Immo Kleinschmidt


of Epidemiology

My main research interest is in malaria epidemiology. Before re-joining the School in 2007, I worked for the Malaria Research Programme of the South African Medical Research Council. I was president of the South African Statistical Association in 2006/7.


Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology


Malaria Centre


I co-organise the Intensive Course in Epidemiology and Medical Statistics. I also teach on the study units Statistical Methods in Epidemiology, Epidemiology and Control of Malaria, and Extended Epidemiology.


My research focus is the evaluation of comprehensive malaria control interventions; cluster randomised trials evaluating vector control tools; the potential added benefit of combining malaria vector control interventions; the impact of insecticide resistance on the effectiveness of insecticide-based malaria vector control tools; the epidemiology of malaria elimination. I have been the senior epidemiologist of the Bioko Island Malaria Control Project since its inception in 2003.

Research Area
Health impact analysis
Public health
Statistical methods
Disease control
Randomised controlled trials
Vector control
Disease and Health Conditions
Infectious disease
Equatorial Guinea
South Africa
Middle East & North Africa (developing only)
Sub-Saharan Africa (all income levels)

Selected Publications

Indoor Residual Spraying in Combination with Insecticide-Treated Nets Compared to Insecticide-Treated Nets Alone for Protection against Malaria: A Cluster Randomised Trial in Tanzania.
West, P.A. ; Protopopoff, N. ; Wright, A. ; Kivaju, Z. ; Tigererwa, R. ; Mosha, F.W. ; Kisinza, W. ; Rowland, M. ; Kleinschmidt, I. ;
PLoS Med
Five years of malaria control in the continental region, Equatorial Guinea.
Rehman, A.M. ; Mann, A.G. ; Schwabe, C. ; Reddy, M.R. ; Roncon Gomes, I. ; Slotman, M.A. ; Yellott, L. ; Matias, A. ; Caccone, A. ; Nseng Nchama, G. ; Kleinschmidt, I. ;
Malar J
Country-level operational implementation of the Global Plan for Insecticide Resistance Management.
Hemingway, J.; Vontas, J.; Poupardin, R.; Raman, J.; Lines, J.; Schwabe, C.; Matias, A.; Kleinschmidt, I.;
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
Malaria risk factors in north west Tanzania: the effect of spraying, nets and wealth.
West, P.A. ; Protopopoff, N. ; Rowland, M. ; Cumming, E. ; Rand, A. ; Drakeley, C. ; Wright, A. ; Kivaju, Z. ; Kirby, M.J. ; Mosha, F.W. ; Kisinza, W. ; Kleinschmidt, I. ;
PLoS One
Considerations in the design of clinical trials to test novel entomological approaches to dengue control.
Wolbers, M. ; Kleinschmidt, I. ; Simmons, C.P. ; Donnelly, C.A. ;
PLoS Negl Trop Dis
Marked increase in child survival after four years of intensive malaria control.
Kleinschmidt, I.; Schwabe, C.; Benavente, L.; Torrez, M.; Ridl, F.C.; Segura, J.L.; Ehmer, P.; Nchama, G.N.;
Am J Trop Med Hyg
Combining indoor residual spraying and insecticide-treated net interventions.
Kleinschmidt, I.; Schwabe, C.; Shiva, M.; Segura, J.L.; Sima, V.; Mabunda, S.J.; Coleman, M.;
Am J Trop Med Hyg
Malaria vector control by indoor residual insecticide spraying on the tropical island of Bioko, Equatorial Guinea
Sharp, B.L.; Ridl, F.C.; Govender, D.; Kuklinski, J.; Kleinschmidt, I.
Malar J
See all Immo Kleinschmidt's Publications