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Sanitation in the developing world: current status and future solutions

Int J Environ Health Res, 2003; 13 Suppl 1:S123-31
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pub_id
12775388
pubmedid
12775388
ISI
183560700015
reference_type
Journal Article
author
Cairncross, S.
title
Sanitation in the developing world: current status and future solutions
secondary_title
Int J Environ Health Res
ISBNISSN
0960-3123
volume
13 Suppl 1
number
pages
S123-31
year
2003
abstract
More than a third of the world's population (2.4 billion people) lacks access to adequate excreta disposal. Four in five of these unserved people are in Asia, with approximately one in five in both India and China, respectively. Even in large Asian cities, less than half of those served are using sewerage systems; the others use on-site systems, from pit latrines to septic tanks. Most have been installed by householders or builders employed by them, rather than by government or municipal agencies. Governments, international agencies and municipalities can never hope to meet the immense gap in provision unless they promote sanitation with a marketing approach. A latrine is a consumer durable which must be sold. It is often considered that the constraint to increasing sanitation coverage is a lack of demand, but there is often a lack of supply of appropriate products, and latrine designs are often too expensive for the poor, requiring subsidies which are captured by the better-off. More market research is needed to define the right product and how best to stimulate demand. Where subsidies are used, the promotion, not the production of the latrines must be subsidised to prevent middle-class capture of the subsidy. Promotion is probably best performed by different agencies from those that build latrines. The expertise and marketing capacity of the private sector needs to be brought into play, and public bodies must learn to assist it effectively in bringing sanitation to all.
keywords
secondary_author
place_published
publisher
number_of_volumes
tertiary_author
tertiary_title
edition
date
Jun
type_of_work
subsidiary_author
alternate_title
call_number
accession_number
12775388
custom_1
WOS OK
custom_2
Unknown
custom_3
custom_4
10.1080/0960312031000102886
custom_5
custom_6
10
label
2016-10-19
notes
Journal Article Journal Article
url
author_address
London School of hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK. sandy.cairncross@lshtm.ac.uk
library
12775388 10.1080/0960312031000102886 6RW2P50EU3M4HK5G 22660202
date_accepted
date_online
created
2003-07-30 14:40:09
modified
2016-07-08 00:00:00
library

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<ArticleId IdType="doi">10.1080/0960312031000102886</ArticleId>
<ArticleId IdType="pii">6RW2P50EU3M4HK5G</ArticleId>
<ArticleId IdType="medline">22660202</ArticleId>