Joanna Busza


Associate Professor
in Sexual & Reproductive Health


15-17 Tavistock Place
United Kingdom

(44) (0)20 7927 2399

Joanna Busza is Associate Professor in Sexual & Reproductive Health. Her academic focus is applied research, including the design and evaluation of targeted, community-based sexual and reproductive health interventions. She has particular expertise in the use of qualitative and participatory methods, both in conducting research and as a means to create enabling social environments for risk reduction.

Joanna has over 25 years' international research experience in the fields of HIV, sexual and reproductive behaviour, and the social determinants of risk among vulnerable and hard-to-reach groups, particularly sex workers and mobile populations. She lived in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from 2013-2018, where she was based at the WHO Country Office, working with a national team to establish Ethiopia's Maternal Death Surveillance & Response system.

Joanna Busza joined LSHTM in 2001. She completed the MSc Medical Demography at LSHTM in 1997. Prior to that, she worked for reproductive health and human rights NGOs in Southeast Asia and the Middle East, and did an undergraduate degree in Political Science.


Faculty of Public Health and Policy
Department of Public Health, Environments and Society


Centre for Evaluation
Centre for Maternal Adolescent Reproductive & Child Health (MARCH)


Joanna conducts training in research, monitoring, and evaluation skills for NGO, UN agencies and government institutions. She also develops and conducts short training packages on a range of topics including behaviour change interventions, reaching marginalised populations, and using participatory approaches. She helped design Ethiopia's national training curricula for Maternal Death Surveillance and Response, and helped set up a "cascade" training programme that has now reached 1500+ health professionals.

She has developed a Process Evaluation workshop package that the Centre for Evaluation can deliver to collaborating partners and tailor to their specific interests.

Joanna has taught on Evaluation of Public Health Interventions, Health Promotion, Sexual Health, Social Epidemiology, Family Planning Programmes, Foundations in Reproductive Health, and Research Design and Analysis. She also teaches on short courses at the London International Development Centre and Institute of Tropical Medicine in Antwerp.


Joanna currently works on mixed-method process and impact evaluations of several HIV prevention and treatment programmes for female sex workers and high risk adolescents in Zimbabwe. In Ethiopia, she leads a study into safe migration practices for women seeking domestic work in the Middle East  and co-leads the Migration and Health Research Action Group in Ethiopia (MiHRAGE), an interdiciplinary collaboration funded through the Medical Academy of Sciences.


Research Area
Complex interventions
Health services research
Maternal health
Quality improvement
Sexual health
Social and structural determinants of health
Adolescent health
Health workers
Behaviour change
Mixed methods
Implementation research
Qualitative methods
Reproductive health
Operational research
Disease and Health Conditions
Sexually transmitted infection
East Asia & Pacific (developing only)
Europe & Central Asia (developing only)
Sub-Saharan Africa (all income levels)

Selected Publications

Migrant Women's Health and Safety: Why Do Ethiopian Women Choose Irregular Migration to the Middle East for Domestic Work?
Shewamene Z; Zimmerman C; Hailu E; Negeri L; Erulkar A; Anderson E; Lo Y; Jackson O; Busza J
International journal of environmental research and public health
What's in a Name? A Mixed Method Study on How Young Women Who Sell Sex Characterize Male Partners and Their Use of Condoms.
Busza J; Hensen B; Birdthistle I; Chabata ST; Hargreaves JR; Floyd S; Chiyaka T; Mushati P; Cowan FM
Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)
Strengthening routine health data analysis in Ethiopia: the Operational Research and Coaching for Analysts (ORCA) experience.
Busza J; Lemma S; Janson A; Adem SO; Berhanu D; Defar A; Persson L-Å; Källestål C
Global health action
Potential reduction in female sex workers' risk of contracting HIV during coronavirus disease 2019.
Machingura F; Chabata ST; Busza J; Jamali G; Makamba M; Dirawo J; Yekeye R; Mugurungi O; Matambanadzo P; Cowan FM
AIDS (London, England)
Understanding early uptake of PrEP by female sex workers in Zimbabwe.
Busza J; Phillips AN; Mushati P; Chiyaka T; Magutshwa S; Musemburi S; Cowan FM
AIDS care
Enhancing national prevention and treatment services for sex workers in Zimbabwe: a process evaluation of the SAPPH-IRe trial.
Busza J; Chiyaka T; Musemburi S; Fearon E; Davey C; Chabata S; Mushati P; Dirawo J; Napierala S; Phillips AN
Health policy and planning
The role of community health workers in improving HIV treatment outcomes in children: lessons learned from the ZENITH trial in Zimbabwe.
Busza J; Dauya E; Bandason T; Simms V; Chikwari CD; Makamba M; Mchugh G; Munyati S; Chonzi P; Ferrand RA
Health policy and planning
\"It is not possible to go inside and have a discussion\": how fear of stigma affects delivery of community-based support for children's HIV care.
Busza J; Simms V; Dziva Chikwari C; Dauya E; Bandason T; Makamba M; McHugh G; Ferrand RA
AIDS care
Community health worker support to improve HIV treatment outcomes for older children and adolescents in Zimbabwe: a process evaluation of the ZENITH trial.
Dziva Chikwari C; Simms V; Busza J; Dauya E; Bandason T; Chonzi P; Munyati S; Mujuru H; Ferrand RA
Implementation science
Good news for sex workers in Zimbabwe: how a court order improved safety in the absence of decriminalization.
Busza J; Mtetwa S; Fearon E; Hofisi D; Mundawarara T; Yekeye R; Magure T; Mugurungi O; Cowan F
Journal of the International AIDS Society
Underage and underserved: reaching young women who sell sex in Zimbabwe.
Busza J; Mtetwa S; Mapfumo R; Hanisch D; Wong-Gruenwald R; Cowan F
AIDS care
Falling through the gaps: how should HIV programmes respond to families that persistently deny treatment to children?
Busza J; Strode A; Dauya E; Ferrand RA
Journal of the International AIDS Society
Providing comprehensive health services for young key populations: needs, barriers and gaps.
Delany-Moretlwe S; Cowan FM; Busza J; Bolton-Moore C; Kelley K; Fairlie L
Journal of the International AIDS Society
Triple jeopardy: adolescent experiences of sex work and migration in Zimbabwe.
Busza J; Mtetwa S; Chirawu P; Cowan F
Health & place
Injecting behaviour and service use among young injectors in Albania, Moldova, Romania and Serbia.
Busza J; Douthwaite M; Bani R; Scutelniciuc O; Preda M; Simic D
The International journal on drug policy
\"You are wasting our drugs\": health service barriers to HIV treatment for sex workers in Zimbabwe.
Mtetwa S; Busza J; Chidiya S; Mungofa S; Cowan F
BMC public health
Street-based adolescents at high risk of HIV in Ukraine.
Busza JR; Balakireva OM; Teltschik A; Bondar TV; Sereda YV; Meynell C; Sakovych O
Journal of epidemiology and community health
Trafficking and health.
Busza J; Castle S; Diarra A
BMJ (Clinical research ed)
See more Publications