Dr Virginia Bond


Associate Professor

Ridgeway Campus

+260 211 254 710

+260 211 257 215

Ginny's first fieldwork was on the identity of refugees in South-West Uganda in 1987.  After working briefly in the AIDS Unit in the Panos Institute, since 1991, she has been based within research projects housed by the University of Zambia.  For over eight years, she worked on an interdisciplinary research project in rural Zambia funded by SAREC within which she conducted a PhD (University of Hull, UK) on the ability of rural Zambian households to manage adversity including the death of a household member from HIV.  Since 1999, she has worked for LSHTM based at Zambart where she heads a social science unit.  A Director of ZAMBART Project since 2004, she also plays a key managerial role.  Currently she is the lead social scientist in a community randomised trials - HPTN 071/PopART, the co-PI of a study of HIV stigma linked to health facilites, a principal collaborator of a qualitative study of HIV, disability and HIV treatment and a co-PI of a short term qualitative study of the impact of treatment as prevention and stigma on adolescent girls living with HIV. 


Department of Global Health and Development


At LSHTM, Ginny is the Module Organiser for the Medical Anthropology in Public Health module within the DL MSc in Public Health.  She also contributes to the Tuberculosis module in DL MSc in Infectious Disease and has lectured within two LSHTM short courses - the AIDS Study Unit and the taught course in Medical Anthropology.  She currently supervises three PhD students conducting research on: the role of community advisory boards in achievement community participation in clinical trials; children and violence in Tanzania; and community rehabilitation and disability in rural Zambia.  She also frequently supervises Master students.  In Zambia, she has led training linked to research studies and has trained on: participatory research methods; stigma and sexual behaviour research methods; child centred methodologies; household-surveys; study protocols; and ethics.  She has also helped develop adult education material on raising awareness and challenging HIV and TB stigma.  She completed CILT 1 in June 2012.  She is committed to building Zambian social science capacity.


Ginny pursues mixed methods and interdisciplinary approaches to both public health and social issues, including working within clinical trials and conducting more short term operational research.  She has conducted ethnography on epidemics, including documenting the impact of and response to the HIV and TB epidemics in the Sub-Saharan African region.  Theoretically Ginny's aspirations are to continue to work on: the theory of local systems and how they influence public health interventions: stigma theory and methods related to health conditions; the overlap between the TB and HIV epidemics and social protection; and research with children.



Research Area
Clinical trials
Public health
Social and structural determinants of health
Adolescent health
Qualitative methods
Operational research
Disease and Health Conditions
Infectious disease
Sexually transmitted disease
South Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa (all income levels)

Selected Publications

Stigma and Judgment Toward People Living with HIV and Key Population Groups Among Three Cadres of Health Workers in South Africa and Zambia: Analysis of Data from the HPTN 071 (PopART) Trial.
Krishnaratne S; Bond V; Stangl A; Pliakas T; Mathema H; Lilleston P; Hoddinott G; Bock P; Ayles H; Fidler S
AIDS patient care and STDs
Coming of age with HIV: a temporal understanding of young women's experiences in Zambia.
Mackworth-Young CRS; Bond V; Stangl AL; Chonta M; Wringe A
The catastrophic cost of tuberculosis: advancing research and solutions.
Boccia D; Bond V
The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease
Types of episodic disability among people living with HIV in Zambia
Solomon P; Bond V; Cameron C; Menon JA; Maimbolwa MC; Nixon SA
Development of parallel measures to assess HIV stigma and discrimination among people living with HIV, community members and health workers in the HPTN 071 (PopART) trial in Zambia and South Africa.
Stangl AL; Lilleston P; Mathema H; Pliakas T; Krishnaratne S; Sievwright K; Bell-Mandla N; Vermaak R; Mainga T; Steinhaus M
Journal of the International AIDS Society
Effect of Universal Testing and Treatment on HIV Incidence - HPTN 071 (PopART).
Hayes RJ; Donnell D; Floyd S; Mandla N; Bwalya J; Sabapathy K; Yang B; Phiri M; Schaap A; Eshleman SH
The New England journal of medicine
Perspectives on ART adherence among Zambian adults living with HIV: insights raised using HIV-related disability frameworks
Hanass-Hancock J; Bond V; Solomon P; Cameron C; Maimbolwa M; Menon A; Nixon S
See more Publications