologist for 10 years, and has an MD in Surgical Retina. She completed the MSc in Epidemiology at LSHTM 1995, and worked in the Department of Preventive Ophthalmology, Institute of Ophthalmology, London from 1990 before joining the London School in 2002. Clare is Professor of International Eye Health in the Disability and Eye Health Group. [The group working on eye health is known externally as the International Centre for Eye Health.] In addition to undertaking reasearch and education activities, Clare is a techical advisor to several organizations including the Vision Impact Institute and USAID's Child Blindness Program, and between 2013 and 2019 was a Scientific Program Advisor to The Queen Elizabeth Diamond Jubilee Trust's avoidable blindness programme. Clare co-directed the eye group between 2006 and 2019. 


Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases
Department of Clinical Research


Clare runs the study unit on child eye health, Masters in Public Health for Eye Care.


Research undertaken by the eye group focusses on the major blinding eye diseases, including infectious diseases (e.g. trachoma); diseases of the elderly (e.g. cataract; glaucoma), other non-commincable diseases (e.g. diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma) and blinding eye diseases in children (e.g. retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), cataract, primary eye care). The group also undertakes health systems research and quality assurance studies. Over the last 10 years the eye group has managed national surveys of blindness in Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nigeria and Sri Lanka.

Clare's research focusses on blindness and eye diseases in children in low and middle income countries. Projects include a national study of the epidemiology of blindness and in children in Bangladesh using Key Informants as case finders; studies of ROP in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil to establish screening criteria, explore risk factors, and to assess the impact of training neonatal nurses on rates of ROP and other outcomes in a before and after study using interupted time series analysis, and formative research to assess integrating eye care into maternal child health services in Tanzania.

PhD students have explored ageing in adults with HIV in South Africa; two Nigerian students have investigated different aspects of glaucoma in adults, and another undertook two clinical trials of refractive error correction in school children in India. Current students are addressing the feasibility of integrating eye care into primary health care in Nigeria, and assessing the cost effectiveness and scability of two different approaches to screening for ROP in India.

The findings of Clare's research (334 peer reviewed publications; 24 book chapters) have been used to assist in planning and policy development for child eye health, particularly in relation to ROP in Latin America where she has facilitated many multidisciplinary workshops. Clare advised the Queen Elizabeth Diamond Jubilee Trust's programs for the control of ROP and diabetic retinopathy in India, and recently co-facilitiated a national meeting on ROP in Pakistan. 


  • 2004: West African College of Surgeons, Honorary Fellow
  • 2011: American Academy of Ophthalmology, International Prevention of Blindness Award
  • 2012: Lighthouse International, Pisart Vision Award
  • 2014: L'Occitane Foundation, Sight Award
  • 2016: International Council of Ophthalmology, Jules Francois Golden Award
  • 2017: Royal National Institute for the Blind People, Lifetime Acheivement Award
  • 2018: Royal College of Ophthalmologists, Professor Barrie Jones lecture and award
  • 2019: Sociedad Panamericana de Retinopatía del Prematuro
Research Area
Child health
Complex interventions
Health services research
Operational research
Disease and Health Conditions
Eye diseases
Sri Lanka
Latin America & Caribbean (all income levels)
South Asia
Sub-Saharan Africa (developing only)

Selected Publications

Spectrum of Eye Disease in Diabetes (SPEED) in India: A prospective facility-based study. Report # 4. Glaucoma in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Behera UC; Bhattacharjee H; Das T; Gilbert C; Murthy GVS; Rajalakshmi R; Pant HB; SPEED study group
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Factors influencing the decision-making of carers of children with bilateral cataract in Nepal.
Bell SJ; Singh T; Bunce C; Singh SK; Bascaran C; Gilbert C; Foster A
BMJ Open Ophthalmology
Getting ready to cope with non-communicable eye diseases.
Gilbert C; Resnikoff S
Community eye health
Establishing peer support groups for diabetic retinopathy in India: Lessons learned and way ahead.
Gudlavalleti AG; Gilbert C; Shukla R; Gajiwala U; Shukla A; Murthy GVS; Batchu T; Mukpalkar S; Bala Vidyadhar MS; Sheikh A
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Presentation, surgery and 1-year outcomes of childhood cataract surgery in Tanzania.
Mndeme FG; Mmbaga BT; Msina M; Mwende J; Vaitha SJ; Kim MJ; Macleod D; Burton MJ; Gilbert CE; Bowman R
The British journal of ophthalmology
Status of Oxygen Monitoring in Four Selected Special Care Newborn Units in India.
Sabherwal S; Gilbert C; Foster A; Kumar P
Indian pediatrics
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