Professor Anne Mills DCMG CBE MA DHSA PhD FMedSci FRS

Deputy Director & Provost and Professor of Health Economics and Policy


Anne Mills is Deputy Director and Provost of the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, and also Professor of Health Economics and Policy in the School’s Department of Global Health and Development.  She has researched and published widely in the fields of health economics and health systems in low and middle income countries.   She continues to be involved in research on universal coverage developments in Tanzania, South Africa and Thailand, and on strengthening services for mothers and children. She has had continuing involvement in supporting capacity development in health economics in low and middle income country universities and research institutes. She has advised multilateral, bilateral and government agencies on numerous occasions; was a member of WHO’s Commission on Macroeconomics and Health; and co-chaired one of the two Working Groups for the 2009 High Level Taskforce on Innovative International Finance for Health Systems co-chaired by Gordon Brown.

In 2006 she was awarded aCBEfor services to medicine and elected Foreign Associate of the US Institute of Medicine. In 2009 she was elected Fellow of the UK Academy of Medical Sciences and received the Prince Mahidol Award in the field of medicine. She was President of the International Health Economics Association (iHEA) for 2012-13. In 2013 she was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society and in 2015 she was made a Dame in the Queen’s New Year’s Honours, for services to international health.




Anne supervise a number of research degree students in a variety of areas of health economics and health systems including contractual relationships in health care; national health insurance; non-formal insurance; private markets for health; and cost-effectiveness analysis, especially relating to malaria. She provides input to masters' degree teaching in the areas of health economics and health systems.


My main research interests are: (1) issues concerned with the financing and organisation of health care in low and middle income countries. I am interested in the impact of different systems of finance and provision on demand, utilization, equity and efficiency, and particularly in exploring the relevance of provider markets and contracting-out in various developing country contexts. I am also interested in health insurance systems, particularly their relationship with and impact on the private health sector. (2) the economics of tropical disease control, especially malaria. This extends beyond work on the cost-effectiveness of malaria control to an interest in how activities in the private sector affect malaria control and can be re-shaped to be more supportive (3) general issues of how to encourage the use of economic thinking and analysis in decision making. I have been active in making economic evaluation techniques accessible to a non-specialist audience, for example through supporting the development of guidelines and manuals. I have also been heavily involved in initiatives to build capacity in health economics through supporting the efforts of agencies such as WHO TDR. Until recently I chaired the Board of the Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research, which is based in WHO. I was a member of the Commission on Macroeconomics and Health, and co-chaired Working Group 1 of the High Level Taskforce on Innovative International Financing for Health Systems.  I was President of the International Health Economics Association for 2012-13, and am currently a Board member of Health Systems Global. I am a member of the joint Wellcome Trust, DFID, MRC, ESRC Health Systems Research initiative funding panel.

Research areas

  • Child health
  • Evaluation
  • Global Health
  • Health care financing
  • Health sector development
  • Health systems
  • Private sector


  • Economics

Disease and Health Conditions

  • Malaria


  • East Asia & Pacific (developing only)
  • South Asia
  • Sub-Saharan Africa (all income levels)


  • China
  • India
  • South Africa
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
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