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Dracunculiasis (Guinea worm disease) and the eradication initiative

Cairncross, S.; Muller, R.; Zagaria, N.
Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 2002; 15(2):223-46
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pub_id
11932231
pubmedid
11932231
ISI
174960400004
reference_type
Journal Article
author
Cairncross, S.; Muller, R.; Zagaria, N.
title
Dracunculiasis (Guinea worm disease) and the eradication initiative
secondary_title
Clinical Microbiology Reviews
ISBNISSN
0893-8512
volume
15
number
2
pages
223-46
year
2002
abstract
Dracunculiasis, also known as guinea worm disease, is caused by the large female of the nematode Dracunculus medinensis, which emerges painfully and slowly from the skin, usually on the lower limbs. The disease can infect animals, and sustainable animal cycles occur in North America and Central Asia but do not act as reservoirs of human infection. The disease is endemic across the Sahel belt of Africa from Mauritania to Ethiopia, having been eliminated from Asia and some African countries. It has a significant socioeconomic impact because of the temporary disability that it causes. Dracunculiasis is exclusively caught from drinking water, usually from ponds. A campaign to eradicate the disease was launched in the 1980s and has made significant progress. The strategy of the campaign is discussed, including water supply, health education, case management, and vector control. Current issues including the integration of the campaign into primary health care and the mapping of cases by using geographic information systems are also considered. Finally, some lessons for other disease control and eradication programs are outlined.
keywords
Animal Dracunculiasis/epidemiology/parasitology/*prevention & control Dracunculus Nematode/growth & development Female Health Education Human Male Socioeconomic Factors Water Supply/standards ; Animal; Dracunculiasis; epidemiology; parasitology; prevention & control; Dracunculus; growth & development; Female; Health Education; Human; Male; Socioeconomic Factors; Water Supply; standards;
secondary_author
place_published
publisher
number_of_volumes
tertiary_author
tertiary_title
edition
date
2002-04-01
type_of_work
subsidiary_author
alternate_title
call_number
accession_number
11932231
custom_1
WOS OK
custom_2
Unknown
custom_3
custom_4
10.1128/cmr.15.2.223-246.2002
custom_5
PMC
custom_6
10
label
2016-10-19
notes
Journal Article Review Review, Tutorial Journal Article Review Review, Tutorial
url
author_address
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, United Kingdom. sandy.cairncross@lshtm.ac.uk
library
11932231 21929566
date_accepted
date_online
created
2003-07-30 10:35:51
modified
2016-07-08 00:00:00
library

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