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Kinds of behaviour

Biology & Philosophy, 2008; 23(3):317-345
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pub_id
255874900001
pubmedid
ISI
255874900001
reference_type
Journal Article
author
Aunger, R.; Curtis, V.
title
Kinds of behaviour
secondary_title
Biology & Philosophy
ISBNISSN
0169-3867
volume
23
number
3
pages
317-345
year
2008
abstract
Sciences able to identify appropriate analytical units for their domain, their natural kinds, have tended to be more progressive. In the biological sciences, evolutionary natural kinds are adaptations that can be identified by their common history of selection for some function. Human brains are the product of an evolutionary history of selection for component systems which produced behaviours that gave adaptive advantage to their hosts. These structures, behaviour production systems, are the natural kinds that psychology seeks. We argue these can be identified deductively by classing behaviour first according to its level of behavioural control. Early animals in our lineage used only reactive production, Vertebrates evolved motivation, and later Primates developed executive control. Behaviour can also be classified by the type of evolutionary benefit it bestows: it can deliver either immediate benefits (food, gametes), improvements in the individual's position with respect to the world (resource access, social status), or improvements in the ability to secure future benefits (knowledge, skill). Combining history and function implies the existence of seven types of behaviour production systems in human brains responsible for reflexive, instinctual, exploratory, driven, emotional, playful and planned behaviour. Discovering scientifically valid categories of behaviour can provide a fundamental taxonomy and common language for understanding, predicting and changing behaviour, and a way of discovering the organs in the brain-its natural kinds-that are responsible for behaviour.
keywords
evolution behaviour emotion brain cognition natural kinds HUMAN PREFRONTAL CORTEX NATURAL KINDS COGNITIVE CONTROL EMOTION EVOLUTION MOTIVATION BRAIN HYPOTHESIS MODULARITY ARCHITECTURE
secondary_author
place_published
publisher
number_of_volumes
tertiary_author
tertiary_title
edition
date
Jun
type_of_work
Review
subsidiary_author
alternate_title
Biol Philos
call_number
accession_number
ISI:000255874900001
custom_1
custom_2
Unknown
custom_3
custom_4
10.1007/s10539-007-9108-4
custom_5
custom_6
10
label
notes
ISI Document Delivery No.: 301CV Times Cited: 0 Cited Reference Count: 183
url
://000255874900001
author_address
London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Hygiene Ctr, London WC1E 7HT, England. Curtis, V, London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Hygiene Ctr, London WC1E 7HT, England. robert.aunger@lshtm.ac.uk val.curtis@lshtm.ac.uk
library
date_accepted
date_online
created
2008-06-03 08:38:54
modified
2016-07-08 00:00:00
library