Dr Clare Chandler


in Medical Anthropology


15-17 Tavistock Place
United Kingdom

+44 (0) 20 7299 4709

Clare is a medical anthropologist and the co-Director of the LSHTM Antimicrobial Resistance Centre, which works to inspire innovation through interdisciplinary engagements.

Her research interests lie in the application of anthropological methods and theory to policies and practices relating to medicine use, diagnostic testing, management of febrile illnesses and health care improvement interventions. Her current research focus is antimicrobial resistance.

Clare leads the Anthropology of Antimicrobial Resistance research group, a dynamic group of anthropologists addressing this issue through a number of research projects.

She is Principal Investigator for the ESRC funded Anti-Microbials In Society (AMIS) Programme, which aims to bring fresh perspectives to social studies of antimicrobial resistance. The Programme includes empirical studies in Thailand and Uganda as well as the AMIS Hub web platform, which profiles high quality social research on AMR through a library of essential readings, people and projects listings, thematic summaries and commentaries.

Clare leads the social science research for the DfID funded FIEBRE programme, looking at antibiotic use and concepts of fever amongst a range of actors in Zimbabwe, Malawi and Myanmar.

Clare holds a number of smaller grants looking at awareness of antibiotic resistance amongst healthcare practitioners and measurement of antibiotic use across humans and animals in Low and Middle Income Countries.


Department of Global Health and Development
Department of Clinical Research


Centre for Evaluation
Malaria Centre
Antimicrobial Resistance Centre (AMR)


At LSHTM Clare Chandler organises and lectures on the Medical Anthropology module as well as lecturing and teaching on the Malaria Module, Qualitative Methods module and the Applying Public Health Principles in Developing Countries module. She is a tutor on the Public Health in Developing Countries MSc and the One Health MSc.


Clare's fieldwork has primarily been undertaken in East Africa, where she has worked on the topic of health care since 2004. Her PhD was an ethnography of clinical decision making of health workers at district hospitals in northeast Tanzania, with a focus on malaria diagnosis. Her work has been situated in multi-discipliniary teams, and she has a long standing interest in the products of epistemological tensions between disciplines engaged in health care research and practice in low resource settings.

From 2008-2013 Clare was the lead social scientist for the ACT Consortium, a group of 25 projects funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation that aimed to improve the delivery of antimalarial drugs in Africa and Asia. She led project teams in 8 countries to undertake formative research, design of complex interventions embedded in the social relations of health care, and evaluation of these interventions alongside cluster randomised trials taking place in public health facilities, private drug retailers and community health workers. A focus of many of these projects was the introduction of rapid diagnostic test technologies into a range of health care settings, and Clare has contributed to a body of quailtative research in this topic.

From 2013-2016 Clare held a fellowship funded by the Institutional Strategic Support Fund, an initiative supported by the Wellcome Trust and the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. She focused on methods to design interventions which aim to improve health care and methods to understand and interpret how such interventions are enacted, absorbed, resisted and appropriated in the everyday lives of implementers and recipients. She also focused on the role of anthropology in malaria research, bringing together social scientists to 're-imagine' malaria, resulting in special issues in both the Malaria Journal and Medical Anthropology.

Since 2016 Clare's primary focus has been on antimicrobial resistance. She researches the ways that antibiotics have become relied upon in different ways across social, economic and political spheres, arguing that antibiotics have become infrastructural in our globalised societies today. She holds multiple grants to research AMR from a social perspective and is advisor on several national and international committees on AMR. 

Research Area
Clinical guidelines
Complex interventions
Drug resistance
Health services research
Primary care
Health workers
Global Health
Mixed methods
Implementation research
Qualitative methods
Operational research
Disease and Health Conditions
Infectious disease
Myanmar (Burma)
South Asia
Sub-Saharan Africa (developing only)

Selected Publications

Improving prescribing practices with rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs): synthesis of 10 studies to explore reasons for variation in malaria RDT uptake and adherence.
Burchett HED; Leurent B; Baiden F; Baltzell K; Björkman A; Bruxvoort K; Clarke S; DiLiberto D; Elfving K; Goodman C
BMJ open
The Anthropology of Malaria: Locating the Social.
Chandler CIR; Beisel U
Medical anthropology
The impact of an intervention to introduce malaria rapid diagnostic tests on fever case management in a high transmission setting in Uganda: A mixed-methods cluster-randomized trial (PRIME).
Chandler CIR; Webb EL; Maiteki-Sebuguzi C; Nayiga S; Nabirye C; DiLiberto DD; Ssemmondo E; Dorsey G; Kamya MR; Staedke SG
PloS one
Supporting surveillance capacity for antimicrobial resistance: Laboratory capacity strengthening for drug resistant infections in low and middle income countries.
Seale AC; Hutchison C; Fernandes S; Stoesser N; Kelly H; Lowe B; Turner P; Hanson K; Chandler CIR; Goodman C
Wellcome open research
Examining Intervention Design: Lessons from the Development of Eight Related Malaria Health Care Intervention Studies.
Chandler CIR; Burchett H; Boyle L; Achonduh O; Mbonye A; DiLiberto D; Reyburn H; Onwujekwe O; Haaland A; Roca-Feltrer A
Health Systems & Reform
Ebola: limitations of correcting misinformation.
Chandler C; Fairhead J; Kelly A; Leach M; Martineau F; Mokuwa E; Parker M; Richards P; Wilkinson A; Ebola Response Anthropology Platform
The practice of 'doing' evaluation: lessons learned from nine complex intervention trials in action.
Reynolds J; DiLiberto D; Mangham-Jefferies L; Ansah EK; Lal S; Mbakilwa H; Bruxvoort K; Webster J; Vestergaard LS; Yeung S
Implementation science
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