Professor Clare Gilbert


of International Eye Health


Keppel Street
United Kingdom

+44 (0)20 7958 8332

Clare worked as a clinical ophthalmologist for 10 years, and has an MD in Surgical Retina. She completed the MSc in Epidemiology at LSHTM 1995, and worked in the Department of Preventive Ophthalmology, Institute of Ophthalmology, London from 1990 before joining the London School in 2002. Clare is Professor of International Eye Health in the Disability and Eye Health Group. [The group working on eye health is known externally as the International Centre for Eye Health.] In addition to undertaking reasearch and education activities, Clare is a techical advisor to several organizations including the World Health Organization, the Vision Impact Institute, iHOPE Wellcome Tust, India and USAID's Child Blindness Program. Between 2013 and 2019 was a Scientific Program Advisor to The Queen Elizabeth Diamond Jubilee Trust's avoidable blindness programme. Clare co-directed the eye group between 2006 and 2019. 


Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases
Department of Clinical Research


Clare runs the study unit on child eye health, Masters in Public Health for Eye Care.


Research undertaken by the eye group focusses on the major blinding eye diseases, including infectious diseases (e.g. trachoma); diseases of the elderly (e.g. cataract; glaucoma), other non-commincable diseases (e.g. diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma) and blinding eye diseases in children (e.g. retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), cataract, primary eye care). The group also undertakes health systems research and quality assurance studies.

Clare's research focusses on blindness and eye diseases in children in low and middle income countries. Projects include a national study of the epidemiology of blindness and in children in Bangladesh using Key Informants as case finders; studies of ROP in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil to establish screening criteria, explore risk factors, and to assess the impact of training neonatal nurses on rates of retiopathy of prematurity (ROP) and other outcomes in a before and after study using interupted time series analysis; a systematic review to provide evidence for the integration of eye screening into newborn care, and formative research to assess integrating eye care into maternal child health services in Tanzania.

Clare led national surveys of the prevelance and causes of visual impairment in Nigeria and Sri Lanka with analyses by social axes which highlighted inequity in access to eye care services.

PhD students have explored ageing in adults with HIV in South Africa; two Nigerian students have investigated different aspects of glaucoma in adults, and another undertook two clinical trials of refractive error correction in school children in India. Current students are addressing the feasibility of integrating eye care into primary health care in Nigeria, and assessing the cost effectiveness and scability of two different approaches to screening for ROP in India.

The findings of Clare's research (354 peer reviewed publications; 27 book chapters) have been used to assist national and regional planning, and in global and regional policy development for child eye health, particularly in relation to ROP in Latin America where she has facilitated many multidisciplinary workshops. Clare advised the Queen Elizabeth Diamond Jubilee Trust's large scale programs for the control of ROP and diabetic retinopathy in India, and recently co-facilitiated a national meeting on ROP in Pakistan. 

Clare was on the Editorial Committee for WHO's World Report on Vision, and was an author on the Lancet Commission on Eye Health.


  • 2004: West African College of Surgeons, Honorary Fellow
  • 2011: American Academy of Ophthalmology, International Prevention of Blindness Award
  • 2012: Lighthouse International, Pisart Vision Award
  • 2014: L'Occitane Foundation, Sight Award
  • 2016: International Council of Ophthalmology, Jules Francois Golden Award
  • 2017: Royal National Institute for the Blind People, Lifetime Acheivement Award
  • 2018: Royal College of Ophthalmologists, Professor Barrie Jones lecture and award
  • 2019: Sociedad Panamericana de Retinopatía del Prematuro
  • 2020: The Ophthalmologist, 2020 Power List - Top 100
  • 2020: International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness, Vision Excllenece Award
  • 2020: Royal College of Ophthalmologists, Honorary Fellowship
  • 2021: The Ophthalmologist, 2021 Power List - Top 100 Women in Ophthalmology
Research Area
Child health
Complex interventions
Health services research
Operational research
Disease and Health Conditions
Eye diseases
Sri Lanka
Latin America & Caribbean (all income levels)
South Asia
Sub-Saharan Africa (developing only)

Selected Publications

Delivering eye health promotion: why and how
Aghaji A; Gilbert C
Community Eye Health Journal
Policies for primary eye health care in Nigeria: a case study
Aghaji A; Gilbert C
Community Eye Health Journal
Regional variation in the incidence of pseudo-exfoliation in the Andhra Pradesh Eye Disease Study (APEDS).
Choudhari NS; Khanna RC; Marmamula S; Mettla AL; Giridhar P; Banerjee S; Shekhar K; Chakrabarti S; Murthy GVS; Gilbert C
Universal newborn eye screening: a systematic review of the literature and review of international guidelines.
Malik AN; Evans JR; Gupta S; Mariotti S; Gordon I; Bowman R; Gilbert C
Journal of global health
Grand Challenges in global eye health: a global prioritisation process using Delphi method.
Ramke J; Evans JR; Habtamu E; Mwangi N; Silva JC; Swenor BK; Congdon N; Faal HB; Foster A; Friedman DS
The Lancet. Healthy longevity
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