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Planned, motivated and habitual hygiene behaviour: an eleven country review.

Health Educ Res, 2009; 24(4):655-73
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Malaria Centre
International Centre for Evidence in Disability (ICED)

pub_id
19286894
pubmedid
19286894
ISI
267888500010
reference_type
author
Curtis, V.A.; Danquah, L.O.; Aunger, R.V.;
title
Planned, motivated and habitual hygiene behaviour: an eleven country review.
secondary_title
Health Educ Res
ISBNISSN
0268-1153
volume
24
number
4
pages
655-73
year
2009
abstract
Handwashing with soap (HWWS) may be one of the most cost-effective means of preventing infection in developing countries. However, HWWS is rare in these settings. We reviewed the results of formative research studies from 11 countries so as to understand the planned, motivated and habitual factors involved in HWWS. On average, only 17% of child caretakers HWWS after the toilet. Handwash 'habits' were generally not inculcated at an early age. Key 'motivations' for handwashing were disgust, nurture, comfort and affiliation. Fear of disease generally did not motivate handwashing, except transiently in the case of epidemics such as cholera. 'Plans' involving handwashing included to improve family health and to teach children good manners. Environmental barriers were few as soap was available in almost every household, as was water. Because much handwashing is habitual, self-report of the factors determining it is unreliable. Candidate strategies for promoting HWWS include creating social norms, highlighting disgust of dirty hands and teaching children HWWS as good manners. Dividing the factors that determine health-related behaviour into planned, motivated and habitual categories provides a simple, but comprehensive conceptual model. The habitual aspects of many health-relevant behaviours require further study.
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secondary_author
place_published
publisher
number_of_volumes
tertiary_author
tertiary_title
edition
date
type_of_work
subsidiary_author
alternate_title
call_number
accession_number
custom_1
WOS OK
custom_2
Unknown
custom_3
custom_4
10.1093/her/cyp002
custom_5
PMC
custom_6
10
label
2016-10-18
notes
Journal Article
url
author_address
1Hygiene Centre, London School of Hygiene.ropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK.
library
cyp002 10.1093/her/cyp002 19286894 PMC2706491
date_accepted
date_online
created
2009-03-17 09:58:20
modified
2016-07-08 00:00:00
library

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<ArticleId IdType="doi">10.1093/her/cyp002</ArticleId>
<ArticleId IdType="pubmed">19286894</ArticleId>
<ArticleId IdType="pmc">PMC2706491</ArticleId>