Professor Clare Gilbert


of International Eye Health

Room 393

Keppel Street
United Kingdom

+44 (0)20 7958 8332

Clare worked as a clinical ophthalmologist for 10 years, and has an MD in Surgical Retina. She completed the MSc in Epidemiology at LSHTM 1995, and worked in the Department of Preventive Ophthalmology, Institute of Ophthalmology, London from 1990 before joining the London School in 2002. Clare is Professor of International Eye Health in the International Centre for Eye Health (ICEH); Research Advisor Eye Health for Sightsavers, UK, and Scientific Program Advisor, The Queen Elizabeth Diamond Jubilee Trust. Since January 2006 Clare has Co-Directed the eye group and has been a member of the School's Ethics Committee.


Department of Clinical Research
Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases


Clare runs the study unit on child eye health and skills for field work in eye care. She has been an External Examiner for the Diploma in Ophthalmology, West Africa Health Organization, and for the MSc in Community Eye Health, Pakistan Institute of Community Ophthalmology, Peshawar.


Research undertaken by the eye group focusses on the major blinding eye diseases, including infectious diseases (e.g. trachoma); diseases of the elderly (e.g. cataract; glaucoma), other non-commincable diseases (e.g. diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma) and blinding eye diseases in children (e.g. retinopathy of prematurity, cataract). The group also undertakes health systems research and quality assurance studies. Over the last 10 years the eye group has managed national surveys of blindness in Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nigeria and Sri Lanka.

Clare's own research focus is on blindness and eye diseases in children in low and middle income countries. Recent projects include a national study of the epidemiology of blindness and in children in Bangladesh using Key Informants as case finders; studies of retinopathy of prematuriy in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil to establish screening criteria, explore risk factors, and to assess the impact of training neonatal nurses on rates of ROP and other outcomes and formative research to assess integrating eye care into maternal child health services in Tanzania.

A recent PhD student explored ageing in adults with HIV in South Africa; two Nigerian PhD students are investigating different aspects of glaucoma in adults, and another PhD student is undertaking clinical trials in India, to assess the effectiveness of  inerventions to improve compliance with spectacle wear in school children.

The findings of Clare's research have been used to assist in planning and policy development for child eye health, particularly in relation to retinopathy of prematuriy in Latin America where she has facilitated many multidisciplinary workshops. Clare is advising the Queen Elizabeth Diamond Jubilee Trust on their programs for the control of ROP and diabetic retinopathy in India which is being managed by the Public Health Foundation of India.


2004: West African College of Surgeons, Honorary Fellow

2011: American Academy of Ophthalmology, International Prevention of Blindness Award

2012: Lighthouse International, Pisart Vision Award

2014: L'Occitane Foundation, Sight Award

2016: International Council of Ophthalmology, Jules Francois Golden Award

Research Area
Child health
Complex interventions
Health services research
Operational research
Disease and Health Conditions
Eye diseases
Sri Lanka
Latin America & Caribbean (all income levels)
South Asia
Sub-Saharan Africa (developing only)

Selected Publications

Frailty in HIV-Infected Adults in South Africa.
Pathai, S. ; Gilbert, C. ; Weiss, H.A. ; Cook, C. ; Wood, R. ; Bekker, L.G. ; Lawn, S.D. ;
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr
Increased ocular lens density in HIV-infected individuals with low nadir CD4 counts in South Africa: evidence of accelerated aging.
Pathai, S.; Lawn, S.D.; Weiss, H.A.; Cook, C.; Bekker, L.G.; Gilbert, C.E.;
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr
Assessment of candidate ocular biomarkers of ageing in a South African adult population: relationship with chronological age and systemic biomarkers.
Pathai, S. ; Gilbert, C.E. ; Lawn, S.D. ; Weiss, H.A. ; Peto, T. ; Cook, C. ; Wong, T.Y. ; Shiels, P.G. ;
Mech Ageing Dev
Preterm-associated visual impairment and estimates of retinopathy of prematurity at regional and global levels for 2010.
Blencowe, H. ; Lawn, J.E. ; Vazquez, T. ; Fielder, A. ; Gilbert, C. ;
Pediatr Res
The heritability of macular response to supplemental lutein and zeaxanthin: a classic twin study.
Hammond, C.J. ; Liew, S.H. ; Van Kuijk, F.J. ; Beatty, S. ; Nolan, J.M. ; Spector, T.D. ; Gilbert, C.E. ;
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci
Retinopathy of prematurity in 7 neonatal units in Rio de Janeiro: screening criteria and workload implications.
Zin, A.A.; Moreira, M.E.; Bunce, C.; Darlow, B.A.; Gilbert, C.E.;
Poverty and blindness in Pakistan: results from the Pakistan national blindness and visual impairment survey.
Gilbert, C.E.; Shah, S.P.; Jadoon, M.Z.; Bourne, R.; Dineen, B.; Khan, M.A.; Johnson, G.J.; Khan, M.D.; on behalf of the Pakistan National Eye Survey Study Group, .;
See all Professor Clare Gilbert's Publications