Dr Enny Da Paixao Cruz

Associate Professor

United Kingdom

I started my research training in a relevant institution in Brazil (Federal University of Bahia), where I finished my MSc in Public Health. My PhD thesis, awarded by the LSHTM, focused on dengue during pregnancy. During this period, I developed a growing interest in the effects of prenatal exposures throughout the life course. After my PhD, I was awarded a Sir Henry Wellcome Fellowship to study congenital infections using electronic health records from Brazil. A Wellcome Career Development Award currently supports my research on the long-term effects of prenatal exposure to infectious diseases in children and adolescents. Other research interests include the impact of social and environmental determinants on birth, growth, morbidity, and survival in subgroups of interest in a dynamic Brazilian birth cohort.


Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology and International Health
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health


Centre for Maternal Adolescent Reproductive & Child Health


Dr Paixao teaching areas are public health and epidemiology. At LSHTM she is a distance learning CO-Module Organizer "EPM101 Fundamentals of Epidemiology". She is also a tutor for face to face program "Basic Epidemiology" and "Extended Epidemiology". She supervises MSc and PhD student projects.


Research Area
Electronic health records
Global Health
Health outcomes
Neonatal health
Public health
Latin America & Caribbean (all income levels)

Selected Publications

Evaluating the effect of Bolsa Familia, Brazil's conditional cash transfer programme, on maternal and child health: A study protocol.
Falcão, IR; Ribeiro-Silva, RD C; Alves, FJ O; Ortelan, N; Silva, NJ; Fiaccone, RL; De Almeida, MF; PESCARINI, JM; Lisboa, CS; Júnior, EP P; PAIXAO, ES; Ferreira, AJ F; Teixeira, CS S; Rocha, AD S; Katikireddi, SV; ALI, MS; Dundas, R; Leyland, A; RODRIGUES, LC; Ichihara, MY; Barreto, ML;
PloS one
Vaccination plus previous infection: protection during the omicron wave in Brazil.
Cerqueira-Silva, T; De Araujo Oliveira, V; PAIXÃO, ES; Florentino, PT V; Penna, GO; PEARCE, N; Werneck, GL; Barreto, ML; Boaventura, VS; Barral-Netto, M;
The Lancet Infectious Diseases
Socioeconomic risk markers of arthropod-borne virus (arbovirus) infections: a systematic literature review and meta-analysis.
Power, GM; Vaughan, AM; Qiao, L; SANCHEZ CLEMENTE, N; PESCARINI, JM; PAIXÃO, ES; Lobkowicz, L; RAJA, AI; Portela Souza, A; Barreto, ML; BRICKLEY, EB;
BMJ Global Health
Differences in risk factors for incident and recurrent preterm birth: a population-based linkage of 3.5 million births from the CIDACS birth cohort.
Rocha, AS; De Cássia Ribeiro-Silva, R; Fiaccone, RL; PAIXAO, ES; Falcão, IR; Alves, FJ O; Silva, NJ; Ortelan, N; RODRIGUES, LC; Ichihara, MY; De Almeida, MF; Barreto, ML;
CoronaVac vaccine is effective in preventing symptomatic and severe COVID-19 in pregnant women in Brazil: a test-negative case-control study.
PAIXAO, ES; Wong, KL M; Alves, FJ O; De Araújo Oliveira, V; Cerqueira-Silva, T; Júnior, JB; Machado, TM; Junior, EP P; Boaventura, VS; Penna, GO; Werneck, GL; RODRIGUES, LC; PEARCE, N; Barreto, ML; Barral-Netto, M;
BMC Medicine
Effectiveness of CoronaVac, ChAdOx1 nCoV-19, BNT162b2, and Ad26.COV2.S among individuals with previous SARS-CoV-2 infection in Brazil: a test-negative, case-control study.
Cerqueira-Silva, T; Andrews, JR; Boaventura, VS; Ranzani, OT; De Araújo Oliveira, V; PAIXÃO, ES; Júnior, JB; Machado, TM; Hitchings, MD T; Dorion, M; Lind, ML; Penna, GO; Cummings, DA T; Dean, NE; Werneck, GL; PEARCE, N; Barreto, ML; Ko, AI; Croda, J; Barral-Netto, M;
The Lancet Infectious diseases
Mortality from Congenital Zika Syndrome - Nationwide Cohort Study in Brazil.
PAIXAO, ES; Cardim, LL; Costa, MC N; BRICKLEY, EB; De Carvalho-Sauer, RC O; Carmo, EH; Andrade, RF S; Rodrigues, MS; Veiga, RV; Costa, LC; Moore, CA; França, GV A; SMEETH, L; RODRIGUES, LC; Barreto, ML; Teixeira, MG;
The New England journal of medicine
Vaccine effectiveness of heterologous CoronaVac plus BNT162b2 in Brazil.
Cerqueira-Silva, T; Katikireddi, SV; De Araujo Oliveira, V; Flores-Ortiz, R; Júnior, JB; PAIXÃO, ES; Robertson, C; Penna, GO; Werneck, GL; Barreto, ML; PEARCE, N; Sheikh, A; Barral-Netto, M; Boaventura, VS;
Nature Medicine
Audiological follow-up of children with congenital Zika syndrome.
Muniz, LF; Maciel, RJ F; Ramos, DS; Albuquerque, KM G; Leão, ÂC; Van Der Linden, V; PAIXÃO, ES; BRICKLEY, EB; Cordeiro, MT; Leitão, GG S; Caldas, SS; Leal, MC;
Cohort Profile: The 100 Million Brazilian Cohort.
Barreto, ML; Ichihara, MY; PESCARINI, JM; ALI, MS; Borges, GL; Fiaccone, RL; Ribeiro-Silva, RD C; Teles, CA; Almeida, D; Sena, S; Carreiro, RP; Cabral, L; Almeida, BA; Barbosa, GC G; Pita, R; Barreto, ME; Mendes, AA F; Ramos, DO; BRICKLEY, EB; Bispo, N; Machado, DB; PAIXAO, ES; RODRIGUES, LC; SMEETH, L;
International journal of epidemiology
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