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Evidence of behaviour change following a hygiene promotion programme in Burkina Faso

Curtis, V.; Kanki, B.; Cousens, S.; Diallo, I.; Kpozehouen, A.; Sangare, M.; Nikiema, M.
Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2001; 79(6):518-27
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Tropical Epidemiology Group

pub_id
11436473
pubmedid
11436473
ISI
169295400006
reference_type
Journal Article
author
Curtis, V.; Kanki, B.; Cousens, S.; Diallo, I.; Kpozehouen, A.; Sangare, M.; Nikiema, M.
title
Evidence of behaviour change following a hygiene promotion programme in Burkina Faso
secondary_title
Bulletin of the World Health Organization
ISBNISSN
0042-9686
volume
79
number
6
pages
518-27
year
2001
abstract
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether a large, 3-year hygiene promotion programme in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso, was effective in changing behaviours associated with the spread of diarrhoeal diseases. The programme was tailored to local customs, targeted specific types of behaviour, built on existing motivation for hygiene, and used locally appropriate channels of communication. METHODS: Two population surveys recorded the coverage of the programme among target audiences (mothers of children aged 0-35 months). Four surveys were carried out: three prior to the programme and one in 1998 (after the programme had been running for 3 years), using structured observation of hygiene behaviours in the participants' homes to document changes in target behaviours. FINDINGS: After the programme had run for 3 years, three-quarters of the mothers targeted had had contact with programme activities. Half could cite the two main messages of the programme correctly. Although the safe disposal of children's stools changed little between 1995 and 1998 (80% pre-intervention, 84% post-intervention), hand-washing with soap after cleaning a child's bottom rose from 13% to 31%. The proportion of mothers who washed their hands with soap after using the latrine increased from 1% to 17%. CONCLUSION: Hygiene promotion programmes can change behaviour and are more likely to be effective if they are built on local research and use locally appropriate channels of communication repeatedly and for an extended time.
keywords
Burkina Faso/epidemiology Child, Preschool Comparative Study Data Collection Diarrhea/epidemiology/*prevention & control Evidence-Based Medicine Female Handwashing Health Promotion/*methods Health Services Research Human Hygiene/*education Infant Infant, Newborn *Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice Male Mothers Outcome Assessment (Health Care) Program Evaluation Support, Non-U.S. Gov't ; Burkina Faso; epidemiology; Child, Preschool; Comparative Study; Data Collection; Diarrhea; epidemiology; prevention & control; Evidence-Based Medicine; Female; Handwashing; Health Promotion; methods; Health Services Research; Human; Hygiene; education; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice; Male; Mothers; Outcome Assessment (Health Care); Program Evaluation; Support, Non-U.S. Gov't;
secondary_author
place_published
publisher
number_of_volumes
tertiary_author
tertiary_title
edition
date
2001-06-01
type_of_work
subsidiary_author
alternate_title
call_number
accession_number
11436473
custom_1
custom_2
Unknown
custom_3
custom_4
custom_5
PMC
custom_6
10
label
2016-10-19
notes
Comparative Study
url
author_address
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, England. val.curtis@lshtm.ac.uk
library
11436473
date_accepted
date_online
created
2003-07-30 10:35:51
modified
2016-07-08 00:00:00
library

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