Professor Virginia Bond

PhD PG Dip

Anthropology of Public Health Policy

Ridgeway Campus

+260 211 254 710

+260 211 257 215

I was born and brought up in independent Africa. I trained as a social anthropologist at the Universities of Edinburgh and Hull in the UK. I have always applied anthropology to public health and often worked with large interdisciplinary teams on field-based studies in Zambia and South Africa. To date, I have worked on six community randomised trials, leading the social science components.  The most recent CRTs include HPTN 071 (PopART) that aimed to reduce HIV incidence at population level, and TREATS, that is measuring the impact of the PopART package of HIV prevention on Tuberculosis (TB). Since 2001, I have worked with health-related stigma, conducting both research and interventions. I have mostly been based overseas for LSHTM.  From 2004 to 2020, I was a director of Zambart, a research institution housed within the School of Public Health at the University of Zambia. I am now Head of Social Science Unit at Zambart and leading professional academic development for Zambart.


Department of Global Health and Development
Faculty of Public Health and Policy


Centre for Evaluation
TB Centre


At LSHTM, I am the Module Organiser for DL module on Research Design and Methods in the analysis of Global Health Policy. I also contribute to the Tuberculosis module in DL MSc in Infectious Disease and the AIDS Study Unit, and have contributed to the Medical Anthropology modules (DL and face to face). I have supervised 7 PhD students to successful completion and I am currently supervising 2 PhD students. PhD research has included: HIV (men's role in vaginal microbicides, HIV management in couples and young women living with HIV in Zambia), STIs (ethnography of the management of STIs in a rural Zambia), TB (children's role in managing TB, TB and mental health), community engagement and ethics in CRTs, and, disability (disability groups, the impact of COVID-19 on people with disability). I am currently a mentor for two African scholars (Musonda Simwinga and Collins Iwuji)through a EDCTP fellowship and the LSHTM executive programme. In Zambia and South Africa, I have led training linked to research studies on: academic writing skills; participatory research methods; Broad Brush Surveys; stigma and sexual behaviour research methods; child centred methodologies; household-surveys; study protocols; and ethics.  I have helped develop adult education material on raising awareness and challenging HIV and TB stigma.  I completed CILT 1 in June 2012.  I am committed to building social science capacity in sub-Saharan Africa.


My main theoretical areas of interest are health-related stigma (including TB, HIV, disability, STIs, schistosomiasis and COVID-19), critical social science within community randomised trials  and the application of a qualitative methodological approach called 'Broad Brush Surveys' to rapidly assess urban systems to improve public health including water and sanitation  nd schistosomiasis. I am an advocate of interdisciplinary public health reseach endeavours and to ethnographic and/or broader understanding of community response to epidemics and health interventions, including community ownership of epidemic management. Building on my experience in Zambia, I am involved in decolonising global health research processes and discussions. 




Research Area
Clinical trials
Complex interventions
Public health
Social and structural determinants of health
Adolescent health
Qualitative methods
Randomised controlled trials
Operational research
Social Sciences
Disease and Health Conditions
Chronic disease
Infectious disease
Mental health
Sexually transmitted disease
Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs)
South Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa (all income levels)

Selected Publications

How 'place' matters for addressing the HIV epidemic: evidence from the HPTN 071 (PopART) cluster-randomised controlled trial in Zambia and South Africa.
Bond V; Hoddinott G; Viljoen L; Ngwenya F; Simuyaba M; Chiti B; Ndubani R; Makola N; Donnell D; Schaap A
Stigma and Judgment Toward People Living with HIV and Key Population Groups Among Three Cadres of Health Workers in South Africa and Zambia: Analysis of Data from the HPTN 071 (PopART) Trial.
Krishnaratne S; Bond V; Stangl A; Pliakas T; Mathema H; Lilleston P; Hoddinott G; Bock P; Ayles H; Fidler S
AIDS patient care and STDs
Secrets and Silence: Agency of Young Women Managing HIV Disclosure.
Mackworth-Young CRS; Bond V; Wringe A
Medical Anthropology: cross-cultural studies in health and illness
Universal HIV testing and treatment and HIV stigma reduction: a comparative thematic analysis of qualitative data from the HPTN 071 (PopART) trial in South Africa and Zambia.
Viljoen L; Bond VA; Reynolds LJ; Mubekapi-Musadaidzwa C; Baloyi D; Ndubani R; Stangl A; Seeley J; Pliakas T; Bock P
Sociology of Health & Illness
Types of episodic disability among people living with HIV in Zambia.
Solomon P; Bond V; Cameron C; Menon JA; Maimbolwa MC; Nixon SA
Value and Limitations of Broad Brush Surveys Used in Community-Randomized Trials in Southern Africa.
Bond V; Ngwenya F; Murray E; Ngwenya N; Viljoen L; Gumede D; Bwalya C; Mantantana J; Hoddinott G; Dodd PJ
Qualitative Health Research
Understanding the Time Needed to Link to Care and Start ART in Seven HPTN 071 (PopART) Study Communities in Zambia and South Africa.
Seeley J; Bond V; Yang B; Floyd S; MacLeod D; Viljoen L; Phiri M; Simuyaba M; Hoddinott G; Shanaube K
AIDS and behavior
Secondary analysis of tuberculosis stigma data from a cluster randomised trial in Zambia and South Africa (ZAMSTAR).
Bond V; Floyd S; Fenty J; Schaap A; Godfrey-Faussett P; Claassens M; Shanaube K; Ayles H; Hargreaves JR
The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease
See more Publications