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Community-based surveillance: a pilot study from rural Cambodia

Oum, S.; Chandramohan, D.; Cairncross, S.
Tropical Medicine and International Health, 2005; 10(7):689-697
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pub_id
15960708
pubmedid
15960708
ISI
229837000009
reference_type
Journal Article
author
Oum, S.; Chandramohan, D.; Cairncross, S.
title
Community-based surveillance: a pilot study from rural Cambodia
secondary_title
Tropical Medicine and International Health
ISBNISSN
1360-2276
volume
10
number
7
pages
689-697
year
2005
abstract
OBJECTIVE This study seeks to assess the performance of a community-based surveillance system (CBSS), developed and implemented in seven rural communes in Cambodia from 2000 to 2002 to provide timely and representative information on major health problems and life events, and so permit rapid and effective control of outbreaks and communicable diseases in general. METHODS Lay people were trained as Village Health Volunteers (VHVs) to report suspected outbreaks, important infectious diseases, and vital events occurring in their communities to local health staff who analysed the data and gave feedback to the volunteers during their monthly meetings. RESULTS Over 2 years of its implementation, the system was able to detect outbreaks early, regularly monitor communicable disease trends, and to provide continuously updated information on pregnancies, births and deaths in the rural areas. In addition, the system triggered effective responses from both health staff and VHVs for disease control and prevention and in outbreaks. CONCLUSION A CBSS can successfully fill the gaps of the current health facility-based disease surveillance system in the rapid detection of outbreaks, in the effective monitoring of communicable diseases, and in the notification of vital events in rural Cambodia. Its replication or adaptation for use in other rural areas in Cambodia and in other developing countries is likely to be beneficial and cost- effective.
keywords
community based surveillance; village health worker; outbreak; communicable disease control; Cambodia Participation; disease ; Acute Disease; Cambodia; epidemiology; Chronic Disease; Communicable Disease Control; methods; Cough; diagnosis; epidemiology; Diarrhea; diagnosis; epidemiology; mortality; Disease Outbreaks; prevention & control; Health Education; methods; Hemorrhagic Disorders; diagnosis; epidemiology; mortality; Humans; Incidence; Infant; Infant Mortality; Malaria; diagnosis; epidemiology; mortality; Measles; diagnosis; epidemiology; mortality; Pilot Projects; Population Surveillance; methods; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Rural Health; Sensitivity and Specificity;
secondary_author
place_published
publisher
number_of_volumes
tertiary_author
tertiary_title
edition
date
Jul
type_of_work
subsidiary_author
alternate_title
Trop Med Int Health
call_number
accession_number
15960708
custom_1
WOS OK
custom_2
Unknown
custom_3
custom_4
10.1111/j.1365-3156.2005.01445.x
custom_5
Free
custom_6
10
label
2016-10-19
notes
url
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=15960708
author_address
Univ London London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Infect & Trop Med, Keppel St, London WC1E 7HT, England Univ London London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Infect & Trop Med, London WC1E 7HT, England Minist Hlth, Penh, Cambodia
library
TMI1445 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2005.01445.x 15960708
date_accepted
date_online
created
2005-08-15 13:05:16
modified
2016-07-08 00:00:00
library

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