Professor Anne Mills DCMG CBE MA DHSA PhD FMedSci FRS

Deputy Director & Provost and Professor of Health Economics and Policy


I became interested in health economics immediately after my first degree, in history and economics at Oxford, when I was offered the position of economist in the Ministry of Health in Malawi. After 2 years there, I returned to the UK to do a postgraduate qualification in health economics, and then spent 3 years researching the planning system of the UK NHS. A post of lecturer in the LSHTM turned up just at the right time, and I have been here ever since including doing my PhD on malaria in Nepal, 4 years in a joint post with LSE, and from 1990-2010, Director of the Health Economics and Financing Programme, which was supported by a variety of research grants from funders such as DFID, the Wellcome Trust, EU and WHO. In 2006 I became Head of the Faculty of Public Health and Policy, in 2011 I took up the position of Vice-Director, and in 2014 my role was renamed Deputy Director and Provost.  In 2014 I became a Fellow of the Royal Society and was made a Dame in the 2015 New Year's Honours.




I supervise a number of research degree students in a variety of areas of health economics and health systems including contractual relationships in health care;national health insurance; non-formal insurance; private markets for health; and cost-effectiveness analysis, especially relating to malaria. I provide input to masters' degree teaching in the areas of health economics and health systems.


My main research interests are: (1) issues concerned with the financing and organisation of health care in low and middle income countries. I am interested in the impact of different systems of finance and provision on demand, utilization, equity and efficiency, and particularly in exploring the relevance of provider markets and contracting-out in various developing country contexts. I am also interested in health insurance systems, particularly their relationship with and impact on the private health sector. (2) the economics of tropical disease control, especially malaria. This extends beyond work on the cost-effectiveness of malaria control to an interest in how activities in the private sector affect malaria control and can be re-shaped to be more supportive (3) general issues of how to encourage the use of economic thinking and analysis in decision making. I have been active in making economic evaluation techniques accessible to a non-specialist audience, for example through supporting the development of guidelines and manuals. I have also been heavily involved in initiatives to build capacity in health economics through supporting the efforts of agencies such as WHO TDR. Until recently I chaired the Board of the Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research, which is based in WHO. I was a member of the Commission on Macroeconomics and Health, and co-chaired Working Group 1 of the High Level Taskforce on Innovative International Financing for Health Systems.  I was President of the International Health Economics Association for 2012-13, and am currently a Board member of Health Systems Global. I am a member of the joint Wellcome Trust, DFID, MRC, ESRC Health Systems Research initiative funding panel.

Research areas

  • Child health
  • Evaluation
  • Global Health
  • Health care financing
  • Health sector development
  • Health systems
  • Private sector


  • Economics

Disease and Health Conditions

  • Malaria


  • East Asia & Pacific (developing only)
  • South Asia
  • Sub-Saharan Africa (all income levels)


  • China
  • India
  • South Africa
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
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