Professor Anne Mills DCMG CBE MA DHSA PhD FMedSci FRS

Deputy Director & Provost and Professor of Health Economics and Policy

About Anne Mills

Expertise in health economics and health systems research relating to low and middle income countries


I have researched and published widely in the fields of health economics and health systems in low and middle income countries. I continue to be involved in research on universal coverage developments in Tanzania, South Africa and Thailand, and on strengthening services for mothers and children. I have had continuing involvement in supporting capacity development in health economics in low and middle income country universities and research institutions. I have advised multilateral, bilateral and government agencies on numerous occasions; was a member of WHO’s Commission on Macroeconomics and Health; and co-chaired one of the two Working Groups for the 2009 High Level Taskforce on Innovative International Finance for Health Systems co-chaired by Gordon Brown. I was President of the International Health Economics Association (iHEA) for 2012-13.

Key achievements:

2006 Awarded CBE for services to medicine and elected Foreign Associate of the US Institute of Medicine

2009 Elected Fellow of the UK Academy of Medical Sciences and recipient of the Prince Mahidol Award in the field of medicine

2013 Elected Fellow of the Royal Society

2015 Made a Dame in the Queen’s New Year’s Honours for services to international health




I supervise a number of research degree students in a variety of areas of health economics and health systems including contractual relationships in health care; national health insurance; non-formal insurance and private markets for health; I provide input to masters' degree teaching in the areas of health economics and health systems.


My main research interests are:

(1) issues concerned with the financing and organisation of health care in low and middle income countries, especially the impact of different systems of finance and provision on demand, utilization, equity and efficiency, the relevance of provider markets and contracting-out in various developing country contexts. I am also interested in health insurance systems, particularly their relationship with and impact on the private health sector.

(2) the economics of tropical disease control, especially malaria. This extends beyond work on the cost-effectiveness of malaria control to an interest in how activities in the private sector affect malaria control and can be re-shaped to be more supportive

(3) general issues of how to encourage the use of economic thinking and analysis in decision making. I am a member of the joint Wellcome Trust, DFID, MRC, ESRC Health Systems Research funding panel and of the MRC Global Health Group.

Research areas

  • Child health
  • Evaluation
  • Global Health
  • Health care financing
  • Health sector development
  • Health systems
  • Private sector


  • Economics

Disease and Health Conditions

  • Malaria


  • East Asia & Pacific (developing only)
  • South Asia
  • Sub-Saharan Africa (all income levels)


  • China
  • India
  • South Africa
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
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