You are here: Home > Research > Publications > Full record view

Full record view

Back to list

The effect of handwashing with water or soap on bacterial contamination of hands.

Int J Environ Res Public Health, 2011; 8(1):97-104
Edit
Delete
Code Authors

pub_id
21318017
pubmedid
21318017
ISI
286727100008
reference_type
author
Burton, M. ; Cobb, E. ; Donachie, P. ; Judah, G. ; Curtis, V. ; Schmidt, W.P. ;
title
The effect of handwashing with water or soap on bacterial contamination of hands.
secondary_title
Int J Environ Res Public Health
ISBNISSN
1660-4601
volume
8
number
1
pages
97-104
year
2011
abstract
Handwashing is thought to be effective for the prevention of transmission of diarrhoea pathogens. However it is not conclusive that handwashing with soap is more effective at reducing contamination with bacteria associated with diarrhoea than using water only. In this study 20 volunteers contaminated their hands deliberately by touching door handles and railings in public spaces. They were then allocated at random to (1) handwashing with water, (2) handwashing with non-antibacterial soap and (3) no handwashing. Each volunteer underwent this procedure 24 times, yielding 480 samples overall. Bacteria of potential faecal origin (mostly Enterococcus and Enterobacter spp.) were found after no handwashing in 44% of samples. Handwashing with water alone reduced the presence of bacteria to 23% (p < 0.001). Handwashing with plain soap and water reduced the presence of bacteria to 8% (comparison of both handwashing arms: p < 0.001). The effect did not appear to depend on the bacteria species. Handwashing with non-antibacterial soap and water is more effective for the removal of bacteria of potential faecal origin from hands than handwashing with water alone and should therefore be more useful for the prevention of transmission of diarrhoeal diseases.
keywords
secondary_author
place_published
publisher
number_of_volumes
tertiary_author
tertiary_title
edition
date
type_of_work
subsidiary_author
alternate_title
call_number
accession_number
custom_1
WOS OK
custom_2
Unknown
custom_3
custom_4
10.3390/ijerph8010097
custom_5
DOAJ
custom_6
10
label
2016-10-18
notes
Journal Article
url
author_address
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK; E-Mails: m_burton5@hotmail.com (M.B.); Emma.Cobb@lshtm.ac.uk (E.C.); Peter.Donachie@lshtm.ac.uk (P.D.); Gaby.Judah@lshtm.ac.uk (G.J.); Val.Curtis@lshtm.ac.uk (V.C.).
library
10.3390/ijerph8010097 21318017 PMC3037063
date_accepted
date_online
created
2011-02-21 11:39:33
modified
2016-07-08 00:00:00
library

<ArticleId IdType="doi">10.3390/ijerph8010097</ArticleId>
<ArticleId IdType="pubmed">21318017</ArticleId>
<ArticleId IdType="pmc">PMC3037063</ArticleId>