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REDUCING DIARRHEA THROUGH THE USE OF HOUSEHOLD-BASED CERAMIC WATER FILTERS: A RANDOMIZED, CONTROLLED TRIAL IN RURAL BOLIVIA.

Am J Trop Med Hyg , 2004; 70(6):651-7
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pub_id
15211008
pubmedid
15211008
ISI
222187900013
reference_type
author
Clasen, T.F.; Brown, J.; Collin, S.; Suntura, O.; Cairncross, S.;
title
REDUCING DIARRHEA THROUGH THE USE OF HOUSEHOLD-BASED CERAMIC WATER FILTERS: A RANDOMIZED, CONTROLLED TRIAL IN RURAL BOLIVIA.
secondary_title
Am J Trop Med Hyg
ISBNISSN
0002-9637
volume
70
number
6
pages
651-7
year
2004
abstract
Ceramic water filters have been identified as one of the most promising and accessible technologies for treating water at the household level. In a six-month trial, water filters were distributed randomly to half of the 50 participating households in a rural community in Bolivia; the remaining households continued to use customary water handling practices and served as controls. In four rounds of sampling following distribution of the filters, 100% of the 96 water samples from the filter households were free of thermotolerant coliforms compared with 15.5% of the control household samples. Diarrheal disease risk for individuals in intervention households was 70% lower than for controls (95% confidence interval [CI] = 53-80%; P < 0.001). For children less than five years old, the reduction in risk was 83% (95% CI = 51-94%; P < 0.001). These results show that affordable ceramic water filters enable low-income households to treat and maintain the microbiologic quality of their drinking water.
keywords
secondary_author
place_published
publisher
number_of_volumes
tertiary_author
tertiary_title
edition
date
2004-06-01
type_of_work
subsidiary_author
alternate_title
call_number
accession_number
custom_1
DOI_NOT_FOUND_BY_WOS
custom_2
Unknown
custom_3
custom_4
custom_5
Free
custom_6
10
label
2016-10-19
notes
Clinical Trial
url
author_address
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom. thomas.clasen@lshtm.ac.uk
library
15211008 70/6/651
date_accepted
date_online
created
2004-06-24 08:15:06
modified
2016-07-08 00:00:00
library

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<ArticleId IdType="pii">70/6/651</ArticleId>