Dr Justin Dixon

Assistant Professor

London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
15-17 Tavistock Place
United Kingdom

Justin is a medical anthropologist in the Department of Global Health and Development, currently based at The Health Research Unit Zimbabwe (THRU ZIM). Justin’s research lies at the intersection of the anthropology of science and medicine, with an interest in the development of cross-disciplinary and mixed-methods research models. Working mostly in South Africa and Zimbabwe over the last 15 years, his research has been particularly concerned with the (bio-)politics of disease classification in global health and how this shapes the organisation and experience of medical research, training, and care in low-resource contexts.

Justin’s research spans a range of topics including multimorbidity, antimicrobial resistance, vaccines, typhoid, tuberculosis, COVID-19, and the ethics of clinical research. Justin’s main research focus currently is multimorbidity, where he is exploring the possibilities (and limitations) of this conceptual lens for reshaping knowledge and practice in global health. As part of his fellowship, Justin has helped to establish and support the LSHTM Multimorbidity Interest Group within the Centre for Global Chronic Conditions and the Africa Multimorbidity Alliance.

Justin a module organiser and seminar leader for the MSc module Medical Anthropology and Public Health. Justin also supervises four students in Zimbabwe and South Africa and co-leads the Social Science Working Group for the development of social science capacity at THRU ZIM.


Department of Global Health and Development
Faculty of Public Health and Policy


Centre for Global Chronic Conditions
Antimicrobial Resistance Centre


Justin is a module organiser and seminar leader for the MSc module Medical Anthropology and Public Health. He also teaches within the Evidence Based Public Health and Policy and Practice module for LSHTM’s DrPH programme, the THRU ZIM Social Science Working Group at THRU ZIM, and the University of Zimbabwe's MSc Public Health.


Justin's research has primarily been conducted in sub-Saharan Africa, including South Africa, where his PhD research and postgraduate projects were undertaken, and in Zimbabwe, where his more recent research has been situated. Between 2011 and 2017, Justin worked with a research institute called the South African Tuberculosis Vaccines Initiative (SATVI), which runs TB vaccine trials in the Western Cape. Justin’s PhD thesis explored the effects of these trials on health seeking and delivery, care relations (especially between nurses and patients) and people's attempts to live healthy, moral, and respectable lives in a context of profound social and economic marginalisation.

Since joining LSHTM in 2017, Justin’s research has been primarily in the fields of antimicrobial resistance and multimorbidity. As part of the AMR Centre and the Anthropology of AMR Research Group, Justin has been involved in a range of research, public engagement, and capacity building projects, most notably as social science coordinator of the FCDO-funded FIEBRE study in Africa and Asia, and as co-investigator on a Wellcome Trust study examining the effects of mass typhoid vaccination on antimicrobial prescribing in Harare.

More recently, Justin’s work has turned to chronic disease and specifically the rising global concern with multimorbidity. Supported by a Wellcome Trust Research Fellowship and in collaboration with the Organisation for Public Health Interventions and Development (OPHID), Justin is working across a range of disciplines and fields of expertise to co-produce a cross-disciplinary framework for conceptualising and responding to multimorbidity in Zimbabwe. As part of his fellowship, Justin has helped to establish and run the LSHTM Multimorbidity Interest Group within the Centre for Global Chronic Conditions and the Africa Multimorbidity Alliance. He supervises four students in Zimbabwe and South Africa working on multimorbidity, antimicrobial resistance, COVID-19, and tuberculosis.
Research Area
Medical anthropology
Mixed methods research
Complex interventions
Capacity development
Health policy
Primary health care
Global health
Disease and Health Conditions
Chronic diseases
South Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa (all income levels)

Selected Publications

Making morbidity multiple: History, legacies, and possibilities for global health.
DIXON, J; Mendenhall, E; Bosire, EN; Limbani, F; FERRAND, RA; CHANDLER, CI R;
Journal of multimorbidity and comorbidity
Multimorbidity research in Sub-Saharan Africa: Proceedings of an interdisciplinary workshop
Banda, GT; Bosire, E; Bunn, C; CHANDLER, CI R; Chikumbu, E; Chiwanda, J; DIXON, J; FERRAND, RA; Kengne, A-P; Limbani, F; Mendenhall, E; Morton, B; Moshabela, M; Peer, N; Salimu, S; Silman, A; Simiyu, IG; Spencer, SA; Tamuhla, T; Tiffin, N; Yongolo, NM;
Wellcome Open Research
Antibiotic stories: a mixed-methods, multi-country analysis of household antibiotic use in Malawi, Uganda and Zimbabwe.
DIXON, J; MacPherson, EE; NAYIGA, S; MANYAU, S; Nabirye, C; Kayendeke, M; Sanudi, E; Nkaombe, A; Mareke, P; Sitole, K; DE LIMA HUTCHISON, C; BRADLEY, J; YEUNG, S; FERRAND, RA; LAL, S; ROBERTS, C; Green, E; Denyer Willis, L; STAEDKE, SG; CHANDLER, CI R;
BMJ Global Health
Antibiotics, rational drug use and the architecture of global health in Zimbabwe.
Social Science & Medicine
Opening up ‘fever’, closing down medicines
Medicine Anthropology Theory
The 'Drug Bag' method: lessons from anthropological studies of antibiotic use in Africa and South-East Asia.
DIXON, J; MacPherson, E; MANYAU, S; NAYIGA, S; KHINE ZAW, Y; Kayendeke, M; Nabirye, C; Denyer Willis, L; DE LIMA HUTCHISON, C; CHANDLER, CI R;
Global Health Action
Between representing and intervening
DIXON, J; Tameris, M;
Understanding Tuberculosis and Its Control
Globalised tuberculosis control in local worlds
DIXON, J; Macdonald, H;
Anthropology Southern Africa
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