Dr Clare Chandler


Associate Professor
in Medical Anthropology


15-17 Tavistock Place
United Kingdom

+44 (0) 20 7299 4709

+44 (0)20 7927 2701

Clare is a medical anthropologist and the co-Director of the LSHTM Antimicrobial Resistance Centre.

Clare's fieldwork has primarily been undertaken in East Africa, where she has worked on health care delivery since 2004. Her PhD was an ethnography of clinical decision making of health workers at district hospitals in northeast Tanzania, with a focus on malaria diagnosis. Her work has been situated in multi-discipliniary teams, and she has a long standing interest in the products of epistemological tensions between disciplines engaged in health care research and practice in low resource settings.

From 2013-2016 Clare held a fellowship funded by the Institutional Strategic Support Fund, an initiative supported by the Wellcome Trust and the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. She focused on methods to design interventions which aim to improve health care and methods to understand and interpret how such interventions are enacted, absorbed, resisted and appropriated in the everyday lives of implementers and recipients. Her primary sites of research are among health care providers and care seekers (in public, private and community settings) in Tanzania and Uganda. For five years prior to this, Clare was the lead social scientist for the ACT Consortium, a group of 25 projects funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation that aimed to improve the delivery of antimalarial drugs in Africa and Asia. She led project teams in 8 countries to undertake formative research, design of complex interventions embedded in the social relations of health care, and evaluation of these interventions alongside cluster randomised trials taking place in public health facilities, private drug retailers and community health workers.


Department of Global Health and Development
Department of Clinical Research


Centre for Evaluation
Malaria Centre
Antimicrobial Resistance Centre


Clare Chandler organises and lectures on the Medical Anthropology module as well as lecturing and teaching on the Malaria Module, Qualitative Methods module and the Applying Public Health Principles in Developing Countries module. She is a tutor on the Public Health in Developing Countries MSc and the One Health MSc.


Clare Chandler applies anthropological methods and critiques to health care and public health policies and programmes. She is interested in the ways in which health care is conceived and delivered in low resource settings. Her research lies at the intersection of policies and practices relating to medicine use, diagnostic testing, management of febrile illnesses and health care improvement interventions. She currently researches policies relating to the management of antimicrobial resistance and how these (re)shape clinical care and illness classifications, as well as wider social trends such as medicalisation.

Clare currently holds a Seed Award from the Wellcome Trust to research how anthropological theory can be productive in conceptualising antimicrobial resistance and efforts to address this issue.…

Research Area
Clinical guidelines
Complex interventions
Drug resistance
Health services research
Primary care
Health workers
Global Health
Mixed methods
Implementation research
Qualitative methods
Operational research
Disease and Health Conditions
Infectious disease
Sub-Saharan Africa (developing only)

Selected Publications

Challenging logics of complex intervention trials: Community perspectives of a health care improvement intervention in rural Uganda.
Okwaro, F.M. ; Chandler, C.I. ; Hutchinson, E. ; Nabirye, C. ; Taaka, L. ; Kayendeke, M. ; Nayiga, S. ; Staedke, S.G. ;
Soc Sci Med
Bringing the state into the clinic? Incorporating the rapid diagnostic test for malaria into routine practice in Tanzanian primary healthcare facilities.
Hutchinson, E.; Reyburn, H.; Hamlyn, E.; Long, K.; Meta, J.; Mbakilwa, H.; Chandler, C.;
Glob Public Health
Behind the scenes of the PRIME intervention: designing a complex intervention to improve malaria care at public health centres in Uganda.
DiLiberto, D.D. ; Staedke, S.G. ; Nankya, F. ; Maiteki-Sebuguzi, C. ; Taaka, L. ; Nayiga, S. ; Kamya, M.R. ; Haaland, A. ; Chandler, C.I. ;
Glob Health Action
The practice of 'doing' evaluation: lessons learned from nine complex intervention trials in action.
Reynolds, J. ; DiLiberto, D. ; Mangham-Jefferies, L. ; Ansah, E.K. ; Lal, S. ; Mbakilwa, H. ; Bruxvoort, K. ; Webster, J. ; Vestergaard, L.S. ; Yeung, S. ; Leslie, T. ; Hutchinson, E. ; Reyburn, H. ; Lalloo, D.G. ; Schellenberg, D. ; Cundill, B. ; Staedke, S.G. ; Wiseman, V. ; Goodman, C. ; Chandler, C.I. ;
Implement Sci
Aspirations for quality health care in Uganda: How do we get there?
Chandler, C.I. ; Kizito, J. ; Taaka, L. ; Nabirye, C. ; Kayendeke, M. ; Diliberto, D. ; Staedke, S.G. ;
Hum Resour Health
Introducing malaria rapid diagnostic tests at registered drug shops in Uganda: Limitations of diagnostic testing in the reality of diagnosis.
Chandler, C.I.; Hall-Clifford, R.; Asaph, T.; Pascal, M.; Clarke, S.; Mbonye, A.K.;
Soc Sci Med
See all Dr Clare Chandler's Publications