You are here: Home > Research > Publications > Full record view

Full record view

Back to list

Impact of drainage and sewerage on diarrhoea in poor urban areas in Salvador, Brazil

Moraes, L. R. S.; Cancio, J. A.; Cairncross, A. M.; Huttly, S. R. A.
Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 2003; 97(2):153-158
Edit
Delete
Code Authors

pub_id
14584367
pubmedid
14584367
ISI
186034200006
reference_type
Journal Article
author
Moraes, L. R. S.; Cancio, J. A.; Cairncross, A. M.; Huttly, S. R. A.
title
Impact of drainage and sewerage on diarrhoea in poor urban areas in Salvador, Brazil
secondary_title
Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
ISBNISSN
0035-9203
volume
97
number
2
pages
153-158
year
2003
abstract
A longitudinal prospective study of the effect of drainage and sewerage systems on diarrhoea in children aged < 5 years was conducted in 9 poor urban areas of the city of Salvador (population 2.44 million) in north-east Brazil in 1989-90. Due to complex political and administrative reasons, 3 areas had benefited from drainage improvements, 3 from both drainage and sewerage improvements, and 3 from neither. An extensive questionnaire was applied to collect information on each child and on the conditions of the household, and mothers recorded diarrhoea episodes in their children aged < 5 years daily for 1 year, using calendars. Fortnightly home visits were made to collect the data. The incidence of diarrhoea in children in neighbourhoods with drainage was less than two-thirds, and in neighbourhoods with drainage and sewerage less than one-third, of the incidence in neighbourhoods with neither. After controlling for potential confounders, the proportion of children with 'frequent diarrhoea' showed the same significant trend across the study groups. Though the groups were not exactly comparable, more than one child was monitored per household, and it was not possible to rotate fieldworkers between study groups, the study provides evidence that community sanitation can have an impact on diarrhoeal disease, even without measures to promote hygiene behaviour.
keywords
secondary_author
place_published
publisher
number_of_volumes
tertiary_author
tertiary_title
edition
date
2003 Mar-Apr
type_of_work
subsidiary_author
alternate_title
call_number
accession_number
14584367
custom_1
WOS OK
custom_2
Unknown
custom_3
custom_4
10.1016/S0035-9203(03)90104-0
custom_5
custom_6
10
label
2016-10-19
notes
Journal Article
url
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=14584367
author_address
library
14584367 22947025
date_accepted
date_online
created
2003-11-17 17:17:45
modified
2016-07-08 00:00:00
library

<ArticleId IdType="pubmed">14584367</ArticleId>
<ArticleId IdType="medline">22947025</ArticleId>