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I work in public health because I hope to help understand how the natural and social environment affects human health, and to use this understanding as a basis for advocacy and action. My motivation to do this originated during my interdisciplinary undergraduate degree in Human Sciences in Oxford (2002-2005). It has since been reinforced by my time at LSHTM completing an MSc in Epidemiology (2005-2006) and a PhD in the Department of Epidemiology and Population Health (2006-2009).
I am concerned about the threats which social inequality and the current ecological crisis pose to human health and well-being. I therefore plan to specialise in the intersection between public health, health equity and environmental sustainability. I am currently pursuing this through a NIHR-funded postdoctoral research Fellowship titled 'socio-economic inequalities in walking and cycling' (funded until end 2015). I have also become involved in a number of other research and engagement projects, including:
- An ongoing collaboration with the Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS) in Stockholm (2008-present: see 'Research Interests' below).
- Organising LSHTM's Young Scientists' Programme, which aims to engage young people from disadvantaged schools in public health science (2007-present). This scheme has won several awards, including a Higher Education Academy award for me and a Woman of the Future award for one of our participants; click here for a 2013 podcast extract about the programme.
- Sitting on the sub-committe for early career researchers within the Society for Social Medicine (2009-2013, chair 2011).
- Pro-bono consultancy for ForcesWatch and Child Soldiers International in research related to the enlistment of 16 year olds into the armed forces (2010-present).
Between 2007 I and 2010 I taught the Research Methodology module of the Child and Adolescent Mental Health MSc at the Institute of Psychiatry, London.
In addition, I have taught within LSHTM since 2007 on the Extended Epidemiology, DANES and International Mental Health MSc study modules, and on related short courses.
During my NIHR fellowship much of my research has related to the effectiveness and equity of transport interventions, with a focus on both public health and environmental impacts. So far this has involved spending three terms as a visiting researcher at the Centre for Diet and Activity Research (CEDAR) in Cambridge, one term at the Transport Studies Unit (TSU) of Oxford University and one term at the Centre for Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences at the University of Bristol, plus collaborating with researchers in other institutions. Projects have included:
- Investigating uptake, usage patterns and health impacts of the London Cycle Hire Scheme.
- Using quantitative data from the iConnect study (CEDAR and TSU, among a larger consortium) to examine the links between health outcomes and carbon emissions, and to examine the impacts of new infrastructure designed to promote walking and cycling.
- Collaborating on the On the Buses study (LSHTM), which evaluated the public health impacts of giving young people in London free bus travel. I contributed to qualitative data collection and analysis for this study, and led its youth involvement component.
- Integrating qualitative and quantitative data from the Commuting and Health in Cambridge (CEDAR) study in a mixed-method investigation of the socio-economic structure of car commuting in Cambridge
- Using objectively-measured physical activity on 23,000 from the International Children's Accelerometer Database (ICAD) to examine the effects of evening daylight on children's physical activity.
I am also interested in many other aspects of how broader social and environmental factors influence human health and well-being. Since 2008 I have enjoyed an ongoing collaboration with the Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS) in Stockholm, which now employs me part-time. The main focus of this research has been lifecourse analyses of the determinants of mortality, fertility, health and educational outcomes across the life course and across generations in a Swedish birth cohort born 1915-1929.
Prior to this, my PhD research focussed on factors which protect children against mental health problems and promote good mental health. One focus of this research was investigating the reasons for the apparent mental health advantage of British Indian children in these surveys. Other aspects included testing the psychometric properties of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and DAWBA interview, and developing new ways to use these to measure mental health; collaborating with OFSTED in validating a school-level predictor of emotional and behavioural difficulties within schools; and developing an 'Added Value' score for use in outcome monitoring of Child and Adolescent Mental Health services.
See below for some selected recent publications. For a list of all publications, and PDFs of the articles, see the LSHTM online research repository.
- Child health
- Complex interventions
- Health inequalities
- Physical activity
Disease and Health Conditions
- Mental health
- Non-communicable diseases
- Euro area
- United Kingdom
Health effects of the London bicycle sharing system: health impact modelling study.
Woodcock, J. ; Tainio, M. ; Cheshire, J. ; O'Brien, O. ; Goodman, A. ;
BMJ, 2014; 348:g425
Associations Between Birth Characteristics and Eating Disorders Across the Life Course: Findings From 2 Million Males and Females Born in Sweden, 1975-1998
Goodman, A.; Heshmati, A.; Malki, N.; Koupil, I.
American Journal of Epidemiology, 2014; 179(7):852-863
Daylight saving time as a potential public health intervention: an observational study of evening daylight and objectively-measured physical activity among 23,000 children from 9 countries.
Goodman, A. ; Page, A.S. ; Cooper, A.R. ; International Children’s Accelerometry Database (ICAD) Collaborators, . ;
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act, 2014; 11:84
'We Can All Just Get on a Bus and Go': Rethinking Independent Mobility in the Context of the Universal Provision of Free Bus Travel to Young Londoners
Goodman, A.; Jones, A.; Roberts, H.; Steinbach, R.; Green, J.
Mobilities, 2014; 9(2):275-293
Walking, cycling and driving to work in the english and welsh 2011 census: trends, socio-economic patterning and relevance to travel behaviour in general.
Goodman, A. ;
PLoS One, 2013; 8(8):e71790
Effectiveness and equity impacts of town-wide cycling initiatives in England: A longitudinal, controlled natural experimental study.
Goodman, A. ; Panter, J. ; Sharp, S.J. ; Ogilvie, D. ;
Soc Sci Med, 2013;
Low fertility increases descendant socioeconomic position but reduces long-term fitness in a modern post-industrial society.
Goodman, A.; Koupil, I.; Lawson, D.W.;
Proc Biol Sci, 2012; 279(1746):4342-51
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