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Hygiene intervention reduces contamination of weaning food in Bangladesh

Islam, M. S.; Mahmud, Z. H.; Gope, P. S.; Zaman, R. U.; Hossain, Z.; Mondal, D.; Sharker, M. A.; Islam, K.; Jahan, H.; Bhuiya, A.; Endtz, H. P.; Cravioto, A.; Curtis, V.; Toure, O.; Cairncross, S.
Tropical Medicine & International Health, 2013; 18(3):250-258
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pub_id
23279860
pubmedid
23279860
ISI
315103700003
reference_type
Journal Article
author
Islam, M. S.; Mahmud, Z. H.; Gope, P. S.; Zaman, R. U.; Hossain, Z.; Mondal, D.; Sharker, M. A.; Islam, K.; Jahan, H.; Bhuiya, A.; Endtz, H. P.; Cravioto, A.; Curtis, V.; Toure, O.; Cairncross, S.
title
Hygiene intervention reduces contamination of weaning food in Bangladesh
secondary_title
Tropical Medicine & International Health
ISBNISSN
1360-2276
volume
18
number
3
pages
250-258
year
2013
abstract
Objective This study was conducted to measure the impact of a hygiene intervention on the contamination of weaning food in Bangladesh. Methods Sixty households were selected: 30 study and 30 control households. Samples of weaning food were collected from all the 60 households at baseline and examined for faecal coliforms (FC), faecal streptococci (FS) and Clostridium perfringens (CP) following standard procedures. After cooking, food samples were collected on three occasions before feeding. Following Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) procedures, critical control points were determined. The mothers in the 30 study households were then trained for 4weeks in how to attain the control point conditions. Then, again the food samples were collected and analysed. Results At baseline, weaning foods from study and control households were heavily contaminated with FC and FS. The FC and FS counts were 1.84log10 and 1.92log10 colony-forming unit (cfu)/g, respectively, in the study households, and 0.86log10 and 1.33log10cfu/g, respectively, in the control households in the first feeding. After the intervention, the FC and FS counts in study households had dropped to 0.10log10 and 0.09log10cfu/g, respectively, a statistically significant reduction (P<0.001). Monitoring the sustainability of the behaviour change after 3months showed that the mothers were maintaining food hygiene. Conclusions A hygiene intervention following the HACCP approach reduced the weaning food contamination significantly. Awareness building among mothers about weaning food hygiene could be an important intervention for preventing weaning foodrelated diarrhoea in Bangladesh.
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secondary_author
place_published
publisher
number_of_volumes
tertiary_author
tertiary_title
edition
date
Mar
type_of_work
subsidiary_author
alternate_title
call_number
accession_number
WOS:000315103700003
custom_1
WOS_OK
custom_2
free resource
custom_3
custom_4
10.1111/tmi.12051
custom_5
Free
custom_6
10
label
2016-11-10
notes
Times Cited: 0 Islam, Mohammad Sirajul Mahmud, Zahid Hayat Gope, Partha Sarathi Zaman, Rokon Uz Hossain, Zakir Islam, Mohammad Shafiqul Mondal, Dinesh Sharker, Mohammad Abu Yushuf Islam, Khairul Jahan, Hasin Bhuiya, Abbas Endtz, Hubert P. Cravioto, Alejandro Curtis, Valerie Toure, Ousmane Cairncross, Sandy
url
://WOS:000315103700003 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=23279860
author_address
library
10.1111/tmi.12051 23279860
date_accepted
date_online
created
2013-03-25 11:27:44
modified
2016-07-08 00:00:00
library

<ArticleId IdType="doi">10.1111/tmi.12051</ArticleId>
<ArticleId IdType="pubmed">23279860</ArticleId>